Sobral, Ceará

Last updated

Sobral
MARGEM ESQUERDA.jpg
City waterfront
Bandeira sobral.PNG
Flag
Brasao sobral.jpg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Princesa do Norte" (North's Princess)
Motto(s): 
Sobral cada vez melhor
Ceara Municip Sobral.svg
Location in the state of Ceará and Brazil
Coordinates: 03°40′26″S40°14′20″W / 3.67389°S 40.23889°W / -3.67389; -40.23889 Coordinates: 03°40′26″S40°14′20″W / 3.67389°S 40.23889°W / -3.67389; -40.23889
Country Brazil
Region Northeast
State Ceará
SettledJuly 5, 1773
Government
  MayorIvo Gomes (PDT)
Area
  Total2,129.989 km2 (822.393 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
(2009) [1]
  Total213,673
  Density83.32/km2 (215.8/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
  Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2010)0.714 [2] UNDP
Website www.sobral.ce.gov.br
Designated1379
Reference no.944
A general view of the city's downtown area as photographed from the seat of the city government Sobral-view.jpg
A general view of the city's downtown area as photographed from the seat of the city government
A historical building in downtown Sobral Sobral-centro-linguas.jpg
A historical building in downtown Sobral

Sobral is a municipality in the state of Ceará, Brazil.

Municipalities of Brazil administrative division of the states in Brazil

The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853.

Ceará State of Brazil

Ceará is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast. It is the eighth-largest Brazilian State by population and the 17th by area. It is also one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil. The state capital is the city of Fortaleza, the country's fourth most populous city.

Contents

Sobral is the fifth largest municipality of Ceará, after Fortaleza. Its economy is based on agriculture, services and some manufacturing industries. The city has two public universities: Universidade Federal do Ceará) and Universidade Estadual do Vale do Acaraú. It also has private universities, such as Faculdade Luciano Feijão  [ pt ], Unopar  [ pt ], and UNINTA  [ pt ] − a theological institute. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sobral.

Fortaleza Municipality in Brazil

Fortaleza is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. It belongs to the Metropolitan mesoregion of Fortaleza and microregion of Fortaleza. Located 2285 km from Brasilia, the federal capital, the city has developed on the banks of the creek Pajeú, and its name is an allusion to Fort Schoonenborch, which gave rise to the city, built by the Dutch during their second stay in the area between 1649 and 1654. The motto of Fortaleza, present in its coat of arms is the Latin word Fortitudine, which means "with strength/courage".

Industry production of goods or service of a given field within an economy

Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy. The major source of revenue of a group or company is the indicator of its relevant industry. When a large group has multiple sources of revenue generation, it is considered to be working in different industries. Manufacturing industry became a key sector of production and labour in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution, upsetting previous mercantile and feudal economies. This came through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the production of steel and coal.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sobral is a diocese located in the city of Sobral in the Ecclesiastical province of Fortaleza in Brazil.

The city is known for being the place where the astronomical observation of a solar eclipse on May 29, 1919, by a team of British scientists led by Sir Frank Watson Dyson was offered as the first proof of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, which had been published in 1916. The town's Museu do Eclipse  [ pt ] ("Museum of the Eclipse") celebrates this event. There is a monument in Patrocínio Square marking the location of this solar eclipse. A planetarium was also inaugurated in 2015 next to this monument. [3]

Solar eclipse natural phenomenon wherein the Sun is obscured by the Moon

A solar eclipse occurs when an observer passes through the shadow cast by the Moon which fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun. This can only happen when the Sun, Moon and Earth are nearly aligned on a straight line in three dimensions (syzygy) during a new moon when the Moon is close to the ecliptic plane. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured.

Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 29, 1919. With the duration of totality at maximum eclipse of 6 minutes 51 seconds, it was the longest solar eclipse since May 27, 1416. A longer total solar eclipse would later occur on June 8, 1937.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1927

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

Government

Climate

The climate of Sobral is hot almost all year. The temperature in the municipality varies from 22 to 36 °C (72 to 97 °F).

Education

Universities

There are 105 schools in the city.

Public schools

Private schools

Media

Radio

The city has thirteen radio stations.

Television

The city has one television station, NordesTV. [4]

Tourist attractions

Access

Four roads give access to the city: BR-222  [ pt ], CE-440  [ pt ], CE-441 and BR-220. [5]

Notable people

Ciro Gomes Brazilian politician, lawyer and professor

Ciro Ferreira Gomes, often known monomyously as Ciro, is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and academic, affiliated with the Democratic Labor Party (PDT). He was the PDT's presidential candidate in the 2018 Brazilian election.

Florent Amodio figure skater

Florent Amodio is a French figure skater. He is the 2011 European champion, a four-time French national champion, and the 2008 JGP Final champion. He has represented France at two Winter Olympics.

Cid Gomes Brazilian engineer and politician

Cid Ferreira Gomes is a Brazilian politician who serves as a Senator for the state of Ceará since 2019. He is a member of the Democratic Labour Party (PDT).

Related Research Articles

Campinas Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Campinas is a Brazilian municipality in São Paulo State, part of the country's Southeast Region. According to the 2010 Census, the city's population is 1,080,999, making it the fourteenth most populous Brazilian city and the third most populous municipality in São Paulo state. The city's metropolitan area, Metropolitan Region of Campinas, contains twenty municipalities with a total population of 3,656,363 people.

University of São Paulo public state university in Brazil

The University of São Paulo is a public university in the Brazilian state of São Paulo. It is the largest Brazilian public university and the country's most prestigious educational institution, the best university in Ibero-America, and holds a high reputation among world universities, being ranked 100 worldwide in reputation by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. USP is involved in teaching, research and university extension in all areas of knowledge, offering a broad range of courses.

Assis Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Assis is a city and a municipality in the southwestern part of the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 101,597 in an area of 460.61 km². The town was founded on July 5, 1905 and became a municipality in 1917, when it was separated from Platina. It is the largest city of its microregion, and the 2nd of its mesoregion, and is 434 km away from the capital, São Paulo. The town has an annual average temperature of 21,37 °C, annual rainfall 1,441 mm (56.7 in), and the vegetation predominates Mata Atlântica and Cerrado, is then a transition zone of vegetation. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.805, considered high if comparated to state and is in 28th place among Brazilian cities.

Patrocínio Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Patrocínio is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. The population is 88,648 in an area of 2874 km². The elevation is 965 m.

Federal University of Ceará federal university with campuses in the cities of Fortaleza, Sobral, Barbalha, Russas, Quixadá and Crateús, in the state of Ceará, Brazil

The Federal University of Ceará is a federal university with campuses in the cities of Fortaleza, Sobral, Barbalha, Russas, Quixadá and Crateús, in the state of Ceará, Brazil. UFC is a public and tuition-free university, with several academic programs in most areas of knowledge.

The Prêmio José Reis de Divulgação Científica is an annual honor awarded by the Brazilian Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) to the institution, media organization, publication, or individual who most contributed to the dissemination and public awareness of science and technology in Brazil. It is thus named in honor of Dr. José Reis, a Brazilian biologist and science writer who was one of the pioneers in the field.

Aquiraz Municipality in Northeast, Brazil

Aquiraz is the thirteenth largest city in the state of Ceará and is located on the nation's northeast coast. The municipality has a population of 78,438 with a population density of 160 inhabitants per square kilometer. Aquiraz is located 32 km (20 mi) from the state capital of Ceará, Fortaleza. It borders the municipalities of Maranguape, Caucaia, Pacatuba, Guaiuba, and Maracanau; the Atlantic Ocean makes up its northeast border. The Pacoti and Catu rivers cross Aquiraz and empty into the ocean.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Fortaleza archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Fortaleza is an archdiocese located in the city of Fortaleza in Brazil.

<i>A noite do castelo</i> opera

A noite do castelo is an opera seria in three acts by the Brazilian Romantic era composer, Antônio Carlos Gomes. The libretto in Brazilian Portuguese by Antônio José Fernandes dos Reis was based on António Feliciano de Castilho's 1830 poem of the same name. The work premiered at the Theatro Lyrico Fluminense in Rio de Janeiro on September 4, 1861.

Osasco Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Osasco is a municipality in São Paulo State, Brazil, located in the Greater São Paulo and ranking 5th in population among São Paulo municipalities. According to the IBGE 2015, Osasco currently has the 9th highest Gross Domestic Product in Brazil, and the 2nd largest in the State of São Paulo. The population is 696,382 in an area of 64.95 km². It is among the world's more dense cities, similar in density to Tokyo and New York City. It's considered the major urban centre of the Western portion of the Greater São Paulo. It used to be a district of São Paulo City until February 19, 1962, when Osasco became a municipality of its own. The city motto is "Urbs labor", Latin phrase that means "City work".

Tremembé people

The Tremembé or Teremembé people are an indigenous people in the state of Ceará in Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

References

Wayback Machine Web archive service

The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet. It was launched in 2001 by the Internet Archive, a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California, United States.