Sir John Stanhope

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Sir John Stanhope (1559 – 1611) was an English knight and landowner, and father of Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield.



John Stanhope was the son of Sir Thomas Stanhope (d. 1596) of Shelford Manor, Nottinghamshire, and Margaret Port, the daughter of Sir John Port of Etwall, Derbyshire, and Elizabeth Giffard.

Charles Cavendish had a feud with the Stanhope family over issues including a fish weir in the River Trent. He arranged to fight a duel with John Stanhope at Lambeth choosing rapiers as the weapon. They came to Lambeth bridge by boat. It was discovered that Stanhope was wearing a sword-proof padded doublet. The fight was called off. [1] In November 1599 Cavendish was shot in the backside by Stanhope's followers while visiting Kirkby Hardwick. [2] [3] [4] [5]

Marriages and family

Stanhope married firstly, Cordelia Alington, with whom he had his eldest son and heir, Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield (d.1656). [6]

Stanhope married secondly, Catherine Trentham (1566–1621). Their children included:

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  1. John Gage, History and Antiquities of Hengrave (London, 1822), pp. 184-6.
  2. 'Cavendish, Sir Charles (1553-1617)', History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
  3. Mark Girouard, Robert Smythson & the Elizabethan Country House (London, 1983), pp. 175, 231.
  4. Lucy Worsley, Cavalier: The Story of a Seventeenth-century Playboy (London, 2007), pp. 33-4.
  5. Sarah Williams, Letters of John Chamberlain (London, 1861), pp. 52, 54-5
  6. Cokayne 1953 , p. 230.
  7. Stephen Glover, The History and Gazetteer of the County of Derby, vol. 1 (1831), Appendix. p 11.
  8. Edmund Gosse, The Life and Letters of John Donne (London, 1899), pp. 255-262.