|Died||13 December 1986 31) (aged|
|Occupation||Actress, television newscaster|
|Parent(s)|| Shivajirao Girdhar Patil |
Smita Patil (17 October 1955– 13 December 1986 ) was an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Regarded among the finest stage and film actresses of her times and one of the greatest film actresses of all time, Smita Patil appeared in over 80 Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career that spanned just over a decade. During her career, she received two National Film Awards and a Filmfare Award. She was the recipient of the Padma Shri, India's fourth-highest civilian honour in 1985. She made her film debut with Shyam Benegal's Charandas Chor (1975). She became one of the leading actresses of parallel cinema, a New Wave movement in India cinema, though she also appeared in several mainstream movies throughout her career. Her performances were often acclaimed, and her most notable roles include Manthan (1977), Bhumika (1977), Jait Re Jait (1978), Aakrosh (1980), Chakra (1981), Namak Halaal (1982), Bazaar (1982), Umbartha (1982), Shakti (1982), Arth (1982), Ardh Satya (1983), Mandi (1983), Aaj Ki Awaaz (1984), Chidambaram (1985), Mirch Masala (1985), Amrit (1986) and Waaris (1988).
Apart from acting, Patil was an active feminist and a member of the Women's Centre in Mumbai. She was deeply committed to the advancement of women's issues and gave her endorsement to films which sought to explore the role of women in traditional Indian society, their sexuality, and the changes facing the middle-class woman in an urban milieu.
Patil was married to actor Raj Babbar. She died on 13 December 1986 at the age of 31 due to childbirth complications. Over ten of her films were released after her death. Her son Prateik Babbar is a film actor who made his debut in 2008.
Smita Patil was born in Pune [ citation needed ] As a child, she would participate in dramas.to a Maharashtrian politician, Shivajirao Girdhar Patil and social worker mother Vidyatai Patil, from Shirpur town of Khandesh province of Maharashtra.
Patil studied literature at Bombay Universityand was a part of local theatre groups in Pune and spent much of her time at the campus of the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), causing many to mistake her to be an alumna. The family moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1969, following her father's election as a cabinet minister.
Smita Patil was a part of the radically political cinema of the 1970s, which included actresses like Shabana Azmi. [ citation needed ] In her films, Patil's character often represents an intelligent femininity that stands in relief against the conventional background of male-dominated cinema. Patil was a women's rights activist and became famous for her roles in films that portrayed women as capable and empowered.Her work includes films with parallel cinema directors like Shyam Benegal, Govind Nihalani, Satyajit Ray (Sadgati, 1981), G. Aravindan (Chidambaram, 1985) and Mrinal Sen as well as forays into the more commercial Hindi film industry cinema of Mumbai.
Patil began her career in the early 1970s as a television newsreaderon the newly transmitting Mumbai Doordarshan, the Indian government run broadcaster. Her first film role was in the FTII student film Teevra Madhyam by Arun Khopkar. Shyam Benegal then discovered her and cast her in his 1974 children's film, Charandas Chor . Her first major role was in his other film, Manthan , in which she played a Harijan woman who leads the revolt of the milk co-operative. Patil then won the National Film Award for Best Actress for her performance in the Hindi film Bhumika , just three years after her debut. The film, in which she portrays an actress leading a tumultuous life through sudden fame and stardom, brought her talent to the attention of the world. Her role in the 1982 film Arth is greatly appreciated for her portrayal as "the other woman" while acting opposite Shabhana Azmi.
Patil gradually moved to more commercial cinema.In an interview, she stated:
"I remained committed to small cinema for about five years ... I refused all commercial offers. Around 1977–78, the small cinema movement started picking up and they needed names. I was unceremoniously dropped from a couple of projects. This was a very subtle thing but it affected me a lot. I told myself that here I am and I have not bothered to make money. I have turned down big, commercial offers because of my commitment to small cinema and what have I got in return? If they want names I'll make a name for myself. So I started and took whatever came my way."
In time, commercial filmmakers like Raj Khosla, Ramesh Sippy and B.R. Chopra offered her roles, agreeing that she was "excellent". Her fans, too, grew with her new-found stardom. Patil's glamorous roles in her more commercial films, such as Shakti and Namak Halaal , showed that one can act in both, "serious" cinema and the "Hindi cinema" masala in the Hindi film industry.However, her sister Manya Patil Seth stated, "Smita was never comfortable in big-budget movies. She wept her heart out after performing the rain dance with Mr Bachchan in Namak Halaal; she felt she wasn't doing the right thing."
In 1984, she served as a jury member of the Montreal World Film Festival.
Patil acted with Raj Babbar in films such as Bheegi Palkein , Tajurba, Aaj Ki Awaaz , Awam and Hum Do Hamare Do and later fell in love with him.
Director C. V. Sridhar was the first one to pair her opposite Rajesh Khanna in Dil-E-Nadan in 1982. After the success of this film, Patil and Khanna were paired in successful films like Aakhir Kyon? , Anokha Rishta , Angaarey , Nazrana , Amrit . With the release of Aakhir Kyon? her popularity and her pairing with Khanna were at its peak. The songs "Dushman Na Kare Dost Ne Woh" and "Ek Andhera Lakh Sitare" from Aakhir Kyon? were chartbusters. Each of these films were different and dealt with various social issues. Their performances were critically acclaimed. In 1986, Amrit directed by Mohan Kumar became the fifth highest-grossing film of the year. Nazrana , co-starring Sridevi released posthumously and became a box office success and was among the top 10 films of 1987.
Her association with artistic cinema remained strong, however.Her arguably greatest (and unfortunately final) role came when Patil re-teamed with Ketan Mehta to play the feisty and fiery Sonbai in Mirch Masala released after her death in 1987. Patil's performance as a spirited spice-factory worker who stands up against a lecherous petty official in this film was praised highly. On the centenary of Indian cinema in April 2013, Forbes included her performance in the film on its list, "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema".
During the making of Chakra, Smita Patil used to visit the slums in Bombay. It culminated in another National Award.
Patil was an active feminist and was a member of the Women's Centre in Mumbai. She attempted to portray women's issues through her different films. She was also involved in charity work, donating the winnings of her first National Award to charity.
When Patil became romantically involved with actor Raj Babbar,she drew severe criticism from her fans and the media, clouding her personal life and throwing her into the eye of a media storm. Raj Babbar left his wife Nadira Babbar to marry Patil. Babbar and Patil first met on the sets of the 1982 film Bheegi Palkein.
Smita died from childbirth complications (Puerperal sepsis) on 13 December 1986,age 31, barely two weeks after having given birth to her son, Prateik Babbar. Nearly two decades later, notable film director Mrinal Sen alleged that Patil had died due to "gross medical negligence".
The Priyadarshni Academy started with the Smita Patil Memorial Award as a tribute to the veteran actress in 1986.
In 2011, Rediff.com listed her as the second-greatest Indian actress of all time, behind Nargis.According to Suresh Kohli from Deccan Herald , "Smita Patil was, perhaps, the most accomplished actress of Hindi cinema. Her oeuvre is outstanding, investing almost every portrayal with a powerhouse realistic performance."
In 2012, the Smita Patil International Film Festival Documentaries and Shorts was initiated in her honour.
On the occasion of 100 years of the Indian cinema, a postage stamp bearing her face was released by India Post to honour her on 3 May 2013.
|1977||National Film Awards||Best Actress||Bhumika||Won|
|1987||Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards||Best Actress (Hindi)||Mirch Masala||Won|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Actress||Bhumika||Nominated|
|1984||Best Supporting Actress||Arth||Nominated|
|1985||Best Actress||Aaj Ki Aawaz||Nominated|
|1978||Filmfare Marathi Awards||Best Actress||Jait Re Jait||Won|
|1974||Raja Shiv Chhatrapati||Saibai||Hindi/Marathi|
|Mere Saath Chal||Geeta|
|Nishant (Night's End)||Rukumani|
|Charandas Chor||Rajkumari (Princess)|
|1977||Bhumika||Usha / Urvashi Dalvi|| National Film Award for Best Actress |
Nominated–Filmfare Best Actress Award
|Saal Solvan Chadya||Pinky||Punjabi film|
|Jait Re Jait||Chindhi||Marathi film|
|1978||Kondura / Anugraham||Parvati||Hindi / Telugu film|
|Sapne Apne Apne|
|Bhavani Bhavai||Ujaan||Gujarati Film|
|Albert Pinto Ko Gussa Kyon Aata Hai||Joan|
|1981||Chakra||Amma||National Film Award for Best Actress|
Filmfare Best Actress Award
|Bazaar||Najma||Nominated–Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|Badle Ki Aag||Bijli|
|Arth||Kavita Sanyal||Nominated–Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award|
|Umbartha||Sulabha Mahajan||Marathi film, Dubbed as Subah in Hindi|
Marathi Rajya Chitrapat Puraskar for Best Actress
|Dard Ka Rishta||Dr. Anuradha|
|Naseeb Ni Balihari||Gujarati Film|
|Ardh Satya||Jyotsna Gokhale|
|Mandi||Zeenat||Nominated–Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award|
|Sharaabi||Guest Appearance in Song "Jahan Char Yaar Mil Jaye"|
|Hum Do Hamare Do|
|Aaj Ki Aawaz||Rajni Deshmukh||Nominated–Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|Pet Pyaar Aur Paap|
|Kasam Paida Karne Wale Ki||Aarti|
|Meraa Dost Meraa Dushman||Lali|
|Kanoon Meri Mutthi Mein|
|Anand Aur Anand||Kiran|
|1985||Jawab||Rajni / Radha Gupta / Fredi Martis / Salma Hussain|
|Ghulami||Sumitra Sultan Singh|
|Meraa Ghar Mere Bachche||Geeta Bhargav|
|Debshishu||Seeta||Posthumous Release Bengali film|
|1986||Kaanch Ki Deewar||Nisha|
|Aap Ke Saath||Ganga|
|Anokha Rishta||Dr. Miss Padma Kapoor|
|1987||Insaniyat Ke Dushman||Lakshmi Nath||Posthumous Release|
|Thikana||Shashi Goel||Posthumous Release|
|Mirch Masala||Sonbai||Posthumous Release|
|Dance Dance||Radha||Posthumous Release|
|Raahee||Rano / Sandhya||Posthumous Release|
|Avam||Dr. Shabnam||Posthumous Release|
|Thikana||Shashi Goel||Posthumous Release|
|Sher Shivaji||Posthumous Release|
|1988||Hum Farishte Nahin||Roma||Posthumous Release|
|Akarshan||Posthumous Release, Special appearance|
|1989||Oonch Neech Beech||Unreleased|
|Galiyon Ke Badshah||Tulsi||Posthumous Release(Final film role)|
Shabana Azmi is an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Regarded as one of the finest actresses in India, Azmi's performances in films of various genres have earned her praise and several accolades. This includes a record five National Film Awards and five Filmfare Awards. She was honoured among "women in cinema" at the 30th International Film Festival of India. In 1988, the Government of India awarded her with Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian honour of the country.
Shyam Benegal is an Indian director and screenwriter. With his first four feature films Ankur (1973), Nishant (1975), Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977) he was part of a new genre, which has now come to be called the "middle cinema" in India. He has expressed dislike of the term, preferring his work to be called New or Alternate cinema. Benegal was awarded the Padma Shri in 1976 and the Padma Bhushan in 1991. On 8 August 2007, Benegal was awarded the highest award in Indian cinema for lifetime achievement, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2005. He has won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi seven times. He was awarded the V. Shantaram Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2018 Mumbai International Film Festival.
Bhumika is a 1977 Indian film directed by Shyam Benegal. The film stars Smita Patil, Amol Palekar, Anant Nag, Naseeruddin Shah and Amrish Puri.
Raj Babbar is an Indian Hindi and Punjabi film actor and politician belonging to Indian National Congress. three-time member of the Lok Sabha and a two-time member of the Upper House of the Indian Parliament. He was the President of Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee.
Neena Gupta is an Indian actress and television director. Known for her work in both art-house and commercial films, she won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing a young widow in Woh Chokri (1994). In 2018, she saw career resurgence for starring as a middle-aged pregnant woman in the comedy-drama Badhaai Ho, for which she won the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress and received a nomination for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress.
Govind Nihalani is an Indian film director, cinematographer, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Hindi cinema. He has been the recipient of six National Film Awards, and five Bollywood Filmfare Awards. In 1996, his script for Drohkaal was adapted by Kamal Haasan for its Tamil remake, Kuruthipunal, which subsequently became India's official entry for the 68th Academy Awards Best Foreign Language Film category.
Namak Halaal is a 1982 Indian comedy masala film, directed by Prakash Mehra and written by Kader Khan. The film stars Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Smita Patil, Parveen Babi, Waheeda Rehman, Om Prakash, Ranjeet, Satyen Kappu, Suresh Oberoi and Ram Sethi. It features music produced by Bappi Lahiri, with lyrics written by Anjaan.
Deepti Naval is an Indian actress, director, and writer, predominantly active in Hindi cinema.
Dr. Jabbar Patel is a Marathi-language theatre and film director of India. His production of the play Vijay Tendulkar's play Ghashiram Kotwal, in 1973 is considered a classic in Modern Indian Theatre.
Aaj Ki Awaaz is a 1984 Indian Hindi-language action drama film produced by B. R. Chopra and directed by Ravi Chopra. The film stars Raj Babbar, Smita Patil, Nana Patekar, and Vijay Arora. The film's music is by Ravi. The film is based on 1982 Hollywood movie Death Wish II. This film was remade in Telugu in 1985 as Nyayam Meere Cheppali, in Tamil in 1985 as Naan Sigappu Manithan and in Kannada as Mahatma.
Nishant is a 1975 Hindi drama film directed by Shyam Benegal, based on an original screenplay by noted playwright Vijay Tendulkar, with dialogues by Satyadev Dubey.
Kalpana Lajmi (1954–2018) was an Indian film director, producer and screenwriter. Lajmi was an independent filmmaker working more on realistic, low-budget films, which are known in India as parallel cinema. Her films were often woman-oriented. She had been for a longtime manager with famous Assamese/Hindi/Bengali/English singer/lyricist/writer/film-maker Bhupen Hazarika. She was diagnosed with kidney cancer in 2017 and died on 23 September 2018 at the age of 64.
Mandi is a 1983 Hindi film directed by Shyam Benegal.
Prateik Babbar is an Indian actor who predominantly appears in Hindi language films. The son of actress Smita Patil and actor Raj Babbar, he began his career as a production assistant before pursuing an acting career. Prior to his screen debut, Babbar appeared in television advertisements for a variety of products, including Nestle KitKat, on the recommendation of the filmmaker Prahlad Kakkar. Since his debut in Bollywood, Babbar has received accolades such as a Filmfare Award and a Stardust Award.
Aakhir Kyon? is a 1985 Indian Hindi-language film produced and directed by J. Om Prakash. It stars Rajesh Khanna, Smita Patil, Rakesh Roshan and Tina Munim. The movie was declared a hit on its release.
Shivajirao Girdhar Patil was an Indian social activist and politician from the state of Maharashtra. He began his social activism at an early age when he participated in the Indian independence movement. Post-independence, he was associated with various political parties and had been member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and even the Rajya Sabha for one term. In 2013, he was presented with the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award. He was the father of Indian film actress Smita Patil.
Anjali Paigankar is a Hindi and Marathi film actress.
Thikana is a 1987 Hindi crime drama film directed by Mahesh Bhatt. It featured Smita Patil, Anil Kapoor and Amrita Singh in lead roles.
Hansa Wadkar (1923–1971) was a Marathi and Hindi film and stage actress of Indian cinema. She started her acting career at the age of thirteen years, as a heroine in the bilingual film Vijaychi Lagne (1936). Wadkar went on to make a name for herself working in the reputable film companies like Bombay Talkies, Prabhat Film Company and National Studios. Her career defining role was in Vishnupant Damle's Sant Sakhu (1941) where she enacted the role of the female saint Sakhu. Her other memorable roles were in the Tamasha genre films like Lokshahir Ram Joshi (1947), termed as the "Classic Marathi Tamasha musical". Sangtye Aika (1959) was another of Marathi cinema's "best known Tamasha film" along with Ram Joshi. She thus acted in two of Marathi cinema's biggest hits Lokshahir Ramjoshi and Sangtye Aika. The title "Sangtye Aika" was used by Wadkar for her autobiography compiled in 1971. The autobiography was initially serialised in the Marathi magazine Manoos helped by journalist Arun Sadhu.
Maithili Rao is an Indian freelance film critic, writer, journalist and former English lecturer based in Mumbai. She has worked for several publications, including The Hindu, Frontline, Film Comment, the Sunday Observer, Gentleman, The Independent, and Screen.