Sobral, Ceará

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City waterfront
Bandeira sobral.PNG
Brasao sobral.jpg
"Princesa do Norte" (North's Princess)
Sobral cada vez melhor
Ceara Municip Sobral.svg
Location in the state of Ceará and Brazil
Coordinates: 03°40′26″S40°14′20″W / 3.67389°S 40.23889°W / -3.67389; -40.23889 Coordinates: 03°40′26″S40°14′20″W / 3.67389°S 40.23889°W / -3.67389; -40.23889
Country Brazil
Region Northeast
State Ceará
SettledJuly 5, 1773
  MayorIvo Gomes (PDT)
  Total2,129.989 km2 (822.393 sq mi)
70 m (230 ft)
(2009) [1]
  Density83.32/km2 (215.8/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
  Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2010)0.714 [2] UNDP
Reference no.944
A general view of the city's downtown area as photographed from the seat of the city government Sobral-view.jpg
A general view of the city's downtown area as photographed from the seat of the city government
A historical building in downtown Sobral Sobral-centro-linguas.jpg
A historical building in downtown Sobral

Sobral is a municipality in the state of Ceará, Brazil.

Municipalities of Brazil administrative division of the states in Brazil

The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853.

Ceará State of Brazil

Ceará is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast. It is the eighth-largest Brazilian State by population and the 17th by area. It is also one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil. The state capital is the city of Fortaleza, the country's fourth most populous city.


Sobral is the fifth largest municipality of Ceará, after Fortaleza. Its economy is based on agriculture, services and some manufacturing industries. The city has two public universities: Universidade Federal do Ceará) and Universidade Estadual do Vale do Acaraú. It also has private universities, such as Faculdade Luciano Feijão  [ pt ], Unopar  [ pt ], and UNINTA  [ pt ] − a theological institute. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sobral.

Fortaleza Municipality in Brazil

Fortaleza is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. It belongs to the Metropolitan mesoregion of Fortaleza and microregion of Fortaleza. Located 2285 km from Brasilia, the federal capital, the city has developed on the banks of the creek Pajeú, and its name is an allusion to Fort Schoonenborch, which gave rise to the city, built by the Dutch during their second stay in the area between 1649 and 1654. The motto of Fortaleza, present in its coat of arms is the Latin word Fortitudine, which means "with strength/courage".

Industry production of goods or service of a given field within an economy

Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy. The major source of revenue of a group or company is the indicator of its relevant industry. When a large group has multiple sources of revenue generation, it is considered to be working in different industries. Manufacturing industry became a key sector of production and labour in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution, upsetting previous mercantile and feudal economies. This came through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the production of steel and coal.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sobral is a diocese located in the city of Sobral in the Ecclesiastical province of Fortaleza in Brazil.

The city is known for being the place where the astronomical observation of a solar eclipse on May 29, 1919, by a team of British scientists led by Sir Frank Watson Dyson was offered as the first proof of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, which had been published in 1916. The town's Museu do Eclipse  [ pt ] ("Museum of the Eclipse") celebrates this event. There is a monument in Patrocínio Square marking the location of this solar eclipse. A planetarium was also inaugurated in 2015 next to this monument. [3]

Solar eclipse natural phenomenon wherein the Sun is obscured by the Moon

A solar eclipse occurs when an observer passes through the shadow cast by the Moon which fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun. This can only happen when the Sun, Moon and Earth are nearly aligned on a straight line in three dimensions (syzygy) during a new moon when the Moon is close to the ecliptic plane. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured.

Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 29, 1919. With the duration of totality at maximum eclipse of 6 minutes 51 seconds, it was the longest solar eclipse since May 27, 1416. A longer total solar eclipse would later occur on June 8, 1937.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1927

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.



The climate of Sobral is hot almost all year. The temperature in the municipality varies from 22 to 36 °C (72 to 97 °F).



There are 105 schools in the city.

Public schools

Private schools



The city has thirteen radio stations.


The city has one television station, NordesTV. [4]

Tourist attractions


Four roads give access to the city: BR-222  [ pt ], CE-440  [ pt ], CE-441 and BR-220. [5]

Notable people

Ciro Gomes Brazilian politician, lawyer and professor

Ciro Ferreira Gomes, often known monomyously as Ciro, is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and academic, affiliated with the Democratic Labor Party (PDT). He was the PDT's presidential candidate in the 2018 Brazilian election.

Florent Amodio figure skater

Florent Amodio is a French figure skater. He is the 2011 European champion, a four-time French national champion, and the 2008 JGP Final champion. He has represented France at two Winter Olympics.

Cid Gomes Brazilian engineer and politician

Cid Ferreira Gomes is a Brazilian politician who serves as a Senator for the state of Ceará since 2019. He is a member of the Democratic Labour Party (PDT).

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Federal University of Ceará federal university with campuses in the cities of Fortaleza, Sobral, Barbalha, Russas, Quixadá and Crateús, in the state of Ceará, Brazil

The Federal University of Ceará is a federal university with campuses in the cities of Fortaleza, Sobral, Barbalha, Russas, Quixadá and Crateús, in the state of Ceará, Brazil. UFC is a public and tuition-free university, with several academic programs in most areas of knowledge.

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