Smilja Avramov

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Smilja Avramov
Смиља Аврамов
Smilja Avramov.jpg
Avramov in 2011
Born(1918-02-15)15 February 1918
Died2 October 2018(2018-10-02) (aged 100) [1]
OccupationAcademician, legal scholar, Professor of International law

Smilja Avramov (15 February 1918 2 October 2018) was a Serbian academician, legal scholar, social activist and educator in international law. [2] She was a member of the Senate of Republika Srpska from 1996 to 2009. [3] Before she retired she was a Professor of International law at the Law Faculty at Belgrade University. [4]

Contents

Education and career

Avramov finished high school in Sušak, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in 1936. She was maternally related to Petar Preradović and Pavle Solarić. [5] During World War II, eleven members of her family were murdered at Jasenovac concentration camp. [6]

She graduated in the Zagreb Law Faculty in 1947. [6] She received her master's degree in London and a PhD in Belgrade in 1950. She also studied in Vienna, Harvard and Columbia University. [6] Since 1949 until her retirement Avramov worked as an assistant and professor in the Faculty of Law in Belgrade where she was also head of the Department for International Law and Relationships and director of the Institute for International Law. These positions included membership of the Judicial Council of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Yugoslavia. Avramov was active in many law associations including the one in Belgrade. She was president of the Yugoslav International Law Association and, since 1980, a president of the International Law Association. [7]

As distinguished scholar Avramov was a member of the first convocation of the Senate of Republika Srpska, serving from 1996 to 2009. Avramov was also a member of Committee on Formation of Customary (General) International Law whose report was submitted at London conference held in 2000. [8] Avramov was president of the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace. Since 1999 Avramov has been a member of the presidency of the movement "Women authors – Conscience of Serbia". [6]

Public engagement

She publicly opposed the practice of humanitarian interventionism, emphasizing that the main danger for the modern world is neither nationalism or communism, but legal nihilism. [9]

In her work The Trilateral, she alleged a conspiracy of the Bilderberg Group, the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission in the context of Balkans politics and global relations. [10] In 2006 Avramov was one of the professors who signed the request for rehabilitation of Dragoljub Mihailović. [11] She served as an advisor to Slobodan Milošević between 1991 and 1992 and was a witness for the defence at his trial in 2004. [12] [13] She helped to found the Committee for the Protection of Serbs from the Hague Tribunal and was a member of the International Committee for the Truth of Radovan Karadzic, also assisting with his unsuccessful defence on charges of war crimes. [13]

Avramov expressed her disagreement in 2013 when the Government of Serbia signed the Brussels Agreement with the Government of Kosovo, saying that it violates Serbia's constitution and the United Nations Charter and indirectly recognizes Kosovo as an independent state. [14]

Death

Avramov died in Belgrade on 2 October 2018 at the age of 100. [13] [15]

Selected works

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References

  1. "Умрла Смиља Аврамов". RTV. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  2. "Prof. dr Smilja Avramov" (in Serbian). Akademija za diplomatiju i bezbednost. 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013. Jedan od najvećih živih eksperata u oblasi Međunarodnog javnog prava.
  3. "Smilja Avramov: Ne mogu da odlučim brzo". Večernje Novosti. 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  4. Patterns of prejudice. 2001. p. 54. The year before the war with NATO, Professor Smilja Avramov (b. 1918), a retired professor of international law at the Belgrade Law Faculty and former president of the World Federation for Disarmament and Peace...
  5. "Evropa i Srbi: Smilja Avramov pripada evropskoj eliti u oblasti međunarodnog prava". RTS website. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2013. Gospođa Avramov sa posebnom toplinom i iscrpno govori o porodici iz koje potiče – koja je po majčinoj liniji – u direktnom srodstvu sa Petrom Preradovićem i Pavlom Solarićem, kao i o tome da je jedanaest članova njene šire porodice završilo – u Jasenovcu
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Predsedništvo Pokreta". Women authors – Conscience of Serbia. Retrieved 31 October 2013. Tokom Drugog svjetskog rata, ustaše su ubile jedanaest članova njene porodice u logoru Jasenovac. [During World War II, Ustaše murdered eleven members of her family at the Jasenovac concentration camp]
  7. "Transcript from the trial of Slobodan Milošević" (PDF) (in Serbian). Humanitarian Law Center. 2004. p. 225. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  8. "List of Previous International Law Association Conferences". International Law Association. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 59th Belgrade 1980 Professor Smilja Avramov Draft agreement relating to International Assistance to Victims....Professor Smilja Avramov (Yugoslavia)
  9. Avramov, Smilja (June 1999). "Beskrajno lutanje u tami" (in Serbian). svetinjebraniceva.rs. Retrieved 26 November 2013. У име “заштите људских права„ на делу је “оружани хуманизам„, у име демократије на делу је “Томахавк демократија„. Опасност по свет не долази од национализма, па ни комунизма, него од правног нихилизма, који је дошао до пуног изражаја у процесу разарања Југославије од 1991. до данас. ["Armed humanism" has been introduced in the name of "human rights protection", "Tomahawk democracy" has been introduced in the name of democracy. Main danger for the world does not come from nationalism nor communism, but from legal nihilism, which was fully employed during the process of destruction of Yugoslavia since 1991 until today.]
  10. Jovan Byford, Michael Billig (2001). "Nastanak antisemitskih teorija zavere tokom NATO bombardovanja" (PDF). Patterns of Prejudice. Routledge: 311. doi:10.1080/003132201128811287. S2CID   145307518 . Retrieved 30 October 2013. The Trilateral. 21 in this work, Avramov claimed to expose the conspiratorial machinations of the Bilderberg Group, the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission in the context of both global international relations and Balkan politics.
  11. "Nastavak procesa rehabilitacije Draže 11. maja". Vesti. Beta. 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  12. MacDonald, David Bruce (2002). Balkan Holocausts?: Serbian and Croatian victim-centered propaganda and the war in Yugoslavia (1.udg. ed.). Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 83. ISBN   0719064678.
  13. 1 2 3 "Preminula Smilja Avramov!". Alo (in Serbian). 2 October 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  14. "Смиља Аврамов: Споразум Београда и Приштине индиректно признање самопроглашеног Косова". Novinar Online. SRNA. Retrieved 30 October 2013. Српски експерт за међународно право Смиља Аврамов оцијенила је да споразум између Београда и Приштине представља индиректно признање самопроглашеног Косова и поручила да је њиме погажена Повеља УН која Србији гарантује територијални интегритет...“Тим споразумом погажена је Повеља УН, али и Устав Србије”, закључила је српски експерт за међународно право Смиља Аврамов.[Serbian expert for the International Law Smilja Avramov estimated that agreement between Belgrade and Pristina represents indirect recognition of the self-proclaimed Kosovo and violates UN Charter which guarantees territorial integrity to Serbia...This agreement violates the Charter of UN and also the Constitution of Serbia, concluded Serbian expert in international law, Smilja Avramov.]
  15. "Смиља Аврамов прославила 100. рођендан (ФОТО) – Аналитички форум". www.anfor.org.
  16. Review of International Affairs. Federation of Yugoslav Journalists. 1977. p. 31. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  17. Avramov, Smilja (1993). International criminal law and the UN charter.
  18. Genocid u Jugoslaviji: 1941—1945, 1991—[Genocide in Yugoslavia: 1941—1945, 1991] (in Serbian). Belgrade: Akademija za diplomatiju i bezbednost: IGAM. 2008. ISBN   9788683927371. OCLC   363739853.