Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Baronet

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  1. See image aside. A transcription is on the image page.
  2. For example Sholmlng for Cholmondeley and Ptit for Pitt
  3. Emeny, p.3, appears to have understood erroneously that "Gumdahm" was a character in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels
  4. Shortly before his death in 1748 the 6th Duke of Somerset foresaw that his own line of the Seymour family was about to die out in the male line and that as was said of the 9th Duke of Norfolk (died 1777) "the honours of his family were about to pass away from his own line to settle on that of a distant relative". [11] His son and heir apparent Algernon Seymour, Earl of Hertford (1684–1749) had produced a son of his own, Lord Beauchamp (died 1744), who had predeceased him without children, and thus he had only a daughter and sole heiress Lady Elizabeth Seymour, who in 1740 had married Sir Hugh Smithson, 4th Baronet. Before the death of the 6th duke in 1748, it had thus become apparent that the dukedom of Somerset would devolve by law onto an extremely distant cousin and heir male, the 6th duke's 6th cousin Sir Edward Seymour, 6th Baronet (1695–1757) of Berry Pomeroy in Devon and of Maiden Bradley in Wiltshire, who in fact represented the senior line of the Seymour family, descended from the first marriage of the 1st Duke, but who had been excluded from the direct succession to the dukedom and placed in remainder only, due to the suspected adultery of the 1st duke's first wife. Moreover, it was apparent that all the combined estates of the Seymours of Trowbridge and the incomparably greater inherited Percy estates were unentailed and would not devolve the same way, but could be bequeathed as the 6th duke pleased. He "conceived a violent dislike for Smithson", [12] whom he considered insufficiently aristocratic to inherit the ancient estates of the Percy family; his son disagreed, and wanted to include his son-in-law Smithson in the inheritance. The 6th Duke had included King George II in his plan to exclude Smithson from the inheritance, yet the King had received proposals in opposition from his son and Smithson himself. The 6th Duke died before his plan was put into effect, yet nevertheless the 7th Duke and King George II created an arrangement which did not entirely dismiss his wishes: the Percy estates would be split between Smithson and the 6th duke's favoured eldest grandson, Sir Charles Wyndham, 4th Baronet (1710–1763). Smithson would receive Alnwick Castle and Syon House, while Wyndham would receive Egremont Castle and the 6th Duke's beloved Petworth. It was deemed appropriate and necessary by all parties concerned, including the King, that heirs to such families and estates as the Percys and Seymours should be elevated to the peerage. This was done in the following manner: Following the 6th duke's death in 1748, in 1749 King George II created four new titles for the 7th duke, each with special remainders in anticipation that he would die without having produced a male heir, which death in fact occurred the next year in 1750. He was created Baron Warkworth of Warkworth Castle and Earl of Northumberland, both with special remainder to Smithson; and was created at the same time Baron Cockermouth and Earl of Egremont, with special remainder to Wyndham. [13] (It has always been customary on the creation of a greater peerage title to create at the same time a barony, to be used as a courtesy title for the eldest son).
  5. Emeny, p.3, referring to the warning he had received as a young man in Rome "Beware of a white horse"

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References

  1. Stephen W. Baskerville, "Wyndham, Sir William, third baronet (c. 1688 1740)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Emeny, Richard, A Description of Orchard Wyndham, 2000, p.3 (guide-booklet available at Orchard Wyndham)
  3. 1 2 3 4 Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wyndham, Sir William". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 872–873.
  4. Cruickshanks, Eveline, Wyndham, Sir William, 3rd Bt. (?1688-1740), of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset , published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
  5. 1 2 Cobbet, William, Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England , Volume 7, London, 1811, pp. 218–9.
  6. Cruickshanks, Eveline, Forster, Thomas (1683-1738), of Adderstone, Northumb. , published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
  7. Arnold, Frederick H. (1879). "Notes and Queries. Proclamation against Sir W. Wyndham" (PDF). Sussex Archaeological Collections. 29: 235–236. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  8. Watson, Paula; Harrison Richard, Harvey, Edward (1658-1736), of Coombe, Surr. , published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
  9. 1 2 3 Boyer, Abel, Political State of Great Britain , Volume X, London, 1716, pp. 330–6
  10. Graham, Harry, The Mother of Parliaments , Boston USA, 1911, pp. 279–80.
  11. Tierney, M.A., History and Antiquities of Arundel, 1833, Chapter 6, p.565, note 4,
  12. Cruickshanks, Eveline, Smithson, Sir Hugh, 4th Bt. (1715-86), of Stanwick, Yorks. and Tottenham, Mdx. , published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
  13. Debretts peerage, 1968, p.411, Baron Leconfield and Egremont
  14. Art UK. "Sir William Wyndham (1687–1740), 3rd Bt, MP, on Horseback John Wootton (c.1682–1764) and Michael Dahl I (1656/1659–1743), National Trust, Petworth House" (image of portrait not currently available). Retrieved 4 December 2016.
Sir William Wyndham
Bt
Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Bt by Jonathan Richardson.jpg
Sir William Wyndham, 1713 portrait by Jonathon Richardson, National Portrait Gallery, London
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
1713–1714
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Somerset
1710–1740
With: Henry Seymour Portman 1710
Sir Thomas Wroth 1710–1713
Thomas Hormer, 1713–1715
William Helyar 1715–1722
Edward Phelips 1722–1727
Thomas Horner 1727–1740
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Master of the Buckhounds
1711–1712
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chancellor of the Exchequer
1713–1714
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Vice-Admiral of Somerset
1709–1715
Succeeded by
Baronetage of England
Preceded by Baronet
(of Orchard, Somerset)
1695–1740
Succeeded by