Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet

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Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet
Sir Justinian Isham I
by Peter Lely
Born 1610
Died(1675-03-02)2 March 1675
Academic background
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge
Academic work
Notable works Royal Society
Influenced Alexander Ross.<

Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet (1610 – 2 March 1675) was an English scholar and royalist politician. He was also a Member of Parliament and an early member of the Royal Society.

Royal Society English learned society for science

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society is the United Kingdom's and Commonwealth of Nations' Academy of Sciences and fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement.



He was admitted a fellow-commoner at Christ's College, Cambridge, on 18 April 1627. [1] Isham was a man of culture, building a library at Lamport Hall, Northamptonshire. Brian Duppa was a frequent correspondent of his; and he kept in touch with Seth Ward in Oxford. [2] He was a patron of Alexander Ross. [3] [4]

Christs College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college includes the Master, the Fellows of the College, and about 450 undergraduate and 170 graduate students. The college was founded by William Byngham in 1437 as God's House. In 1505, the college was granted a new royal charter, was given a substantial endowment by Lady Margaret Beaufort, and changed its name to Christ's College, becoming the twelfth of the Cambridge colleges to be founded in its current form. The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin and John Milton.

Lamport Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in Daventry, United Kingdom

Lamport Hall in Lamport, Northamptonshire is a fine example of a Grade I Listed House. It was developed from a Tudor Manor but is now notable for its classical frontage. The Hall contains an outstanding collection of books paintings and furniture. The building includes The High Room with a magnificent ceiling by William Smith. It also has a library with 16th-century volumes and an early 19th-century cabinet room with Neapolitan cabinets which depict mythological paintings on glass. It is open to the public

Northamptonshire County of England

Northamptonshire, archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires".

Loans to the king as well as fines to the parliament had greatly injured the Isham estates, when in 1651, Sir Justinian succeeded to the Isham baronetcy. He had been in prison for a short time during 1649, as a delinquent, and he was now forced to compound for the estate of Shangton in Leicestershire. After the Restoration he was elected M.P. for Northamptonshire in the parliament which met in 1661. Gilbert Clerke dedicated to him a 1662 work of natural philosophy. With Henry Power he was elected to the Royal Society, shortly after its 1663 charter came into force. [2] [5]

Isham baronets

The Isham Baronetcy, of Lamport in the County of Northampton, is a title in the Baronetage of England.

Shangton village in the United Kingdom

Shangton is a parish and small village near Tur Langton in Leicestershire, England, and part of Harborough district.

Leicestershire County of England

Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, and Derbyshire to the north-west. The border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street.

He died at Oxford, on 2 March 1675, and is buried in the family burial place on the north side of the chancel in Lamport Church, where there is a Latin inscription to his memory. [2]

Church of All Saints, Lamport Church

The Church of All Saints is an Anglican Church and the parish church of Lamport, Northamptonshire. It is a Grade I listed building and stands on the north side of the High Street.


He was only son of Sir John Isham (1582–1651), by his wife Judith, daughter of William Lewin, of Otterden, Kent. When he was baptised on 3 February 1610, he took his Christian name from his mother's brother, Sir Justinian Lewin, knt. Elizabeth Isham, known for her autobiography, was his sister. [2] [6]

Elizabeth Isham (1609–1654) was a never-married, elite, intellectual English diarist. She was best known for her knowledge of medicine and for two autobiographical diaries that detail her life. She remained a very pious individual throughout her life. She was a humble and family-oriented individual, especially showing great respect for her father, Sir John Isham (1582–1651), the first baronet of Lamport. She showed no greed or interest in wealth or materialistic goods. Anne Cotterill has said that for Isham her “mind was more to her than wealth.”

Isham was married on 16 November 1634 to Jane, eldest daughter of Sir John Garrard, baronet, of Lamer, Hertfordshire; but his wife died in childbirth on 4 March 1638. Isham then wooed Dorothy Osborne; but she found him pompous. [2]

Dorothy Osborne English letter writer and wife of Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet

Dorothy Osborne, Lady Temple (1627–1695) was a British writer of letters and wife of Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet.

Isham's second wife, whom he married in 1653, was Vere, daughter of Thomas, Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh, by Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Egerton. Four children by her survived him: Sir Thomas Isham, 3rd Baronet; Sir Justinian Isham, 4th Baronet (d. 1730); Mary (d. 1679), who married Sir Marmaduke Dayrell of Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire; and Vere, an erudite young mathematician who died in 1674, aged 19. There also survived him three daughters by his first wife: Elizabeth (d. 1734), who married Sir Nicholas L'Estrange of Hunstanton, Norfolk, second baronet, and nephew of Sir Roger L'Estrange; Judith, who died unmarried, and was buried in Westminster Abbey on 22 May 1679; and Susanna, who was married on 4 May 1656 to Sir Nicholas Carew, kt. [2]

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  1. "Isham, Justinian (ISN627J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Seccombe 1891.
  3. Gyles Isham (editor), The Correspondence of Bishop Brian Duppa and Sir Justinian Isham 1650-1660. Northamptonshire Record Society, 1954.
  4. Adrian Johns, Prudence and Pedantry in Early Modern Cosmology: The Trade of Al Ross, Hist. Sci., xxxv (1997) at p. 24; PDF Archived 17 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine . at p. 2.
  5. Margery Purver, The Royal Society: Concept and Creation (1967), p. 94.
  6. Elizabeth Isham's Autobiographical Writings

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Seccombe, Thomas (1891). "Isham, Justinian". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography . 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Crew
Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
With: George Clerke
Succeeded by
Lord Burghley
George Clerke
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
John Isham
(of Lamport)
Succeeded by
Thomas Isham