Skyrunning

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A skyrunner. SkyRace.jpg
A skyrunner.

Skyrunning is a sport of mountain running up to or exceeding 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) where the minimum average incline is 6% over the total distance and at least 5% has an incline of 30% or more. The climbing difficulty does not exceed II grade UIAA. Poles, crampons and hands may be used to aid progress. The governing body is the International Skyrunning Federation. The sport comprises a number of different disciplines from the short, steep Vertical Kilometer to the more popular SkyRace and SkyMarathon. Ultra SkyMarathons are becoming increasingly popular as are short vertical SkySpeed races which include skyscraper racing.

Contents

History

The idea of skyrunning came from Italian mountaineer Marino Giacometti and a handful of fellow climbers. They pioneered races on Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa in the early 1990s. [1] In 1993, with the support of the Fila sportswear company, skyrunning took off across the world's mountain ranges reaching from the Alps to the Himalayas, to Mount Kenya and the Mexican volcanoes.

In 1995, the Federation for Sport at Altitude was founded to address the need for rules to govern the sport and generally manage this fast-growing discipline, which today counts some 200 races worldwide with around 50,000 participants from 65 countries. [1]

A peculiar feature of the first 10 years of the Skyrunning history was the study of the limits of human performance at high altitude, through the Peak Performance Project, coordinated by Dr. Giulio Sergio Roi, which involved several researchers and has led to the publication of numerous scientific articles. [2]

International Skyrunning Federation

Today, the sport is managed by the International Skyrunning Federation, formed in 2008 by the board and members of the FSA and founding nations. The principal aims of the ISF are the direction, regulation, promotion, development and furtherance of skyrunning and similar multisport activities on a worldwide basis. ISF sanctions the Skyrunner World Series. [3]

Skyrunning disciplines

The three main disciplines are Sky, SkyUltra, and Vertical. [4] Those are the disciplines contested at the Skyrunning World Championships and Skyrunning Continental Championships. More disciplines are under the ISF regulations:

DisciplineDistanceVertical climb (minimum)Extra info
Sky 2049 km1,200 m-
SkyUltra 5099 km3,000 munder 16 hours finishing time
Vertical max 5 km1,000 mminimum average incline must be 20% and 5% of the total distance must be over 33%; double or triple Vertical are also considered
SkySpeed max 500 m100 mminimum of 33% incline
Stair Climbing -100 mraces with an incline over 45% on stairs indoors or outdoors

Skyrunning competitions

Annual world championship.

Annual European championship.

Annual world cup, launched in 2004, which has grown to represent the peak of outdoor running defined by vertical climb, altitude and technical difficulty.

Annual cup to promote the Vertical discipline and highlight the Vertical Kilometer® skyrunning discipline.

See also

Related Research Articles

The Skyrunner World Series is an annual international championship of skyrunning and the official International Skyrunning Federation (ISF) race circuit for mountain running. Each year the Skyrunner World Series presents a global Sky Racing calendar, attracting mountain running athletes from almost every country.

Emanuela Brizio is an Italian female sky runner who won two Skyrunning World Cups.

Emelie Forsberg Swedish athlete

Emelie Tina Forsberg is a Swedish athlete specializing in trail running and ski mountaineering. She has won repeated victories in different disciplines, including European and World Championships.

Skyline Scotland Annual skyrunning race events

Skyline Scotland is a set of annual skyrunning races which take place on consecutive days in the mountains around Kinlochleven in Lochaber. The main races are the Mamores VK, the Ring of Steall Skyrace, the Ben Nevis Ultra and the Glen Coe Skyline.

Bruno Brunod is an Italian athlete, a bicyclist who began running late, when he was in his thirties. He is twice world champion of the Skyrunner World Series and holds numerous speed records for climbing and descending some of the highest mountains in the world, like the Matterhorn in 1995, broken only in 2013 by a professional 25 years younger than him, Kílian Jornet Burgada. As of 2016 his speed records for the Monte Rosa in 1997 and the Aconcagua in Argentina in 2000 remained unbroken. Brunod produces results like a professional athlete, but has retained the spirit and humility of an amateur, for which he is widely admired especially amongst fellow mountain runners.

International Skyrunning Federation

The International Skyrunning Federation (ISF) is the world governing body for skyrunning. The ISF today counts 41 Member nations. The Federation of Sports at Altitude (FSA) used to be the organization which governed and managed the sports of skyrunning. It has been replaced by the International Skyrunning Federation.

The Skyrunning European Championships are biennial skyrunning competitions, held for the first time in 2009 and organised by International Skyrunning Federation.

The 2017 Skyrunner World Series was the 16th edition of the global skyrunning competition, Skyrunner World Series, organised by the International Skyrunning Federation from 2002.

Trofeo Kima

The Trofeo Kima, is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 1995. It runs every year, in Val Masino (Italy) in August and is valid for the Skyrunner World Series in the Sky Extreme category.

Buff Epic Trail

The Buff Epic Trail is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2016. It runs every year in Barruera (Spain) in July. The race is valid for the Skyrunner World Series.

The Ultra SkyMarathon Madeira is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2014. It runs every year in Madeira (Portugal) in July. The race is valid for the Skyrunner World Series.

Scenic Trail

The Scenic Trail is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2013. It runs every year in Lugano (Switzerland) in June. The race was valid in 2017 for the Skyrunner World Series.

Royal Ultra Sky Marathon

The Royal Ultra Sky Marathon, is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2008. It runs every two years in Ceresole Reale (Italy) in July and consists of two races, the Ultra is valid for the Skyrunner World Series.

The High Trail Vanoise is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2016. It runs every year in Val d’Isère (france) at the end of July or beginning of May. The race is valid for the Skyrunner World Series.

The 2018 Skyrunner World Series was the 17th edition of the global skyrunning competition, Skyrunner World Series, organised by the International Skyrunning Federation from 2002.

Vertical Kilometer World Circuit

The Vertical Kilometer World Circuit is an annual international circuit of vertical kilometer born in 2017 as a spin-off of Skyrunner World Series. The Vertical World Circuit announced the 2017 VWC calendar featuring ten races, including a new venue: Osaka.

Stian Angermund, is a Norwegian male Trail runner and Mountain runner, who won the Salomon Golden Trail World Series in 2021 and 2018. Stian Angermund holds the record of the prestige mountain marathon Zegama Aizkorri Marathon. Stian Angermund won two gold medals at the 2016 Skyrunning World Championships held in Lleida (Spain), in the Vertical kilometer and SkyMarathon.

Speedgoat 50k is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 2008. It is run every year in Little Cottonwood Canyon in September and consists of two races, a 50K and a Vertical Mile.

Yuri Yoshizumi is a Japanese ultra runner and skyrunner. She won the Asian Vertical Kilometre Skyrunning Championship in 2016, placed second in the Vertical Kilometer World Circuit in 2019 and won a number of individual events including the 2019 Transvulcania Marathon and the Fuji Mountain Race in 2017, 2018 and 2019.

Ekaterina Mityaeva Russian athlete

Ekaterina Mityaeva is a Russian athlete specializing in trail running, skyrunning, mountain running and ultra running. She is a winner and prize-winner of the international competitions and Championships of Russia.

References

  1. 1 2 "History". International Skyrunning Federation. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. "Federazione Italiana Skyrunning" . Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  3. "About the Series". SkyRunner World Series. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  4. "International Skyrunning Federation Rules". skyrunning.com. Retrieved 25 May 2021.