Skrwilno

Last updated
Skrwilno
Village
Skrwilno, kosciol Wniebowziecia NMP i Wszystkich Swietych (WLZ14).jpg
Saint Anne church in Skrwilno
Poland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Skrwilno
Coordinates: 53°1′N19°36′E / 53.017°N 19.600°E / 53.017; 19.600
Country Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Rypin
Gmina Skrwilno
Elevation
125 m (410 ft)
Population
(approx.)
1,700
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Website http://www.skrwilno.lo.pl/

Skrwilno [ˈskrvilnɔ] is a village in Rypin County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. [1] It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Skrwilno. It lies approximately 12 kilometres (7 mi) south-east of Rypin and 66 km (41 mi) east of Toruń.

Contents

The village has an approximate population of 1,700.

History

Former medieval stronghold Zab 1.jpg
Former medieval stronghold

Skrwilno dates back to the Middle Ages, when it was a Polish stronghold. The stronghold was probably built by first historic Polish ruler Mieszko I in the 10th century. [2]

During the Swedish invasion of Poland, in 1658, the Swedes murdered the local Polish priest Walerian Cząpski. [3]

Manor park Skrwilno, park dworski 1 (WLZ14).jpg
Manor park

During the occupation of Poland (World War II), between October 15 and November 15, 1939, the Germans carried out mass executions of Poles from Rypin, Wąbrzeźno, Brodnica and Skrwilno in the village (see Nazi crimes against the Polish nation ). [4] Also Poles murdered in Rypin were buried in the village. [5] The Germans also destroyed the historic palace. [2]

In 1961, a collection of gold and silver tableware, jewelry and pearls from the 16th and 17th century, was found at the medieval stronghold. [6] Named the Skrwilno Treasure  [ pl ], it is considered one of the most valuable treasures found in Poland in the 20th century. The treasure belonged to Polish noblewoman Zofia Piwowa, who probably buried it during the Swedish invasion of Poland around 1655. [3]

Notable people

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References

  1. "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. 1 2 Stanisław Kostanecki, Odkrycie skarbu w Skrwilnie w pow. rypińskim, "Notatki Płockie" 6/20, 1961, p. 34 (in Polish)
  3. 1 2 Kostanecki, p. 33
  4. Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, 174 (in Polish)
  5. Wardzyńska, p. 173
  6. Kostanecki, p. 32

Coordinates: 53°1′N19°36′E / 53.017°N 19.600°E / 53.017; 19.600