Sofia Ring Road

Last updated
Nat road 18 BG.svg
Sofia Ring Road
Софийски околовръстен път
Sofia Ring Road map.svg
Sofia Ring Road highlighted in red
Route information
Length60 km (37 mi)
Major junctions
Beltway around Sofia
Highway system

The Sofia ring road (Bulgarian : Софийски околовръстен път, Sofíyski okolovrásten pat), also called in Bulgarian Okolovrástnoto shosé (Околовръстното шосе, The ring chaussée), often shortened to just Okolovrástnoto (Околовръстното, literally The ring [chaussée]) is an important thoroughfare surrounding Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. The ring road is around 60 km long and has recently been upgraded on several sections, with plans to further improve it on the remaining sections. [1]



Upgraded section of the southern arc of Sofia ring road Okolovr'sten p't na Sofiia.JPG
Upgraded section of the southern arc of Sofia ring road

The Sofia ring road is divided into four sections (arcs), at south, north, west and east. A major part of southern arc has been significantly upgraded in several stages between 2007 and 2012, providing now a conflict-free connection between the Boyana and the Mladost IV junctions. [1] The next planned upgrade on the southern section will be between the Buxton district and the Lyulin motorway (A6), which may begin after 2013. [1] The segment between Mladost and Tsarigradsko shose blvd / Trakia motorway (A1) interchange has conceptual design since 2015, [2] with a proposal to be upgraded with an EIB loan. [3]

The eastern arc, which lies between the Trakia motorway (A1) and the Hemus motorway (A2), is grade-separated and provides three traffic lanes and a hard shoulder in each direction. Though, it's not signed as a motorway and a 90 km/h (56 mph) speed limit applies.

In the northern part of city, the Northern Speed Tangent connects the Mramor village with the Hemus motorway. It is a controlled-access highway, designed to carry the transit traffic and supersedes the existing northern arc. [1] It was tendered in 2012, [4] the construction works began in 2015. [5] and it was inaugurated in April 2016. [6]

The western arc is completely upgraded to a grade-separated status, between the Lyulin motorway (A6) and the Northern Speed Tangent. [1] The first section, between the Lyulin motorway and the Kakach river, was constructed between 2012 [7] and 2015. [7] [8] The second section, between the Kakach river and the Northern Speed Tangent, was tendered in 2013 [9] [10] but the tender later failed. A second tender was announced in 2014 and the construction began in October 2015. [8] It was inaugurated on 13 September 2016. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sofia Airport International airport in Bulgaria

Sofia Airport is the main international airport of Bulgaria, located 10 km (6.2 mi) east of the centre of the capital Sofia. In 2019 the airport surpassed 7 million passengers for the first time. The airport serves as the home base for BH Air, Bulgaria Air and Bulgarian Air Charter, and as a base for both Ryanair and Wizz Air. The airport also houses the Bulgarian Air Force's Vrazhdebna Air Base.

Sofia Metro Rapid transit system of Sofia, Bulgaria

The Sofia Metro is the rapid transit network servicing the Bulgarian capital city Sofia. It began operation on 28 January 1998. As of August 2020, the Sofia Metro consists of four interconnected lines, serving 47 stations, with a total route length of 52.0 kilometres (32.3 mi) being among the top 20 of the most extensive European metro systems, ranking 19th as of 2020. The Metro links the densely populated districts of Lyulin – Mladost and Nadezhda – Lozenets, and serves the Sofia Airport.

Hemus motorway Freeway in Bulgaria

The Hemus motorway or Haemus motorway, designated A2, is a partially built motorway in Bulgaria. Its planned length is 418 km, of which 178,6 km are in operation as of June 2020. The motorway in operation is divided into two sections — the first one links the capital Sofia with Boaza near Yablanitsa, crossing Stara planina, and the second segment connects Varna and Belokopitivo near Shumen. According to the plans, Hemus motorway would connect Sofia with the third-largest city of Varna, at the Black Sea coast, duplicating European route E70 (Varna–Shumen), European route E772 (Shumen–Yablanitsa) and European route E83 (Yablanitsa–Sofia).

Cherno More motorway Road in Bulgaria

The Cherno More motorway or the Black Sea motorway is a Bulgarian motorway planned to link the major coastal cities of Varna and Burgas, passing along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It is part of the Pan-European Corridor VIII and is estimated to be 103 km long when finished. As of 2016, 10 km of the motorway are completed, from the Asparuhov bridge in Varna to the village of Priseltsi.

Struma motorway

The Struma Motorway is a motorway currently under construction in Bulgaria. The motorway is located in the Yugozapaden area in South West Bulgaria, and follows the route Sofia-Pernik-Dupnitsa-Blagoevgrad-Sandanski to Kulata on the border with in Greece. It is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV and also is part of Е79, that runs from Miskolc (Hungary) to Thessaloniki (Greece), via the Romanian cities of Deva and Craiova. This project is under the European Union's Ten-T Priority Projects. The road is also part of the proposed Via Carpatia route.

The Battle of Strumica took place in August 1014, near Strumica, present-day North Macedonia, between Bulgarian and Byzantine forces. Bulgarian troops under Emperor Samuil's son Gavril Radomir defeated the army of the governor of Thessaloniki, Theophylactus Botaniates, who perished in the battle. After his death the Byzantine Emperor Basil II was forced to pull back from Bulgaria and was unable to take advantage of his success in the recent Battle of Kleidion.

Pan-European Corridor X

The Corridor X is one of the pan-European corridors. It runs between Salzburg in Austria and Thessaloniki in Greece. The corridor passes through Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, North Macedonia, and Greece. It has four branches: Xa, Xb, Xc, and Xd.

Tsarigradsko shose

Tsarigradsko shose is the largest boulevard in the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia. The boulevard provides grade-separated dual carriageway in almost its entire length of 11.4 km, running from the north-west to the south-east. It begins in the city center, at Orlov Most, before which it is called Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard. In its east end, at the Sofia Ring Road, the boulevard becomes part of the Trakia motorway (A1). The maximum allowed speed on Tsarigradsko shose is 80 km/h between Orlov Most and Gorublyane neighbourhood.

Vasil Todorov Gyuzelev is a Bulgarian historian who studies Bulgaria during the Middle Ages.

The Brsjak revolt broke out on 14 October 1880 in the Poreče region of the Monastir Vilayet, led by rebels who sought the liberation of Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire. According to Ottoman sources the goal of the revolt was the accession of Macedonia to Bulgaria. The rebels received secret aid from Principality of Serbia, which had earlier been at war with the Ottoman Empire, until Ottoman and Russian diplomatic intervention in 1881. The Ottoman Gendarmerie succeeded in suppressing the rebellion after a year.

Highways in Bulgaria Wikipedia list article

Highways in Bulgaria are dual carriageways, grade separated with controlled-access, designed for high speeds. In 2012, legislation amendments defined two types of highways: motorways and expressways. The main differences are that motorways have emergency lanes and the maximum allowed speed limit is 140 km/h (87 mph), while expressways do not and the speed limit is 120 km/h (75 mph). As of May 2021, a total of 831.3 kilometers of motorways are in service.

Europe motorway Road in Bulgaria

The Europe motorway, designated A6, is a motorway that will link the Bulgarian capital Sofia with Serbia at the Kalotina border crossing. Spanning approximately 64.15 kilometers (39.86 mi), the motorway is planned to be connected with the Serbian A4 motorway.

Botevgrad-Vidin expressway

The Vidin-Botevgrad expressway is a planned expressway in Bulgaria, that will link the A2 Hemus motorway with Vidin and the New Europe Bridge, at the Danube border crossing to Romania. The expressway shall provide grade-separated dual carriageway with two lanes in each direction and it shall replace or supersede the existing I-1 road.

Aleksandar Tomov (politician) Bulgarian politician, economist, and academic

Aleksandar Trifonov Tomov is a Bulgarian politician, economist, and academic.

I-1 road (Bulgaria)

Republic road I-1 is a major road in western Bulgaria. It runs between the New Europe Bridge, at the Danube border with Romania, and the village of Kulata, at the border crossing to Greece. The total length of the road is 453.8 km (282.0 mi). Most of it provides one driving lane per direction and it is planned to be superseded or replaced in all sections by either motorways, or expressways.

I-8 road (Bulgaria)

Republic road I-8 is a major road in Southern Bulgaria. It runs between Kalotina, at the border with Serbia, and the Kapitan Andreevo border crossing to Turkey. The total length of the road is 386.1 km (239.9 mi). Most of it provides one driving lane per direction. Road I-8 follows European route E80 in its entire length.

Veliko Tarnovo–Ruse motorway

The Veliko Tarnovo–Ruse motorway is a planned motorway in Northern Bulgaria, that will link Veliko Tarnovo and Ruse, at the Danube border crossing to Romania. Planned to be designated A7, it will span for approximately 118 kilometers (73 mi), superseding the existing major road 5. Along with the Hemus motorway (A2), the Veliko Tarnovo–Ruse motorway aims to provide motorway connection between Sofia and Bucharest, the capitals of Bulgaria and Romania. Also, it follows the route of European route E85 and Pan-European Corridor IX. In March 2015, a tender for conceptual design was announced.

The 2019–20 First Professional Football League, also known as Efbet League for sponsorship reasons, was the 96th season of the top division of the Bulgarian football league system, the 71st since a league format was adopted for the national competition of A Group as a top tier of the pyramid, and also the 4th season of the First Professional Football League, which decides the Bulgarian champion. Ludogorets Razgrad were the defending champions after winning their 8th consecutive title in the previous season. On 21 June 2020 the team from Razgrad clinched its 9th championship with four games to spare after a 2:1 win home win over Beroe. The season began in July 2019 and was scheduled to end in May 2020, but was completed in July 2020.

2019 Bulgarian local elections

The first round of the local elections for mayors and municipal councilors on both the local and provincial level in Bulgaria were held on 27 October 2019. The second round of the election took place on 3 November, as per the decree signed by the President of Bulgaria. 6,227,901 Bulgarians were included on the voter lists and were eligible to vote, a 136,000 voter reduction compared to the 2015 local elections.

Leandre le Gay (1833-1887) was a French diplomat in Sofia, Bulgaria during the April Uprising of 1876 and the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878). He prevented the total burn down of the city of Sofia from the fleeing Ottoman troops.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Столичното околовръстно шосе минало настояще и бъдеще". 17 August 2012.
  2. "Четири пътни възела на околовръстното в София от Камбаните до "Цариградско"" (in Bulgarian). 23 February 2015. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015.
  3. "Идеен проект на СОП от "Цариградско" до п.в. "Младост" - до Нова година". (in Bulgarian). 15 September 2014. Archived from the original on 24 September 2014.
  4. "Eleven Tenders Were Opened for the Design and Construction of the North-Speed Tangent". API. 30 November 2012.
  5. "Търсим 400 млн. лв. за 2 пътя до София". Monitor. 6 March 2013. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013.
  6. "Изцяло е пусната за движение Северната скоростна тангента" (in Bulgarian). API. 28 April 2016.
  7. 1 2 "Западната дъга на Софийския околовръстен път". API. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Вторият участък от Западната дъга на София трябва да бъде изграден за 10 месеца" (in Bulgarian). Dnevnik. 22 October 2015.
  9. "В АПИ бяха отворени офертите за строителство на 5,5 км от Софийски околовръстен път – Западна дъга". API. 26 April 2013.
  10. "Отворена е ценовата оферта на допуснатия участник за строителството на 5,5 км от Софийския околовръстен път – Западна дъга" (in Bulgarian). API. Retrieved 15 August 2013.