Slade Gorton

Last updated

Slade Gorton
Slade Gorton, official Senate photo portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Washington
In office
January 3, 1989 January 3, 2001
Preceded by Daniel J. Evans
Succeeded by Maria Cantwell
In office
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1987
Preceded by Warren Magnuson
Succeeded by Brock Adams
14th Attorney General of Washington
In office
January 15, 1969 January 1, 1981
Governor Daniel J. Evans
Dixy Lee Ray
Preceded by John O'Connell
Succeeded by Ken Eikenberry
Majority Leader of the Washington House of Representatives
In office
January 9, 1967 January 13, 1969
Preceded by John L. O'Brien
Succeeded byStewart Bledsoe
Member of the WashingtonHouseofRepresentatives
from the 46th district
In office
January 12, 1959 January 13, 1969
Preceded byAlfred E. Leland
Succeeded by George W. Scott
Personal details
Born
Thomas Slade Gorton III

(1928-01-08)January 8, 1928
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedAugust 19, 2020(2020-08-19) (aged 92)
Clyde Hill, Washington, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Sally Clark
(m. 1958;died 2013)
Children3
Relatives Nathaniel M. Gorton (brother)
Education Dartmouth College (BA)
Columbia University (JD)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Flag of the United States Air Force.svg  United States Air Force
Years of service1945–1946 (Army)
1953–1956 (Air Force)
1956–1980 (Reserve)
Rank Colonel
Unit United States Air Force Reserve

Thomas Slade Gorton III (January 8, 1928 – August 19, 2020) was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from Washington from 1981 to 1987 and again from 1989 until 2001. A member of the Republican Party, he held both of the state's U.S. Senate seats in his career and was narrowly defeated for reelection twice, first in 1986 by Brock Adams and again in 2000 by Maria Cantwell following a recount. As of 2021, he was the last Republican U.S. Senator from Washington from both Senate seats.

Contents

Early life and education

Gorton was born in Chicago, Illinois, on January 8, 1928, and raised in the suburb of Evanston, the son of Ruth (Israel) and Thomas Slade Gorton, Jr., descendant of one of the founders of the companies that would become Gorton's of Gloucester, and himself the founder that year of Slade Gorton & Co., another fish supplier. [1] [2] [3] [4] His younger brother is Judge Nathaniel M. Gorton of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. He attended and graduated from Dartmouth College and subsequently from Columbia Law School. Gorton served in the United States Army from 1945 to 1946 and the United States Air Force from 1953 until 1956. He continued to serve in the Air Force Reserve Command until 1980 when he retired as a colonel. [2] [ citation needed ]

Early career

Gorton practiced law and entered politics in 1958, being elected to the Washington House of Representatives, in which he served from 1959 until 1969, becoming one of its highest-ranking members. [5] [2] He then served as Attorney General of Washington [2] from 1969 until he entered the United States Senate in 1981. During his three terms as attorney general, Gorton was recognized for taking the unusual step of appearing personally to argue the state's positions before the Supreme Court of the United States, and for prevailing in those efforts.

In 1970, Slade sued Major League Baseball after the loss of the Seattle Pilots, and this eventually led to the creation of the Seattle Mariners. [6]

U.S. Senate campaigns

1980

In 1980, Gorton defeated longtime incumbent U.S. Senator and state legend Warren Magnuson by a 54% to 46% margin.

1986

Gorton was defeated by former Congressman and Carter administration Transportation Secretary Brock Adams. [2]

1988

Gorton ran for the state's other Senate seat, which was being vacated by political ally Dan Evans, in 1988 and won, defeating liberal Congressman Mike Lowry by a narrow margin. [2]

In the Senate, Gorton had a moderate-to-conservative voting record, and was derided for what some perceived as strong hostility towards Indian tribes. [7] [8] [9] His reelection strategy centered on running up high vote totals in areas outside of left-leaning King County (home to Seattle). [10] [11]

1994

In 1994, Gorton repeated the process, defeating then-King County Councilman Ron Sims by 56% to 44%. [2] He was an influential member of the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee as he was the only member of the committee during his tenure to have reached a senior command rank in the uniformed services (USAF).

Gorton campaigned in Oregon for Gordon Smith and his successful 1996 Senate run.

In 1999, Gorton was among ten Republican senators who voted against the charge of perjury during Clinton's impeachment, although he voted for Clinton's conviction on the charge of obstruction of justice.

2000

In 2000, Democrat Maria Cantwell turned his "it's time for a change" strategy against him and won by 2,229 votes. [12] [13] [2]

Furthermore, Washington's Indian tribes strongly opposed Gorton in 2000 because he consistently tried to weaken Indian sovereignty while in the Senate. [14]

Twice during his tenure in the Senate, Gorton sat at the Candy Desk.

Later career

In 2002, Gorton became a member of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (popularly known as the "9/11 Commission") and the commission issued its final report in 2004. [15] [2]

In 2005, Gorton became the chairman of the center-right Constitutional Law PAC, a political action committee formed to help elect candidates to the Washington State Supreme Court and Court of Appeals.

Gorton was an advisory board member for the Partnership for a Secure America, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. Gorton also served as a Senior Fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center. [16]

Gorton served on the board of trustees of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, which is a museum dedicated to the U.S. Constitution. [17]

Gorton represented the city of Seattle in a lawsuit against Clay Bennett to prevent the relocation of the Seattle SuperSonics basketball franchise, in accordance to a contract that would keep the team in KeyArena until 2010. The city settled with Bennett, allowing him to move the team to Oklahoma City for $45 million with the possibility for another $30 million. [18]

In 2010, the National Bureau of Asian Research founded the Slade Gorton International Policy Center. The Gorton Center is a policy research center, with three focus areas: policy research, fellowship and internship programs, and the Gorton History Program (archives). [19] In 2013 the Gorton Center was the secretariat for the ‘Commission on The Theft of American Intellectual Property’, in which Gorton was a commissioner. [20] Gorton is also a counselor at the National Bureau of Asian Research. [21]

In 2012, Gorton was appointed to the board of directors of Clearwire, a wireless data services provider. [22]

Gorton was a member of the board of the Discovery Institute, notable for its advocacy of the pseudoscience of intelligent design.

Gorton was also of counsel at K&L Gates LLP. [23]

Gorton opposed the candidacy of Donald Trump for President of the United States in 2016, instead writing in Independent candidate Evan McMullin. [24] He later supported the impeachment of President Trump and urged other Republicans to join him. [25]

Personal life and death

He married Sally Clark Gorton on June 28, 1958. [26] Sally died in 2013. [26] Gorton died after a brief illness at the home of his daughter in the Seattle suburb of Clyde Hill on August 19, 2020, at the age of 92. [27]

Related Research Articles

Patty Murray United States senator from Washington

Patricia Lynn Murray is an American politician and retired educator serving as the senior United States Senator from Washington, a seat she has held since 1993. A member of the Democratic Party, Murray previously served in the Washington State Senate and is Washington's first female U.S. Senator.

John Warner American politician

John William Warner III was an American lawyer and politician who served as the United States Secretary of the Navy from 1972 to 1974 and as a five-term Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia from 1979 to 2009. Warner served as Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee from 1999 to 2001, and again from 2003 to 2007. He also served as the Chair of the Senate Rules Committee from 1995 to 1999.

Maria Cantwell United States Senator from Washington

Maria Ellen Cantwell is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Washington since 2001. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served in the Washington House of Representatives from 1987 to 1993 and United States House of Representatives from Washington's 1st congressional district from 1993 to 1995.

Saxby Chambliss American politician

Clarence Saxby Chambliss is an American lawyer and retired politician who was a United States Senator from Georgia from 2003 to 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a U.S. Representative from 1995 to 2003.

Howard Baker United States Republican Senator from Tennessee

Howard Henry Baker Jr. was an American politician and diplomat who served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1967 to 1985. During his tenure, he rose to the rank of Senate Minority Leader and then Senate Majority Leader. A member of the Republican Party, Baker was the first Republican to be elected to the US Senate in Tennessee since the Reconstruction era.

Jerry Moran United States Senator from Kansas

Gerald Wesley Moran is an American lawyer and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Kansas, a seat he has held since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress, during which he led successful Republican efforts in the 2014 election, producing the first Republican Senate majority since 2006. Previously, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Kansas's 1st congressional district.

Mike Lowry 20th Governor of Washington

Michael Edward Lowry was an American Democratic politician who served as the 20th governor of the U.S. state of Washington from 1993 to 1997. His political career ended abruptly following a sexual misconduct allegation made against him by his deputy press secretary, Susanne Albright. Lowry served as a United States Representative from Washington's 7th congressional district from 1979 to 1989.

2006 United States Senate elections Part of the U.S. elections held November 7, 2006

The 2006 United States Senate elections were held on November 7, 2006, with all 33 Class 1 Senate seats being contested. The term of office for those elected in 2006 ran from January 3, 2007, to January 3, 2013. Prior to the election, the Republican Party controlled 55 of the 100 Senate seats.

Mike McGavick

Michael Sean McGavick is an American business executive and a graduate of the University of Washington.

2006 United States Senate election in Washington

The 2006 United States Senate election in Washington was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democrat Maria Cantwell won re-election for a second term.

2000 United States Senate election in Washington

The 2000 United States Senate election in Washington was held on November 7, 2000. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Slade Gorton was seeking reelection to a third consecutive term, and his fourth overall, but he was unseated for a second time by a very narrow margin by former Congresswoman Maria Cantwell. By a margin of 0.09%, this election was the closest race of the 2000 Senate election cycle.

Richard C. Tallman American judge

Richard Charles Tallman is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a former Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review.

1988 United States Senate election in Washington

The 1988 United States Senate election in Washington was held on November 8, 1988. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Daniel J. Evans decided to retire instead of running for re-election to a full term, after being appointed to the seat in 1983, and won re-election to a partial term that same year. Republican former U.S. Senator Slade Gorton, who had just lost a re-election bid in 1986, won the open seat. As of 2021, this is the last time Washington simultaneously voted for different parties for president and for senate.

1994 United States Senate election in Washington

The 1994 United States Senate election in Washington was held November 7, 1994. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Slade Gorton won re-election to a second consecutive term. As of 2021, this is the last time the Republicans won a U.S. Senate election in Washington and the last time a male candidate won a U.S. Senate election in the state.

1986 United States Senate election in Washington

The 1986 United States Senate election in Washington was held on November 3, 1986. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Slade Gorton ran for re-election, but was defeated by former Transportation Secretary Brock Adams. However, Gorton would later be returned to Washington's other Senate seat in 1988.

1980 United States Senate election in Washington

The 1980 United States Senate election in Washington was held on November 4, 1980. Longtime incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Warren Magnuson, the Senate President pro tempore, lost re-election to State Attorney General Slade Gorton, a Republican. As of 2021, this is the last time the Republicans won the Class 3 Senate seat in Washington.

2012 United States Senate election in Washington

The 2012 United States Senate election in Washington took place on November 6, 2012, concurrently with the 2012 U.S. presidential election as well as other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell won re-election to a third term by a significant margin, outperforming President Barack Obama's margin in the concurrent presidential election by 6%.

The Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC) is a Washington, D.C.–based think tank that promotes bipartisanship. The organization aims to combine ideas from both the Republican and Democratic parties to address challenges in the U.S. BPC focuses on issues including health, energy, national security, the economy, housing, immigration, infrastructure, governance, and education. BPC was founded in 2007 by former Senate Majority Leaders Howard Baker, Tom Daschle, Bob Dole, and George J. Mitchell. As of 2021, the founding and current president is Jason Grumet.

Partnership for a Secure America

Partnership for a Secure America (PSA) is a nonprofit organization in Washington, D.C. that seeks to promote bipartisan solutions to today's critical national security and foreign policy issues. Created by former Congressman Lee H. Hamilton and former Senator Warren Rudman (R-NH) in 2005, the Partnership for a Secure America works with leading Democrats and Republicans to rebuild the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy.

2018 United States Senate election in Washington

The 2018 United States Senate election in Washington took place on November 6, 2018, in order to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Washington. Incumbent Democrat Maria Cantwell successfully ran for reelection to a fourth term.

References

  1. "Our Story". Slade Gorton & Co., Inc. Retrieved June 7, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Gene Johnson (August 20, 2020). "Slade Gorton, former US senator, scion of fish stick family, dies at 92". Associated Press . Retrieved June 7, 2021.
  3. "Current Biography Yearbook". 1993.
  4. Moritz, Charles (1962). Current Biography Yearbook. ISBN   9780824201289.
  5. "Former U.S. Senator Slade Gorton dies at age 92". king5.com. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  6. "Former U.S. Sen. Slade Gorton was there for the Mariners 'at every turn'". August 19, 2020.
  7. Westneat, Danny (September 14, 2008). "Where has McCain's honor gone?". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  8. "Senator Slade Gorton's bill is an assault on sovereignty". Indian Country Today (Lakota Times). May 1998. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[ dead link ]
  9. Kelley, Matt (April 30, 2000). "Tribes' Top Target in 2000: Sen. Slade Gorton". Los Angeles Times. pp. B6. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  10. Hendren, John (September 10, 2000). "Tough re-election race is nothing new to Gorton". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  11. CONNELLY, JOEL (September 10, 2000). "GORTON IS ALREADY LINING UP PIECES FOR RE-ELECTION IN 2000". The Seattle P-I. pp. A3. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[ permanent dead link ]
  12. Balter, Joni (April 24, 2005). "Who is Maria Cantwell?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  13. "Maria Cantwell (Dem)". The Washington Times. September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[ dead link ]
  14. Getches, David H., Charles F. Wilkinson, Robert A. Williams, Jr. Cases and Materials on Federal Indian Law (2005). St. Paul: Thompson West. 5th ed. p. 29.
  15. "National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States". 9-11commission.gov. August 21, 2004. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  16. "Senior Fellows, Bipartisan policy Center".
  17. "National Constitution Center, Board of Trustees". National Constitution Center Web Site. National Constitution Center. July 26, 2010. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  18. "Seattle, Bennett Slam Door on the Sonics". The Wall Street Journal. July 3, 2008.
  19. "Slade Gorton Policy Center Web site". Archived from the original on January 10, 2014.
  20. "IP Commission Web Site".
  21. "National Bureau of Asian Research Web Site". Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  22. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. "K&L Gates Firm Bio".
  24. Strauss, Daniel (September 2, 2016). "Never Trump conservative McMullin makes Virginia ballot". Politico . Archived from the original on September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  25. Gorton, Slade (November 25, 2019). "My Fellow Republicans, Please Follow the Facts". The New York Times.
  26. 1 2 "Civic leader, political wife Sally Clark Gorton dies". The Seattle Times. July 22, 2013. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  27. "Former U.S. Sen. Slade Gorton, a towering figure in Washington state, dies at 92". Seattletimes.com. August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.

Further reading

Legal offices
Preceded by
John O'Connell
Attorney General of Washington
1969–1981
Succeeded by
Ken Eikenberry
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jack Metcalf
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
(Class 3)

1980, 1986
Succeeded by
Rod Chandler
Preceded by
Daniel J. Evans
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
(Class 1)

1988, 1994, 2000
Succeeded by
Mike McGavick
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Warren Magnuson
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Washington
1981–1987
Served alongside: Henry M. Jackson, Daniel J. Evans
Succeeded by
Brock Adams
Preceded by
Daniel J. Evans
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Washington
1989–2001
Served alongside: Brock Adams, Patty Murray
Succeeded by
Maria Cantwell