Smithills

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Smithills
Smithills Hall in 2004.jpg
Smithills Hall
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Smithills
Location within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD695121
  London 221.6 mi (356.6 km)  NW
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOLTON
Postcode district BL1
Dialling code 01204
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°36′17″N2°27′44″W / 53.604657°N 2.462251°W / 53.604657; -2.462251 Coordinates: 53°36′17″N2°27′44″W / 53.604657°N 2.462251°W / 53.604657; -2.462251

Smithills is a mainly residential suburb of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is 3.1 miles (5 km) northwest of Bolton, 14.5 miles (23 km) south of Blackburn and 17.9 miles (29 km) northwest of Manchester. [1] Smithills lies on the lower south facing slopes of the West Pennine Moors.

Bolton town in Greater Manchester, in the North West of England

Bolton is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton.

Greater Manchester County of England

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county and combined authority area in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.

Blackburn town in Lancashire, England

Blackburn is a town in Lancashire, England, north of the West Pennine Moors on the southern edge of the Ribble Valley, 9 miles (14 km) east of Preston and 20.9 miles (34 km) NNW of Manchester. Blackburn is bounded to the south by Darwen, with which it forms the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen; Blackburn is its administrative centre.

Contents

Toponymy

The name Smithills derives from the Old English smeþe meaning smooth and hyll, a hill and was recorded as Smythell in 1322. [2]

Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid-5th century, and the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman conquest of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman, a relative of French. This is regarded as marking the end of the Old English era, as during this period the English language was heavily influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English.

History

Lying within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Smithills was anciently a manor in the township of Halliwell with Smithills Hall as the manor house. [3] In 1877, the south-eastern area of Halliwell became the ninth electoral wards of the County Borough of Bolton. [3] [4] The remaining north-western area became known as Halliwell Higher End until 1894 when it changed its name to Smithills and became one of the civil parishes of the Bolton Rural District, but it too became part of the County Borough of Bolton in 1898. [3] [4]

Historic counties of England Geographical designations for areas of England, based on historical traditions

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others. They are alternatively known as ancient counties, traditional counties, former counties or simply as counties. In the centuries that followed their establishment, as well as their administrative function, the counties also helped define local culture and identity. This role continued even after the counties ceased to be used for administration after the creation of administrative counties in 1889, which were themselves amended by further local government reforms in the years following.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

Manor Estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a manorial court

In English law, a manor is an estate in land which includes the right to hold a manorial court. The Lord of the manor, through the manorial court, has jurisdiction over those who live within the lands of the manor. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.

Governance

Since 1974, Smithills has been part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton and gives its name to one of Bolton Council's electoral wards, the Smithills ward which includes Barrow Bridge, Delph Hill, Doffcocker, Johnson Fold, Moss Bank Park, and Smithills Moor. It is represented in Bolton Town Hall by three councillors. [5] At the United Kingdom Census 2011, the ward had a population of 14,011. [6] The ward is also part of the Bolton West constituency and has been represented in the House of Commons by the Conservative Party MP Chris Green since 2015.

Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England, named after its largest town, Bolton, but covering a far larger area which includes Blackrod, Farnworth, Horwich, Kearsley, Westhoughton, and part of the West Pennine Moors. It has a population of 276,800.

Barrow Bridge, Bolton human settlement in United Kingdom

Barrow Bridge is a model village in the north-west outskirts of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It was created in the Industrial Revolution but since the demolition of the mills is now a residential village.

Doffcocker is a mostly residential district of Bolton, Greater Manchester, lying about 3½ miles from the town centre on the northwest edge of the suburbs on the lower south facing slopes of the West Pennine Moors. Historically within Lancashire, it is bounded by Markland Hill and Heaton to the south and Halliwell to the east.

Education

Smithills has two schools: St Peter's Smithills Dean Church of England Primary School for pupils aged 4–11 and Smithills School, a mixed secondary school for pupils aged 11–16.

Smithills School is a mixed secondary school located in Smithills, Bolton, Greater Manchester.

Mixed-sex education, also known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures, particularly in Western countries. Single-sex education, however, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries. The relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate.

Secondary school A building and/or organization where secondary education is provided

A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can also be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system.

Related Research Articles

Farnworth town and an unparished area in Greater Manchester, England

Farnworth is a town and an unparished area within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) southeast of Bolton, 4.3 miles south-west of Bury (7 km), and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) northwest of Manchester.

Bolton West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Bolton West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Chris Green of the Conservative Party.

Blackrod town in Bolton, United Kindom

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Kearsley town in England, Britain

Kearsley is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. The population at the 2011 census was 14,212. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Manchester, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Bury and 3 34 miles (6 km) south of Bolton.

Smithills Hall Grade I listed English country house in the United Kingdom

Smithills Hall is a Grade I listed manor house, and a scheduled monument in Smithills, Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It stands on the slopes of the West Pennine Moors above Bolton at a height of 500 feet, three miles north west of the town centre. It occupies a defensive site near the Astley and Raveden Brooks. One of the oldest manor houses in the north west of England, its oldest parts, including the great hall, date from the 15th century and it has been since been altered and extended particularly the west part. Parts of it were moated. The property is owned by Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council and open to the public.

Stoneclough village in United Kingdom

Stoneclough is a suburban area of Kearsley in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is located 3.7 miles (6 km) south-east of Bolton, 4 miles (6 km) south-west of Bury and 7.9 miles (13 km) north-west of Manchester. It is located on the banks of the River Irwell to the southeast of Bolton.

Harwood, Greater Manchester suburb in Greater Manchester

Harwood is a suburb to the north-northeast of Bolton, Greater Manchester, bordering Bury in North West England. Harwood is also part of the historic county of Lancashire.

Lostock, Bolton settlement in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England

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Halliwell, Greater Manchester human settlement in United Kingdom

Halliwell is predominantly a residential area of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It gives its name to an electoral ward of the wider Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 census was 13,929. Halliwell lies about 2 miles (3.2 km) to the north west of Bolton town centre and is bounded by Tonge Moor to the east and Heaton to the south west. Smithills Hall to the north is within the ancient township. It lies on the lower south facing slopes of the West Pennine Moors.

Breightmet

Breightmet is a neighbourhood of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 13,584. Historically a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, it lies 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Bolton and 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of Bury.

Heaton, Greater Manchester human settlement in United Kingdom

Bolton South East

Bradshaw, Greater Manchester human settlement in United Kingdom

Bradshaw is a village of the unparished area of South Turton in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It gives its name to the larger Bradshaw electoral ward, which includes Harwood. Historically a part of Lancashire, Bradshaw lies on the southern edge of the West Pennine Moors.

Horrocks Fold village in United Kingdom

Horrocks Fold is a hamlet in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is 4 miles (6 km) northwest of Bolton town centre and 2.5 miles (4 km) southeast of Belmont. Horrocks Fold lies on the southern slopes of the West Pennine Moors. Originally a farm and collection of barns and outbuildings, the site was converted to private residences in the early 1980s.

Rumworth is an electoral ward of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 16,250. Historically it was part of the hundred of Salford in Lancashire and centre of the Parish of Deane which once covered roughly half of the present Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. St Mary's Church on which the parish was centred was in the township of Rumworth.

Tonge with Haulgh was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. In 2011 it was a ward of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council. The ward population at the 2011 census was 13,126.

Sharples, a suburb of Bolton, was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. It lay 2½ miles north of Bolton. It contained the smaller settlements of Banktop, Sweet-Loves, High-Houses, Gale, Folds, Belmont, Piccadilly, Water-Meetings, Old Houses and part of Astley Bridge.

Astley Bridge area and ward in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England

Astley Bridge is predominantly a residential district of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is 2.5 miles (4 km) north of Bolton town centre, 11.7 miles (19 km) south of Blackburn, and 14.3 miles (23 km) northwest of Manchester.

References

  1. "AA Route Planner". The AA. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  2. Mills, David (1976). The Placenames of Lancashire. Batsford. p. 134. ISBN   0-7134-5236-6.
  3. 1 2 3 Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911). "Township: Halliwell". A History of the County of Lancaster. Victoria County History . Volume 5. British History Online. pp. 12–20. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  4. 1 2 "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Place names – G to H. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  5. "Elected Members". Bolton Council. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  6. "Area: Smithills (Ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics . Office for National Statistics. Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics. Retrieved 7 August 2016.