Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet

Last updated

Sir William Ashburnham Portrait of right revd. Sir Wm. Ashburnham (4672390).jpg
Sir William Ashburnham

Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet (16 January 1710 – 4 September 1797) was a Church of England priest and also a baronet.

Contents

Family

William Ashburnham was the son of Sir Charles Ashburnham, the 3rd baronet of Bromham, Guestling, Sussex. William succeeded to the title as 4th Baronet Ashburnham, on 3 October 1762. He married Margaret daughter of Thomas Pelham of Lewes, in Guestling and had a son William who became the M.P. for Hastings. [1]

Education

Ashburnham matriculated in 1728 and then went on to study at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he received a B.A. in 1732–1733.

William Ashburnham was elected a fellow [2] of Corpus Christi in 1733–1735, received his M.A. (Lit. Reg. [3] ) in 1739, and granted DD in 1749. [4]

Career

Ashburnham was ordained 1733 and appointed chaplain to the Royal Hospital Chelsea in 1741. [1] The following year, 1742 he became Vicar of St Peter Bexhill, Sussex. [5] He was made Dean of Chichester in 1742 and in 1743 canon residentiary of St Paul's Cathedral (a preferment he kept in commendam with the see [6] ). [7] Then from 1754 he was Bishop of Chichester for 43 years till his death in 1797, one of the longest episcopates for the see of Chichester. [7] Ashburnham was also rector of Guestling, 1743–1797. [5]

During 1767, while Bishop of Chichester, Ashburnham was asked by the dean and chapter to reduce the number of professional adult male singers in the choir (known as lay vicars). [8] The establishment had been for eight. [8] Ashburnham issued statutes to reduce the number to four, their wages immediately being increased by dividing amongst them the stipend originally allotted to the whole body. [8]

The current Chichester Cathedral choir has an establishment for six lay vicars. [9]

William Ashburnham died 4 September 1797. [4]

Arms

Coat of arms of Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet
Ashburnham Achievement.png
Crest
Out of a ducal coronet Or an ash tree Proper
Escutcheon
Gules a fess between six mullets Argent
Motto
Will God, And I Shall [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Earl of Chichester Peerage

Earl of Chichester is a title that has been created three times, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The current title was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801 for Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer.

Richard of Chichester 13th-century Bishop of Chichester and saint

Richard of Chichester, also known as Richard de Wych, is a saint who was Bishop of Chichester.

History of Sussex Aspect of history

Sussex, from the Old English 'Sūþsēaxe', is a historic county in South East England.

Diocese of Chichester Diocese of the Church of England

The Diocese of Chichester is a Church of England diocese based in Chichester, covering Sussex. It was founded in 681 as the ancient Diocese of Selsey, which was based at Selsey Abbey, until the see was translated to Chichester in 1075. The cathedral is Chichester Cathedral and the diocesan bishop is the Bishop of Chichester. The diocese is in the Province of Canterbury.

Bishop of Chichester Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Chichester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the counties of East and West Sussex. The see is based in the City of Chichester where the bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. On 3 May 2012 the appointment was announced of Martin Warner, Bishop of Whitby, as the next Bishop of Chichester. His enthronement took place on 25 November 2012 in Chichester Cathedral.

The Ashburnham Baronetcy, of Broomham in the County of Sussex, is a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 15 May 1661 for Denny Ashburnham, Member of Parliament for Hastings. He was the grandson of Adam Ashburnham, Member of Parliament for Winchelsea in 1592, who was the son of Laurence Ashburnham, and a descendant of Richard Ashburnham of Broomham, second son of Thomas Ashburnham, whose eldest son John was the ancestor of the Earls of Ashburnham. He was succeeded by his elder son, William, the second Baronet. He represented Hastings and Seaford in the House of Commons. He died childless in 1755 and was succeeded by his younger brother, Charles, the third Baronet. His son, William, the fourth Baronet, was Bishop of Chichester. On his death the title passed to his son, the fifth Baronet. He sat as Member of Parliament for Hastings.

William Streatfeild

William Champion Streatfeild was the Anglican Bishop of Lewes. He was a descendant of the historic Streatfeild family, the father of the novelist Noel Streatfeild, and appears as the beloved but over-saintly father of the heroine, Victoria, in her autobiographical novel A Vicarage Family.

Sir William Ashburnham, 5th Baronet was a British politician.

Sir William Ashburnham, 2nd Baronet

Sir William Ashburnham, 2nd Baronet was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1710 and 1741.

Sir Denny Ashburnham, 1st Baronet was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1689.

Richard Curteys (c.1532?–1582) was an English churchman. A native of Lincolnshire, after his education at St. John's, Cambridge he was ordained and eventually became Chaplain to Queen Elizabeth I. He was made the Dean of Chichester Cathedral and then Bishop of Chichester. Curteys was reputedly a promoter of preaching and the clerical improvement of Anglicanism. In Curteys' episcopate, the cost of supporting many residentiaries and providing hospitality, could not be funded by the relatively small income of Chichester Cathedral. Curteys remodelled the constitution to reduce costs. Despite the changes Curteys died penniless.

Combe Miller (1745–1814) was a Church of England clergyman. He was the third son of Sir John Miller, 4th Baronet Miller of Froyle and Susan Combe.

Charles Harward was an Anglican priest, born in Hayne House Plymtree, Devon.

The Venerable Thomas Ball was the son of Lawrence Ball, of Eccleston, Lancashire, and a Church of England clergyman.

James Hargraves or Hargrave (1690–1741) was an English Anglican divine who became the Dean of Chichester Cathedral in 1739.

Thomas Bowers (1660–1724) was an Anglican bishop of Chichester. The son of Mr. Richard Bowers, a draper of Shrewsbury, he was educated at Shrewsbury School and St. John's College, Cambridge.

Matthias D'Oyly or D'Oyley was the Archdeacon of Lewes from 1806 until 1815.

Religion in Sussex has been dominated over the last 1,400 years by Christianity. Like the rest of England, the established church in Sussex is the Church of England, although other Christian traditions exist. After Christianity, the religion with the most adherents is Islam, followed by Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Sikhism.

The Very Revd John Frankland was an 18th-century academic and Dean in the Church of England.

William Fleshmonger(? -1541/42), the son of a Winchester College tenant, was born in Hambledon, Hampshire. He was a Doctor of Canon Law and Dean of Chichester during the turmoil of the English Reformation.

References

  1. 1 2 Kimber. The baronetage of England. p. 194
  2. Fellow A senior member of a college, supported to a greater or lesser extent by, or enjoying perquisites from the college's endowment.
  3. .Lit. Reg.Litterae Regiae: royal mandates directing the conferring of a degree
  4. 1 2 "Ashburnham, William (ASBN728W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  5. 1 2 "Ashburnham, William(1733–1797) (CCEd Person ID 9372)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835 . Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  6. Commendam–the temporary holding of a benefice, with the right to its revenues, by a cleric or layman in the absence of a proper incumbent: he was said to hold the benefice in commendam.
  7. 1 2 Stephens. Memorials of the South Saxon See. p. 310
  8. 1 2 3 Stephen . Memorials of the South Saxon See. p. 346
  9. Chichester Cathedral choir information
  10. Burke's Peerage. 1949.

Sources

Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Charles Ashburnham
Baronet
(of Broomham)
1762–1797
Succeeded by
Church of England titles
Preceded by Dean of Chichester
1741–1754
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Chichester
1754–1797
Succeeded by