Last updated
Arnoldstein Gailitzbruecke 18072012 101.jpg
Gailitz bridge between Arnoldstein and Hohenthurn
Countries Italy and Austria
Physical characteristics
  location Sella Nevea (Italy)
  elevation1,190 m (3,900 ft)
Gail at Arnoldstein
46°34′13″N13°41′24″E / 46.57028°N 13.69000°E / 46.57028; 13.69000 Coordinates: 46°34′13″N13°41′24″E / 46.57028°N 13.69000°E / 46.57028; 13.69000
548 m (1,798 ft)
Length29.8 km (18.5 mi) [1]
Basin size212.5 km2 (82.0 sq mi) [2]
  average7.9 m3 (280 cu ft)
Basin features
Progression GailDravaDanubeBlack Sea

The Slizza (Italian) or Gailitz (German; Friulian : Slize, Slovene : Ziljica) is an Alpine torrent in Italy and Austria, a right tributary of the Gail river.



Its source is below the Sella Nevea mountain pass in the Julian Alps, where it is known as the Rio del Lago (Seebach). [3] Its flows in a north-easterly direction through Lago del Predil and via Cave del Predil down towards the town of Tarvisio. Here it enters the broad Val Canale and its waters are swelled by a number of tributaries. Near the village of Coccau it is joined by the Rio di Fussine and at the village of Thörl, it crosses the border with Carinthia, Austria, where it is called the Gailitz. It then passes through Arnoldstein before flowing into the Gail.

The water quality of the Gailitz in Austria has significantly improved since the closure of the Arnoldstein lead works in 1987/88. Today it is today again the home range of fish like brown trout, grayling and even European bullhead.


Related Research Articles


The Drava or Drave is a river in southern Central Europe. With a length of 710 kilometres (440 mi), 724 kilometres (450 mi) including the Sextner Bach source, it is the fifth or sixth longest tributary of the Danube, after the Tisza, Sava, Prut, Mureș and perhaps Siret. Its source is near the market town of Innichen, in the Puster Valley of South Tyrol, Italy. The river flows eastwards through East Tirol and Carinthia in Austria into the Styria region of Slovenia. It then turns southeast, passing through Croatia and, after merging with its main tributary Mur, forms most of the border between Croatia and Hungary, before it joins the Danube near Osijek.

Karawanks mountain range along the border Austria / Slovenia

The Karawanks or Karavankas or Karavanks are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps on the border between Slovenia to the south and Austria to the north. With a total length of 120 kilometres (75 mi) in an east-west direction, the Karawanks chain is one of the longest ranges in Europe. It is traversed by important trade routes and has a great tourist significance. Geographically and geologically, it is divided into the higher Western Karawanks and the lower-lying Eastern Karawanks. It is traversed by the Periadriatic Seam, separating the Apulian tectonic plate from the Eurasian Plate.

Gail (river) river in Austria

Gail is the name of a river in southern Austria, the largest right tributary of the Drava.

Tarvisio Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Tarvisio is a comune in the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli Venezia Giulia region in Italy.

Sella Nevea mountain pass in Italy

Sella Nevea, at an altitude of 1,195 m (3,921 ft), is a high mountain pass in the Julian Alps, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. Sella Nevea also lends its name to a frazione of the Chiusaforte municipality and the nearby Kanin-Sella Nevea Ski Resort.

Naßfeld Pass mountain pass

Nassfeld Pass is a 1,530-metre-high (5,020 ft) mountain pass connecting Hermagor in the Austrian state of Carinthia with Pontebba in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Wurzen Pass mountain pass on the Austria-Slovenia border

The Wurzen Pass is a mountain pass in a col of the Karawanks mountain range in the Southern Limestone Alps, on the border between Radendorf in the Austrian state of Carinthia and Kranjska Gora in Slovenia. It is named after the nearby village of Podkoren (Wurzen).

Predil Pass alpin pass on the frontier Italy-Slovenia

The Predil Pass or Predel Pass is a high mountain pass on the border between Italy and Slovenia.

Hermagor-Pressegger See Place in Carinthia, Austria

Hermagor-Pressegger See is a town in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It is the administrative centre of Hermagor District. The town is named after Saint Hermagoras, the first bishop of Aquileia.

Arnoldstein Place in Carinthia, Austria

Arnoldstein is a market town in the district of Villach-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Nötsch im Gailtal Place in Carinthia, Austria

Nötsch im Gailtal is a market town in the district of Villach-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Lago del Predil lake in Northern Italy

Lago del Predil is a lake near Cave del Predil, part of the Tarvisio municipality in the Province of Udine, in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Burgruine Straßfried castle ruin

Burgruine Straßfried is a castle in Carinthia, Austria. It is located next to the Austrian–Italian border by Arnoldstein in Carinthia.

Cave del Predil Frazione in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Cave del Predil is a frazione subdivision of the comune of Tarvisio in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.

The Italian Julian Alps are a mountain range that is part of the Italian Alps that extends from Italy to Slovenia.

Battle of Tarvis (1809)

The Battle of Tarvis from 16 to 17 May 1809, the Storming of the Malborghetto Blockhouse from 15 to 17 May 1809, and the Storming of the Predil Blockhouse from 15 to 18 May saw the Franco-Italian army of Eugène de Beauharnais attacking Austrian Empire forces under Albert Gyulai. Eugène crushed Gyulai's division in a pitched battle near Tarvisio, then an Austrian town known as Tarvis. At nearby Malborghetto Valbruna and Predil Pass, small garrisons of Grenz infantry heroically defended two forts before being overwhelmed by sheer numbers. The Franco-Italian capture of the key mountain passes allowed their forces to invade Austrian Kärnten during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Tarvisio is located in far northeast Italy, near the borders of both Austria and Slovenia.

Carinthian Peasant Revolt peasant revolt

The Carinthian Peasant Revolt took place in the Duchy of Carinthia in 1478. It was the first of several larger peasant revolts in the area of Inner Austria. After several Ottoman raids from 1473 onwards, the rural population established a peasants' association that was an effort to take the defence of the farmers' homes into their own hands and was also aimed against the ruling nobility that had failed to protect the farmers from attacks by marauding Turkish akinji cavalry. The revolt was eventually suppressed.

The Gail Valley dialect is the westernmost Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group, spoken in parts of southern Carinthia in Austria, in the northeasternmost part of the Province of Udine in Italy, and in northeastern Upper Carniola in Slovenia.

Dob is a Slovene toponym, found in Slovenia, Austria and Italy. It derives from a Proto-Slavic word dǫbъ (oak). The word dob is today used exclusively for Quercus robur, as other oak species have progressively taken other names. Toponyms having their root in the word "dob" are sometimes hard to distinguish from other similar Slovene words —— particularly dober, and dobra, which can be used to refer to many other types of places.

Tarvisio–Udine railway is an Italian railway line that connects Udine and Tarvisio. It is also called the ferrovia Pontebbana in Italian after the town of Pontebba, which was located near the former border between Italy and Austria-Hungary during the first thirty years of its operation.