Sluis

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Sluis

Sluus  (Zeeuws)
0 Sluis - Stenen Kade (1).JPG
Skyline of Sluis
Sluis vlag.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Sluis.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 1714 (2009).svg
Location in Zeeland
Coordinates: 51°18′30″N3°23′10″E / 51.30833°N 3.38611°E / 51.30833; 3.38611 Coordinates: 51°18′30″N3°23′10″E / 51.30833°N 3.38611°E / 51.30833; 3.38611
Country Netherlands
Province Zeeland
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Marga Vermue-Vermue (CDA)
Area
[2]
  Total307.16 km2 (118.60 sq mi)
  Land279.36 km2 (107.86 sq mi)
  Water27.80 km2 (10.73 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (January 2019) [4]
  Total23,386
  Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
4500–4519, 4524–4529
Area code 0117
Website www.gemeentesluis.nl

Sluis (Dutch:  [slœys] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Zeelandic : Sluus [slys] ; French : Écluse) is a town and municipality located in the west of Zeelandic Flanders, in the south-western Dutch province of Zeeland.

Contents

The current incarnation of the municipality has existed since 1 January 2003. The former municipalities of Oostburg and Sluis-Aardenburg merged on that date. The latter of these two municipalities was formed from a merger between the previous municipality named Sluis and the former municipality of Aardenburg.

History

Sint Anna ter Muiden and Sluis on the Ferraris map (around 1775) Sluis, Netherlands ; Ferraris Map.jpg
Sint Anna ter Muiden and Sluis on the Ferraris map (around 1775)

The town received city rights in 1290. In 1340 the Battle of Sluys was fought nearby at sea during the Hundred Years' War. There is a record of one of the first lotteries with money on 9 May 1455 of 1737 florins (US$170,000, in 2014).

During the Eighty Years' War in 1587 the town was captured by Spanish troops under the Duke of Parma and was retaken in 1604 by a Dutch and English force under Maurice of Nassau.

From 2006 until its closure in 2013, Oud Sluis was one of only two Michelin three-starred restaurants in the entire country.

Geography

Dutch Topographic map of Sluis, June 2015 Gem-Sluis-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Sluis, June 2015

In addition to the town of Sluis itself, the municipality is made up of the following population centres:

Sint Anna ter Muiden, with a population of only 50 (2001), is a small village about 1 km west of the town of Sluis, located on the westernmost point of the Netherlands.

Demography

The population of the city is 2,040 (as of 2001).

Transport

A ferry connection across the Westerschelde exists between Breskens and Vlissingen. After the opening of the Westerschelde tunnel near Terneuzen in 2003, the ferry now carries only pedestrian and bicycle traffic.

Notable people

Joost de Soete Joost de Soete.jpg
Joost de Soete
Ate de Jong, 1976 Ate de Jong.jpg
Ate de Jong, 1976

Sport

See also

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Zwin

The Zwin is a nature reserve at the North Sea coast, on the Belgian-Dutch border. It consists of the entrance area of a former tidal inlet which during the Middle Ages connected the North Sea with the ports of Sluis and Bruges inland.

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References

  1. "College B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Sluis. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. "Postcodetool for 4501BD". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. IMDb Database retrieved 5 August 2019