Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali
ستى حازمة بنت محمد علي
|Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia|
10 May 2018
|Monarch|| Muhammad V |
|Prime Minister||Mahathir Mohamad|
|Preceded by||Rosmah Mansor|
16 July 1981 –31 October 2003
|Monarch|| Ahmad Shah |
|Prime Minister||Mahathir Mohamad|
|Preceded by||Toh Puan Suhaila Tan Sri Noah|
|Succeeded by||Endon Mahmood|
|Spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia|
5 March 1976 –16 July 1981
|Monarch|| Yahya Petra |
|Prime Minister||Hussein Onn|
Siti Hasmah binti Mohamad Ali
12 July 1926
Klang, Selangor, Federated Malay States (now Malaysia)
|Relations||Ismail Mohd Ali (brother)|
|Children||7 (including Marina, Mokhzani and Mukhriz)|
|Alma mater||King Edward VII College of Medicine|
Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali (born 12 July 1926) is the wife of the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. She served as wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. She is the oldest living wife of a Malaysian prime minister.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients, and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice. Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines, such as anatomy and physiology, underlying diseases and their treatment—the science of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or craft of medicine.
The Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government. On 18 October 2018, 7th Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad, announced a two-term limit to all Cabinet Profolio.
The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia refers to the spouse of the head of government of Malaysia, the Prime Minister. Since independence in 1957, the title has been occupied by women, therefore the spouse is also known as the Prime Minister's wife. Some commentators have tried to style prime ministers' wives as "First Lady of Malaysia", similar to the style of First Lady used in republics, but this is not a recognised title. To date, seven women have held the title of the spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.
On 10 May 2018, she once again assumed the role of wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia when Mahathir became Prime Minister for the second time. She was also the former chancellor of the Multimedia University of Malaysia.
Multimedia University is a private university in Malaysia. The university has three campuses, located in Melaka, Cyberjaya and Iskandar Puteri. The university hosts 9 faculties and 19 research centres.
Born in Klang, Selangor on 12 July 1926, Siti Hasmah is an ethnic Malay (retired) physician of Minangkabau descent with ancestry from the Rao region, West Sumatra, Indonesia. She schooled in SMK St. Mary. She obtained her MBBS from the University of Malaya in Singapore.Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah was one of the first Malay women to enroll for a medical course at the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore (now the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine) after World War II.
Malaysian Malays are Malaysians of Malay ethnicity whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in the Malay world. In 2015 population estimate, Malaysian Malays form 50.8% of the total population of Malaysia or 15.7 million people. They can be broadly classified into two main categories; Anak Jati and Anak Dagang.
Minangkabau people, also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia. The Minangkabau's West Sumatran homelands was the seat of the Pagaruyung Kingdom, believed by early orientalists to have been the cradle of the Malay race, and the location of the Padri War.
Rawa or Rao is a term given to a Minangkabau people who come from Rao, West Sumatra. In the Malay Peninsula, now the West Malaysia, it is common for the Rawa to identify themselves as Ughang Rawo or Ughang Rao or even Rao.
In 1955 she graduated as a medical doctor from the Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, which was then located in Singapore. She subsequently joined the government health service. She was one of the first Malay woman doctors in then Malaya. She married Mahathir the following year in August.They have seven children, Marina, Mirzan, Melinda, Mokhzani, Mukhriz, Maizura and Mazhar.
The Federation of Malaya was a federation of what previously had been British Malaya comprising eleven states that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957, and in 1963 Malaysia was formed when the federation united with the Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak Crown Colonies.
Datin Paduka Marina binti Mahathir is a Malaysian socio-political activist and writer. She is the eldest child of the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Mahathir Mohammad and Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali. She graduated from the University of Sussex.
Tan Sri Dato' Mokhzani bin Mahathir is a Malaysian businessman who has been listed as the 14th richest person in Malaysia. He worked as a petroleum engineer before founding oil-equipment fabricator Kencana Petroleum. Kencana Petroleum later merged with SapuraCrest to form SapuraKencana Petroleum. The company is now known as Sapura Energy.
In the 1960s, she attended a public health certificate program in the University of Michigan.
The University of Michigan, often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The university is Michigan's oldest; it was founded in 1817 in Detroit, as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, 20 years before the territory became a state. The school was moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto 40 acres (16 ha) of what is now known as Central Campus. Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the university campus has expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 34 million gross square feet spread out over a Central Campus and North Campus, two regional campuses in Flint and Dearborn, and a Center in Detroit. The university is a founding member of the Association of American Universities.
Ten years later, she became the first woman to be appointed Medical Officer in the Maternal and Child Health Department, and in 1974, she was the first woman to be appointed the State Maternal and Child Health Officer.
Siti Hasmah is the author of several articles on family medicine and the socioeconomic factors associated with pregnancy and childbearing in Malaysia.
Siti Hasmah became the wife of Malaysia prime minister following the appointment of her husband as Prime Minister in 1981.
She used her position as the wife of the Prime Minister to campaign tirelessly for women's health, family planning, drug abuse control and adult literacy. She also served in various positions as follows:
As Patron of the Pan Pacific South Asia Women's Association, (PPSEAWA) Malaysia, Siti Hasmah attended and presented keynote addresses at the Triennial Conferences in Tokyo (1984), Bangkok (1991) and Tonga (1994).
She will again serve as the wife of the prime minister after her husband was reappointed on May 10, 2018.
As President of BAKTI (Welfare Club of the Wives of Ministers and Deputy Ministers), Siti Hasmah was active in efforts to educate young people about the dangers of drug abuse. In 1985, at the invitation of United States First Lady Nancy Reagan, she attended the First Ladies' Conference on Drug Abuse in Washington D.C. She also represented Malaysia at the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Vienna in 1987.
Siti Hasmah was also active internationally in promoting the cause of rural women. In 1992, at the invitation of Queen Fabiola of Belgium, she attended the First Ladies Summit for the Economic Advancement of Rural Women in Geneva. She was chosen as one of the six Core-Group Initiators of First Ladies representing the Asia-Pacific Region.
The summit was initiated by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) under the patronage of Queen Fabiola. At the end of the Summit, the First Ladies endorsed the Geneva Declaration on Rural Women, an instrument to formulate policies and programmes to enhance the economic advancement and welfare of rural women and their families.
At the summit, Siti Hasmah stressed the "with proper education and training, rural women can help raise literate and productive children who, in turn, can be positive contributors to a nation's growth and prosperity."
In February 1994, Siti Hasmah attended the ISC Council Meeting in Brussels at the invitation of Queen Fabiola. Then, in September 1995, she was appointed as Chairperson of Regional Steering Committee on the Economic Advancement of Rural and Island Women for Asia Pacific Region.
Eventually, in November 1996, she took over the presidency of the International Steering Committee for Economic Advancement of Rural and Island Women for Asia Pacific Region.
Being a medical doctor by training, Siti Hasmah also has an interest in mental health. Former First Lady of the United States, Rosalynn Carter invited Siti Hasmah to serve on the National Committee of the World Federation of Mental Health which Mrs Carter chaired.
For her 23 years of public service, her voluntary work, and her leadership in the fields of public health, literacy and drug abuse control, Siti Hasmah has received many honours. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, as well as the Sultan of Selangor and the Sultan of Kedah, have bestowed titles upon her.
In 1988, she was awarded the Kazue McLaren Award by the Asia Pacific Consortium for Public Health.
In 1991, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia conferred on her the Honorary Doctorate in Medical Science.
In 1992, the Royal College of Physicians, Ireland, conferred on her the Honorary Doctorate in Public Health.
In May 1994, Indiana University, Bloomington conferred on Siti Hasmah the Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters, and in August the same year, she received an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
On 20 June 1997 she was appointed as the Chancellor, Multimedia University (MMU) and patrons MESCORP.
In 2003, she was conferred the highest honorary title of Tun along with her husband, Dr Mahathir, by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia.
Tun Mahathir bin Mohamad, known informally as Dr. M, is a Malaysian physician and politician who is the current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He is also the author of numerous books, the first of which was The Malay Dilemma. He previously served as prime minister from 1981 until his retirement in 2003, by which time he was the world's longest-serving elected leader. He is the chairman of the Pakatan Harapan coalition, as well as a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Langkawi constituency in the state of Kedah. Mahathir's political career has spanned more than 70 years starting with his participation during the Malayan Union in protests against non-Malays gaining Malaysian citizenship; he formed his own party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), in 2016.
The Malay language has a complex system of styles, titles and honorifics, which are used extensively in Brunei and Malaysia. Singapore, whose Malay royalty was abolished by the British colonial government in 1891, has adopted civic titles for its leaders. The Philippines historically used Malay titles during its pre-Hispanic period, as evidenced by the titles of historical figures such as Rajah Sulayman, Lakandula and Dayang Kalangitan. Malay titles are still used by the royal houses of Sulu, Maguindanao, Buayan, and Maranao on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, but these are retained on a traditional basis, as the 1987 Constitution explicitly reaffirms the abolition of royal and noble titles in the republic. Indonesia, meanwhile, as a republic, does not recognize hereditary rulers and aristocratic systems. Nevertheless, their royal titles and honors are still used as courtesy titles.
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SIMPLYSITI Sdn. Bhd., is a Malaysian cosmetic company founded by a Malaysian singer, Siti Nurhaliza in March 2010 with the headquarters in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The brand’s name was derived from the word “simplicity”.
The Darjah Utama Yang Amat Mulia Bintang Sarawak is the highest state order in the state of Sarawak. It is conferred to those who rendered excellent service towards the development of the state of Sarawak and Malaysia. The Order was established in 1964, a year after the Sarawak's independence within the formation of Malaysia. The history of the order could be traced back to 1928, where a similar order, named Order of the Star of Sarawak, was established by the Brooke Raj. However, the revived order has no connection with the previous order, except for the similarity of the name of the order. The motto of the Order is based on the state motto and the current one was adopted in 1988.
Kolej Tunku Kurshiah, is a premier boarding school located in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. TKC is one of the all-girls residential school and the first fully residential girls' school in Malaysia. The students in the school bear the name Kurshiah. In 2010, the school was awarded with the Sekolah Berprestasi Tinggi or High Performance School title, a title awarded to the 20 schools in Malaysia that have met stringent criteria including academic achievement, strength of alumni, international recognition, network and linkages. The school is specialised in leadership, innovation and invention.
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Teater Tun Siti Hasmah is a Malaysian play directed by Erma Fatima and starring Lisa Surihani, Eja, Nazim Othman and Esma Danial. It depicts the life of Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali, wife of Malaysian prime minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, concentrating largely on her role as a doctor and medical officer in her youth before becoming Malaysia's first lady. The play was produced in November 2012 at the Istana Budaya, Malaysia's "Palace of Culture" and main theatrical venue.
The Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine is the medical faculty of the National University of Singapore and one of three medical schools in Singapore. It is the oldest medical school in Singapore and Malaysia and boasts a list of distinguished alumni, including a Prime Minister of Malaysia, a President of Singapore, the first female Malay physician and notable Malaysian and Singaporean politicians.
Tan Sri Dr. Siti Zaharah binti Sulaiman is a Malaysian politician. She also was the Minister of National Unity and Community Development, Malaysia. She was Chief of the Women's wing of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) from 1996 to 1999. Siti Zaharah is a former member of the parliamentary constituency of Paya Besar, in Pahang for three terms from 1999 to 2008. In 2008 general election, she was replaced by Abdul Manan Ismail from BN-UMNO.
Tan Sri Abdul Hamid bin Othman was a minister in the Prime Minister's Department. He was appointed in 2001 as a Religious Advisor to the then Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad and later as Religious Advisor to Prime Minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi from 2005 to 2009. Several parties recognized him as UMNO scholar and made a winding-up speech during the UMNO General Assembly.
Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Adib Mohamad Adam is a Malaysian politician and corporate member. He also is the former fifth Chief Minister of Malacca from 11 Julai 1978 to 26 April 1982. He also held before the position of Minister of Rural Development, Cooperatives and Entrepreneurship (1984-1986) and Minister of Information (1982-1984). He was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party in the previous Barisan Nasional (BN) government coalition before he quits to join the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition of the new government in 2018.
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