|Born||December 29, 1880|
|Died||January 18, 1932 51) (aged|
Ventnor City, New Jersey
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|1916–1917||Washington & Jefferson|
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
1 National (1908)
Sol S. Metzger (December 29, 1880 – January 18, 1932) was an American football player, coach of football and basketball, college athletics administrator, and sports journalist. He served as the head football coach at Baylor University (1904), the University of Pennsylvania (1908), Oregon State University (1909), West Virginia University (1914–1915), Washington & Jefferson College (1916–1917), Union College (1919), the University of South Carolina (1920–1924). Metzger was also the head basketball coach at South Carolina for one season in 1920–21, tallying a mark of 7–11. In addition, Metzger wrote a nationally syndicated sports column.
Metzger was born in Bedford, Pennsylvania on December 29, 1880.He was of son of American Civil War veteran Captain Sol Metzger and his wife Margaret (Andrews) Metzger. He was one of six children with three brothers and two sisters. Growing up in Bedford he attended Bedford Public Schools and the Bedford Academy before going to Phillips-Andover Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He graduated from Phillips-Andover Academy in 1899 where he was a member of the track team as a member of the quarter mile relay team.
Metzger was a graduate of University of Pennsylvania in 1903 with a Bachelor of Architecture. He was active in many organizations including Phi Kappa Psi fraternity and Sphinx Society.He was also business manager of the University’s monthly periodical, The Red and Blue. At Penn he was also much involved in several athletic programs including being the manager of the varsity rowing team, a member of the track team and most notably the football team.
As a freshman. Metzger made the freshman football team. He lettered three years at end and quarterback on the varsity team.His first varsity year was played under College Football Hall of Fame coach George Washington Woodruff and last two under Carl S. Williams. In 1901, Metzger first season for the Quakers, he played as a backup. The team started strong by winning their first seven games, but were weakened in part to injuries accumulated during the earlier games. The Quakers lost five out the last eight to finish the season 10–5. The five losses were the most under Woodruff. In addition to the tough season the team had to deal with an undergraduate and dental student revolt upset about the coaching of the team. This led to Head Coach George W. Woodruff to resign as coach. After Woodruff resignation was accepted, the members of the football team sent a letter to the Football Committee unanimously requesting that Woodruff be reinstated as coach. The letter was ignored. In 1902, Carl Sheldon Williams succeeded George W. Woodruff as coached and the Quakers improved to 9–4. The following year Metzger was named captain and led Penn to a 9–3 mark. During his playing career he was best known for playing right end on Defense where he was known for his tackling and stopping the opposition’s runs around end.
After graduating from Penn, he took a job as coach at Baylor University. He compiled a 2–5–1 record in 1904.
In 1908, Metzger succeeded Carl Williams, his former coach, at the University of Pennsylvania. Penn won a retroactive national title after an 11–0–1 campaign in his only year at the helm of the Quakers.During the championship run, the Quakers out-scored their opponents, 215–18. A 6–6 tie with the Carlisle Indians was only blemish on their season. This team was led by two future members of the College Football Hall of Fame, All-American senior captain Bill "Big Bill" Hollenback at halfback and All-American Hunter Scarlett at end.
In 1909, Metzger became head coach at Oregon State University (then known as Oregon Agricultural College) where he posted a 4–2–1 record including late season losses to Washington and the Oregon.During the season, Metzger removed the team's captain, Carl Wolff, from the squad for insubordination.
After spending time raising fruit in Lewiston, Idaho, Metzger coached at West Virginia University from 1914 to 1915, where he and compiled a 10–6–1 record.Metzger replaced Edwin Sweetland to please outraged alumni calling for the hiring of a nationally known coach. During his tenure as coach he was credited with bring in stars such as Ira Errett Rodgers, Russ Bailey and Clay Hite. While at West Virginia he was also noted for being one of the first coaches to employ the screen pass.
In Metzgers first season at West Virginia, the team finished with a 5–4 record.During the season his coaching was hindered when he broke his leg in an automobile accident. The 1915 squad improved to a record of 5–2–1 and gained some national attention. The team scored 216 points to 25 by their opponents. The two losses were a 7–0 loss to traditional power the University of Pennsylvania to start the season, and a forfeit to Washington and Lee. During the Washington & Lee game, Metzger pulled his team off the field alleging rough play while leading 8–6. The only other blemish was a tie to Washington & Jefferson which later defeated traditional power Yale. Metzger was offered the coaching position for the next season but turned it down, instead signing to coach Washington and Jefferson College.
In 1915, Metzger was involved in a controversy with what would become known as a "Tower Play" during a game between West Virginia and Marshall. The Mountaineers were heavily favored and Metzger told the media he would "eat his hat if Marshall scores."As expected, Metzger's team won the game handily by a score of 92–6. West Virginia mostly ran ball to the side line where Blondie Taylor was so to punish him for transferring from WVU to Marshall before the season. To prevent the shutout, Marshall coach Boyd Chambers developed a special play. On their fourth possession. Marshall moved the ball down to the 15-yard line. Marshall back Dayton Carter came in the game. Marshall quarterback Brad Workman, took the snap and set up to pass. Marshall's tackle Okey Taylor and Carter ran toward the end zone. Carter was hoisted onto Taylor's shoulders as Workman rifled a high pass in their direction. Carter caught the ball and fell into the end zone for a score. Metzger argued with the officials, but the referee and umpire could find no rule to discount the score. The next day the Huntington Herald Dispatch head line was “Marshall Scores” The story did not mention much about West Virginia until the middle of the article instead focusing on the Tower play. Metzger protested to former Yale coach Walter Camp, who was in charge of college football rules. Camp upheld the score, however, he changed the rules to not allow the play for the 1916 season.
In 1916, Metzger moved Washington & Jefferson College where he coached for two years. During his tenure he coached the Presidents to a record of 15–5.Metzger replaced Robert Folwell who became coach of the University of Pennsylvania.
The 1916 season Metzger had to contend with injuries and suspensions. Two players (Nuss and Ruble) were injured in a loss to Yale.Before the team left for Richmond, Virginia to play Washington and Lee, three players, Fain, Whitehill and Nall, were declared ineligible due to poor grades. During the victory over Washington and Lee, center Bill Shields fractured ankle and was out for the rest of the season. Before the last game of the season, a victory over Rutgers, Metzger became ill with ptomaine poisoning. Washington and Jefferson was considered one of the youngest and smallest teams in the country, averaging 169 pounds and 20 years of age. Even with the injuries and suspensions, Metzger and the Presidents finished the season with an 8–2 record, the only losses coming mid season in back-to-back games against Yale and Pittsburgh.
Metzger and the Presidents went 7–3 in 1917 losing to West Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Notre Dame by a total of 13 points.The team was led by two future college football hall of fame members Wilbur "Pete" Henry, who was named All-American that year and Edgar Garbisch. After the 1917 season, several players enlisted in the military to serve in World War I. There were rumors that the administration was not happy with Metzger's performance, but would allow him to coach the 1918 season. After the season, Metzger tried to enlist in for service in World War I. He was twice refused because of a leg injury he suffered during his tenure as West Virgian head football coach. After those rejections he took a position as an athletic director in the YMCA at Camp Dix where he organized athletic events for the military personnel.
In 1919, Metzger was named Director of Physical Activities at Union College in Schenectady, New York. In this position he was in charge of coaching the football team as well as developing basketball, baseball and track teams. In developing the athletic program after World War I, Metzger did not have to start from scratch since Union did not abandon its program like other colleges did during the war.
Metzger's last coaching stop was at the University of South Carolina, where he went 31–20–2.
Even while coaching, Metzger's chief occupation was writing for magazine and newspapers. He focused mainly on sports and outdoor subjects including fishing and hunting. Many times he would illustrate his articles with his own drawings.He contributed articles to such magazines as Outing , Collier's Weekly , and The Saturday Evening Post . He wrote a syndicated column called "Touchdown Secrets" that was published by newspapers throughout the country. In addition he started a syndicate to provide newspapers articles written by himself as well as other journalists.
At the beginning of the War many colleges and universities were questioning the value of athletic programs on campus. Metzger wrote a series articles that supported the continuation of athletics at colleges and universities. He argued athletes were more likely to enlist than the general student body. He also indicated that athletic programs help train students for the War effort. He wrote The New York Times that he regarded participating in athletics as a patriotic duty.
Metzger married Miss Mae Oakley of New York City and the couple had three children: John, Robert. and Joy. After retiring from coaching, Metzger moved to Atlantic City, New Jersey, where he resided the rest of his life.A resident of Ventnor City, New Jersey, he died there on January 18, 1932, of erysipelas developed after surgery.
|Penn Quakers (Independent)(1908)|
|Oregon Agricultural Aggies (Independent)(1909)|
|West Virginia Mountaineers (Independent)(1914–1915)|
|Washington & Jefferson Presidents (Independent)(1916–1917)|
|1916||Washington & Jefferson||8–2|
|1917||Washington & Jefferson||7–3|
|Washington & Jefferson:||15–5|
|Camp Dix (Independent)(1918)|
|Union Dutchmen (Independent)(1919)|
|South Carolina Gamecocks (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association)(1920–1921)|
|South Carolina Gamecocks (Southern Conference)(1922–1924)|
|National championship Conference title Conference division title or championship game berth|
John William Heisman was a player and coach of American football, baseball, and basketball, as well as a sportswriter and actor. He served as the head football coach at Oberlin College, Buchtel College, Auburn University, Clemson University, Georgia Tech, the University of Pennsylvania, Washington & Jefferson College, and Rice University, compiling a career college football record of 186–70–18.
Major Harris is a former college football quarterback for West Virginia University during the 1980s. Harris was a 1989 All-American and finished fifth and third in the Heisman Trophy voting in 1988 and 1989, respectively. He was also the ECAC Player of the Year in 1988 and 1989. Harris was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2009. He is now an assistant wide receivers coach for North Hills High School in Pittsburgh.
The West Virginia Mountaineers football team represents West Virginia University in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of college football. West Virginia plays its home games on Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium on the campus of West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia. The Mountaineers have won or shared a total of 15 conference championships, including eight Southern Conference titles and seven Big East Conference titles. The Mountaineers compete in the Big 12 Conference and are led by head coach Neal Brown.
Charles Cameron "Trusty" Tallman, a Boone and Lincoln family descendent, born in Tariff West Virginia.He was an American football player, coach of football and basketball, and law enforcement officer, with a law degree from West Virginia University, where he was president(Commander) of Sigma Nu fraternity. He served as the head football coach at Marshall University from 1925 to 1928 and at West Virginia University from 1934 to 1936, compiling a career college football record of 37–21–9. Tallman was also the head basketball coach at Marshall during the 1925–26 season, tallying a mark of 10–7. Marshall University received the name "Thundering Herd, when "Trusty" was head coach. Coach Tallman was nominated by Steve Cotton, "Voice of the Thundering Herd", and was elected into the Marshall University Athletic Hall of Fame in September 2020. Tallman was the only person in West Virginia history to be player, assistant coach, and head coach at both Marshall University and West Virginia University. He received the name "Trusty", at Marshall, when he was the only player to show up for practice, during a downpour. The coach chided the other team members, and stated "Tallman is the only trust worthy of you boys". He was named All-American football player(6'2" 172 pounds End) 1922 West Virginia University team, and has been recognized as one of the all time great West Virginia University players(pre-1930 teams). In addition, he was captain of the WVU baseball team, and set a pitching record. In addition, he played professional football. He resigned after the 1936 season to become the Superintendent of the West Virginia State Police. Tallman was also a member of the West Virginia Legislature, representing Mason County, West Virginia. As a "favorite son" in West Virginia, "Trusty" was asked to consider candidacy for governor WVa,in the 1940 election, but chose a career with DuPont. Tallman was head of security, Manhattan Project- Hanford Washington, where the plutonium for the Nagasaki atomic bomb was produced. Tallman retired from the Savannah River Plant nuclear facility in 1964. He was an accomplished golfer; at age 64, he shot a 5 under par 67. He lived in Augusta, Georgia, where he died on November 16, 1973. Buried in the Hunger family plot, Point Marion, Pennsylvania. Wife Jane Hunger Tallman. Children Charles "Chuck" Tallman, Martha Tallman Buck, and James M. Tallman, M.D.
Boyd Blaine "Fox" Chambers was an American football, basketball, and baseball coach, and college athletics administrator. He served as the head football coach at Marshall University from 1909 to 1916, at Bethany College in West Virginia in 1917, and at the University of Cincinnati from 1918 to 1921, compiling a career college football record of 50–44–7. Chambers was also the head basketball coach at Marshall during the 1908–09 season and at Cincinnati from 1918 to 1928, tallying a career college basketball mark of 122–97. In addition, he was the head baseball coach at Marshall (1910–1917), Cincinnati (1919–1928), and Miami University (1932), amassing a career college baseball record of 163–104–4.
Carl Sheldon "Cap" Williams was an American football player, coach, and ophthalmologist. He played college football at Oberlin College and the University of Pennsylvania during the 1890s. He returned to Penn and served as the head football coach there from 1902 to 1907, compiling a record of 60–10–4. His Penn Quakers teams of 1904 and 1907 have been recognized as national champions. Williams later practiced ophthalmology for many years in Philadelphia.
Ellis F. Ward was an American rower and coach best known for his time as the coach of the University of Pennsylvania rowing team. Ward was a member of one of the most famous families, the Ward Brothers, in the history of the sport of rowing and is a member of the Rowing Hall of Fame.
Robert Goin was an American football and baseball coach and college athletic administrator. He served as the head football coach at Bethany College in Bethany, West Virginia from 1963 to 1972, compiling a record of 45–32–2. He was also the school's head baseball coach and athletic director. Goin served as the athletic director at California University of Pennsylvania from 1979 to 1981, Florida State University from 1990 to 1994, and the University of Cincinnati from 1997 to 2005
Harry K. "Cy" Young, a native of Charleston, West Virginia, attended three colleges and participated in the athletic programs of all three.
Wylie Glidden Woodruff was an American football player and coach. He played guard at the University of Pennsylvania under his older brother, George Washington Woodruff. He was selected to the 1896 College Football All-America Team during his senior year. After graduation, he served as the head coach at the University of Kansas from 1897 to 1898, compiling a record of 15–4.
Edward Pastilong is a former American football player, coach, and college athletics administrator. He served as the athletic director at West Virginia University from 1989 to 2010.
The Penn Quakers are the athletic teams of the University of Pennsylvania. The school sponsors 33 varsity sports. The school has won three NCAA national championships in men's fencing and one in women's fencing.
The Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team represents Washington & Jefferson College in collegiate level football. The team competes in NCAA Division III and is affiliated with the Presidents' Athletic Conference (PAC). Since its founding in 1890, the team has played their home games at College Field, which was remodeled and renamed Cameron Stadium in 2001.
James Frederick "Ace" Adams IV was an American lacrosse coach. He served as the head coach at the United States Military Academy, University of Pennsylvania, and University of Virginia. He was inducted into the National Lacrosse Hall of Fame in 1975.
Robert Martin "Mother" Murphy was an administrator at Washington & Jefferson College; his efforts to improve the Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team directly led to its development as a national powerhouse during the early 20th century.
The 1897 Penn Quakers football team represented the University of Pennsylvania in the 1897 college football season. The team finished with a 15–0 record and was retroactively named as the national champion by the Billingsley Report, Helms Athletic Foundation, Houlgate System, and National Championship Foundation, and as a co-national champion by Parke H. Davis. They outscored their opponents 463 to 20.
The 1904 Baylor football teamwas an American football team that represented Baylor University as an independent during the 1903 college football season. In its first season under head coach Sol Metzger, the team compiled a 2–5–1 record and was outscored by a total of 106 to 34.
The 1896 Penn Quakers football team represented the University of Pennsylvania in the 1896 college football season. The Quakers finished with a 14–1 record in their fifth year under head coach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee, George Washington Woodruff. Significant games included victories over Navy (8–0), Carlisle (21–0), Penn State (27–0), Harvard (8–6), and Cornell (32–10), and its sole loss against undefeated national champion Lafayette (6–4). The 1896 Penn team outscored its opponents by a combined total of 326 to 24.
The 1892 Penn Quakers football team represented the University of Pennsylvania in the 1892 college football season. The Quakers finished with a 15–1 record in their first year under head coach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee, George Washington Woodruff. Significant games included victories over Penn State (20–0), Navy (16–0), Lafayette, and Princeton (6–4), and its sole loss to undefeated national champion Yale (28–0). The 1892 Penn team outscored its opponents by a combined total of 405 to 52. Penn halfback Harry Thayer was selected by both Walter Camp and Caspar Whitney as a first-team player on the 1892 College Football All-America Team.
The 1914 West Virginia Mountaineers football team was an American football team that represented West Virginia University as an independent during the 1914 college football season. In its first season under head coach Sol Metzger, the team compiled a 5–4 record and outscored opponents by a total of 159 to 96. Orrin H. Davis was the team captain.