Last updated

The Skver Beth midrash 01.jpg
Gimnaziia Sovchins'kogo.JPG
Budinok zems'koyi upravi IMG 20191122 155305.jpg
Skvyra gerb.png
Coat of arms
Kiev oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Skvyra
Ukraine adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Skvyra (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°43′0″N29°40′0″E / 49.71667°N 29.66667°E / 49.71667; 29.66667 Coordinates: 49°43′0″N29°40′0″E / 49.71667°N 29.66667°E / 49.71667; 29.66667
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Kiev Oblast.svg  Kyiv Oblast
Raion Skvyra Raion
Magdeburg Rights 1791
   Mayor Valentyna Levitska [1]
  Total63.28 km2 (24.43 sq mi)
Postal code
Area code(s) +380 4568

Skvyra (Ukrainian : Скви́ра; Yiddish: skver, סקווער) is a city in Kyiv Oblast (region) of central Ukraine. It is the administrative centre of Skvyra Raion (district), and is currently a municipality of raion subordinance. Skvyra has an area of 6,328 km2 (2,443 sq mi). Its population is approximately 15,626(2020 est.) [2] .



The Skver synagogue in Skvyra, which was restored in 2004 Sinagoga6.jpg
The Skver synagogue in Skvyra, which was restored in 2004

The ancient town of Skvyra was completely destroyed at the end of the 16th century. In 1736, Skvyra was mentioned as a village (selo) leased by a Jewish lessee. According to the census of 1765, there were 124 houses in Skvyra, 51 of which belonged to Jews. In 1775, 116 Jews lived in Skvyra, in 1784 there were 204, and in 1787, 144.

After Skvyra was included in the Pale of Settlement the town's Jewish community increased. Its Jewish population was 2,184 in 1847 and grew to 8,910 in 1897 — 49.5% of the general population. At the end of the 19th century Skvyra had seven synagogues, a parochial school, a hospital, a pharmacist and a district doctor. Many Jews were engaged in grain and timber export. By 1910 the town had a Talmud Torah, a Jewish private boys’ school and two private girls’ schools.

There were two pogroms in the town in 1917 and a wave of six pogroms in 1919, some of which lasted for several weeks. There were rapes, houses were burnt down, and Jewish property was seized and destroyed or sold to local peasants. 191 people were killed and hundreds injured. After the pogroms an epidemic in the town killed up to 30 people a day. The Jewish population fled to Kyiv, Odessa and Bila Tserkva.

Under the Soviet Union the religious and communal life of the Jews of Skvyra was dissolved. The town's Jewish population fell to 4,681 by 1926 (about 33.6% of the population) and 2,243 by 1939, but even so it remained among the biggest Jewish communities of Ukraine at that time.

In World War II German forces occupied the town in September 1941. For a time the Sonderkommando headquarters was in Skvyra. On 20 September 1941, 850 Jews were shot in Skvyra. A few days later, over 140 more were executed. According to the head of Skvyra's Jewish community, there were mass shootings of Jews in the area of the market, the secondary school and in Bannaya Street. Skyvra's remaining Jewish population was about 1,000 after the War and fell to about 500 by 1960. It has continued to decline, and in 2009 numbered about 120.

Skver Hasidim and New Square

The Twersky Skver Hasidic dynasty line emanating from Skvyra eventually settled in the United States where part of the community founded their own incorporated village called New Square (Skvyra being called "Skver" in Yiddish) in Rockland County, New York. In 2004 the Skvyra synagogue and the tzaddik’s court, now a hotel for Hasidic visitors, were restored.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Chernobyl Ghost city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Chernobyl, also known as Chornobyl, is a partially abandoned city in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, situated in the Ivankiv Raion of northern Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. Chernobyl is about 90 kilometres (60 mi) north of Kyiv, and 160 kilometres (100 mi) southwest of the Belarusian city of Gomel. Before its evacuation, the city had about 14,000 residents, while around 1,000 people live in the city today.


A shtetl was a small town with a large Jewish population which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust. Shtetlekh were mainly found in the areas that constituted the 19th century Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire as well as in Congress Poland, Austrian Galicia, Romania and Hungary.

Mukachevo City in Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine

Mukachevo is a city located in the valley of the Latorica river in Zakarpattia Oblast (province), in Western Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of Mukachevo Raion (district), the city itself does not belong to the raion and is designated as a city of oblast significance, with the status equal to that of a separate raion.

Brody City in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Brody is a city in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Brody Raion (district), and is located in the valley of the upper Styr River, approximately 90 kilometres northeast of the oblast capital, Lviv. Population: 23,454 (2020 est.) .

Pereiaslav City in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Pereiaslav is an ancient city in the Kyiv Oblast (province) of central Ukraine, located near the confluence of Alta and Trubizh rivers some 95 km (59.03 mi) south of the nation's capital Kyiv. From 1943 until 2019 the city name was Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi also referred to as Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy). Its population is approximately 26,786 (2020 est.)

Medzhybizh Urban locality in Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Ukraine

Medzhybizh, previously known as Mezhybozhe, population 1731, is a town in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is located in the Letychiv Raion (district), 25 kilometres from Khmelnytskyi on the main highway between Khmelnytskyi and Vinnytsia at the confluence of the Southern Buh and Buzhok rivers. Medzhybizh was once a prominent town in the former Podolia Province. Its name is derived from "mezhbuzhye", which means "between the Buzhenka Rivers". It is known as the birthplace of the Jewish Hasidic mystical religious movement. Current population: 1,296 (2020 est.)

Zhytomyr Place in Ukraine

Zhytomyr is a city in the north of the western half of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Zhytomyr Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Zhytomyr Raion (district). The city of Zhytomyr is not a part of Zhytomyr Raion: the city itself is designated as its own separate raion within the oblast; moreover Zhytomyr consists of two so-called "raions in a city": Bohunskyi Raion and Koroliovskyi Raion. Zhytomyr occupies an area of 65 square kilometres. Its population is 264,318 (2020 est.)

Skver (Hasidic dynasty)

Skver is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Yitzchok Twersky in the city of Skver during the mid-19th century. Followers of the rebbes of Skver are called Skverer Hasidim.

Berdychiv City of regional significance in Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine

Berdychiv is a historic city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Berdychiv Raion (district), the city itself is of direct oblast subordinance, and does not belong to the district. It is 44 km (27 mi) south of the oblast capital, Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately 74,839 (2020 est.) .

Uman Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Uman is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia. Located in the historical region of the eastern Podolia, the city rests on the banks of the Umanka River at around 48°45′N30°13′E. Uman serves as the administrative center of Uman Raion (district). It hosts the administration of Uman urban hromada, one of the amalgamated hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 82,603 (2020 est.)

Zbarazh City in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine

Zbarazh is a city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Zbarazh Raion (district), and is located in the historic region of Galicia. Population: 13,587 (2020 est.)

Nizhyn Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Nizhyn is a city located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine, along the Oster River, 150 km (93 mi) north-east of the nation's capital, Kyiv. It is the administrative center of Nizhyn Raion, though the city itself is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Once it was a major city of the Chernigov Governorate. Population is 68,007 (2020 est.)

Bershad City in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine

Bershad is a town in the Vinnytsia Oblast (province) of Ukraine, located in the historic region of Podolia. It is the administrative center of the predominantly-agricultural Bershad Raion (district). Population: 12,552 (2020 est.)

History of the Jews in Ukraine History of Ukrainian Jews, from 11th c. to modern times

The history of the Jews in Ukraine goes back over a thousand years. Jewish communities have existed in the territory of Ukraine from the time of Kievan Rus' and developed many of the most distinctive modern Jewish theological and cultural traditions such as Hasidism. According to the World Jewish Congress, the Jewish community in Ukraine constitutes the third-largest Jewish community in Europe and the fifth-largest in the world.

Radomyshl City in Zhytomyr, Ukraine

Radomyshl is a historic city in Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Radomyshl Raion (district), and is located on the left bank of Teteriv River, a right tributary of Dnieper River. Its population is approximately 14,109 (2020 est.) . It is located within the historic region of Right-bank Ukraine.

Plyskiv is a village in Pohrebyshche Raion, Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. Population is 1,439 (2006).

Ruzhyn is an urban-type settlement in Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative district of Ruzhyn Raion. Population: 4,418 (2020 est.)

Ananyiv City in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine

Ananyiv is a city of Podilsk Raion in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine. It stands on the Tyligul River. Population: 7,930 (2020 est.)

Rzhyshchiv city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Rzhyshchiv is a city in Kyiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. Population: 7,323 (2020 est.) .

Makhnivka, Koziatyn Raion village in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine

Makhnivka is a village in the Koziatyn Raion of the Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine, located on the west bank of the Hnylopiat River. It was named Komsomolske in 1935–2016. Prior to the establishment of the Soviet regime the place was considered to be a town.


  1. (in Ukrainian) The second round will be held in the city of Kyiv region: "servant" against the EU representative, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 November 2020)
  2. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.