Ski, Norway

Last updated
Ski kommune
Ski
Ski komm.svg
Coat of arms
NO 0213 Ski.svg
Ski within Viken
Coordinates: 59°44′31″N10°53′38″E / 59.74194°N 10.89389°E / 59.74194; 10.89389 Coordinates: 59°44′31″N10°53′38″E / 59.74194°N 10.89389°E / 59.74194; 10.89389
Country Norway
County Viken
District Nordre Follo
Administrative centreSki
Government
  Mayor (2015) Tuva Moflag (Labour)
Area
  Total165.5 km2 (63.9 sq mi)
  Land161.5 km2 (62.4 sq mi)
Area rank351 in Norway
Population
 (2013)
  Total29,307
  Rank31 in Norway
  Density164/km2 (420/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
13.7%
Demonym(s) Skiung [1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-0213
Official language form Neutral [2]
Website www.ski.kommune.no

Ski (Norwegian pronunciation:  [ʂiː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a town in Follo, in Viken fylke (county), Norway. Ski is the most populous and largest town in Follo. Ski town serves as the de facto center of Nordre Follo, and the hospital, tingrett (district court), police station and other public services are located there.

Contents

Etymology

The municipality of Ski inherited its name from the town of Ski, upon being instated as a separate municipality, with the town as its administrative centre. The town of Ski is named after a large farm called Skeidi (Old Norse: Skeiði). The word skeiði is a side form of skeið, meaning "running track for horse racing" - suggesting that there may have been such a track at the farm in medieval times.

Accordingly, and contrary to popular assumption, the name is a reference to horse racing, not skiing.

History

Archeologically, remains from settlements dating as far back as 11,000 years have been found in the Ski and Ås areas. Stone Age tools are still being found when fields are ploughed, and Ski has more than 300 registered ancient historical artifacts.

From the Middle Ages and up to modern times the areas of Kråkstad and Ski were originally administered as medieval church parishes, and each have a medieval stone church from the 1150s. During the 19th century, Kråkstad was the political and administrative centre of the municipality.

On July 1, 1931 the rural, but rapidly growing municipality of Kråkstad was split into two separate municipalities. The village of Ski was chosen as the administrative centre of the northern part, thus giving its name to the new municipality. The village of Kråkstad remained the administrative centre of the southern part, retaining its original name.

By 1964 Ski had developed into a busy town and trading hub for the surrounding, rural areas. Ski municipality had by far outgrown its southern neighbour economically and population-wise. Consequently, on January 1, Kråkstad was officially absorbed into Ski municipality, ceasing to be a municipality of its own. Today, the name "Kråkstad" simply refers to the village, just southeast of the much larger town of Ski.

Coat-of-arms

The current coat-of-arms was approved on December 19, 1986. It was based on a logo used since 1979. It was designed to reflect the original meaning of the name "Ski" - thus depicting three silver horse heads arranged in a triskelion on a blue background. [3]

Geography

Ski is located south of Oslo in Akershus county. It borders Oslo to the north, Oppegård to the west, Enebakk to the east, Ås to the south-west and Hobøl to the south-east. Ski is an inland municipality and is separated from the Oslofjord by Oppegård and Ås.

The landscape is dominated by rolling hills, covered in forest and farmland interspersed with settlements. In fact, 102.12 of the total of 165.5 square kilometres of land area belonging to the municipality are forest. Apart from the town of Ski, other notable settlements are the villages of Kråkstad and Siggerud, and the larger, sub-urban area of Langhus.

Both major roads leading from Oslo through eastern Norway to Sweden, the E6 and E18, pass through Ski, as well as the main southbound railway line.

Economy

Ski is traditionally a rural municipality, and agriculture is still prominent. However, its location at the centre of the district, with Norway's two most important main roads intersecting nearby and the main railway line passing through, has made it the commercial and transport hub of the region. This has drawn companies to set up headquarters, factories and logistics hubs in the area, boosting the economy.

Ski town is a regional passenger hub for the national rail service, NSB, and as much of Ski municipality is easily reachable by train or car from central Oslo, the number of people living in Ski and commuting to Oslo has increased rapidly over the last 30 years, and is set to continue increasing - as immigration and birthrates in the Oslo/Akershus region is strong and housing in Oslo proper is of limited availability - and therefore costly.

Ski town has retained its traditional status as a market town and trading hub, and is home to the largest shopping centre in the district and one of the largest in Norway – Ski Storsenter. Ski town is also the political and administrative hub of the Follo region, and the local police headquarter, hospital, and district court - as well as a number of inter-municipal services companies, are located there.

Ethnicity and foreign minority

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Ski by country of origin in 2017 [4]
AncestryNumber
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 541
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 390
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 367
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 323
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 272
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 221
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 202
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 179
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 171
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 168
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 154
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 153

Geology

Ski, as most of Follo, lies on ancient rock foundations. Throughout the local area from east to west there is a moraine left from the Ice age.

Sports

There are numerous sports clubs in Ski municipality, covering a wide range of sports. Most are junior or amateur sports clubs. The best known sports team is the football team Follo FK, which is based in Ski town. Follo FK is a joint effort by a number of local sports clubs in the Follo district, in order to be able to field a national-level football team. Follo FK currently (2016) plays in the 2nd division of the national football league, having played both in the 1st division and in the 3rd division previously, and have played in the national cup finals twice.

Twin towns and sister cities

Ski municipality is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Østlandets Blad is a regional newspaper published in Ski, Norway.

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References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden" . Retrieved 2008-12-20.
  4. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  5. "Välissuhted" (in Estonian). Viimsi vald. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  6. "Networks, town twinning and partnerships" (PDF). City of Solna. Retrieved 2013-08-04.