Sospel

Last updated

Sospel
Sospel-la-Bevera-2.jpg
A view of Sospel, with the River Bévéra flowing beneath the old bridge
Blason ville fr Sospel (Alpes-Maritimes).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Sospel
Sospel
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Sospel
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sospel
Coordinates: 43°52′41″N7°26′57″E / 43.8781°N 7.4492°E / 43.8781; 7.4492 Coordinates: 43°52′41″N7°26′57″E / 43.8781°N 7.4492°E / 43.8781; 7.4492
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Contes
Intercommunality Riviera française
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Jean-Mario Lorenzi
Area
1
62.39 km2 (24.09 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
3,831
  Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06136 /06380
Elevation257–1,737 m (843–5,699 ft)
(avg. 354 m or 1,161 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Sospel (Mentonasc: Sospèl, Italian Sospello) is a commune (municipality) and former schismatic episcopal seat (1381-1418) in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France near the Italian border and not far from Monte Carlo.

Contents

History and remains

Sospel's former Cathedral Sospel-Cattedrale.jpg
Sospel's former Cathedral

The town dates back to the 5th century, when it served as an important staging post on the royal road from Nice to Turin. Its main monument is the former cathedral.

Ecclesiastical history

During the Western Schism, the Diocese of Ventimiglia (Vintimille in French) was split : the canonical bishop, still residing in Ventimiglia, obedient to the Pope in Rome, controlled the territories dependent of the Italian dogal Republic of Genoa, but an uncanonical line of rival anti-bishops (1381-1418), obedient to the Antipope of Avignon, established their schismatical see 'of Ventimiglia' in Sospel(lo), with sway over the diocese's 'French' territories dependent on the County of Savoy and the lordship of Tende.

Suffragan anti-bishops of (Ventimiglia at) Sospel(lo)

After Ventimiglia's diocesan authority was restored in 1412 as the jurisdiction now known as the Diocese of Ventimiglia-San Remo, Sospel was assigned to what is now the Diocese of Nice, France, and its former cathedral was demoted to simple church.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17932,453    
18002,990+21.9%
18063,307+10.6%
18223,620+9.5%
18384,394+21.4%
18484,437+1.0%
18583,818−14.0%
18613,936+3.1%
18663,912−0.6%
18723,547−9.3%
18763,465−2.3%
18813,425−1.2%
18863,695+7.9%
18913,887+5.2%
18963,756−3.4%
19013,570−5.0%
19063,768+5.5%
19113,529−6.3%
19213,361−4.8%
19263,070−8.7%
19313,705+20.7%
19363,815+3.0%
19462,156−43.5%
19542,181+1.2%
19622,321+6.4%
19682,582+11.2%
19751,828−29.2%
19822,171+18.8%
19902,592+19.4%
19992,885+11.3%
20083,520+22.0%

Climate

Under the Köppen system, Sospel features a hot-summer mediterranean climate (Csa), bordering on a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Csb). Influenced by its altitude, Sospel experiences air frosts in winter, and cool nights during the summer. In spite of this, its position further away from the mediterranean sea generates hotter summer days, typically above 30°C (86°F).

Climate data for Sospel, Alpes-Maritimes, Alt : 340 m
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)9.8
(49.6)
11.1
(52.0)
14.8
(58.6)
17.9
(64.2)
22.8
(73.0)
27.0
(80.6)
31.2
(88.2)
30.7
(87.3)
25.0
(77.0)
19.1
(66.4)
13.2
(55.8)
10.0
(50.0)
19.4
(66.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
6.0
(42.8)
8.9
(48.0)
11.7
(53.1)
16.2
(61.2)
20.0
(68.0)
23.2
(73.8)
23.0
(73.4)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
8.8
(47.8)
5.6
(42.1)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F)0.0
(32.0)
0.8
(33.4)
2.9
(37.2)
5.5
(41.9)
9.6
(49.3)
13.0
(55.4)
15.2
(59.4)
15.3
(59.5)
12.2
(54.0)
8.9
(48.0)
4.4
(39.9)
1.2
(34.2)
7.4
(45.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)71.0
(2.80)
52.0
(2.05)
53.3
(2.10)
84.3
(3.32)
59.5
(2.34)
45.1
(1.78)
16.0
(0.63)
26.6
(1.05)
84.0
(3.31)
137.1
(5.40)
121.0
(4.76)
98.4
(3.87)
848.3
(33.41)
Source: CM - Climate maps.

Sospel in fiction

"a picturesque little city lost between the last counterforces of the Alps, two hours and half from Mentone by coach... It is one of the most retired and quietest corners of France, the most dreaded by revenue officers and by the Alpine hunters. But the road which leads to it is one of the most beautiful in the world."

See also

Related Research Articles

Alpes-Maritimes Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Alpes-Maritimes is a department of France located in the extreme southeast corner of the country, on the border with Italy and on the Mediterranean coast. Part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it had a population of 1,083,310 in 2017.

Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Administrative region of France

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is one of the eighteen administrative regions of France, the far southeastern on the mainland. Its prefecture is Marseille. The region is roughly coterminous with the former French province of Provence, with the addition of the following adjacent areas: the former papal territory of Avignon, known as Comtat Venaissin; the former Sardinian-Piedmontese county of Nice, whose coastline is known in English as the French Riviera and in French as the Côte d'Azur; and the southeastern part of the former French province of Dauphiné, in the French Alps. Previously known by the acronym PACA, the region adopted the name Région Sud as a commercial name or nickname in December 2017. 5,007,977 people live in the region according to the 2015 census.

Menton Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Menton is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region on the French Riviera, close to the Italian border.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Condom

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Condom was a French bishopric based in Condom from 1317 to 1801.

Mentonasc dialect

Mentonasc is a Romance dialect historically spoken in and around Menton, France. It is classified as a dialect of Occitan and a sub-dialect of Vivaro-Alpine, with some strong influence from the neighbouring Intemelian Ligurian dialect spoken from Ventimiglia to San Remo.

Vence Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Vence is a commune set in the hills of the Alpes Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France between Nice and Antibes.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Nice

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nice is a diocese of the Latin Church of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The diocese comprises the Départment of Alpes-Maritimes. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Marseille.

Tende Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Tende is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Grasse Cathedral

Grasse Cathedral is a 12th-century Roman Catholic church located in Grasse, France. The former cathedral is in the Romanesque architectural style, and is a national monument. It is now the church of Notre-Dame-du-Puy.

Sospel Cathedral

Sospel Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church and former cathedral in the town of Sospel, France.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Melfi-Rapolla-Venosa

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Melfi-Rapolla-Venosa is in Basilicata, southern Italy. In 1986 the historic Diocese of Melfi-Rapolla was united with the Diocese of Venosa. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo. The Abbey of the Santissima Trinità at Venosa comes under the Diocese.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ventimiglia-San Remo

The Diocese of Ventimiglia-San Remo is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Liguria, northern Italy. The name of the historic Diocese of Ventimiglia was changed in 1975. It was originally a suffragan diocese of the Metropolitanate of Milan up to 1806, when it was transferred to the Metropolitanate of Aix; but it has been a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Genoa since 1818.

Auribeau-sur-Siagne Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Auribeau-sur-Siagne is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

Le Rouret Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Le Rouret is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Entraunes Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Entraunes is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Henri Puppo was a professional road bicycle racer. He was born Italian, but changed his nationality to French in 1937. Puppo won one stage in the 1937 Tour de France.

France–Italy border

The France–Italy border is the international boundary between France and Italy.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Famagusta

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Famagusta was a Latin rite diocese with see in the city of Famagusta, on the island of Cyprus during the crusader rule, and is now a Latin Catholic titular see.

Alessio di Siregno, O.F.M. or Alexis de Siregno or Alessio da Seregno was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Bobbio (1405–1409), Bishop of Gap (1409–1411), and Bishop of Piacenza (1411–1447).

References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.