Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet

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Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet (c. 1623 – 1692) of Llangibby (Welsh : Llangybi), Monmouthshire, was a Welsh gentry landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1692. He played a significant part in events during and after the English Civil War in South Wales, siding first with King Charles, then with the Parliamentarians, before rejoining the Royalists in 1648.

Llangybi, Monmouthshire village in Monmouthshire, Wales

Llangybi is a village and community in Monmouthshire, in southeast Wales, United Kingdom. It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the town of Usk and 5 miles (8 km) north of Caerleon, in the valley of the River Usk.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh or y Gymraeg is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as "Cambrian", "Cambric" and "Cymric".

Monmouthshire (historic) one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales

Monmouthshire, also known as the County of Monmouth, is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county. It corresponds approximately to the present principal areas of Monmouthshire, Blaenau Gwent, Newport and Torfaen, and those parts of Caerphilly and Cardiff east of the Rhymney River.

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Family and lineage

Trevor Williams was a descendant of a marriage in 1300 between Howel Gam ap David of Penrhos Castle and Joyce, a daughter of the Herefordshire based Scudamore family. [1] Roger Williams, Trevor's grandfather and High Sheriff of Monmouthshire, acquired Llangibby Castle in 1545 [2] and adopted the surname Williams (derived from his father's name, William) in 1562. His son, Charles, who became M.P. for Monmouthshire and was knighted in 1621, also became Sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1627. Sir Charles, Trevor's father, was a noted Puritan who presented a fine Jacobean pulpit with the text "Woe Be to Me if I Preach not the Gospel" to Caerwent church in 1632. [3] He died in 1642.

Penrhos, Monmouthshire village in Wales

Penrhos is a village in the community of Llantilio Crossenny in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, United Kingdom.

Herefordshire County of England

Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council. It borders Shropshire to the north, Worcestershire to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, and the Welsh counties of Monmouthshire and Powys to the west.

Sir Charles Williams (1591–1641) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1622 and from 1640 to 1641.

English Civil War

In 1642, Williams, as a well connected local man and strong Protestant, was appointed by the King with a Commission of Array. At the outbreak of what was to become the First English Civil War, this gave him responsibilities for raising an army within Monmouthshire for the King, and holding the county against opposition. He was also created a baronet (one of several Williams baronets in Wales). Having set about his allotted task he was captured by Parliamentary forces in 1643 at Highnam during the Siege of Gloucester. After his release, he set about fortifying the ruined medieval stone castle at Llangibby, beside the Caerleon to Usk road, and garrisoned it with 60 men. In 1644 he helped lead operations around Monmouth. After the town was lost to the Parliamentarians he pleaded with Prince Rupert for more men and ammunition, following which he helped lead its recapture. [1] [3]

First English Civil War Civil war in England 1642–1646

The First English Civil War (1642–1646) began the series of three wars known as the English Civil War. "The English Civil War" was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, and includes the Second English Civil War (1648–1649) and the Third English Civil War (1649–1651). The wars in England were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, being fought contemporaneously with equivalents in Scotland and Ireland. Many castles and high-status homes such as Lathom House were slighted during or after the conflict.

Baronet A hereditary title awarded by the British Crown

A baronet or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess, is the holder of a baronetcy, a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 14th century and was used by James I of England in 1611 as a means of raising funds.

Williams baronets

There have been twenty baronetcies created for persons with the surname Williams, eight in the Baronetage of England, three in the Baronetage of Great Britain and nine in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Only five of the creations are extant as of 2017..

As a tenant of the Earl of Pembroke, as were his family before him, he naturally took up the shared feud with the successive holders of the title Duke of Somerset. He especially came to resent the favours of the King to the Catholic Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, and the Earl of Glamorgan's plan to bring in Irish soldiers to south east Wales. He resisted the recruiting activities of Sir Jacob Astley, 1st Baron Astley of Reading for the King across South Wales in 1645, and was immediately arrested at Abergavenny. He was quickly bailed, the King recognising his power base in the area, whereupon he seized and held nearby Monmouth Castle, this time against the King. In 1646, he helped relieve the Parliamentarians besieged in Cardiff and was temporarily given the role of Commander in Monmouthshire. However, he lost this position after a few months, and also failed to secure sufficient patronage to allow him to be elected as a Member of Parliament. [3] He then fought at the bitter and lengthy siege of Raglan Castle on the side of Parliament, the winning side. [1]

Earl of Pembroke title in the Peerage of England

The Earldom of Pembroke is a title in the Peerage of England that was first created in the 12th century by King Stephen of England. The title, which is associated with Pembroke, Pembrokeshire in West Wales, has been recreated ten times from its original inception. With each creation beginning with a new first Earl, the original seat of Pembroke Castle is no longer attached to the title.

Duke of Somerset

Duke of Somerset, from the county of Somerset, is a title that has been created four times in the peerage of England. It is particularly associated with two families: the Beauforts, who held the title from the creation of 1448, and the Seymours, from the creation of 1547, in whose name the title is still held. The present dukedom is unique, in that the first holder of the title created it for himself in his capacity of Lord Protector of the Kingdom of England, using a power granted in the will of his nephew King Edward VI.

Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset English Earl

Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, was a politician, and favourite of King James VI and I.

However, by the time the Second English Civil War was developing, Williams had become alarmed at Cromwell's ascendancy, and in particular Cromwell's decision to give himself lands in Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, including Chepstow Castle, which he had coveted for himself. As a result, in 1648 he helped Sir Nicholas Kemeys, 1st Baronet and Custos Rotulorum of Monmouthshire, to seize and hold Chepstow for the King. Cromwell's response was to storm Chepstow, regaining it and arresting and seizing the lands of the rebels involved. Williams' lands were sequestered by Parliament but he appealed and his lands were returned to him. [1]

Second English Civil War 1640s civil war in England

The Second English Civil War (1648–1649) was the second of three wars known collectively as the English Civil War, which refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651 and also include the First English Civil War (1642–1646) and the Third English Civil War (1649–1651), all of which were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

Oliver Cromwell 17th-century English military and political leader

Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

Glamorgan one of the thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Wales

Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire,, is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales. It was originally an early medieval petty kingdom of varying boundaries known as Glywysing until taken over by the Normans as a lordship. Glamorgan is latterly represented by the three preserved counties of Mid Glamorgan, South Glamorgan and West Glamorgan. The name also survives in that of Vale of Glamorgan, a county borough.

On his release, Williams bought further lands which had belonged to others who had their lands sequestered, particularly in and around St Mellons between Cardiff and Newport. He was reconciled to the Protectorate by 1657, to the extent of temporarily abandoning his title of baronet. However, with The Restoration of 1660, he was made Colonel of the county militia, to help disarm the radicals and win their support. [3]

St Mellons district and suburb of Cardiff, Wales

St Mellons is a district and suburb of southeastern Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. Prior to 1996 St Mellons was the name given to the community largely north of Newport Road (B4487) which included the old St Mellons village. After 1996 the old community was divided and renamed as Old St Mellons and Pontprennau, with the newer, much larger area of modern housing and business parks to the south of Newport Road retaining the St Mellons name. Historically in Monmouthshire, St Mellons became part of South Glamorgan and Cardiff in 1974.

Cardiff City & County in Wales

Cardiff is the capital of Wales, and its largest city. The eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom, it is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural institutions and Welsh media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. The unitary authority area's 2017 population was estimated to be 362,756, and the wider urban area 479,000. Cardiff is a significant tourist centre and the most popular visitor destination in Wales with 21.3 million visitors in 2017. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographic's alternative tourist destinations.

Newport, Wales City and County in Wales

Newport is a city and unitary authority area in south east Wales, on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn Estuary, 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Cardiff. At the 2011 census, it was the third largest city in Wales, with a population of 145,700. The city forms part of the Cardiff-Newport metropolitan area, with a population of 1,097,000.

Political career

In 1660, Williams was elected Member of Parliament for Monmouth in the Convention Parliament. [4] He was elected MP for Monmouthshire in 1667 for the Cavalier Parliament in a strongly contested by-election against the Marquis of Worcester's nominee. He later made a name for himself on anti-Catholic committees. He was elected MP for Monmouth again in March 1679 for the First Exclusion Parliament and MP for Monmouthshire in October 1679 for the Second Exclusion Parliament [4] as a member of the grouping which later became known as Whigs. In 1680 he proposed in the House of Commons that Worcester - who by now had become the Duke of Beaufort - be removed from the royal court and council, on the grounds that he was secretly a "Papist", and that Worcester's garrison at Chepstow should be disbanded. [3]

In 1681 Williams was re-elected MP for Monmouthshire. [4] By 1683 he was accused of fomenting trouble among the youth of Monmouthshire, and in 1684 Beaufort successfully sued him and his ally John Arnold for scandalum magnatum , libel against a peer. Williams was fined £20,000 (equivalent to £2,477,245 in 2007 ) and imprisoned. [3] In 1689 he was elected MP for Monmouthshire again although he was in the King's Bench prison. [4] He died in 1692.

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References

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Thomas Pury
Member of Parliament for Monmouth
1660–1661
Succeeded by
Sir George Probert
Preceded by
William Morgan
Henry, Lord Herbert
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
1667 - Feb 1679
With: William Morgan
Succeeded by
William Morgan
Charles, Lord Herbert*
Preceded by
Charles, Lord Herbert*
Member of Parliament for Monmouth
Feb-Sept 1679
Succeeded by
Charles, Lord Herbert*
Preceded by
William Morgan
Charles, Lord Herbert*
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
Aug 1679–1685
With: William Morgan (1679–1680)
Sir Edward Morgan, Bt (1680–1685)
Succeeded by
Charles, Marquess of Worcester*
Sir Charles Kemeys, Bt
Preceded by
Charles, Marquess of Worcester*
Sir Charles Kemeys, Bt
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
1689–1690
With: Charles, Marquess of Worcester
Succeeded by
Charles, Marquess of Worcester*
Thomas Morgan
Baronetage of Great Britain
New title Baronet
(of Llangibby )
1642–1692
Succeeded by
John Williams

* Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester was styled "Lord Herbert" until 1682.