Slavutych

Last updated
Slavutych

Славу́тич
Slavutych (02710036).jpg
One of Slavutych's residential areas
Prapor Slavuticha.png
Flag
Slavutich gerb.png
Coat of arms
Slavutich-Raion.png
Kiev oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Slavutych
Location of Slavutych in Ukraine
Chernigov oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Slavutych
Slavutych (Chernihiv Oblast)
Ukraine adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Slavutych
Slavutych (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 51°31′14″N30°45′25″E / 51.52056°N 30.75694°E / 51.52056; 30.75694 Coordinates: 51°31′14″N30°45′25″E / 51.52056°N 30.75694°E / 51.52056; 30.75694
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Kyiv Oblast.svg  Kyiv Oblast
Raion Vyshhorod Raion [1]
Founded1986
City rights1986
Government
   Mayor Yurii Fomichev
Area
  Total2.53 km2 (0.98 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total24,784
  Density9,800/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Postal code
07100
Area code(s) +380 4579
Website www.e-slavutich.gov.ua OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Slavutych (Ukrainian : Славу́тич) is a city in northern Ukraine, purposely built for the evacuated personnel of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant after the 1986 disaster that occurred near the city of Pripyat. Geographically located within Chernihiv Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Slavutych is administratively subordinated to the Kyiv Oblast. [1] In 2020 the city had a population of 24,784(2020 est.) [2]

Contents

Geography

Slavutych is situated on the left bank of the Dnieper River, 40 kilometers from Chernihiv, 45 kilometers from the city of Pripyat, 50 kilometers from Chernobyl (both in Ivankiv Raion) and 200 kilometers from Kyiv. While being geographically located in Chernihiv Raion (part of Chernihiv Oblast, until 2020 in Ripky Raion), administratively it belongs to Kyiv Oblast. It is an administrative exclave, that prior to 2020 did not belonging to any raion . Prior to 2020 administrative reform the city was qualified as a city of oblast significance). [1] In 2020 Slavutych was downgraded to a city of district significance and made part of Vyshhorod Raion. [1]

History

Slavutych was named after the Old Slavic name (Slavutych) of Dnieper River. The city was built in 1986 shortly after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, to provide homes for those who had worked at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and their families. They were evacuated from the abandoned city of Pripyat. The economic and social situation of the city is still heavily influenced by the power plant and other Chernobyl zone installations. Many of the residents still work in the energy industry in the region.

In an interview with Pravda published on October 10, 1986, Erik Pozdyshev, the newly appointed Director of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, officially announced that a new city was to be built. Construction of the town started shortly thereafter, and the first inhabitants settled in October 1988. The city was intended to replace Pripyat which became a ghost town after it was evacuated thirty-six hours after the nuclear disaster due to the nuclear fallout. There is a memorial in Slavutych to remember the victims of the disaster, especially to those who lost their lives immediately after the event from radiation-related diseases.

The city is mostly home to survivors of the disaster who had to be relocated from the evacuation zone around the reactor, among them about 8,000 people who were children when the disaster occurred. As a result, the number of people who have a radiation-related illness is high.[ citation needed ][ dubious ][ quantify ] Many inhabitants still work at the site of the former plant for monitoring, maintenance or scientific purposes. They commute to the zone on a regular basis. A rail line (twice crossing the international border with Belarus) runs directly from the city to the site of the plant.

Slavutych is located about 50 kilometers east of the former plant. The site had to be a reasonable distance away from the Chernobyl zone to ensure the risk of radiation-related illnesses was reduced. However, other factors that contributed to the choosing of the site were the availability of a nearby ready railroad infrastructure, and an accessible water supply from the nearby Dnieper River. In order to build the city, the ground was covered with a two-meter layer of uncontaminated soil.

Infrastructure

From the start, Slavutych was planned to become a "21st-century city". Compared to other cities in Ukraine, Slavutych has a modern architecture with pleasant surroundings, and the standard of living in the city is much higher than in most other Ukrainian cities. During the construction of the city, workers and architects from eight former Soviet republics became involved: Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Estonian SSR, Georgian SSR, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Russian SFSR and Ukrainian SSR. As a result, the city is divided into eight districts named after the capitals of the contributing republics, [3] each with its own unique style and atmosphere. In addition, the city has a youth center, a modern community center, a town hall, an Internet cafe, numerous sports facilities, modern clinics, and a hotel. Around 80% of housing in the city is formed by apartments while the other 20% is formed by small, family houses. The city has a uniquely high birth rate as well as surprisingly low mortality. As a result, the average age in Slavutych is by far the lowest of any city in Ukraine. More than one third of its inhabitants are under 18.

The infrastructure and public facilities of the city are mostly paid by the company which operated the Chernobyl nuclear plant. Because the remaining units of the nuclear power plant were shut down in 2001, the city would face significant social problems and an uncertain future. Until 2001, approximately 9,000 people worked at the plant. Since the shutdown, this number has dropped to 3,000, most of them working on monitoring and maintenance. 85% of the city budget was funded by the operator of the plant. In order to support the settlement and establishment of new companies, Slavutych was declared a Special Economic Zone. In addition, substantial vocational retraining programs are provided by the government to improve the occupational outlook of those who lost jobs. Despite these efforts, about 1,500 people have already left the city, a trend which is predicted to continue for the foreseeable future.

Culture

Slavutych has been the venue of numerous cultural activities since its foundation in 1989. Most recently, the 86 Film and Urbanism Festival, [4] [5] which ran six editions (2013-2018) and EASA/SESAM, [6] which was due to take place in 2020, [7] but was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The unique modernist architecture of the city remains one of its main attractions, as captured in the architectural guide Slavutych, [8] by author Ievgeniia Gubkina.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1989 11,364    
2001 24,402+114.7%
2011 24,492+0.4%
2012 24,726+1.0%
2013 24,826+0.4%
2014 25,112+1.2%

Transport

Slavutych has a railway station, and a minor stop in the locality of Poselok Lesnoi, on the Chernihiv–Ovruch line. It is served by a branch (Semenyahivka-Slavutych) of the regional highway P56 Chernihiv-Chernobyl, and by the provincial road T2506.

Personalities

See also

Related Research Articles

Chernobyl Ghost city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Chernobyl, also known as Chornobyl, is a partially abandoned city in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, situated in the Ivankiv Raion of northern Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. Chernobyl is about 90 kilometres (60 mi) north of Kyiv, and 160 kilometres (100 mi) southwest of the Belarusian city of Gomel. Before its evacuation, the city had about 14,000 residents, while around 1,000 people live in the city today.

Pripyat (river) River in Eastern Europe

The Pripyat or Prypiat is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately 761 km (473 mi) long. It flows east through Ukraine, Belarus, and Ukraine again, draining into the Dnieper.

Kyiv Oblast Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Kyiv Oblast or Kiev Oblast is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv, which also serves as the capital of Ukraine. Despite being located in the center of the Kyiv Oblast, and hosting the governing bodies of the oblast, Kyiv itself is a self-governing city with special status and not under oblast jurisdiction.

Pripyat Ghost city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Pripyat or Prypiat is a ghost city in northern Ukraine, near the Ukraine–Belarus border. Named after the nearby river Pripyat, the city was founded on February 4, 1970, as the ninth nuclear city in the Soviet Union, to serve the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. It was officially proclaimed a city in 1979 and had grown to a population of 49,360 by the time it was evacuated on the afternoon of 27 April 1986, the day after the Chernobyl disaster.

Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Exclusion area and disaster area in Ukraine

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Zone of Alienation is an officially designated exclusion zone around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster. It is also commonly known as the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, the 30 Kilometre Zone, or simply The Zone.

Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioned nuclear power plant in Ukraine

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, officially the Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Nuclear Power Plant, is a closed nuclear power plant located near the abandoned city of Pripyat in northern Ukraine, 16.5 kilometers (10 mi) northwest of the city of Chernobyl, 16 kilometers (10 mi) from the Belarus–Ukraine border, and about 100 kilometers (62 mi) north of Kyiv. The plant was cooled by an engineered pond, which is fed by the Pripyat River about 5 kilometers (3 mi) northwest from its juncture with the Dnieper.

Ivankiv Urban locality in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Ivankiv is an urban-type settlement in Kyiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It is situated on the left bank of the Teteriv River. It is the administrative center of Ivankiv Raion, and its population was 10,369 (2020 est.). In 2001, the population had been 10,563.

Poliske Urban-type settlement in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Poliske or Polesskoye is an abandoned settlement and former town in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, part of Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located on the Uzh River and was an administrative center of Poliske Raion (district). However, later the town was taken out of a registry as it was completely depopulated being located in the Zone of alienation. Currently around 20 people live there, so called samosely ("self-settlers").

Alexander Sirota

Alexander Yukhymovych Sirota ; is a Ukrainian photographer, journalist, filmmaker. He writes in Russian and Ukrainian. As a former resident of Pripyat, he is an eyewitness and a victim of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. He has devoted many articles, photographs, and video reports to the city of Pripyat and to the Chernobyl catastrophe. He is the editor-in-chief of the internet project "pripyat.com" and the president of the International Public Organization "Center Pripyat.com". In May 2008, he became the winner of the ІХ-th international competition "Golden George" of films, TV-programs, and internet projects about protective law and law enforcement. In that competition, Alexander won "The Big Tape of George" award for his website devoted to Chernobyl. He is a member of the Union of Journalists of Ukraine since 2008 and a member if International Federation of Journalists.

Belarus–Ukraine border

The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is the state border between Belarus and Ukraine with a length of about 1,084 km (674 mi). It starts from the triple junction with Poland to the west and stretches to the triple junction with Russia to the east. The tripoint border at the triple border junction of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine is marked in the form of a monument, while at the other border junction there is a river, the Western Bug that coincides with the border of Poland.

Velyki Klishchi Former village in Ukraine

Velyki Klishchi is a former village in the Narodychi Raion of Zhytomyr Oblast in northern Ukraine. The village was evacuated in 1990 following the aftermath of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

Yaniv (village) Village in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Yaniv is a Ukrainian abandoned village of the Kyiv Oblast, located south of Pripyat and west of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.

Vilcha, Kyiv Oblast Urban-type settlement in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Vilcha is a Ukrainian abandoned settlement and former town in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, part of Poliske Raion, Kyiv Oblast.

FC Stroitel Pripyat

FC Stroitel Pripyat was a Soviet and Ukrainian football club (team) from Pripyat, Kyiv Oblast. Founded in the 1970s, it competed only at republican level competitions in Ukraine. Before the Chernobyl disaster the team was playing at a small stadium in Prypiat. In 1986 for it there was built new home ground the Avanhard Stadium, at which the club never had a chance to play.

Chernihiv–Ovruch railway

The Chernihiv–Ovruch railway is a partially electrified and partially operational single track railway line that stretches between the town of Ovruch and the city of Chernihiv, in northern Ukraine, passing through southern Belarus and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. The line is owned by Ukrzaliznytsia alone, with railway stations located in Belarus being leased from the government of Belarus. A portion of the line between railway stations Vilcha and Semykhody has not been in service since the Chernobyl disaster, on 26 April 1986.

Chernobyl Raion

The Chornobyl Raion was one of 26 administrative raions (districts) of Kyiv Oblast in northern Ukraine. After the Chernobyl disaster, the majority of the raion was contaminated, and many of its populated places were included into the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, which is an officially designated exclusion area around the site of the disaster.

Dytiatky Village in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Dytiatky is a Ukrainian village in the Ivankiv Raion, Kyiv Oblast. As of 2001, it had a population of 571.

2020 Chernobyl Exclusion Zone wildfires Forest fires in Chernobyl zone

The 2020 Chernobyl Exclusion Zone wildfires were a series of wildfires that began burning inside Ukraine's Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in April 2020. The fires were largely extinguished within two weeks, at least one suspect was arrested for alleged arson.

Radul, Ukraine Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Radul is an urban-type settlement in Chernihiv Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located on the left bank of the Dnieper, which here also makes the border between Ukraine and Belarus. It belongs to Ripky settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 480 (2020 est.)

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Where did 354 districts disappear to? Anatomy of loud reform, Glavcom (7 August 2020) (in Ukrainian)
  2. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  3. "Cafebabel: A second life for the inhabitants of Chernobyl" . Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  4. "Міжнародний фестиваль кіно та урбаністики "86"". 86PROKAT. Незалежний кінодистриб'ютор. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  5. Burshteyn, Ben Walker, Aleksandra. "Letter from Slavutych: a green city soaring from the ashes of Chernobyl". The Calvert Journal. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  6. "SESAM 2020". www.e-flux.com. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  7. "SESAM 2020 POLIKLINIKA in Slavutych, Ukraine". ArchDaily. 2019-10-22. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  8. "Slavutych". DOM publishers. Retrieved 2020-06-24.