Sir George Savile, 8th Baronet of Thornhill FRS (18 July 1726 – 10 January 1784) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1759 to 1783.
Savile was born in Savile House, London, the only son of Sir George Savile, 7th Baronet and Lady Savile (born Mary Pratt, later married to Charles Morton), of Rufford Abbey, Nottinghamshire and inherited his baronetcy on the death of his father in 1743. Savile was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge.
Savile was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Yorkshire at a by-election on 3 January 1759. In general he advocated views of a very liberal character, including measures of relief to Roman Catholics and to Protestant dissenters, and he defended the action of the American colonists. He introduced the Catholic Relief Act, leading to the Gordon Riots in 1780. He refused to take office and in 1783 he resigned his seat in parliament.He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in December 1747.
Savile died unmarried in London and was buried in the family vault at Thornhill, West Riding of Yorkshire. Horace Walpole said Savile had a large fortune and a larger mind, and Edmund Burke also had a high opinion of him.
Part of the inscription on his statue in York Minster by John Fisher reads,
"In private life, he was benevolent, and sincere;
His charities were extensive and secret;
His whole heart was founded on principles
Of generosity, mildness, justice, and universal candour.
In public, the patron of every national improvement;
In the senate, incorrupt;
In his commerce with the world, disinterested."
Rufford Abbey and some of his other estates were bequeathed to his nephew, Richard Lumley (1757–1832), a younger son of Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough (1725–1752). Richard took the additional name of Savile, but when on his brother's death in 1807 he became 6th Earl of Scarbrough the Savile estates passed to his brother John (1760–1835), afterwards the 7th earl. John's son and heir was John Lumley-Savile, 8th Earl of Scarbrough (1788–1856). The 8th earl was never married, but he left four natural sons, the eldest of whom was John Savile (1818–1896), the diplomatist, who was created Baron Savile of Rufford in 1888. He entered the foreign office in 1841, was British envoy at Dresden and Bern, and from 1883 to 1888 represented his country in Rome. Although the eldest son, he did not inherit Rufford and his father's other estates until after the deaths of two of his younger brothers. He made a fine collection of pictures and died at Rufford on 28 November 1896, when his nephew John Savile Lumley-Savile, 2nd Baron Savile (b. 1854) became the 2nd baron. He was a member of the Oddfellows.
Earl of Scarbrough is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1690 for Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley. He is best remembered as one of the Immortal Seven who invited William of Orange to invade England and depose his father-in-law James II. Lumley had already been created Baron Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1681, and Viscount Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1689. These titles are also in the Peerage of England. The title of Viscount Lumley, of Waterford, was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628 for his grandfather Sir Richard Lumley, who later fought as a Royalist in the Civil War.
Baron Savile, of Rufford in the County of Nottingham, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1888 for the diplomat Sir John Savile. He was the eldest of the five illegitimate children of John Lumley-Savile, 8th Earl of Scarbrough, and the grandson of John Lumley-Savile, 7th Earl of Scarbrough. The latter was the fourth of the seven sons of Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough, and his wife Barbara, sister and heiress of the politician Sir George Savile, 8th and last Baronet, of Thornhill, who bequeathed the substantial Savile estates in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire to his nephew the Hon. Richard Lumley-Saunderson, later 6th Earl of Scarbrough. On his death the estates passed to his younger brother, the aforementioned seventh Earl, and then to his son the eighth Earl. The latter bequeathed the estates to his second natural son Captain Henry Lumley-Savile. When he died they passed to his younger brother Augustus William Lumley-Savile (1829–1887) and then to his eldest brother, the aforementioned John Savile, who was created Baron Savile the following year.
The title Marquess of Halifax was created in the Peerage of England in 1682 for the 1st Marquess of Halifax.
Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough, was a British Conservative politician and British Army general.
Rufford Abbey is a country estate in Rufford, Nottinghamshire, England, some 2 miles (4 km) south of Ollerton. Originally a Cistercian abbey, it was converted to a country house in the 16th century after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Part of the house was demolished in the 20th century, but the remains, standing in 150 acres of park and woodland, are open to the public as Rufford Country Park. Part of the park is a Local Nature Reserve.
Major General Aldred Frederick George Beresford Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough, styled Viscount Lumley from 1868–84, was an Anglo-Irish peer, soldier and landowner. He was noted for his long service in both the Territorial Army and politics, which included 60 years in the House of Lords, and for his contributions to the growth of the seaside resort of Skegness, Lincolnshire.
John Savile, 1st Baron Savile,, was a British diplomat who served as Ambassador to Italy from 1883 to 1888.
Francis Ferrand Foljambe (1749–1814) was a British landowner and M.P.
John Lumley-Savile, 8th Earl of Scarbrough, styled Viscount Lumley between 1832 and 1835, was a British peer and politician.
George Augustus Lumley-Saunderson, 5th Earl of Scarbrough, styled Viscount Lumley until 1782, was a British peer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1780.
Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 6th Earl of Scarbrough, styled The Honourable Richard Lumley-Saunderson until 1807, was a British peer and politician.
Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough PC was a British peer, styled Viscount Lumley from 1740 to 1752.
John Lumley-Savile, 7th Earl of Scarbrough was a British peer, styled Hon. John Lumley until 1807, and Lumley-Savile from 1807 until 1832.
Sir William Savile, 3rd Baronet of Thornhill was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1642. He fought on the Royalist side in the English Civil War and was killed in action.
Sir George Savile, 7th Baronet of Thornhill FRS, of Rufford Nottinghamshire, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1728 to 1734.
Sir George Savile, 1st Baronet of Thornhill (1550–1622) was an English politician and the lineal ancestor of the Marquesses of Halifax.
Lieutenant-Colonel Richard George Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough was an Anglo-Irish peer and soldier.
Augustus William Lumley-Savile, renamed Augustus William Savile in 1881, was an English landowner and Her Majesty's Assistant Master of the Ceremonies.
John Savile Lumley-Savile, 2nd Baron Savile born with the name John Savile-Lumley, was an English landowner, diplomat, and sportsman.
George Halifax Lumley-Savile, 3rd Baron Savile was an English landowner, member of the House of Lords, and president of the Country Landowners Association.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Sir Conyers Darcy
The Viscount Downe
| Member of Parliament for Yorkshire |
With: The Viscount Downe 1759–1761
Edwin Lascelles 1761–1780
Henry Duncombe 1780–1784
Francis Ferrand Foljambe
|Baronetage of England|
| Baronet |