Skansen

Last updated
Skansen
Skansen Logo.svg
Skansen huvudentre 2010.jpg
Main entrance
Skansen
Established11 October 1891 (1891-10-11)
Location Djurgården, Stockholm, Sweden
Coordinates 59°19′34″N18°06′13″E / 59.32611°N 18.10361°E / 59.32611; 18.10361
Type Open-air living museum and zoo
Visitors1,369,431 (2016) [1]
DirectorJohn Brattmyhr
Website www.skansen.se/en/

Skansen (Swedish:  [ˈskǎnːsɛn] ; "the Sconce") is the oldest open-air museum and zoo in Sweden located on the island Djurgården in Stockholm, Sweden. It was opened on 11 October 1891 by Artur Hazelius (1833–1901) to show the way of life in the different parts of Sweden before the industrial era.

Contents

The name Skansen has also been used as a noun to refer to other open-air museums and collections of historic structures, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe, but also in the United States, e.g. Old World Wisconsin and Fairplay, Colorado.

History

Folk dance at Skansen in 1904. Folkvisedanslaget, den forsta ringen, vid Skansens varfest 1904, pa sommarteatern a nedre Solliden - Nordiska Museet - NMA.0052947.jpg
Folk dance at Skansen in 1904.
Skansen staff in 1896. Gruppbild av personalen pa Skansen, kullor och en man i mitten. Gava till Arthur Hazelius - Nordiska Museet - NMA.0044869.jpg
Skansen staff in 1896.
Walrus being fed at Skansen, 1908. Valrossarna pa Skansen matas av djurskotare och herre i paleta och hog hatt - Nordiska Museet - NMA.0048348.jpg
Walrus being fed at Skansen, 1908.

The 19th century was a period of great change throughout Europe, and Sweden was no exception. Its rural way of life was rapidly giving way to an industrialised society and many feared that the country's many traditional customs and occupations might be lost to history. Artur Hazelius, who had previously founded the Nordic Museum on the island of Djurgården near the centre of Stockholm, was inspired by the open-air museum, founded by King Oscar II in Kristiania in 1881, when he created his open-air museum on the hill that dominates the island. Skansen became the model for other early open-air museums in Scandinavia and later ones elsewhere.

Skansen was originally a part of the Nordic Museum, but became an independent organisation in 1963. The objects within the Skansen buildings are still the property of the Nordic Museum.

After extensive travelling, Hazelius bought around 150 houses from all over the country (as well as one structure from Telemark in Norway) and had them shipped piece by piece to the museum, where they were rebuilt to provide a unique picture of traditional Sweden. Only three of the buildings in the museum are not original, and were painstakingly copied from examples he had found. All of the buildings are open to visitors and show the full range of Swedish life from the Skogaholm Manor house built in 1680, to the 16th century Älvros farmhouses.

The open-air museum

Skansen attracts more than 1.3 million visitors each year. [2] The many exhibits over the 75 acre (300,000 m²) site include a full replica of an average 19th-century town, in which craftsmen in traditional dress such as tanners, shoemakers, silversmiths, bakers and glass-blowers demonstrate their skills in period surroundings. There is even a small patch growing tobacco used for the making of cigarettes. There is also an open-air zoo containing a wide range of Scandinavian animals including the brown bear, moose, grey seal, lynx, otter, reindeer, harbour seal, Eurasian eagle owl, great grey owl and wolverine, as well as some non-Scandinavian animals. There are also farmsteads where rare breeds of farm animals can be seen.

In early December the site's central Bollnäs square is host to a popular Christmas market that has been held since 1903, attracting around 25,000 visitors each weekend. In the summer there are displays of folk dancing and concerts.

Funicular railway

Since 1897, Skansen has been served by the Skansens Bergbana, a funicular railway on the northwest side of the Skansen hill. The funicular is 196.4 meters long, with a total rise of 34.57 meters. [3]

Skansen is also served by trams on line 7.

Keepers of Skansen

YearKeeper
1891–1901 Artur Hazelius
1901–1905 Gunnar Hazelius
1905–1912 Bernhard Salin
1913–1928 Gustaf Upmark
1929–1955 Andreas Lindblom
1956–1968 Gösta Berg
1969–1982 Nils Erik Baehrendtz
1982–1991 Eva Nordenson
1992–1994 Hans Alfredson
1995–2005 Anna-Greta Leijon
2005- John Brattmyhr

See also

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References

  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2018-03-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Skansen". Official site. Retrieved 7 February 2008.
  3. "Skansens Bergbana". Funiculars.net. Retrieved 25 June 2007.