Sir Henry Bunbury, 3rd Baronet

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Sir Henry Bunbury, 3rd Baronet (29 November 1676 – 12 February 1733) of Stanney Hall, Cheshire was a British Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons for 27 years from 1700 to 1727. At the time of the Hanoverian Succession in 1714 he was a Hanoverian Tory, but later offered support to the Jacobites.

Great Britain island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Tory A conservative political philosophy

A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved in the English culture throughout history. The Tory ethos has been summed up with the phrase "God, Queen, and Country". Tories generally advocate monarchism, and were historically of a high church Anglican religious heritage, opposed to the liberalism of the Whig faction.

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism is the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aims to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement is named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

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Early life and family

Bunbury was the son of Sir Henry Bunbury, 2nd Baronet and his wife Mary Eyton, daughter of Sir Kenrick Eyton. In 1687, aged only eleven, he succeeded his father as baronet. [1] Bunbury was educated at St Catharine's College, Cambridge. [2] On 15 May 1699, he married Susannah Hanmer, only surviving daughter of William Hanmer (the second son of Sir Thomas Hanmer, 2nd Baronet), and had by her four sons and five daughters. [1]

Sir Kenrick Eyton was a Welsh lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660. He fought in the Royalist army in the English Civil War.

Bunbury baronets

The Bunbury Baronetcy, of Bunbury, Oxon and Stanney Hall in the County of Chester, is a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 29 June 1681 for Thomas Bunbury, Sheriff of Cheshire from 1673 to 1674 and the member of an ancient Cheshire family. His grandson, Henry, the third Baronet, and great-grandson, the fourth Baronet, both sat as Members of Parliament for Chester. The latter died unmarried at an early age and was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Baronet. He was a clergyman. On his death in 1764 the title passed to his eldest son, the sixth Baronet. He represented Suffolk in the House of Commons for over forty years but is best remembered for his marriage to Lady Sarah Lennox. He died childless in 1821 and was succeeded by his nephew, the seventh Baronet. He was the son of Henry Bunbury, younger son of the fifth Baronet. The seventh Baronet was a distinguished soldier and politician. His eldest son, the eighth Baronet, was High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1868. He died childless in 1886 and was succeeded by his younger brother, the ninth Baronet. He was Liberal Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds. He died unmarried in 1895 and was succeeded by his nephew, the tenth Baronet. He was the son of Colonel Henry William St Pierre Bunbury, third son of the seventh Baronet. He served as High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1908 and was a Deputy Lieutenant of the county. On his death in 1930 the title passed to his son, the eleventh Baronet. He was High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1936 and was a Deputy Lieutenant of the county. His son, the twelfth Baronet, was High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1972. As of 2014 the title is held by the latter's second but eldest surviving son, the thirteenth Baronet, who succeeded in 1985.

St Catharines College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

St Catharine's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded in 1473 as Katharine Hall, it adopted its current name in 1860. The college is nicknamed "Catz". The college is located in the historic city-centre of Cambridge, and lies just south of King's College and across the street from Corpus Christi College. The college is notable for its open court that faces towards Trumpington Street.

Career

Bunbury was High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1699. He was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Chester at the two contested elections in January and December 1701. Thereafter he was returned unopposed in 1702, 1705, 1708 and 1710. In 1711, he was appointed Commissioner of the Revenue for Ireland. He was returned unopposed as a Tory at the 1713 general election [3] and re-elected in a contest at Chester in the 1715 general election. In spite of the change of government, he initially held his Irish post, but after he was found with seditious pamphlets and engaged in Jacobite correspondence in May 1715 he was removed from the post in September. He was re-elected at the 1722 general election but was defeated in 1727. [4]

High Sheriff of Cheshire

This is a list of Sheriffs of Cheshire.

1708 British general election

The 1708 British general election was the first general election to be held after the Acts of Union had united the Parliaments of England and Scotland.

1710 British general election

The 1710 British general election produced a landslide victory for the Tories in the wake of the prosecution of Henry Sacheverell and the collapse of the previous Whig government led by Godolphin and the Whig Junto. In November 1709 the clergyman Henry Sacheverell had delivered a sermon fiercely criticising the government's policy of toleration for Protestant dissenters and attacking the personal conduct of the ministers. The government had Sacherevell impeached, and he was narrowly found guilty but received only a light sentence, making the government appear weak and vindictive; the trial enraged a large section of the population, and riots in London led to attacks on dissenting places of worship and cries of "Church in Danger".

Death and legacy

Bunbury died in 1733 and was buried in Stoke, Chester four days later. He was succeeded in the baronetcy successively by his sons Charles and William. [1] His daughter Isabella married General John Lee, and was mother of Continental General Charles Lee. [5]

Sir Charles Bunbury, 4th Baronet British politician

Sir Charles Bunbury, 4th Baronet, of Bunbury, Cheshire and Rake Hall, Stanney, near Chester, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1733 to 1742.

Charles Lee (general) British military diplomat and general of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence

Charles Lee served as a general of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence. He also served earlier in the British Army during the Seven Years War. He sold his commission after the Seven Years War and served for a time in the Polish army of King Stanislaus II.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1904), Complete Baronetage volume 4 (1665-1707), 4, Exeter: William Pollard and Co, retrieved 9 October 2018
  2. "Bunbury, Sir Henry, Bart. (BNBY694SH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley and D. W. Hayton, ed. (2002). The House of Commons, 1690-1715 BUNBURY, Sir Henry, 3rd Bt. (1676-1733), of Bunbury and Stanney, nr. Chester. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 404–407.
  4. "BUNBURY, Sir Henry, 3rd Bt. (c.1678-1733), of Bunbury and Stanney, nr. Chester". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  5. Burke, John (1836). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. III. London: Henry Colburn. p. 316.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt
Peter Shakerley
Member of Parliament for Chester
1700–1707
With: Peter Shakerley
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Chester
17071727
With: Peter Shakerley 1707–1715
Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt 1715–1727
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt
Thomas Grosvenor
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Henry Bunbury
Baronet
(of Bunbury)
1687–1733
Succeeded by
Charles Bunbury