Songwon County

Last updated
Songwon County
송원군
County
Korean transcription(s)
  Hanja松源郡
  McCune-ReischauerSongwŏn kun
  Revised RomanizationSongwon-gun
DPRK2006 Chagang-Songwon.PNG
Map of Chagang showing the location of Songwon
Country North Korea
Province Chagang Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 12 ri
Area
  Total1,080 km2 (420 sq mi)
Population (1991 est.)
  Total33,000

Songwŏn County is a kun, or county, in southwestern Chagang province, North Korea. It borders Usi and Kop'ung counties to the north, Tongsin to the east, and Hŭich'ŏn to the south, as well as North P'yŏngan's Tongchang county to the west. Originally part of Chosan, it was established as a separate county in 1949, when Chagang province was created.

Administrative divisions of North Korea

The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were discovered in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, wards, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, neighborhoods, villages, and workers' districts.

North Korea Sovereign state in East Asia

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Both North Korea and South Korea became members of the United Nations in 1991.

Usi County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Usi County is a kun, or county, in westernmost Chagang Province, North Korea. It looks across the Yalu River into the People's Republic of China. Within North Korea, it borders Chosan and Kopung to the east, Songwon to the south, and North Pyongan Province's Pyoktong county to the west. Originally part of Pyoktong, it was made a separate county in 1952 as part of a general reorganization of local government; in 1954, it was transferred from North Pyongan to Chagang.

Contents

The Ch'ongch'ŏn and Chungman Rivers both flow through Songwŏn. The terrain is mountainous, with the Pinandŏk and Chogyuryong Mountains rising in the county's south. The highest peaks are in the north; the tallest is Koambong, 1,744 m above sea level. The climate is continental but relatively wet; the frost begins in early October and lifts in late April.

The Ch'ŏngch'ŏn is a river of North Korea having its source in the Rangrim Mountains of Chagang Province and emptying into the Yellow Sea at Sinanju. The river flows past Myohyang-san and through the city of Anju, South P'yŏngan Province. Its total length is 217 km (135 mi), and it drains a basin of 9,553 km2.

The chief local industry is logging, with 93% of the county covered by forestland. Livestock, particularly cattle, are also raised, and crops including maize and rice are grown. A 67 km² reservoir has been built across the Chungman (completed in 1980), and is used for hydroelectric power.

Administrative divisions

Songwŏn County is divided into 1 ŭp (town) and 12 ri (villages):

  • Songwŏn-ŭp
  • Chŏnch'ang-ri
  • Ch'angdŏng-ri
  • Ch'ap'yŏng-ri
  • Hoeyang-ri
  • Sinyang-ri
  • Songch'ŏl-li
  • Songgwal-li
  • Wŏlhyŏl-li
  • Wŏlsung-ri
  • Wŏndae-ri
  • Yangji-ri
  • Yŏn'gang-ri

See also

Geography of North Korea

North Korea is located in east Asia on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.

Korean language Language spoken in Korea

The Korean language is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people. It is a member of the Koreanic language family and is the official and national language of both Koreas: North Korea and South Korea, with different standardized official forms used in each territory. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of Jilin province, China. Historical and modern linguists classify Korean as a language isolate; however, it does have a few extinct relatives, which together with Korean itself and the Jeju language form the Koreanic language family. This implies that Korean is not an isolate, but a member of a micro-family. The idea that Korean belongs to the controversial Altaic language family is discredited in academic research. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.


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