Sivaji Ganesan

Last updated

Sivaji Ganesan
Sivaji Ganesan4.jpg
Sivaji Ganesan
Villupuram Chinnaiya Manrayar Ganesamoorthy

(1928-10-01)1 October 1928 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Died21 July 2001(2001-07-21) (aged 72)
Other namesNadigar Thilagam
Occupation(s) Actor
Political party Tamizhaga Munnetra Munnani (1988–1989)
Other political
(m. 1952)
Children4, including Ramkumar and Prabhu
Parent(s)Father : Chinnaiya Manrayar
Mother : Rajamani Ammal
Relatives Dushyanth Ramkumar (grandson)
Vikram Prabhu (grandson)

Villupuram Chinnaiya Manrayar Ganesamoorthy, [lower-alpha 1] better known by his stage name Sivaji Ganesan, (1 October 1928 – 21 July 2001) [4] [5] was an Indian actor and producer. He was active in Tamil cinema during the latter half of the 20th century. Sivaji Ganesan is acknowledged as one of the greatest Indian actors of all time and among the most imitated one by other actors. He was known for his versatility and the variety of roles he depicted on screen, [9] which gave him also the Tamil nickname Nadigar Thilagam (transl.the pride of actors). [10] In a career that spanned close to five decades, he had acted in 288 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi. Sivaji Ganesan is the only Tamil actor to have played the lead role in over 250 films. [11] [12]


Ganesan was the first Indian actor to win a "Best Actor" award in an International film festival, the Afro-Asian Film Festival held in Cairo, Egypt in 1960. Many leading South Indian actors have stated that their acting was influenced by Ganesan. In 1997, Ganesan was conferred the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest honour for films in India. [13] [14] He was also the first Indian actor to be made a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres . [15] [16] [17] [18] In addition, he received National Film Award (Special Jury), four Filmfare Awards South and three Tamil Nadu State Film Awards.

Ganesan is remembered as an iconic figure of Tamil cinema. [19] [20] Upon his death, The Los Angeles Times described him as "the Marlon Brando of south India's film industry". [21] [22]

Early life

Ganesan was born on 1 October 1928, [1] [2] [3] [4] as the fourth son of Chinnaiya Manrayar and Rajamani Ammal in Villupuram, [6] India. Early in his career, Ganesan acted under the name V. C. Ganesan. Media outlets said that the initial 'V' stood for Villupuram, though one of Ganesan's sons stated that it stands for Vettaithidal, a village from which their family originates. [8] Without his father's consent, [23] Ganesan decided to join a touring stage drama company at the age of seven. [11] At the age of 10, he moved to Tiruchirappalli and joined a drama troupe in Sangiliyandapuram and began to perform in stage plays. [24] From the drama troupe trainers, he was fortunate enough to learn acting and dancing. He was trained in Bharatanatyam, Kathak and Manipuri dance forms.

Ganesan exhibited the ability to remember lengthy lines easily. The group favoured Ganesan to play the lead and he would continue to do so. His portrayal of Shivaji in the stage play Shivaji Kanda Hindu Rajyam written by C. N. Annadurai earned him the monicker "Sivaji", [11] which was conferred on him at a public function presided over by social reformer Periyar. Since then, he was referred to by the name of "Sivaji". [25]

Film career

Early career: 1952–1959

The male lead cast of Parasakthi, left to right: SV Sahasranamam, Sivaji Ganesan and SS Rajendran Parasakthi cast.jpg
The male lead cast of Parasakthi, left to right: SV Sahasranamam, Sivaji Ganesan and SS Rajendran

Ganesan made his acting debut in the 1952 Tamil film Parasakthi , which was directed by the Krishnan–Panju duo and co-starred actress Pandari Bai. [26] The film became an instant commercial success, running for over 175 days in several theatres, and ran for over 50 days in all the 62 centres it was released, and at the Sri Lanka–based Mailan Theatre, it ran for nearly 40 weeks. [27] Film distributor P. A. Perumal Mudaliar of National Pictures, with the patronage of A. V. Meiyappan of AVM Productions, bought the film rights of Parasakthi. P.A. Perumal cast Ganesan after being impressed with his performance as Nur Jahan in the Sakthi Nadaga Sabha play of the same name. [28] It was he who, in 1950, gave Ganesan a flight ticket to Madras for the screen test for Parasakthi. [29] Ganesan had simultaneously shot for the Telugu-Tamil bilingual film Paradesi / Poongothai, which was supposed to be his actual film to release first, [30] [31] but released much later after Perumal requested its co-producer Anjali Devi to let Parasakthi release first, and she agreed. [32]

The shooting of Parasakthi at AVM Studios Parasakthi AVM shooting spot.jpg
The shooting of Parasakthi at AVM Studios

Parasakthi did not begin well for Ganesan. When shooting began and 2000 feet of the film was shot, Meiyappan was dissatisfied with Ganesan's "thin" physique, and wanted him replaced with K. R. Ramasamy. Perumal refused, and Ganesan was retained. Meiyappan was also satisfied with the final results of the film. The initial scenes of Ganesan which he earlier disliked were reshot. [33] Ganesan was paid a monthly salary of 250 (valued at about US$52.5 in 1952 [lower-alpha 2] ) for acting in the film. [35] The script was written by later Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi. [25] [26] [36] Since actors who are well-trained in classical dance can effectively showcase expressions called Nava Rasa on their faces, Ganesan went on to become one of the popular actors in Tamil cinema in the 1950s. His unique voice had a greater appeal. His style of dialogue delivery with a long spell of dialogues—like a poetry recitation with much clarity—earned him critical recognition.

Two factors can be attributed the entry of Ganesan into films: The principal artists in Tamil films during the 1940s and 1950s were Telugus, whose acting was not matched by their dialogue delivery in Tamil. (In fact, Sivaji Ganesan lent his voice to Mukkamala Krishna Murthy, a Telugu actor, for a Tamil film Niraparathi. The film was well received by the Tamil audience.) Secondly, the 1950s saw the growth of the Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu, under the leadership of C. N. Annadurai, and M. Karunanidhi. Their transformation of language skills to films through script writing ensured their instant acceptance. [37] Ganesan's entry into films at this stage of popularity was easy and inevitable, and he could establish himself in a better position.

Andha Naal (1954) was a trendsetter in Tamil cinema because it had no songs [38] and Ganesan played an anti-hero. The film won the president's silver medal the following year. The same year, he co-starred with his competitor M. G. Ramachandran in Koondukkili , where he played the antagonist. [39]

Donning versatile roles: 1954–1968

His role in the film Veerapandiya Kattabomman won him the Best Actor Award at the Afro-Asian Film Festival held in March 1960 at Cairo. [25] [40] Incidentally, Ganesan was also the first Indian actor to get an award for Best Actor abroad. [41] Often considered to be a landmark film in Tamil cinema, Pasamalar is arguably one of the best films of Sivaji Ganesan and Savitri together. Once again directed by A Bhimsingh, the film has a cult following and rightly so. When it released in 1961, it became a trendsetter of sorts and was a money spinner at the box-office. Post its release, several films based on a similar theme were made, for example, Mullum Malarum . [42] It also won the National Award that year and was remade in several languages.

Uthama Puthiran is the first film to feature Ganesan in dual roles and the first Indian film to have the shots with zoom technique. [43] Sivaji Ganesan has acted in many Tamil movies co-starring with many popular and talented Tamil actresses of his time. [44] He gave many commercial success films such as Palum Pazhamum , Irumbu Thirai , Padikkadha Medhai , Paava Mannippu , Padithal Mattum Podhuma , Aalayamani , Iruvar Ullam , Annai Illam , Aandavan Kattalai , Kappalottiya Thamizhan , Mahabharata (1965), Kai Koduttha Dheivam , Puthiya Paravai and his 100th film, Navarathri whereby ganesan acted nine distinct roles in the film. It is arguably one of Sivaji Ganesan's best films in its tribute to the actor. [45]

He had comedic roles in several movies, such as Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari (1954), Sabaash Meena (1958), Ooty Varai Uravu (1967), and Galatta Kalyanam (1968).

Puranic and historical roles: 1965–1969

His portrayal of Lord Shiva in the movie Thiruvilayadal (1965) won him many accolades. [46] [47] Ganesan could strike a balance between commercial cinema, Mythological cinema and experimental cinema. His epical portrayals in films such as Thiruvilayaadal , Thiruvarutselvar , Saraswati Sabatham , Thirumal Perumai and Thillana Mohanambal won him critical acclaim. [48] He played a variety of roles such as freedom fighters, like Tiruppur Kumaran, Bhagat Singh [25] and epic characters like Karna, Bharatha, Narada, Appar, Nayanmars and Alwars. [49] Spanning genres like epics to Crime thrillers; from romantic escapades to comic flicks and action flicks, Ganesan has covered it all.

Superstardom – varied roles: 1970–1979

Ganesan played supporting role to Rajendra Kumar in the Hindi film Dharti in 1970, which was a remake of his 1969 Tamil film Sivandha Mann , in which he played the lead role. In the Hindi version, Ganesan played the role which Muthuraman had played in the original. Several directors such as Krishnan–Panju, T. R. Sundaram, T. R. Ramanna, A. P. Nagarajan, L. V. Prasad, B. R. Panthulu, T. Prakash Rao, D. Yoganand, A. Bhim Singh, K. Shankar, C. V. Sridhar, A. C. Tirulokchandar, P. Madhavan, K. S. Gopalakrishnan, Muktha V.Srinivasan, C. V. Rajendran, and K. Vijayan directed Ganesan in different roles. [48] Jaggayya offered his voice to Sivaji when his movies were dubbed into Telugu.

In the 1960s and 1970s his films have been well received and he was able to deliver constant hits. Some of his famous hits during this period are Vasantha Maligai , Gauravam , Thanga Pathakkam and Sathyam . [50] Many of his films inspired remakes in Sinhalese. Films such as Pilot Premnath and Mohana Punnagai were shot in Sri Lanka, with Sri Lankan actors such as Malini Fonseka and Geetha Kumarasinghe playing the female lead. [48] In 1979, he appeared in the biggest blockbuster of his career, Thirisoolam his 200th film, an adaptation of the Kannada film Shankar Guru in which Rajkumar had played the lead role.

Later career: 1980–1999

Muthal Mariyathai (1985) won him a Filmfare Award and Tamil Nadu State film Award under Best Actor category. The 1990s was a period in which Ganesan started enacting matured roles. In 1992, he acted with Kamal Haasan in the critically acclaimed Thevar Magan , which won him a Special Mention Award at the 40th National Film Awards. [46] His other films released during this period are Pasumpon , Once More , En Aasai Rasave and Mannavaru Chinnavaru , where he was cast in prominent roles. He acted with Mohanlal in the movie Oru Yathramozhi (1997). He worked in Pooparika Varugirom , which released as his last film before his death, however the last film he worked in before his death was Padayappa (1999). [51]


Chinna Ponnusamy Padayatchi is the teacher of theatrical arts who trained Ganesan in his troupe. During an interview with V.S. Srinivasan, Ganesan said: "Theatre has taught me everything. My teacher (Chinna Ponnuswamy Padayachi of Chidambaram) taught me Bharatnatyam, acting, body movements & practically everything. Padayachi, was himself an outstanding stage actor and I learnt in an atmosphere that was reminiscent of an ashram school." [52]

Philanthropic work

Sivaji Ganesan has made many financial contributions during natural disasters and for the educational development. In 1960, K. Kamaraj introduced the Midday Meal Scheme for which Sivaji Ganesan donated one lakh rupees. Sivaji Ganesan presented a 80 gram gold chain to P. Kakkan, who was living in poverty, and also he donated the entire proceeds from the play 'Thanga Padhakkam' which is held at the Salem Nehru Auditorium. [53] He also donated a large amount of money during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Sivaji ganesan bought the place where Veerapandiya Kattabomman was hanged in Kayatharu and placed a statue of Veerapandiya Kattabomman at his expense which is still remain a monument. [53] [54] He has donated elephants to many temples like Venkateswara Temple, Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur. [55]

Political career

Ganesan started his political career as an activist of the Dravidar Kazhagam. [56] Ganesan joined the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam after it was founded by C. N. Annadurai in 1949. [57] Until 1956, Ganesan was a staunch supporter of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). [58] In the 1950s, however, Sivaji Ganesan was criticized for going "against the stated values of rationalism" during a visit to Tirupathi. He left the DMK and joined the Tamil National Party, which was founded by former DMK members. The Indian National Congress eventually absorbed the party. He embraced Congress leader K. Kamaraj's leadership. [59]

In 1962, Ganesan became a strong supporter of the Indian National Congress. Due to his popularity, he was requested to be part of the National Congress Tamil Nadu. His respect for Kamaraj made him support Congress. He was made the Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi's death in 1984 also brought Ganesan's political career to an end. [60]

Sivaji Ganesan (far left) with M. Karunanidhi next to him. Sivaji Kalingar Sakthi .jpg
Sivaji Ganesan (far left) with M. Karunanidhi next to him.

After the death of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) founder and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M. G. Ramachandran in 1987, [61] [57] AIADMK broke into two, one headed by his wife V. N. Janaki Ramachandran and other by another Tamil movie star J. Jayalalithaa. [62] Election Commission of India refused to accept either of them as the original AIADMK. [62] Tamil Nadu Congress decided to ally with Jayalalitha's fragment of AIADMK. [63] This move was opposed by Sivaji Ganesan and hence he left the party along with his supporters to form the new party Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani [63] on 10 February 1988. [64] To popularise the party Ganesan produce a movie titled En Thamizh En Makkal (My Tamil language and my people). [65] At the time the party was created it was considered to be pro-Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. [66] The party opposed the presence of Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka stating that the force was trying to wipe out the LTTE and its leader V. Prabhakaran. [67] The party also urged the Government of India to hold talks with the LTTE without any pre- condition. [67] In the 1989 elections, his party lost all of its seats in favor of V. N. Janaki Ramachandran. Sivaji himself was defeated by DMK candidate Durai Chandrasekaran in the Tiruvayaru seat by a difference of 10,643 votes. [68]

He later joined the Janata Dal under VP Singh and rose through the ranks to become the party's state president, but his political career came to an end in 1993. [68]

Political parties

S.NoParty's LeaderParty'sYear's Active
1 Periyar E. V. Ramasamy Dravidar Kazhagam (1944–1949)
2 C. N. Annadurai Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1949–1956)
3 E. V. K. Sampath Tamil National Party (1961–1964)
4 Kamarajar/Jawaharlal Nehru/Gulzarilal Nanda/Lal Bahadur Shastri/Indira Gandhi/Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress (1964–1969) & (1977–1988)
5 Kamarajar Congress (O) (1969–1975)
6 Indira Gandhi Congress (R) (1975–1977)
7Sivaji Ganesan (Own Party) Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani (1988–1989)
8 V. P. Singh Janata Dal (1989–1993)


Ganesan was the fourth son of his family. He had three brothers and one sister. [69] Ganesan married Kamala on May 1, 1952 [70] and had four children. [69] His younger son Prabhu is a notable Tamil actor. [71] Ganesan established a film production company in the late 1950s, now called Sivaji Productions, which is now being looked after by his elder son Ramkumar. [72] He has two daughters Shanthi and Thenmozhi. Two of his grandsons namely Vikram Prabhu and Dushyant Ramkumar have also appeared in films, with Ramkumar's son Dushyanth Ramkumar having the stage name of Junior Sivaji. Moreover, Prabhu's son Vikram Prabhu debuted in the critically acclaimed film Kumki in 2012.


Suffering from respiratory problems, Ganesan was admitted to the Apollo Hospital in Chennai on 1 July 2001. [11] He also had been suffering from a prolonged heart ailment for about 10 years. [73] He died at 7:45 pm (IST) on 21 July 2001 at the age of 72 just three months prior to his 73rd birthday for which he had special plans. A documentary Parasakthi Muthal Padayappa Varai was made to commemorate Sivaji Ganesan's legacy. He was given a State funeral. [74] His funeral the next day was telecast live on Sun TV and was attended by thousands of viewers, politicians and personalities from the South Indian film fraternity. [75] Ramkumar, performed his last rites at the Besant Nagar Crematorium, Chennai. [76]

International recognition

Ganesan Statue on Kamarajar Road in Chennai Sivaji Ganesan.jpg
Ganesan Statue on Kamarajar Road in Chennai

When President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt visited India, Sivaji Ganesan was the only individual granted permission by the then-Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, to host a party for Nasser. Nasser was given a number of valuable mementos depicting the civilisation and culture of South India. [77] Sivaji Ganesan was the first artist from India to visit the United States in a cultural exchange programme by the US government. In 1962, Ganesan was invited by the then-US President John F. Kennedy, where he took the role of India's cultural ambassador. During his visit there, he was honoured by being made the honorary mayor of Niagara Falls, New York, for one day and was presented the golden key to the city. The only other Indian who has had this honour before Ganesan was Jawaharlal Nehru. Upon returning to India from both Egypt and the US, massive crowds of fans were present at Madras Airport to celebrate his arrival. On 22 March 1976, he travelled to Mauritius on an invitation from Prime Minister Ramagoolam and took part in their independence day celebrations and stayed as their government guest for four days. [77]

During his visit to the United States in June 1995, he visited Columbus, Ohio. Participating in the dinner hosted to honour Ganesan, the mayor of the city, Greg Lashutka honoured him by announcing him as an honorary citizen of Columbus. On the same occasion, the mayor of Mount Vernon read out and gave him a special welcome citation. The Columbus Tamil Sangam was formulated on that day and Ganesan was made the honorary president of that association. [77]

Although Sivaji appeared less in leading roles after the 1980s, his supporting roles were received positively, as in Thevar Magan , which won him the National Awards Jury's Special Jury award in 1993. Sivaji, incidentally, declined the award. [78]


A commemorative postage stamp of Sivaji Ganesan. Shivaji Ganesan 2001 stamp of India.jpg
A commemorative postage stamp of Sivaji Ganesan.

Sivaji Ganesan is considered one of the best Indian actors of all time. [11] He was also acknowledged as a consummate actor and one of the most imitated ones. He was praised for his body language and his resounding voice and dialogue delivery. Ganesan is known for his versatility and has acted as a blind man in Palum Pazhamum , a physically handicapped person in Bhaaga Pirivinai , enacting Nine numbers of totally different personas from various social strata and the corresponding body language (gait, voice, facial expression, etc.) in " Navarathiri", thereby becoming probably the first-time in Indian cinema history as an actor reprising Nine roles in a single film and in extension, inspiring subsequent films (at least) in Tamil like "Navarathinam" (the great MGR – starred), "Dasavatharam" (featuring Kamal Haasan), a man with a scared face as in Deiva Magan , a murderer in Pudhiya Paravai , or a traitor as in Andha Naal , the first movie that had no songs at all. [37] [38]

On 1 October 2021, Google commemorated Ganesan's 93rd birth anniversary with a Google Doodle on their Indian homepage. [79] [80]


Sivaji Ganesan's most critically and commercially successful films include:

Awards and honours

Civilian honours: national and international

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef

Padma Shri

Government of India

Won [48] [81]


Padma Bhushan

Government of India

Won [48] [81]


Chevalier National Order of the Legion of Honour

Government of France

Won [13] [48] [25] [82]

International awards

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef


Best Actor in Asia

Veerapandiya Kattabomman

Won [25] [48] [81]

National Film Awards

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef


National Film Award – Special Jury Award

Thevar Magan

Won [46]


Dadasaheb Phalke Award

Won [25] [48] [81]

Filmfare Awards South

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef


Filmfare Best Tamil Actor Award

Gnana Oli

Won [83]


Filmfare Best Tamil Actor Award


Won [83]


Filmfare Best Tamil Actor Award

Muthal Mariyathai

Won [84]


Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award – South

Won [85]

Tamil Nadu State Film Awards

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef


Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actor

Deiva Magan



Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film

Vietnam Veedu



Tamil Nadu State Film Honorary Award

MGR Award


Other honours

YearAwardHonouring bodyOutcomeRef


Honorary doctorate

Annamalai University




Government of Tamil Nadu



NTR National Award

Government of Andhra Pradesh

Won [86]

Posthumous honours

Pondicherry (Puducherry) was the first state to erect a statue of Sivaji Ganesan in honour of his acting skills and his huge fan base in the state and it was unveiled by the then Puducherry Chief Minister N. Rangasamy. [87] A statue of Ganesan was erected on Kamarajar Road in Chennai, Tamil Nadu to honour the actor and was unveiled by the then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi in 2006. [36] [77] [88]


In 2017, a memorial built at a cost of 28 million was opened in Chennai. [89] Located in Adyar, a southern neighbourhood of the city, it is built in the Tamil style of architecture, adorned with domes, and houses a statue of the actor, which was previously erected on the Marina Beach in 2006. [90] [91]



  1. Although the V is widely considered to stand for Villupuram, [7] Ganesan's son Ramkumar says it stands for Vettaithidal, their ancestral village. [8]
  2. The exchange rate between 1948 and 1966 was 4.79 Indian rupees () per 1 US dollar (US$). [34]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prabhu (actor)</span> Indian actor and producer

Prabhu Ganesan, known professionally as Prabhu, is an Indian actor, businessman and film producer who predominantly works in Tamil cinema. He is the son of veteran actor Sivaji Ganesan. Prabhu was one of the leading actors in Tamil cinema in the later 1980s and 90s. He is popularly known as Ilaya Thilagam. He has worked in more than 220 films in lead and supporting roles in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gemini Ganesan</span> Indian actor

Ramasamy Ganesan, better known by his stage name Gemini Ganesan, was an Indian actor who worked mainly in Tamil cinema. He was referred to as the Kaadhal Mannan for his romantic roles in films. Ganesan was one of the "three biggest names of Tamil cinema", the other two being M. G. Ramachandran and Sivaji Ganesan. While Sivaji Ganesan excelled in dramatic films and M. G. Ramachandran was popular as an action hero, Gemini Ganesan was known for his romantic films. A recipient of the Padma Shri in 1971, he had also won several other awards including the Kalaimamani, the MGR Gold Medal, and the Screen Lifetime Achievement Award. He was one of the few college graduates to enter the film industry then.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sivakumar</span> Indian film actor

Palaniswamy, better known by his stage name Sivakumar, is an Indian visual artist and former actor who has portrayed a wide range of leading and supporting roles onscreen in Tamil cinema and television. He made his acting debut in A. C. Trilogchander's Kakkum Karangal (1965). He has acted in over 190 movies in Tamil. He has won three Filmfare Awards South and two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jaishankar (actor)</span> Indian actor

Jaishankar was an Indian actor known for his work in Tamil cinema. He was a notable lead actor in the 1960s and 70s, who was credited onscreen with title of Makkal Kalaingnar or Makkal Thamizhan in most of the films starring him. He was also referred to as Thennakathu James Bond because of his roles in films such as Vallavan Oruvan and CID Shankar.

<i>Thevar Magan</i> 1992 film by directed by Bharathan

Thevar Magan is a 1992 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Bharathan, and written and produced by Kamal Haasan. It stars Sivaji Ganesan, Haasan, Revathi, Gautami and Nassar; with Kallapart Natarajan, Kaka Radhakrishnan, Sangili Murugan and Vadivelu in supporting roles. The film's story involves a respected village chieftain's son who wants to open a business but his father wants him to help the villagers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vijayakumar (Tamil actor)</span> Indian actor and politician

Panchaksharam Rangasamy Pillai, known professionally as Vijayakumar, is an Indian actor who works in Tamil cinema. He started his film career in the Tamil film Sri Valli (1961) as a child actor and started playing a lead role from the movie Aval Oru Thodar Kathai (1974) then he worked in Madhura Geetham (1977) and Azhage Unnai Aarathikkiren (1979). He has also acted in Telugu and Malayalam movies. He also worked in television serials like Thangam, Vamsam, Talambralu, Nandini and Rasaathi. His son is actor Arun Vijay.

<i>Veerapandiya Kattabomman</i> (film) 1959 film by B. R. Panthulu

Veerapandiya Kattabomman is a 1959 Indian Tamil-language historical war film produced and directed by B. R. Panthulu. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Gemini Ganesan, Padmini, S. Varalakshmi, and Ragini, with V. K. Ramasamy and Javar Seetharaman in supporting roles. Its soundtrack and score were composed by G. Ramanathan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ramkumar Ganesan</span> Indian producer and actor

Ramkumar Ganesan is an Indian film producer and actor. He is the head of Sivaji Productions, a film productions company that has produced several films, particularly featuring his father Sivaji Ganesan or his younger brother Prabhu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A. V. Meiyappan</span> Indian Tamil filmmaker

Avichi Meiyappa Chettiar, also known as A. V. Meiyappan, A. V. Meiyappa Chettiar or AVM, was an Indian film producer, director and philanthropist who established AVM Productions in Vadapalani, Chennai. He is widely regarded as one of the pioneers of Tamil cinema, and one of three movie moguls of the South Indian film industry along with S. S. Vasan and L. V. Prasad. His production company AVM Productions is the only production company in Kollywood to run successfully for five decades and three generations.

<i>Parasakthi</i> (film) 1952 film by Krishnan–Panju

Parasakthi is a 1952 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju and written by M. Karunanidhi. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, S. V. Sahasranamam, S. S. Rajendran, Sriranjani Jr., and Pandari Bai. It is the cinematic acting debut of Ganesan and Rajendran. Based on Pavalar Balasundaram's play of the same name, Parasakthi narrates the misfortunes that befall the members of a Tamil family during World War II.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pandiarajan</span> Indian actor

Pandiarajan is an Indian actor, director and comedian who has played leading roles in many humorous Tamil films and currently plays supporting and comedy roles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy</span> Indian writer

Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy (1913–1987) was a veteran Tamil drama author, celebrated screenwriter and lyricist in Tamil films from the 1950s through the 1970s. He mostly wrote stories, screenplay and dialogue for films starring M. G. Ramachandran and Sivaji Ganesan. He has authored historical, mythological and social Tamil films spanning over 3 decades. He was considered one of the best film script writers of Tamil Cinema, and was hailed as such by noted screenwriters like C. N. Annadurai and M. Karunanidhi publicly. His most acclaimed works are Veerapandiya Kattabomman and Karnan.

<i>Sorgam</i> 1970 film by T. R. Ramanna

Sorgam (transl. Heaven) is a 1970 Indian Tamil-language film directed by T. R. Ramanna, starring Sivaji Ganesan, K. R. Vijaya, Rajasree, R. Muthuraman and K. Balaji. The film was released on 29 October 1970 and became a major success, running for over 100 days at the box office.

A. C. Thirulokachandar, also known as A. C. Tirulokchandar, was an Indian film director and screenwriter who worked mainly in Tamil films from the 1960s to 1988. He also directed a few films in Hindi and Telugu. His 1969 Tamil film Deiva Magan was the first South Indian film to be submitted by India in contest for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

<i>Deiva Magan</i> 1969 film by A. C. Tirulokchandar

Deiva Magan is a 1969 Indian Tamil-language drama film written and directed by A. C. Tirulokchander. An adaptation of the Bengali novel Ulka by Nihar Ranjan Gupta, it stars Sivaji Ganesan in three roles and Jayalalithaa, with Sundarrajan, M. N. Nambiar, Nagesh, V. Nagayya and Pandari Bai in supporting roles. The film is about a scarred man who attempts to reconnect with his estranged family.

<i>Kappalottiya Thamizhan</i> 1961 film by B. R. Panthulu

Kappalottiya Thamizhan is a 1961 Indian Tamil-language historical drama film produced and directed by B. R. Panthulu. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Gemini Ganesan and Savitri. It is based on the 1944 book of the same name by M. P. Sivagnanam, a biography of V. O. Chidambaram Pillai who founded the Swadeshi Stream Navigation Company to break the monopoly of the British over maritime trade out of India.

<i>Paradesi</i> (1953 film) 1953 film by L. V. Prasad

Paradesi or Poongothai is a 1953 Indian Tamil -Telugu bilingual romance film, produced by P. Adinarayana Rao under the Anjali pictures banner and directed by L. V. Prasad. It stars Nadigar Thilagam Sivaji Ganesan, Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Anjali Devi, and music also composed by P. Adinarayana Rao. The film is a remake of the Hindi movie Raj Rani (1950). No print of Poongothai is known to survive, making it a lost film.

<i>Success</i> (2003 film) 2003 Indian film

Success is a 2003 Indian Tamil-language film written and directed by Suresh Prasanna. The film featured newcomer Dushyanth in the lead role, a grandson of actor Sivaji Ganesan, while Sonia Agarwal and Nandhana played supporting roles. The film released in September 2003.

Dushyanth Ramkumar is an Indian actor and producer working in Tamil language films, who made his debut in Success (2004). After appearing in a couple of films, he has worked as an executive producer for Sivaji Productions. He is the son of Ramkumar Ganesan and grandson of the actor Sivaji Ganesan. He is now acting in South Indian Tamil TV soaps such as Devathai, of for which he is one of the producers.

<i>Uyarndha Manithan</i> 1968 film by Krishnan–Panju

Uyarndha Manithan is a 1968 Indian Tamil-language drama film written by Javar Seetharaman and directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film was produced by A. V. Meiyappan, M. Saravanan, M. Kumaran and M. Murugan under AVM Productions. It stars Sivaji Ganesan and Sowcar Janaki, while S. A. Ashokan, Major Sundarrajan, Vanisri and Sivakumar play pivotal roles. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by M. S. Viswanathan, while the lyrics for the songs were written by Vaali.


  1. 1 2 "Sivaji Ganesan's birth anniversary". The Times of India . 15 January 2017. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  2. 1 2 "A doyen among actors". Frontline . 2001. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  3. 1 2 "The stamp is been[sic] issued, honouring Sivaji Ganesan". Maharashtrapost. 2001. Archived from the original on 2 June 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 "Deputy CM Panneerselvam inaugurates Sivaji Ganesan's memorial". 1 October 2017. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  5. 1 2 "Autobiography of an actor : Sivaji Ganesan, October 1928 – July 2002". Sivaji Prabhu Charities Trust, 2007. 2007. Archived from the original on 21 May 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  6. 1 2 "'Sivaji' Ganesan remembered on 88th birth anniversary". October 2016.
  7. "He played 300 different roles". The Hindu. 4 November 2002. ISSN   0971-751X. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  8. 1 2 Raman, Mohan V. (25 November 2013). "All's in a letter". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  9. "Sivaji: The legend lives on". The Hindu Business Line. 24 July 2001. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  10. NK, Jarshad (6 February 2013). "The Economic Times". Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 "An actor and a gentleman". The Hindu . 11 July 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  12. "1-288". Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  13. 1 2 "Padmabushan Chevalier Sivaji V.C.Ganesan". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  14. "Nadigar Thilagam Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Cinema Photo, Nadigar Thilagam Sivaji Ganesa". 19 July 1997. Archived from the original on 17 January 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  15. "Tamil film actor Sivaji Ganesan dead". Rediff. 21 July 2001. Archived from the original on 23 January 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  16. "Shivaji Ganesan Biography – Sivaji Ganesan Childhood, Profile & Filmography". Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  17. "Forever Sivaji". IndiaGlitz. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  18. "Tamil Nadu News : "Stage artistes don't get due regard"". The Hindu . 20 July 2010. Archived from the original on 23 December 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  19. "India's first and finest music e-zine". The Music Magazine. 23 July 2001. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  20. "Sivaji Ganesan – Nadigar Thilakam". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  21. "Marlon Brando Sivaji Ganesan | Sivaji Ganesan; the Brando of South India – Los Angeles Times". 23 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  22. "Did Sivaji Ganesan overact? – – Andha Naal negative role". Behindwoods. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  23. Raman, Mohan V. (8 November 2014). "unique naming convention in Tamil cinema| Thehindu". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  24. "Friday Review Chennai / Interview: Into realms of the past". The Hindu . 19 January 2007. Archived from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Sivaji: The curtain drops". The Times of India . 24 July 2001. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  26. 1 2 "Literary Review / Book Review: The making of an actor". The Hindu . 3 August 2008. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  27. "Lights, camera, politics". Business Line. 5 April 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  28. Raman, Mohan V. (8 April 2013). "The power of the pen". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  29. Menon, Nitya (23 July 2014). "Bearing a legend's name". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  30. Gopalakrishnan, Anu (24 August 2012). "Glamour or Grammar, he has it right!". Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  31. Rangarajan, Malathi (17 February 2011). "Saga of success". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  32. Narasimhan, M. L. (16 November 2013). "Paradesi (1953)". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 19 November 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  33. Pillai 2015, p. 136.
  34. "Rupee's journey since Independence: Down by 65 times against dollar". The Economic Times . 24 August 2013. Archived from the original on 29 August 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  35. Kannan 2010, p. 195.
  36. 1 2 "Tamil movies : CM inspects the Sivaji statue! To be unveiled on July 21st!!". Behindwoods. 30 June 2006. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  37. 1 2 "Tamil cinema's lodestar". Archived from the original on 24 November 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  38. 1 2 "Talent, charisma and much more". The Hindu . 27 July 2001. Archived from the original on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  39. "Friday Review Thiruvananthapuram / Cinema : Dancing attendance on cinema". The Hindu . 18 September 2009. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  40. The making of an actor Archived 24 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine , THE HINDU Sunday, 4 August 2008
  41. "Afro-Asian film festival". Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  42. "'Pasamalar' – Savitri: Five films of the late actress that are a must watch". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  43. சங்கர் (27 February 2015). "அஞ்சலி: ஏ.வின்சென்ட் | ஒளியில் கலந்த கலைஞன்!". Hindu Tamil Thisai (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 9 February 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  44. "Biography of Sivaji Ganesan- Tamil Cinema Actor-Part 1". Infoqueenbee. 1 October 2013. Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  45. "Navaratri 1964". The Hindu. 7 September 2007. ISSN   0971-751X. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  46. 1 2 3 "Directorate of Film Festival" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  47. "Metro Plus Chennai / Columns : Movie hall crosses a milestone". The Hindu . 18 January 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  48. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "A doyen among actors". 1 October 1928. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  49. "The Hindu : When a man is God, savant, king and mortal". 23 July 2001. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  50. India who's who. INFA Publications. 1990. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016.
  51. "Shivaji Ganesan Biography – Sivaji Ganesan Childhood, Profile & Filmography". Archived from the original on 24 August 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  52. "Rediff On The Net, Movies: A chat with Tamil thespian Chevalier Sivaji Ganesan". Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  53. 1 2 "கக்கனுக்கு உதவி செய்த சிவாஜி - நடிகர் திலகம் நினைவு தினம் இன்று!". 21 July 2019.
  54. "சிவாஜி கணேசன் கொடை வள்ளல் தனம்". 4 October 2017.
  55. "Elephant of Tanjavur temple". Times of India. 17 September 2013.
  56. Service, Tribune News. "Google Doodle honours Sivaji Ganesan, the tallest actor in Tamil cinema". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  57. 1 2 Hardgrave, Robert L. (1973). "Politics and the Film in Tamilnadu: The Stars and the DMK". Asian Survey. 13 (3): 288–305. doi:10.2307/2643038. hdl: 2152/34387 . ISSN   0004-4687. JSTOR   2643038.
  58. Team, BS Web (1 October 2021). "Sivaji Ganesan's birthday: Google's tribute to late Tamil actor with Doodle". Business Standard India. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  59. Naig, Udhav (7 January 2018). "Stars in politics: No jump cuts in T.N." The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  60. "Book Review: The Legends Of Indian Cinema – Sivaji Ganesan | : Entertainment news, movie, music and fashion reviews". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  61. Prasad, M Madhava (1999). "Cine-Politics: On the Political Significance of Cinema in South India". Journal of Moving Image. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
  62. 1 2 Thakurta, Paranjoy Guha; Shankar Raghuraman (2004). A Time of Coalitions . SAGE. pp.  235–236. ISBN   0-7619-3237-2.
  63. 1 2 Subramaniamn, TS (30 July 2004). "Celluloid connections". Frontline. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2009.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  64. Kantha, Sachi Sri (9 November 2008). "Book Review: Autobiography of Actor-Politician Sivaji Ganesan". Sangam. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
  65. Kumar, Ashok (5 April 2006). "From MGR to Vijaykant, the film-politics nexus continues". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 9 April 2006. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
  66. "Shivaji Ganesan Biography". Love India. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
  67. 1 2 "Jain Commission Interim Report: Growth of Sri Lankan Tamil Militancy in Tamil Nadu. Chapter I - Phase II (1987-1988)". on Tamil Nation website. Retrieved 21 January 2009.[ dead link ]
  68. 1 2 "Sivaji Ganesan was not a success in politics, but Tamil parties still cannot disregard him". The News Minute. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  69. 1 2 "The Hindu : Montage of images". 9 August 2001. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  70. "Vikram Prabhu remembers Sivaji and Kamala Ganesan on their wedding anniversary". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  71. "Chip off the old block". The Hindu . 27 November 2002. Archived from the original on 24 November 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  72. "Life Chennai : The making of a Rajnikant-starrer". The Hindu . 27 September 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  73. "Sivaji Ganesan dead". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  74. "Legendary film actor Sivaji Ganesan passes away".
  75. Sivaji: The legend lives on Archived 17 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine , Business Line, Tue 24 July 2001
  76. "Thespian Sivaji Ganesan laid to rest amid tears". Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  77. 1 2 3 4 Padmabushan Chevalier Dr.'Sivaji' V.C. Ganesan Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine ,
  78. Sivaji Ganesan: Tamil cinema's versatile actor par excellence Archived 8 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine ,, 26 July 2014
  79. "Sivaji Ganesan's 93rd Birthday". Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  80. The Hindu Net Desk (1 October 2021). "Google pays tribute to legendary actor Sivaji Ganesan on his 93rd birth anniversary". The Hindu . ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  81. 1 2 3 4 "'Sivaji' Ganesan dead". The Hindu . 22 July 2001. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  82. The Imagined Universe. "Of I-day pride and I-days past | The Imagined Universe". Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  83. 1 2 The Times of India directory and year book including who's who. Times of India Press. 1984. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  84. Collections. Update Video Publication. 1991. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  85. "Lifetime Achievement Award (South) winners down the years..." Filmfare Awards. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  86. "Stars light up awards gala". The Hindu . 19 February 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  87. "Sivaji Ganesan statue unveiled". The Hindu. 12 February 2006. ISSN   0971-751X. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  88. "All awards but the national award". Archived from the original on 10 October 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  89. "Memorial for Sivaji Ganesan to be ready in a week". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  90. "Tamil movies : CM inspects the Sivaji statue! To be unveiled on July 21st!!". 30 June 2006. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  91. "Sivaji statue removed from Kamarajar Salai". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2017.

Further reading

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Sivaji Ganesan at Wikimedia Commons