Sir Richard Newdigate, 1st Baronet

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Sir Richard Newdigate, 1st Baronet (17 September 1602 – 14 October 1678) [1] was an English judge, landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660.

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Contents

Family

Richard Newdigate was a younger son of Sir John Newdigate (5 March 1571 – 28 March 1610) [1] of Arbury Hall, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, and his wife Anne Fitton, [1] the elder daughter of Sir Edward Fitton, baronet, of Gawsworth, Cheshire, by Alice Holcroft (d.1627). [2] He was the grandson of John Newdigate (1541 – 22 February 1592), [3] esquire, of Harefield, Middlesex, and Martha Cave (24 February 1546 – 22 November 1575), the daughter and co-heir of Anthony Cave. [3]

Arbury Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in the United Kingdom

Arbury Hall is a Grade I listed country house in Nuneaton in Warwickshire, England, and the ancestral home of the Newdigate family, later the Newdigate-Newdegate and Fitzroy-Newdegate families.

Chilvers Coton area of town of Nuneaton in Warwickshire, England

Chilvers Coton is an area of the town of Nuneaton in Warwickshire, England, around one mile south of the town centre.

Warwickshire County of England

Warwickshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick, although the largest town is Nuneaton. The county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare.

Career

Matriculating at Trinity College, Oxford, on 6 November 1618, he left the university without a degree, and entered in 1620 Gray's Inn, where he was called to the bar in 1628, elected an ancient in 1645, and a bencher in 1649. [4] He was High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield from 1646 until his death.

Trinity College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

Trinity College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. The college was founded in 1555 by Sir Thomas Pope, on land previously occupied by Durham College, home to Benedictine monks from Durham Cathedral.

Grays Inn one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, a person must belong to one of these Inns. Located at the intersection of High Holborn and Gray's Inn Road in Central London, the Inn is both a professional body and a provider of office accommodation (chambers) for many barristers. It is ruled by a governing council called "Pension", made up of the Masters of the Bench, and led by the Treasurer, who is elected to serve a one-year term. The Inn is known for its gardens, or Walks, which have existed since at least 1597.

Newdigate was counsel with William Prynne and John Bradshaw on behalf of the state in the proceedings taken against Connor Maguire, 2nd Baron of Enniskillen, and other Irish rebels in 1644–5. He was also one of the counsel for the eleven members impeached by Thomas Fairfax in June 1647. On 9 February 1653–4 he was called to the degree of serjeant-at-law, and on 31 May following was made a justice of the upper bench, in which capacity he was placed on the special commission for the trial of the Yorkshire insurgents on 5 April 1655. He declined to serve, on the ground that levying war against the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell was not within the statute of treason; and in consequence was removed from his place (3 May), and resumed practice at the bar. He was, however, reinstated before 26 June 1657, when he attended, as justice of the upper bench, the ceremony of the reinvestiture of the Protector in Westminster Hall. [4]

William Prynne English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure

William Prynne was an English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure. He was a prominent Puritan opponent of the church policy of the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud. Although his views on church polity were presbyterian, he became known in the 1640s as an Erastian, arguing for overall state control of religious matters. A prolific writer, he published over 200 books and pamphlets.

John Bradshaw (judge) English judge

John Bradshaw was an English judge. He is most notable for his role as President of the High Court of Justice for the trial of King Charles I and as the first Lord President of the Council of State of the English Commonwealth.

Connor Maguire, 2nd Baron of Enniskillen was an Irish nobleman from Ulster who took part in the Irish Rebellion of 1641. He was executed for high treason.

Newdigate was continued in office during Richard Cromwell's protectorate; and after his abdication, on 17 January 1660 was advanced to be Lord Chief Justice. Anticipating his dismissal on the Restoration, he had himself to return to the Convention parliament. On 5 April 1660 he was among the ‘old serjeants remade,’ and was briefly, in 1660, MP for Tamworth, Staffordshire. [5]

Richard Cromwell English politician Lord Protector

Richard Cromwell was an English statesman who was the second Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales position

The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales is the Head of the Judiciary of England and Wales and the President of the Courts of England and Wales.

Convention Parliament (1660)

The Convention Parliament followed the Long Parliament that had finally voted for its own dissolution on 16 March that year. Elected as a "free parliament", i.e. with no oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth or to the monarchy, it was predominantly Royalist in its membership. It assembled for the first time on 25 April 1660.

In 1675 Newdigate added the Warwickshire manor of Arbury, to which he had succeeded in 1642 on the death of his elder brother, that of Harefield, Middlesex, the ancient seat of his family, which had been alienated in the preceding century by his grandfather, a debtor, in a deal for Arbury with Edmund Anderson. [6] On 24 July 1677 a baronetcy was conferred on him by Charles II without payment of the ordinary fees. [4]

Edmund Anderson (judge) Chief Justice of the Common Pleas

Sir Edmund Anderson, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas under Elizabeth I, sat as judge at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Charles II of England 17th-century King of England, Ireland and Scotland

Charles II was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

Newdigate died at Harefield Manor on 14 October 1678, and was buried in Harefield parish church, where a monument was raised to his memory. [4]

Family

Newdigate married, in 1631, Juliana, daughter of Sir Francis Leigh, K.B., of King's Newnham, Warwickshire, and had issue six sons and five daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Sir Richard Newdigate, 2nd Baronet (d. 1710), whose son, Sir Richard, third baronet, was father of Sir Roger Newdigate. [4]

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 Crisp 1907 , pp. 38–9.
  2. Larminie 2004.
  3. 1 2 Crisp 1907 , pp. 35, 38–9.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Newdigate, Richard"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. History of Parliament Online - Newdigate, Richard
  6. Larminie, Vivienne. "Newdigate, John (1542?–1592)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20001.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

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References

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Newdigate, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
16601661
With: Thomas Fox
Succeeded by
Amos Walrond
John Swinfen
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir John Glynne
Lord Chief Justice
1660
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Foster
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Essex
High Steward of Sutton Coldfield
1646–1678
Succeeded by
Thomas Thynne
Baronetage of England
New title Baronet
(of Arbury)
1677–1678
Succeeded by
Richard Newdigate