Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet

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Sir

Edward Turner

2nd Baronet
MP for Great Bedwyn
In office
1741–1747
Monarch George II
Prime Minister Robert Walpole
The Earl of Wilmington,
Henry Pelham
MP for Oxfordshire
In office
1754–1761
MonarchGeorge II
Prime Minister The Duke of Newcastle,
The Duke of Devonshire
MP for Penryn
In office
1761–1766
Monarch George III
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Devonshire,
The Earl of Bute,
George Grenville,
The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by John Plumptre
Succeeded by Francis Basset
Personal details
Born28 April 1719
Died31 October 1766
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s)Cassandra Leigh
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet (28 April 1719 – 31 October 1766) was one of the Turner baronets of Ambrosden and a Member of Parliament.

Ambrosden village and civil parish in Cherwell district, Oxfordshire, England

Ambrosden is a village and civil parish in Cherwell, Oxfordshire, England, 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Bicester to which it is linked by the A41 road, and 13 miles (21 km) from Oxford. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 2,248. The parish is bounded by the River Ray to the south, its tributary the River Bure to the west, the outskirts of Bicester to the north and field boundaries to the east.

Contents

Life

Turner was the son of Sir Edward Turner, 1st Baronet and his wife Mary. [1] He received his early education at Bicester Grammar School. [2] He went on to Balliol College, Oxford where he was noted for his "distinguished scholarship and the regularity of his behaviour". [1] He married Cassandra Leigh, niece of the Master of Balliol. [1] He became 2nd Baronet on the death of his father in 1735. Turner died in 1766 and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Sir Gregory Page-Turner, 3rd Baronet. [1]

Sir Edward Turner, 1st Baronet was an 18th-century investor, landowner and baronet.

Balliol College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Balliol College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. One of Oxford's oldest colleges, it was founded around 1263 by John I de Balliol, a rich landowner from Barnard Castle in County Durham, who provided the foundation and endowment for the college. When de Balliol died in 1269 his widow, Dervorguilla, a woman whose wealth far exceeded that of her husband, continued his work in setting up the college, providing a further endowment, and writing the statutes. She is considered a co‑founder of the college.

Estates

In about 1740 Turner replaced Ambrosden manor house with a large square country house of eleven bays. [3] His architect was Sanderson Miller, who also designed ornamental buildings in the grounds. [3] A landscaped park 5 miles (8.0 km) in circumference was laid out around the house. [1] The park was ornamented with lakes and statues, and the drive to the house was along a semicircular avenue of trees. [1]

Manor house country house that historically formed the administrative centre of a manor

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.

English country house larger mansion estate in England, UK

An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a town house. This allowed them to spend time in the country and in the city—hence, for these people, the term distinguished between town and country. However, the term also encompasses houses that were, and often still are, the full-time residence for the landed gentry that ruled rural Britain until the Reform Act 1832. Frequently, the formal business of the counties was transacted in these country houses.

Bay (architecture) space defined by the vertical piers, in a building

In architecture, a bay is the space between architectural elements, or a recess or compartment. Bay comes from Old French baee, meaning an opening or hole.

Turner's new house became a meeting-place for politicians and cultivated society. [1] Cassandra's uncle Dr. Leigh and other wits and learned men from the University of Oxford were frequent visitors. [1]

Wit form of humour

Wit is a form of intelligent humour, the ability to say or write things that are clever and usually funny. Witty means a person who is skilled at making clever and funny remarks. Forms of wit include the quip, repartee, and wisecrack.

University of Oxford University in Oxford, United Kingdom

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly called 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

In 1741 Turner built a new road between Ambrosden and Merton, Oxfordshire. [1] He intended to continue it to Oxford but the remainder of the project was never executed. [1] The road was reputed to cost a guinea a yard. [1] The road includes a completely straight stretch of about 1.5 miles (2.4 km). [1] It runs across level ground but its course undulates at regular intervals, apparently intended to help draught animals pull vehicles.

Merton, Oxfordshire village and civil parish in Cherwell district, Oxfordshire, England

Merton is a village and civil parish near the River Ray, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Bicester in Oxfordshire, England. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 424.

Yard unit of length

The yard is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches.

In 1740 Sir James Harington, 6th Baronet, who had accrued large debts by gambling, mortgaged his estate at Merton to Turner. [1] Harington was a Jacobite and in 1747 fled into exile to join Charles Edward Stuart. [1] In 1749 Turner foreclosed the mortgage and thereby obtained the manor of Merton. [1] As Turner had just had a great house built for himself at Ambrosden, Turner had no need of the 16th century manor house at Merton, so he had one wing demolished and the other turned into a farmhouse. [4]

Mortgage loan loan secured using real estate

A mortgage loan or, simply, mortgage is used either by purchasers of real property to raise funds to buy real estate, or alternatively by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose, while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged. The loan is "secured" on the borrower's property through a process known as mortgage origination. This means that a legal mechanism is put into place which allows the lender to take possession and sell the secured property to pay off the loan in the event the borrower defaults on the loan or otherwise fails to abide by its terms. The word mortgage is derived from a Law French term used in Britain in the Middle Ages meaning "death pledge" and refers to the pledge ending (dying) when either the obligation is fulfilled or the property is taken through foreclosure. A mortgage can also be described as "a borrower giving consideration in the form of a collateral for a benefit (loan)".

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism was the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement was named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

Charles Edward Stuart Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland, and France

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart was the elder son of James Francis Edward Stuart, grandson of James II and VII and after 1766 the Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain. During his lifetime, he was also known as "The Young Pretender" or "The Young Chevalier" and in popular memory as "Bonnie Prince Charlie". He is best remembered for his role in the 1745 rising; his defeat at Culloden in April 1746 effectively ended the Stuart cause, and subsequent attempts failed to materialise. His escape from Scotland after the uprising led him to be portrayed as a romantic figure of heroic failure in later representations.

Political career

Turner was elected MP for Great Bedwyn in Wiltshire in the 1741 General Election but was not re-elected in the 1747 General Election.

In the 1754 General Election Turner stood as one of the two Whig candidates for Oxfordshire. Both they and their Tory opponents for the Oxfordshire Election 1754 spent great sums of money on their campaigns, including providing lavish hospitality for electors to try to win their votes. Both parties' candidates were supported by local aristocrats. Turner and his running-mate, Viscount Parker were supported by the Duke of Marlborough, Earl Harcourt and Parker's father the Earl of Macclesfield.

The two Tory candidates won more votes but the returning officer made a "double return": declaring both pairs of candidates to be elected, leaving the House of Commons to make the decision. Both sides petitioned against the election of their opponents and the Commons examined the legitimacy of many of the individual votes. However, most MPs voted on partisan lines rather than on the merits of the case. The Whigs held a majority in the House of Commons, and therefore the two Whig candidates were declared elected.

Turner did not defend the Oxfordshire seat in the 1761 General Election. Instead he successfully stood for Penryn in Cornwall. [1] In 1764, he purchased the manor of Wendlebury, Oxfordshire from the trustees of the 3rd Earl of Abingdon. [5] Sir Edward died in 1766 [1] while still an MP.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Lobel, 1957, pages 15-30
  2. Lobel, 1959, pages 14-56
  3. 1 2 Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 422
  4. Lobel, 1957, page 221-234
  5. Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1959). "Parishes: Wendlebury". A History of the County of Oxford. Volume 6, Ploughley Hundred. London: Victoria County History. pp. 338–346. Retrieved 31 January 2016.

Sources

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Sloper
Edward Popham
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
17411747
With: Lascelles Metcalfe
Succeeded by
Lascelles Metcalfe
William Sloper
Preceded by
Sir James Dashwood
Norreys Bertie
Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire
17541761
With: Viscount Parker
Succeeded by
Sir James Dashwood
Lord Charles Spencer
Preceded by
George Boscawen
John Plumptre
Member of Parliament for Penryn
1761–1766
With: George Brydges Rodney
Succeeded by
George Brydges Rodney
Francis Basset
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Edward Turner
Baronet
(of Ambrosden)
1735–1766
Succeeded by
Gregory Page-Turner