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Sir James Fergusson
|6th Governor of New Zealand|
14 June 1873 –3 December 1874
|Preceded by||Sir George Bowen|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Normanby|
|8th Governor of South Australia|
16 February 1869 –18 April 1873
|Preceded by||Sir Dominick Daly|
|Succeeded by||Sir Anthony Musgrave|
|Born||14 March 1832|
|Died||14 January 1907 74) (aged|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Edith Broun-Ramsay |
Olive Richman (d. 1882)
|Alma mater||University College, Oxford|
Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet GCSI PC (14 March 1832 – 14 January 1907) was a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.
Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Fergusson was the eldest son of Sir Charles Fergusson, 5th Baronet, and his wife Helen, daughter of David Boyle. He was educated at Cheam, Rugby, and University College, Oxford (although he left without taking a degree). He entered the Grenadier Guards in 1851 and served in the Crimean War where he was wounded. He retired from the army in 1859.
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.
Cheam School is a mixed preparatory school located in Headley, in the civil parish of Ashford Hill with Headley in the English county of Hampshire. It was founded in 1645 by George Aldrich.
Rugby School is a day and mostly boarding co-educational independent school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England. Founded in 1567 as a free grammar school for local boys, it is one of the oldest independent schools in Britain. Up to 1667, the school remained in comparative obscurity. Its re-establishment by Thomas Arnold during his time as Headmaster, from 1828 to 1841, was seen as the forerunner of the Victorian public school. It is one of the original seven Great Nine Public Schools defined by the Clarendon Commission of 1864. Rugby School was also the birthplace of Rugby football. In 1845, a committee of Rugby schoolboys wrote the "Laws of Football as Played At Rugby School", the first published set of laws for any code of football.
Fergusson was elected Member of Parliament for Ayrshire and represented the constituency in parliament from 1854 to 1857 and 1859 to 1868. He was Under-Secretary of State for India under Lord Derby from 1866 to 1867 and Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1867 to 1868 under Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1868. He served as Governor of South Australia from 1868 to 1873, as Governor of New Zealand between 1873 and 1874, when he resigned, and as Governor of Bombay between 1880 and 1885.Following his retirement, he returned to the House of Commons, as Member of Parliament for Manchester North East, which he represented between 1885 and 1906. He again held political office as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1886 and 1891 and as Postmaster General between 1891 and 1892 in Lord Salisbury's Conservative administration.
Ayrshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1868, when it was divided into North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire.
This is a list of Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State and Permanent Under-Secretaries of State at the India Office during the period of British rule between 1858 and 1937 for India(and Burma by extension), and for India and Burma from 1937 to 1948.
Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party. He was known before 1834 as Edward Stanley, and from 1834 to 1851 as Lord Stanley. He is one of only four British prime ministers to have three or more separate periods in office. However, his ministries each lasted less than two years and totalled three years and 280 days.
Fergusson married firstly Lady Edith Christian, daughter of James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, in 1859. They had two sons and two daughters. Lady Edith died on 20 October 1871 in Port Adelaide in Australia, aged 32. She was buried at North Road Cemetery in Adelaide.There is a memorial headstone in the north-west corner of the first western extension to Inveresk churchyard in Scotland.
James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, styled Lord Ramsay until 1838 and known as The Earl of Dalhousie between 1838 and 1849, was a Scottish statesman and colonial administrator in British India. He served as Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856.
Port Adelaide is a port-side region of Adelaide, approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) northwest of the Adelaide CBD. It is also the namesake of the City of Port Adelaide Enfield council, a suburb, a federal and state electoral division and is the main port for the city of Adelaide. Port Adelaide played an important role in the formative decades of Adelaide and South Australia, with the port being early Adelaide's main supply and information link to the rest of the world.
North Road Cemetery is located in the Adelaide suburb of Nailsworth, approximately 5 km north of the central business district. It is 7.3 hectares in size and there have been over 24,000 burials since its foundation in 1853. The original size of the cemetery was 0.8 hectare and was established by South Australia’s first Anglican bishop, Augustus Short on land which he owned. The cemetery is still maintained by the Anglican Diocese of Adelaide.
Fergusson married secondly Olive, daughter of John Henry Richman, in 1873. They had one son. She died of cholera in January 1882. He married thirdly Isabella Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Twysden and widow of Charles Hugh Hoare, in 1893. They had no children. Fergusson's son Charles and grandson Bernard Fergusson both became Governors-General of New Zealand.
John Henry Richman was a lawyer in the young British colony of South Australia.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur. Diarrhea can be so severe that it leads within hours to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. This may result in sunken eyes, cold skin, decreased skin elasticity, and wrinkling of the hands and feet. Dehydration can cause the skin to turn bluish. Symptoms start two hours to five days after exposure.
General Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet was a British Army officer and the third Governor-General of New Zealand.
Fergusson was killed in an earthquake in Jamaica in 1907, aged 74.
The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale on Monday January 14, at about 3:30 p.m. local time, was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history. Every building in Kingston was damaged by the earthquake and subsequent fires, which lasted for three hours before any efforts could be made to check them, culminated in the death of 800 to 1,000 people, and left approximately 10,000 homeless and $25,000,000 in material damage. Shortly after, a tsunami was reported on the north coast of Jamaica, with a maximum wave height of about 2 m (6–8 ft).
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola.
The town of Jamestown, South Australia, Fergusson Island in Papua New Guinea and Fergusson College in Pune (in his day, Poona), India are named in Fergusson's honour.
James Fergusson may refer to:
Sir George Murray was a British soldier and politician from Scotland.
Jonathan Peel, PC was a British soldier, Conservative politician and racehorse owner.
Sir Henry Ayers was the eighth Premier of South Australia, serving a record five times between 1863 and 1873.
Sir Claud Severn (1869–1933) was a British colonial administrator. Severn joined the colonial civil service in British Malaya in 1894 and worked under the Governor of the Straits Settlements. In 1912, he became Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong and remained in the post until 1925. During this period, Severn governed Hong Kong twice as acting administrator during transition periods between Governors.
David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow,, was a British naval commander and colonial governor. He served as Governor of New Zealand between 1892 and 1897.
The Fergusson Baronetcy, of Kilkerran in the County of Ayr, is a title in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. It was created on 30 November 1703 for the prominent advocate John Fergusson. The second Baronet represented Sutherland in the House of Commons and served as a Lord of Session under the judicial title Lord Kilkerran. The third Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for Ayrshire and Edinburgh. In 1796 he claimed the earldom of Glencairn. The House of Lords decided that he had successfully proved that he was heir-general to Alexander Cunningham, 10th Earl of Glencairn, but that he had not proved his right to the earldom. The sixth Baronet was a Conservative politician and colonial governor and notably served as Governor of New Zealand from 1873 to 1874 and as Governor of Bombay from 1880 to 1885. The seventh Baronet was Governor-General of New Zealand between 1924 and 1930. The eighth Baronet was an author and historian and also served as Lord-Lieutenant of Ayrshire.
Sir Robert Ramsay Mackenzie, 10th Baronet was a pastoralist and politician in Queensland, Australia. He was Premier of Queensland, Australia from August 1867 to November 1868.
Sir William Hart Dyke, 7th Baronet PC, DL, JP was an English Conservative politician and tennis pioneer.
William Patrick Adam, CIE, DL was a British colonial administrator and Liberal politician. He was twice First Commissioner of Works under William Ewart Gladstone and also served briefly as Governor of Madras between 1880 and 1881.
The following lists events that happened during 1832 in New Zealand.
Sir Charles Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, was a Scottish Conservative politician.
William Meredyth Somerville, 1st Baron Athlumney, 1st Baron Meredyth PC, known as Sir William Somerville, Bt, between 1831 and 1863, was an Anglo-Irish Liberal politician. He was born in 1802.
William Henry Powell Gore-Langton DL, JP, was a British Conservative Party politician.
John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar was a British diplomat and politician. He served as the second Governor General of Canada (1869–72), the 12th Governor of New South Wales (1861–67) and as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1853–55). From 1848 to 1870 he was known as Sir John Young, 2nd Baronet.
Admiral Sir James Andrew Fergusson, was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, America and West Indies Station.
Sir Charles Dalrymple Fergusson, 5th Baronet of Kilkerran FRSE (1800–1849) was a Scottish lawyer.
Joseph Sylvester O'Halloran, was Secretary of the Royal Colonial Institute 1883 to 1909.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet .|
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
James Hunter Blair
| Member of Parliament for Ayrshire |
Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart
Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart
| Member of Parliament for Ayrshire |
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Manchester North East |
J. R. Clynes
| Under-Secretary of State for India |
The Lord Clinton
The Earl Belmore
| Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department |
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
| Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs |
Henry Cecil Raikes
| Postmaster General |
Sir Dominick Daly
| Governor of South Australia |
Sir Anthony Musgrave
Sir George Bowen
| Governor of New Zealand |
The Marquess of Normanby
Sir Richard Temple, Bt
| Governor of Bombay |
The Lord Reay
|Baronetage of Nova Scotia|
Charles Dalrymple Fergusson
| Baronet |