Sophie Mannerheim

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Sophie Mannerheim.

Baroness Eva Charlotta Lovisa Sofia (Sophie) Mannerheim (21 December 1863 – 9 January 1928) was a famous nurse known as pioneer of modern nursing in Finland. She was daughter of a count and sister of a former Finnish President, marshal Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim. [1] Her career started as a bank employee for 6 years until she married in 1896. After her divorce in 1902 [2] she was trained in nursing at the Nightingale School at St Thomas' Hospital [3] in London. Returning home she was appointed as head nurse of Helsinki Surgical Hospital and later elected President of the Finnish Nurses' Association, a position she had for 24 years. As a result of her international involvement she was also elected President of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). [4] Sophie Mannerheim was, together with Dr Arvo Ylppö, founder of the Children's Castle [5] (Lastenlinna) hospital in Helsinki as well as the Mannerheim League for Child Welfare.

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  1. Obituary in American Journal of Nursing
  2. American Journal of Nursing October 1930 - Volume 30 - Issue 10 > Sophie Mannerheim: Excerpts from a Memoir.
  3. Mary Adelaide Nutting; Lavinia L. Dock (1912). A History of Nursing: The Evolution of Nursing Systems from the Earliest Times to the Foundation of the First English and American Training Schools for Nurses. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 271.
  4. Lynaugh, Joan E. (1 November 1993). Nursing History Review, Volume 2: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 188, 196. ISBN   978-0-8122-1451-2.
  5. Bachelor's Thesis on Sophie Mannerheim