Sir Robert Throckmorton, 8th Baronet

Last updated

Sir Robert Throckmorton, 8th Baronet (1800-1862), by Thomas Phillips, in The Saloon at Coughton Court, Warwickshire. Property of the National Trust, NTPL Ref. No.153602 SirRobertThrockmorton8thBt.png
Sir Robert Throckmorton, 8th Baronet (1800-1862), by Thomas Phillips, in The Saloon at Coughton Court, Warwickshire. Property of the National Trust, NTPL Ref. No.153602

Sir Robert George Throckmorton, 8th Baronet (5 December 1800 – 28 June 1862) was an English Whig and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1831 to 1835.

Throckmorton was the son of William Throckmorton and his wife Frances Gifford, daughter of Thomas Gifford, 22nd of Chillington. The Throckmortons were a prominent Roman Catholic family, who continued to hear mass at the family home Coughton Court, Alcester, Warwickshire. In 1826 the family estate at Molland in Devon devolved to Throckmorton when his uncle succeeded to the baronetcy. [1] The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 allowed Catholics to hold national office for the first time in almost three hundred years. [2]

Throckmorton took advantage of the change in the law to become one of the first Catholic MPs after Daniel O'Connell achieved the feat in 1828 and eventually had Catholic Emancipation signed into law. [2] At the 1831 general election he was elected MP for Berkshire, the location of his third country estate, Buckland Park (though it is now in Oxfordshire). He held the seat until 1835. [3] He also became a JP and Deputy Lieutenant for Berkshire. [1] He was High Sheriff of Berkshire in 1843.

Throckmorton inherited the baronetcy in 1840 on the death of his uncle Sir Charles Throckmorton, 7th Baronet. He built a new Catholic church at the end of the south drive of Coughton Court, next to the ruins of the church built by an earlier Throckmorton in the 15th century which was confiscated from the family during the Reformation. [2]

Throckmorton died at the age of 61.

Throckmorton married Elizabeth Acton, daughter of Sir John Acton, 6th Baronet of Aldenham on 16 July 1829. [1]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir John Acton, 6th Baronet</span>

Sir John Francis Edward Acton, 6th Baronet was a French-born English gentleman who served as Commander of the naval forces of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and later as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Naples under Ferdinand IV. He served at Naples during the turbulent times when French Revolutionary fervour under Napoleon was sweeping across Europe and threatening to extinguish the monarchy he served.

Sir Francis Englefield was an English courtier and Roman Catholic exile.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet</span> British politician (1781–1849)

Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet, was a British Tory politician. He held office under Sir Robert Peel as Paymaster of the Forces between 1834 and 1835 and as Paymaster-General between 1841 and 1845.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coughton Court</span> Historic house museum in Stratford-on-Avon, United Kingdom

Coughton Court is an English Tudor country house, situated on the main road between Studley and Alcester in Warwickshire. It is a Grade I listed building.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckland, Oxfordshire</span> Human settlement in England

Buckland is a village and large civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Faringdon in the Vale of White Horse District. Buckland was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 588. Outside the village the civil parish includes the small settlements of Carswell and Barcote to the west, Buckland Marsh to the north, and the modern development of Gainfield on the southern boundary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sambourne</span> Village and civil parish in Warwickshire, England

Sambourne, formerly spelled Sambourn, is a village and civil parish 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-west of Coughton, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south of Redditch, 12 miles (19 km) north-west of Stratford-upon-Avon and 20 miles (32 km) west of Warwick in the county of Warwickshire, England. It is situated on sloping ground rising westwards to about 500 feet near the ancient Ridge Way, and forms part of the county boundary with Worcestershire. The village itself is centred round a small triangular green at the junction of four roads and contains several timber-framed buildings of 17th century date. By a designation of 22 July 1991 much of the central area became a conservation area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coughton, Warwickshire</span> Human settlement in England

Coughton is a small village located between Studley 2.4 miles (4 km) to the North and Alcester, 2 miles (3 km) to the South, in the county of Warwickshire, England. The village lies 19.3 miles (31 km) from Birmingham on the Birmingham–Alcester A435 road, which here follows the line of the Roman road Icknield Street. The village mainly consists of a number of houses on Sambourne Lane, Coughton Lane and farms and is primarily noted as being the location of the National Trust property, Coughton Court, which lies 400 yards to the east of the A435. The population according to the 2001 Census was 139, increasing to 157 in the 2011 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Throckmorton baronets</span> Extinct baronetcy in the Baronetage of England

There have been two baronetcies created for different branches of the Throckmorton family, 6th cousins, both descended from Sir John Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England temp. King Henry VI (1422–1461). Both titles, which were in the Baronetage of England, are now extinct. The Throckmortons, originally of Throckmorton near Pershore, Worcestershire, trace their history back to the 12th century. In 1409 Sir John de Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England, married Eleanor Spinney, daughter and heiress of Guy Spinney of Coughton, Warwickshire, where the senior branch of the family, which bore the junior baronetcy, became established. The Coughton estate included in 1968 a dower house named "Spiney House, Coughton", named after that family. The senior Throckmorton Baronetcy, of Tortworth in the County of Gloucester, was created in the Baronetage of England on 29 June 1611 for William Throckmorton, of Coss Court, Tortworth, Gloucestershire, sixth in descent from John Throckmorton, younger son of Sir John Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England. The third Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire and Wotton Basset. The title became extinct on the death of the fourth Baronet in a duel in 1682.

Elizabeth Clare McLaren-Throckmorton, known professionally as Clare Tritton, QC, was a British barrister and descendant of the Throckmorton baronets. She was the tenant of the Throckmorton family's main residence, Coughton Court near Alcester in Warwickshire, England, now owned by the National Trust. She was also the owner of the Molland Estate in North Devon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Throckmorton</span> 16th-century English politician

Sir George Throckmorton of Coughton Court in Warwickshire, England, was a Member of Parliament during the reign of King Henry VIII.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harvington Hall</span> Stately home in Worcestershire, England

Harvington Hall is a moated medieval and Elizabethan manor house in the hamlet of Harvington in the civil parish of Chaddesley Corbett, south-east of Kidderminster in the English county of Worcestershire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Throckmorton</span> English politician and courtier (c. 1513–1581)

Sir Robert Throckmorton, KG, of Coughton Court in Warwickshire, was a Member of Parliament and a distinguished English courtier. His public career was impeded by remaining a Roman Catholic.

Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1624.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richard Berkeley (died 1604)</span>

Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, Gloucestershire was MP for Gloucestershire in 1604. He had previously served as Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1564, and as Deputy Lieutenant of Gloucestershire. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1568. In 1595 he was appointed Lieutenant of the Tower of London. In 1599 he was appointed custodian of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, who was kept under house arrest at Essex House in London. He died in 1604, whilst serving as MP, and was buried in The Gaunts Chapel, Bristol, where exists an effigy of him, which chapel had been founded in 1220 by Maurice de Gaunt, a member of the Berkeley family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir Robert Throckmorton, 1st Baronet</span>

Sir Robert Throckmorton, 1st Baronet (1599–1650) was created a baronet, of Coughton, co. Warwick, on 1 September 1642.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir Francis Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet</span>

Sir Francis Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet (1641–1680), of Coughton Court, Warwickshire and Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire, was a member of a prominent English family of Roman Catholic dissenters.

Thomas Throckmorton was an English politician, a Member (MP) of the Parliament of England for Warwickshire in 1558 and Warwick in 1559. He spent much of his life undergoing fines and long periods of imprisonment for recusancy. He resided primarily at Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire.

Sir Grey Skipwith, 8th Baronet was an English Whig politician from Warwickshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Peter and St Paul and St Elizabeth Catholic Church, Coughton</span>

St Peter and St Paul and St Elizabeth Catholic Church is a Catholic church built between 1851 and 1853 by the Throckmorton family in the grounds of their family home, Coughton Court. The church was commissioned by Sir Robert Throckmorton, 8th Baronet, in the years after the Catholic Emancipation Acts which would re-allow the profession of the Catholic faith officially for the first time since the Tudor period. The church currently holds Grade II listed status.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anne Throckmorton</span> English poet

Anne Throckmorton or name in religion Anne Frances was an English poet who was prioress of the Convent of Our Blessed Lady of Syon in Paris from 1720 to 1728.

References

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert Throckmorton

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Berkshire
18311835
With: Charles Dundas 1831–1832
Robert Palmer 1832–1835
John Walter 1832–1835
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Mill Bunbury
High Sheriff of Berkshire
1843
Succeeded by
Edwin Martin Atkins
Baronetage of England
Preceded by Baronet
(of Coughton)
1840–1862
Succeeded by