Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet

Last updated

The Right Honourable
Sir James Fergusson
Bt GCSI
James Fergusson 3.jpeg
6th Governor of New Zealand
In office
14 June 1873 3 December 1874
Monarch Victoria
Premier Julius Vogel
Preceded by Sir George Bowen
Succeeded by The Marquess of Normanby
8th Governor of South Australia
In office
16 February 1869 18 April 1873
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Dominick Daly
Succeeded by Sir Anthony Musgrave
Personal details
Born(1832-03-14)14 March 1832
Edinburgh
Died14 January 1907(1907-01-14) (aged 74)
Jamaica
NationalityBritish
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)Lady Edith Broun-Ramsay
(d. 1871)
Olive Richman (d. 1882)
Isabella Twysden
Alma mater University College, Oxford

Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet GCSI PC (14 March 1832 – 14 January 1907) was a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians, who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. It is currently the governing party, having been so since the 2010 general election, where a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats was formed. In 2015, the Conservatives led by David Cameron won a surprise majority and formed the first majority Conservative government since 1992. However, the snap election on 8 June 2017 resulted in a hung parliament, and the party lost its parliamentary majority. It is reliant on the support of a Northern Irish political party, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), in order to command a majority in the House of Commons through a confidence-and-supply deal. The party leader, Theresa May, has served as both Leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister since July 2016. It is the largest party in local government with 9,008 councillors. The Conservative Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United Kingdom, the other being its modern rival, the Labour Party.

Contents

Background and education

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Fergusson was the eldest son of Sir Charles Fergusson, 5th Baronet, and his wife Helen, daughter of David Boyle. He was educated at Cheam, Rugby, and University College, Oxford (although he left without taking a degree). He entered the Grenadier Guards in 1851 and served in the Crimean War where he was wounded. He retired from the army in 1859.

Edinburgh City and council area in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

Cheam School

Cheam School is a mixed preparatory school located in Headley, in the civil parish of Ashford Hill with Headley in the English county of Hampshire. It was founded in 1645 by George Aldrich.

Rugby School independent school in the United Kingdom

Rugby School is a day and boarding co-educational independent school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England. It is one of the oldest independent schools in Britain. Its re-establishment by Thomas Arnold during his time as Headmaster, from 1828 to 1841, was seen as the forerunner of the Victorian public school. It is one of the original seven Great Nine Public Schools defined by the Clarendon Commission of 1864. Total enrolment of day pupils from forms 4 to 12 numbers around 800.

Political and administrative career

Fergusson was elected Member of Parliament for Ayrshire and represented the constituency in parliament from 1854 to 1857 and 1859 to 1868. He was Under-Secretary of State for India under Lord Derby from 1866 to 1867 and Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1867 to 1868 under Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1868. He served as Governor of South Australia from 1868 to 1873, as Governor of New Zealand between 1873 and 1874, when he resigned, and as Governor of Bombay between 1880 and 1885. [1] Following his retirement, he returned to the House of Commons, as Member of Parliament for Manchester North East, which he represented between 1885 and 1906. He again held political office as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1886 and 1891 and as Postmaster General between 1891 and 1892 in Lord Salisbury's Conservative administration.

Ayrshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1868, when it was divided into North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire.

This is a list of Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State and Permanent Under-Secretaries of State at the India Office during the period of British rule between 1858 and 1937 for India(and Burma by extension), and for India and Burma from 1937 to 1948.

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby British Prime Minister

Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party. He was known before 1834 as Edward Stanley, and from 1834 to 1851 as Lord Stanley. He is one of only four British prime ministers to have three or more separate periods in office. However, his ministries each lasted less than two years and totalled three years and 280 days.

Family

Memorial for Lady Edith Christian Fergusson, Inveresk Cemetery Grave of Lady Edith Christian Fergusson, Inveresk Cemetery.jpg
Memorial for Lady Edith Christian Fergusson, Inveresk Cemetery

Fergusson married firstly Lady Edith Christian, daughter of James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, in 1859. They had two sons and two daughters. Lady Edith died on 20 October 1871 in Port Adelaide in Australia, aged 32. She was buried at North Road Cemetery in Adelaide. [2] There is a memorial headstone in the north-west corner of the first western extension to Inveresk churchyard in Scotland. [3]

James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie Scottish politician and civil servant

James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, styled Lord Ramsay until 1838 and known as The Earl of Dalhousie between 1838 and 1849, was a Scottish statesman and colonial administrator in British India. He served as Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856.

Port Adelaide Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Port Adelaide is a port-side region of Adelaide, approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) northwest of the Adelaide CBD. It is also the namesake of the City of Port Adelaide Enfield council, a suburb, a federal and state electoral division and is the main port for the city of Adelaide. Port Adelaide played an important role in the formative decades of Adelaide and South Australia, with the port being early Adelaide's main supply and information link to the rest of the world.

North Road Cemetery cemetery in Adelaide, South Australia

North Road Cemetery is located in the Adelaide suburb of Nailsworth, approximately 5 km north of the central business district. It is 7.3 hectares in size and there have been over 24,000 burials since its foundation in 1853. The original size of the cemetery was 0.8 hectare and was established by South Australia’s first Anglican bishop, Augustus Short on land which he owned. The cemetery is still maintained by the Anglican Diocese of Adelaide.

Fergusson married secondly Olive, daughter of John Henry Richman, in 1873. They had one son. She died of cholera in January 1882. He married thirdly Isabella Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Twysden and widow of Charles Hugh Hoare, in 1893. They had no children. Fergusson's son Charles and grandson Bernard Fergusson both became Governors-General of New Zealand.

John Henry Richman was a lawyer in the young British colony of South Australia.

Cholera Bacterial infection of the small intestine

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur. Diarrhea can be so severe that it leads within hours to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. This may result in sunken eyes, cold skin, decreased skin elasticity, and wrinkling of the hands and feet. Dehydration can cause the skin to turn bluish. Symptoms start two hours to five days after exposure.

Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet Viceroy, military leader

General Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet was a British Army officer and the third Governor-General of New Zealand.

Fergusson was killed in an earthquake in Jamaica in 1907, aged 74.

1907 Kingston earthquake earthquake struck Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica on January 14, 1907 (UTC)

The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale on Monday January 14, at about 3:30 p.m. local time, was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history. Every building in Kingston was damaged by the earthquake and subsequent fires, which lasted for three hours before any efforts could be made to check them, culminated in the death of 800 to 1,000 people, and left approximately 10,000 homeless and $25,000,000 in material damage. Shortly after, a tsunami was reported on the north coast of Jamaica, with a maximum wave height of about 2 m (6–8 ft).

Jamaica country in the Caribbean

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola.

Legacy

The town of Jamestown, South Australia, Fergusson Island in Papua New Guinea and Fergusson College in Pune (in his day, Poona), India are named in Fergusson's honour.

Notes

  1. Edgeloe, V. A. (1972). "Fergusson, Sir James (1832–1907)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
  2. "DEATH OF LADY EDITH FERGUSSON". Adelaide Observer . XXVIII, (1570). South Australia. 4 November 1871. p. 11. Retrieved 1 December 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  3. Grave of Edith Christian Fergusson, Inveresk

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Hunter Blair
Member of Parliament for Ayrshire
18541857
Succeeded by
Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart
Preceded by
Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart
Member of Parliament for Ayrshire
18591868
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Manchester North East
18851906
Succeeded by
J. R. Clynes
Political offices
Preceded by
James Stansfeld
Under-Secretary of State for India
1866–1867
Succeeded by
The Lord Clinton
Preceded by
The Earl Belmore
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1867–1868
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
Preceded by
James Bryce
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1886–1891
Succeeded by
James Lowther
Preceded by
Henry Cecil Raikes
Postmaster General
1891–1892
Succeeded by
Arnold Morley
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Dominick Daly
Governor of South Australia
1869–1873
Succeeded by
Sir Anthony Musgrave
Preceded by
Sir George Bowen
Governor of New Zealand
1873–1874
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Normanby
Preceded by
Sir Richard Temple, Bt
Governor of Bombay
1880–1885
Succeeded by
The Lord Reay
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
Charles Dalrymple Fergusson
Baronet
(of Kilkerran)
1849–1907
Succeeded by
Charles Fergusson