Sir Robert de Cornwall

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Sir Robert de Cornwall (1700 – 4 April 1756) was a British member of parliament.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

He was born in 1700, the eldest surviving son of Vice Admiral Charles Cornewall and Dorothy Hanmer, and was baptised at Eye, Herefordshire on 21 April 1700. [1]

Vice Admiral Charles Cornewall or Cornwall, of Berrington, Herefordshire, was an officer in the British Royal Navy and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1709 and 1718.

Eye is a small village in the county of Herefordshire, England, in the River Lugg catchment, north of Leominster and south of Ludlow.

He joined the army, becoming a Cornet in the 2nd Dragoon Guards in 1715, and being promoted to Lieutenant in 1717. He probably resigned his commission on inheriting his father's estate at Berrington, Herefordshire in 1718. [2]

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

2nd Dragoon Guards (Queens Bays) cavalry regiment in the British Army

The 2nd Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was first raised in 1685 by the Earl of Peterborough as the Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse by merging four existing troops of horse.

Lieutenant is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. It ranks above second lieutenant and below captain and has a NATO ranking code of OF-1 and it is the senior subaltern rank. Unlike some armed forces which use first lieutenant, the British rank is simply lieutenant, with no ordinal attached. The rank is equivalent to that of a flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF). Although formerly considered senior to a Royal Navy (RN) sub-lieutenant, the British Army and Royal Navy ranks of lieutenant and sub-lieutenant are now considered to be of equivalent status. The Army rank of lieutenant has always been junior to the Navy's rank of lieutenant.

From this year onwards, he styled himself "Sir Robert de Cornwall," claiming that George I had promised his father a baronetcy. [2] [3] [4] In the general election of 1734, he made the first of two unsuccessful attempts to represent Leominster. He served as High Sheriff of Radnorshire in 1738, before making his second attempt at Leominster in a By-election in 1742. [2]

George I of Great Britain King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover

George I was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 23 January 1698 until his death in 1727.

1734 British general election

The 1734 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 8th Parliament of Great Britain to be summoned, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Robert Walpole's increasingly unpopular Whig government lost ground to the Tories and the opposition Whigs, but still had a secure majority in the House of Commons. The Patriot Whigs were joined in opposition by a group of Whig members led by Lord Cobham known as the Cobhamites, or 'Cobham's Cubs'

Leominster Town in Herefordshire, England

Leominster is a market town in Herefordshire, England, at the confluence of the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater 12 miles (19 km) north of Hereford and 7 miles south of Ludlow in Shropshire. With a population of 11,700, Leominster is the largest of the five towns in the county.

He was finally successful in being elected to Leominster when he topped the poll at the general election of 1747, [5] and represented the town in the Whig interest until 1754, when he stood for Bishops Castle and was again defeated. In 1753 he was appointed Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons of the Western shires by Lord Carysfort.

1747 British general election

The 1747 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 10th Parliament of Great Britain to be summoned, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. The election saw Henry Pelham's Whig government increase its majority and the Tories continue their decline. By 1747, thirty years of Whig oligarchy and systematic corruption had weakened party ties substantially; despite the fact that Walpole, the main reason for the split that led to the creation of the Patriot Whig faction, had resigned, there were still almost as many Whigs in opposition to the ministry as there were Tories, and the real struggle for power was between various feuding factions of Whig aristocrats rather than between the old parties. The Tories had become an irrelevant group of country gentlemen who had resigned themselves to permanent opposition.

The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Between the 1680s and 1850s, they contested power with their rivals, the Tories. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute monarchy. The Whigs played a central role in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and were the standing enemies of the Stuart kings and pretenders, who were Roman Catholic. The Whigs took full control of the government in 1715 and remained totally dominant until King George III, coming to the throne in 1760, allowed Tories back in. The Whig Supremacy (1715–1760) was enabled by the Hanoverian succession of George I in 1714 and the failed Jacobite rising of 1715 by Tory rebels. The Whigs thoroughly purged the Tories from all major positions in government, the army, the Church of England, the legal profession and local offices. The Party's hold on power was so strong and durable, historians call the period from roughly 1714 to 1783 the age of the Whig Oligarchy. The first great leader of the Whigs was Robert Walpole, who maintained control of the government through the period 1721–1742 and whose protégé Henry Pelham led from 1743 to 1754.

Provincial Grand Master, sometimes called District Grand Master or Metropolitan Grand Master, is a fraternal office held by the head of a Provincial Grand Lodge, who is directly appointed by the organisation's Grand Master.

He died suddenly, having forecast his own demise and that of his cousin General Henry Cornewall, as recorded in the Gentleman's Magazine:

It is remarkable that a few days before this gentleman's illness, he foretold that he should soon be taken ill, and that his cousin, Gen. Cornwall, and another gentleman of his acquaintance, would also be taken ill at the same time, and they should all die within a short space of each other. The General was accordingly taken ill, as Sir Robert had predicted, and not knowing what he had said concerning their illness and death, told his friends to the same purport. The two cousins died within a few minutes of one another. The gentleman their friend was taken ill about the same time but is recovered. [6]

Sir Robert died unmarried on 4 April 1756 and was buried at Eye 13 days later. [1] His estate was inherited by his nephew Charles Wolfran Cornwall. [3]

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  1. 1 2 Foljambe, Cecil George; Reade, Compton (1908). The House of Cornewall. Hereford: Jakeman and Carver. p. 99.
  2. 1 2 3 Newman, A. N. (1970). "Cornwall, Sir Robert de (1700-56)". In Sedgwick, Romney (ed.). The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust.
  3. 1 2 Cokayne, George Edward (1900). Complete Baronetage. Exeter: William Pollard. p. 70.
  4. Foljambe and Reade claim that Robert was himself created a baronet by George II, but died before the patent was signed. Cokayne describes this claim as "singularly incorrect."
  5. Lea, R. S. (1970). "Leominster". In Sedgwick, Romney (ed.). The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust.
  6. "List of Births, Marriages and Deaths". Gentleman's and London Magazine. April 1756. p. 198.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Robert Harley
Capel Hanbury
Member of Parliament for Leominster
With: James Peachey
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Hanbury Williams
Richard Gorges