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Skellefteå in images
|• City||21.74 km2 (8.39 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,507/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|• Urban||72 025|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+46 0910|
Skellefteå (Swedish: [ɧɛˈlɛ̌ftɛɔ] , locally [ʂɛˈlɛ̌ftɛ] ( listen )) is a city and the seat of Skellefteå Municipality in Västerbotten County, Sweden, with 32,775 inhabitants in 2010. The municipality had approximately 72,000 inhabitants at the end of 2013.
The city is a historically industrial city with mining being a large industry, especially for gold – hence the nickname "Gold Town". Politically it is a Social Democratic stronghold. The city is a well-known ice hockey town, with its main team Skellefteå AIK playing in the Swedish top division: the SHL, which they have won on several occasions.
The city was incorporated in 1845 and grew to its current population size mostly in the 1950s and 1960s, growing only slowly since. It is the second largest city in Västerbotten after Umeå and is located roughly halfway between it and Luleå. The Skellefte River passes through the city and it is located around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Bothnian Bay open sea. Skellefteå is served by Skellefteå Airport, IATA airport code SFT but locally known as Falmark because of the village nearby, also around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre to the south. Passenger rail service is planned to resume in April 2022.
The name Skellefteå is recorded to having been spelled as Skelepht in 1327. [ citation needed ] On Carta marina the name is spelt Skellitta. The origin of the name remains unknown, but is assumed to be of Sami origin.
From the 14th century on, attempts were made to Christianize Skellefteå. A parish was formed and a church built. However, – for the most part – the entire large Northern Swedish territory of Norrland was not Christianized until several hundred years after the rest of Sweden, and many northern areas such as Skellefteå remained unexplored well past the Middle Ages.
Not before the very end of the 17th century did the indigenous Sami people of Northern Sweden begin turning to Christianity, much due to the efforts by the Northern Swedish superintendent Mathias Steuchius, who worked hard to accomplish this. Several Sami priests were killed for this reason.
Eventually, the reason for the sudden awakened interest towards Skellefteälven and the surrounding areas were the great northern fishing grounds of salmon. The increased demand for fish was sparked by a stricter enforcement of the annual month-long fasting by the Catholic Church, whereby meat was substituted by fish. [ citation needed ]
The actual city of Skellefteå is one of the youngest cities of Norrland. It was founded in 1845 by the vicar Nils Nordlander.
In the 20th century, Skellefteå evolved to an industrial and mining city and many wooden houses were demolished to make room for brick buildings.[ citation needed ] Skellefteå is now trying to become a leading city in education with the construction of Floraskolan, a school that mostly focuses on entrepreneurial learning.
It will become the home of a massive battery plant made by Northvolt by circa 2023.
The largest private employer in Skellefteå is the mining company Boliden AB, with about 1,200 employees. The mine's copper ore contains particles of gold, silver and platinum. Skellefteå is still referred to as the "Goldtown".[ by whom? ]
During the 1990s, the computer industry flourished, subsidiaries of Ericsson and Tieto Enator becoming important employers.
Skellefteå is transitioning from a subarctic climate (Dfc) to continental with mild summers and cold, snowy winters. In the 21st century the climate has more resembled the latter. The climate is somewhat moderated by the Bothnia Bay, although maritime effects are limited, ensuring very mild summer temperatures for a coastal area so far north.
|Climate data for Skellefteå Airport (2006–2020 averages, extremes 1970–1992 & 2006–2020 & snow depth from Kusmark)|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.5|
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||4.3|
|Average high °C (°F)||−4.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−7.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.6|
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||−25.3|
|Record low °C (°F)||−35.3|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||44.3|
|Average extreme snow depth cm (inches)||47|
|Source 1: SMHI Open Data for Skellefteå Airport, precipitation|
|Source 2: SMHI Open Data for Skellefteå Airport, temperature|
Norsjö Municipality is a municipality in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Norsjö.
Skellefteå Municipality is a municipality in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Skellefteå.
Norrland is the northernmost, largest and least populated of the three traditional lands of Sweden, consisting of nine provinces. Although Norrland does not serve any administrative purposes, it continues to exist as a historical, cultural, and geographic region; it is often referred to in everyday language, e.g., in weather forecasts. Several related Norrland dialects form a distinct subset of dialects of the Swedish language separate from those to its south.
The Swedish Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league, and the highest division in the Swedish ice hockey system. The league currently consists of 14 teams. The league was founded in 1975, and while Swedish ice hockey champions have been crowned through various formats since 1922, the title and the Le Mat Trophy have been awarded to the winner of the SHL playoffs since the league's inaugural 1975–76 season.
Umeå is a city in northeast Sweden. It is the seat of Umeå Municipality and the capital of Västerbotten County.
Brynäs IF is a professional Swedish ice hockey team from Gävle. The club currently plays in the Swedish Hockey League (SHL), the top tier of ice hockey in Sweden. The club has played in the top-tier league since 1960.
Guldhjälmen is a Swedish ice hockey award, which is awarded annually to the's most valuable player of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL) and of the Swedish Women's Hockey League (SDHL) as decided by a vote of each league’s players.
Skellefteå AIK is a Swedish professional ice hockey (SHL) club from Skellefteå, Sweden. The SHL is the highest level of ice hockey in Sweden. They play their games in Skellefteå Kraft Arena, which seats 6,001 spectators. The team has won the Swedish Championship three times – in 1978, 2013, and 2014. They reached the SHL championship finals six years in a row between 2011–2016, tying Färjestad BK's streak between 2001–2006, winning two times.
Tim Carl Erixon is an American born Swedish professional ice hockey defenseman who is currently playing with the Växjö Lakers in the Swedish Hockey League (SHL). Erixon was selected in the first round—23rd overall—by the Calgary Flames in the 2009 NHL Entry Draft. Erixon has previously played for Skellefteå AIK in the Elitserien, as well as various NHL teams. As the son of former NHL player Jan Erixon, he has represented Sweden at the World Junior Hockey Championships, winning a silver medal in 2009.
Skellefteå FF is a football club in Skellefteå, Västerbotten, Sweden. The club was founded in 1921, and was then called Skellefteå AIK Fotboll, a name it kept until 2006. In the 2015 season, the club plays in the Division 2 Norrland league. Its former guise is not to be mixed with the successful ice hockey team with the same name.
George Edward Holloway III known as Bud Holloway is a Canadian professional ice hockey right wing who is currently playing for EC Red Bull Salzburg in the Austrian Hockey League (EBEL). He was selected by the Los Angeles Kings in the 3rd round of the 2006 NHL Entry Draft.
The Swedish Ice Hockey Coach of the Year has been awarded to the best ice hockey coach in Sweden each season since the 1991–92 season. The award was created in honor of Arne Strömberg, and Kamratföreningen Hockeyjournalisterna is the jury which votes on the award. The award has usually gone to a coach in the top-tier league (SHL/Elitserien), although the award is not specific to the top-tier league.
The 2012–13 SHL season was the 38th season of Elitserien. The regular season began on 13 September 2012 and ended on 5 March 2013. The playoffs began on 12 March 2013 and ended on 18 April 2013. The 2012–13 Elitserien season was the last season under the name "Elitserien"; on 17 June 2013, the league was renamed "Swedish Hockey League" (SHL).
Anna Catharina Nordlander, was a Swedish painter. She is known for her portraits and her depictions of genre- nature- and folk life: she is also counted as a pioneer in the illustration of the lives of the Forest Sami (Skogssamar) of northern Sweden.
Henrik Marklund is a Swedish ice hockey player. He is currently playing with Skellefteå AIK of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL).
Jacob Andersson is a Swedish ice hockey defenceman. He is currently playing with Skellefteå AIK of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL).
Linus Lindström is a Swedish professional ice hockey player who is currently playing with Skellefteå AIK of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL). He was selected by the Calgary Flames in the fourth round, 96th overall, of the 2016 NHL Entry Draft.
Linus Andersson is a Swedish ice hockey player. He is currently playing with HC Vita Hästen of Hockeyallsvenskan.
Lucas Raymond is a Swedish ice hockey winger currently playing for Frölunda HC of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL). He was selected fourth overall by the Detroit Red Wings in the 2020 NHL Entry Draft. He was considered a top prospect for the 2020 Draft.
Rickard Hugg is a Swedish professional ice hockey player who is currently playing for Skellefteå AIK of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL).
Media related to Skellefteå at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Skellefteå .|