Slovenian cuisine

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Potica pastry as part of traditional Slovenian Easter breakfast Velika noc - jedila hren sunka pirhi potica.jpg
Potica pastry as part of traditional Slovenian Easter breakfast

Slovenian cuisine (Slovene : slovenska kuhinja) is influenced by the diversity of Slovenia's landscape, climate, history and neighbouring cultures. In 2016, the leading Slovenian ethnologists divided the country into 24 gastronomic regions. [1] :15 The first Slovene-language cookbook was published by Valentin Vodnik in 1798.

Contents

Foods and dishes

Plate of various sorts of Slovenian cheese and meat together with garnish Slovenia (15068507911).jpg
Plate of various sorts of Slovenian cheese and meat together with garnish

Soups are a relatively recent invention in Slovenian cuisine, but there are over 100. Earlier there were various kinds of porridge, stew and one-pot meals. The most common soups without meat were lean and plain. A typical dish is aleluja, a soup made from turnip peels and a well-known dish during fasting. The most common meat soup is beef soup with noodles, which is often served on Sunday as part of a Sunday lunch (beef soup, fried potatoes, fried steak and lettuce). On feast days and holidays there is often a choice of beef noodle soup or creamy mushroom soup. Pork is popular and common everywhere in Slovenia. Poultry is also often popular. There is a wide variety of meats in different parts of Slovenia. In White Carniola and the Slovenian Littoral mutton and goat are eaten. On St. Martin's Day people feast on roasted goose, duck, turkey, or chicken paired with red cabbage and mlinci. In Lower Carniola and Inner Carniola, they used to eat roasted dormouse and quail. Until the crayfish plague in the 1880s the noble crayfish was a source of income and often on the menu in Lower Carniola and Inner Carniola.

Dandelion is popular as a salad ingredient in Slovenia and has been gathered in the fields for centuries. Even today dandelion and potato salad is highly valued. Since it can be picked only for a short time in early spring, much is made of it. Families go on dandelion picking expeditions, and pick enough for a whole week. In the Middle Ages people ate acorns and other forest fruits, particularly in times of famine. Chestnuts were valued, and served as the basis for many outstanding dishes. Walnuts and hazelnuts are used in cakes and desserts. Wild strawberries, loganberries, blackberries, bilberries were a rich source of vitamins. Mushrooms have always been popular, and Slovenians liked picking and eating them. There are many varieties. Honey was used to a considerable extent. Medenjaki, which come in different shapes are honey cakes, which are most commonly heart-shaped and are often used as gifts.

Protected foodstuffs and food products

Idrijski zlikrofi in combination with Goulash Zlikrofi with gulasch.jpg
Idrijski žlikrofi in combination with Goulash

As of June 2015, twenty-two Slovenian foods and food products are protected at the European level: [2]

Traditional Slovenian dishes

Ajdovi zganci with cracklings Ajdovi zganci.JPG
Ajdovi žganci with cracklings
Matevz with roast meat and Sauerkraut Matevz (Slovenian cuisine).jpg
Matevž with roast meat and Sauerkraut

Soups and stews

Vegetarian dishes

Meat dishes

Desserts and pastries

Prekmurska gibanica PrekmurskaGibanica1.JPG
Prekmurska gibanica

Drinks

A Lasko beer Pivo Lasko icecold.jpg
A Laško beer

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Peasant foods

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Slovak cuisine

Slovak cuisine varies slightly from region to region across Slovakia. It was influenced by the traditional cuisine of its neighbours and it influenced trains as well. The origins of traditional Slovak cuisine can be traced to times when the majority of the population lived self-sufficiently in villages, with very limited food imports and exports and with no modern means of food preservation or processing.

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Gibanica

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Žganci

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References

  1. Strategija razvoja gastronomije Slovenije [The Strategy of the Development of the Gastronomy of Slovenia](PDF) (in Slovenian). Maribor Multidisciplinary Research Institute, University of Maribor; Slovenian Tourist Board. May 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03.
  2. "DOOR". European Commission. 29 June 2015.
  3. Traditional slovenian cookery. Adamlje Slavko, 1997. Mladinska knjiga. ISBN   8611150449
  4. 1 2 Taste Slovenia. Bogataj Janez, 2007. Rokus Gifts. ISBN   978-961-6531-39-9
  5. Molokhovets, Elena. Classic Russian Cooking. Indiana University Press, 1998. Page 331.