Sir John Cotton, 3rd Baronet, of Connington

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Sir John Cotton, 3rd Baronet (1621 – 12 September 1702) was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1661 and 1687. [1]

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Contents

Early Years

Cotton was the son of Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet of Conington, Huntingdonshire, and his first wife Margaret Howard, daughter of Lord William Howard, of Naworth Castle, Cumberland. He became a gentleman of the Privy Chamber in 1661. He studied at Magdalen College, Oxford [2] , matriculating in 1637.

Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet, of Connington English politician and heir to the Cottonian Library

Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet, of Connington was an English politician and heir to the Cottonian Library.

Conington, Huntingdonshire village in the United Kingdom

Conington is a village and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, England. Conington lies about 10 km south of Peterborough and 3 km north of Sawtry. It is within earshot of Ermine Street, now called the Great North Road. Conington lies within Huntingdonshire, which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire and one of the historic counties of England.

Lord William Howard was an English nobleman and antiquary, sometimes known as "Belted or Bauld (bold) Will".

Career

In 1661, Cotton was elected Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in the Cavalier Parliament. He succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father on 13 May 1662 [3] . In 1685 he was elected MP for Huntingdonshire. [4]

Huntingdon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Huntingdon is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Jonathan Djanogly, a Conservative.

Cavalier Parliament ruling body of 17th century England

The Cavalier Parliament of England lasted from 8 May 1661 until 24 January 1679. It was the longest English Parliament, enduring for nearly 18 years of the quarter-century reign of Charles II of England. Like its predecessor, the Convention Parliament, it was overwhelmingly Royalist and is also known as the Pensioner Parliament for the many pensions it granted to adherents of the King.

Cotton baronets

There have been three Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Cotton, all in the Baronetage of England. One creation is extant as of 2008.

Cotton died at the age 80 at Stratton, Bedfordshire, and was buried at Conington where he has a monument. [4]

Family

Cotton married firstly on 8 June 1644 [5] Dorothy Anderson, daughter of Edmund Anderson, of Stratton and Eyworth and his wife Alice Constable, daughter of Sir John Constable, who was later Cotton's stepmother. He married secondly on 20 October 1658, at Mark's Hall, Essex, Elizabeth Honywood, daughter of Sir Thomas Honywood, of Mark's Hall, and his wife Hester Lamotte, daughter of John Lamotte, of London. [4] Elizabeth's portrait was painted by Jacob Huysmans.

Sir Thomas Honywood (1586–1666), of Marks Hall in Essex, was a soldier during the English Civil War, later a Member of Parliament.

Jacob Huysmans Flemish painter

Jacob Huysmans was a Flemish portrait painter who, after training in his native Antwerp, immigrated to England before the Restoration. He became a feted court painter and attracted the patronage of the Portuguese born queen Catherine of Braganza, a Catholic like himself, of whom he painted several portraits. With his exuberant style, he was during his lifetime regarded as an important rival of the court painter Peter Lely who favored a more sober treatment of his sitters.

His eldest son John predeceased him, and the title passed to his grandson Sir John Cotton, 4th Baronet, of Connington. On the younger Sir John's death without issue the title passed to his uncle Robert, his grandfather's son by Elizabeth Honywood.

Sir John Cotton, 4th Baronet was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England and the House of Commons of Great Britain at various times between 1705 and 1713.

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Conington Castle

Conington Castle was a 16th-century house in Conington, Huntingdonshire, England, built for Sir Robert Cotton. It was demolished in 1955 by the then owners, the Heathcote family.

References

  1. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/cotton-john-i-1621-1702
  2. Venn, J. A., comp.. Alumni Cantabrigienses. London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1922-1954
  3. Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed.; London, England: Oxford University Press; Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22; Volume: Vol 22; Page: 284
  4. 1 2 3 George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage 1900
  5. England, Marriages, 1538–1973. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Bernard
Nicholas Pedley
Member of Parliament for Huntingdon
1661–1679
With: Lionel Walden (1620-1698)
Succeeded by
Hon. Sidney Wortley-Montagu
Sir Nicholas Pedley
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Proby, Bt
Silius Titus
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
1685–1687
With: Sir Lionel Walden
Succeeded by
Robert Montagu
Sir Robert Bernard, 3rd Baronet