Sir Robert Fowler, 1st Baronet

Last updated

Robert Nicholas Fowler, 1st Bt (Frank Holl, 1885) Robert Nicholas Fowler, 1st Bt, by Frank Holl.jpg
Robert Nicholas Fowler, 1st Bt (Frank Holl, 1885)
"The City"
Fowler as caricatured by Theobald Chartran in Vanity Fair, June 1881 Robert Nicholas Fowler Vanity Fair 25 June 1881.jpg
"The City"
Fowler as caricatured by Théobald Chartran in Vanity Fair, June 1881

Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler, 1st Baronet DL JP (12 September 1828, Tottenham, Middlesex – 22 May 1891 Harley Street, London) was a member of parliament and Lord Mayor of London.


He was born the son of Thomas Fowler of Gastard, Wiltshire. [1] [2] He attended Grove House School, Tottenham and London University where he was awarded a B.A. degree in 1848.

He was a banker and M.P. for the Penryn and Falmouth Constituency, (1868–1874) and Conservative M.P. for the City of London Constituency (1880–1891). He was also elected Sheriff of the City of London for 1880 and Lord Mayor of London in 1883 and 1885, the last Lord Mayor to serve multiple terms. [3] He was created a baronet in 1885.

He was the author of A visit to Japan, China and India. [4]

According to Frank Harris, an admittedly unreliable source, Fowler excited the disgust of his fellow guests at a dinner given by William Thackeray Marriott by breaking wind copiously, and being apparently unconscious of giving offence. [5]

George Shaw-Lefevre MP noted that, due to plural voting (whereby property owners could vote both in the constituency where their property lay and that in which they lived), Fowler had no fewer than thirteen votes in different constituencies. At one General Election Fowler managed, energetically, to use all thirteen votes in one day. [6]

In 1890, Fowler was described as "of Gastard, Wilts., a JP and DL for Middlesex and Wilts, an Alderman of London". [7]

Marriage and family

On 27 October 1852, Robert Nicholas Fowler married Sarah Charlotte Fox: she was the daughter of Sarah and Alfred Fox, of Falmouth, born on 15 March 1834.

They had ten daughters and one son:

Related Research Articles

Chippenham town in Wiltshire, England

Chippenham is a large historic market town in northwest Wiltshire, England. It lies 20 miles (32 km) east of Bristol, 86 miles (138 km) west of London and 4 miles (6 km) west of The Cotswolds AONB. The town was established on a crossing of the River Avon and some form of settlement is believed to have existed there since before Roman times. It was a royal vill, and probably a royal hunting lodge, under Alfred the Great. The town continued to grow when the Great Western Railway arrived in 1841; it is now a major commuter town.

Jack Pease, 1st Baron Gainford British politician

Joseph Albert Pease, 1st Baron Gainford, known as Jack Pease, was a British businessman and Liberal politician. He was a member of H. H. Asquith's Liberal cabinet between 1910 and 1916 and also served as Chairman of the BBC between 1922 and 1926.

Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury British politician

Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury PC, styled Lord Ernest Bruce from 1821 until 1878, was a British courtier and politician. He served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1841 and 1846 and again between 1852 and 1858. An MP for 46 years, he succeeded his elder brother in the marquessate in 1878.

Chippenham (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Chippenham is a parliamentary constituency, abolished in 1983 but recreated in 2010, and represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. The 2010 constituency includes the towns of Bradford on Avon, Chippenham, Corsham and Melksham.

Sir Joseph Pease, 1st Baronet 19th-century British Quaker politician

Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, 1st Baronet was a British Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1865 to 1903.

Sir Alfred Pease, 2nd Baronet British politician

Sir Alfred Edward Pease, 2nd Baronet, was a British Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1885 and 1902 and who became a pioneer settler of British East Africa, now Kenya.

The Pease family is an English and mostly Quaker family associated with Darlington, County Durham, and North Yorkshire, descended from Edward Pease of Darlington (1711–1785).

There have been four Abdy baronetcies, three of which were created for sons of Anthony Abdy (1579–1640).

Alfred Fox, of Falmouth, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, was owner and developer of Glendurgan Garden, now a National Trust property, and was a member of the Quaker Fox family of Falmouth.

Richard Penruddocke Long JP, DL was an English landowner and Conservative Party politician. He was a founding member of the amateur cricket club I Zingari. Long was appointed High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 1858 and served as Justice of the Peace as well as Deputy Lieutenant for the county.

Sir James Long, 5th Baronet was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1695 and 1729.

Four baronetcies have been created in the surname of Fowler, all of which are now extinct.

William Fowler (MP for Cambridge) British politician

William Fowler was an English Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1868 and 1885.

Grove House School was a Quaker school in Tottenham, United Kingdom.

Sir John Neeld, 1st Baronet (1805–1891) was Member of Parliament for Cricklade between 1835 and 1859, and Chippenham, Wiltshire, England between 1865 and 1868.

Gastard village in the United Kingdom

Gastard is a village in Wiltshire, England, four miles south west of Chippenham, part of the civil parish of the nearby town of Corsham.

Francis Fox of St Germans was the progenitor of a vast clan of people called "Fox", notable in many fields of enterprise, science and the arts. He was an early convert to the Quaker faith, to which many of later generations were also true.

Duncan Hames British Former Liberal Democrat politician

Duncan John Hames is a Director of Policy at Transparency International UK and a former Liberal Democrat politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Chippenham constituency in Wiltshire from 2010 to 2015. Between 2012 and 2015, he served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Nick Clegg when he was Deputy Prime Minister.

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet Member of Parliament of England

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet of Antony, Cornwall, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1660 and 1692.

This Fry family was prominent in England, especially Bristol, in the Society of Friends, and in the confectionery business in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries. They intermarried with many of the other prominent Quaker families and were involved in business and social and philanthropic causes. Although at their peak during the 19th century, the Fry family are still a very active family within England, specifically in Somerset.


  1. Sir Bernard Burke, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales (1864), Supplement
  2. H. L. Malchow (May 2006). "Fowler, Sir Robert Nicholas, first baronet (1828–1891)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  3. "History of the Mayoralty". City of London.
  4. A visit to Japan, China and India / by Robert Nicholas Fowler; London, Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1877.
  5. Frank Harris, My Life and Loves, Ch. XIII
  6. George Shaw-Lefevre (18 May 1892). "Plural Voting (Abolition) Bill (No 42)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Commons. col. 1184.
  7. Edmund Lodge, The peerage and baronetage of the British empire as at present existing (1890 edition), p. 785
  8. "Pease, Alfred Edward (PS876AE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  9. South African Military History Society Journal Vol 12 No. 1 "The Moolman's Spruit Action 20 April 1902" by H W Kinsey
  10. PEASE Alfred E Private Memoir of Sir Thomas Fowler born 12 August 1868 killed in action 20 April 1902. London: privately printed, 1906
  11. 1 2 Photographic pedigree of the descendants of Isaac and Rachel Wilson p.206
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Jervoise Smith
Samuel Gurney
Member of Parliament for Penryn & Falmouth
With: Edward Eastwick
Succeeded by
David James Jenkins
Henry Thomas Cole
Preceded by
Philip Twells
George Goschen
William Cotton
John Hubbard
Member of Parliament for City of London
1880June 1891
With: William Cotton 1874–85
John Hubbard 1874–87
William Lawrence 1880–85
Thomas Baring 1887 – Apr 1891
Hucks Gibbs from Apr 1891
Succeeded by
Sir Reginald Hanson, Bt
Hucks Gibbs
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Knight
Lord Mayor of London
1883 – 1884
Succeeded by
George Nottage
Preceded by
George Nottage
Lord Mayor of London
Succeeded by
Sir John Staples,
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Gastard House)
Succeeded by
Thomas Fowler