Souley Abdoulaye

Last updated
Souley Abdoulaye
Prime Minister of Niger
In office
September 28, 1994 February 8, 1995
President Mahamane Ousmane
Preceded by Mahamadou Issoufou
Succeeded by Amadou Cissé
Minister of Transport
In office
1996–1997
President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
Minister of the Interior
In office
1997–1999
President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
Personal details
Born1965 (age 55–56)
Nationality Nigerien
Political party Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama

Souley Abdoulaye (born 1965) is a Nigerien politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Niger from 28 September 1994 [1] to 8 February 1995. [2] He later served in the government under President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara as Minister of Transport from 1996 to 1997 and then as Minister of the Interior, in charge of police and internal security, from 1997 to 1999.

Contents

Minister of Trade, Transport, and Tourism

A member of the Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama (CDS), [3] Abdoulaye was named Minister of Trade, Transport, and Tourism on 23 April 1993, [4] part of the government of the Alliance of the Forces of Change (AFC), a coalition of parties that included the CDS, under Prime Minister Mahamadou Issoufou. This followed the victory of Mahamane Ousmane, the CDS leader, in the second round of the presidential election in March. Abdoulaye was considered close to Ousmane, serving as his campaign manager and as the treasurer of the CDS. [3]

As Minister of Trade, Transport, and Tourism, Abdoulaye participated in negotiations with Nigerian hijackers who had diverted a plane from Nigeria to Niamey in October 1993. Most of the passengers were released following negotiations, and the remainder were freed during a commando raid after Abdoulaye and fellow negotiators engaged in onboard negotiations and were able to assess the plane's interior. [5]

Prime minister

Ousmane appointed Abdoulaye as Prime Minister following the resignation of Issoufou in September 1994 amid charges by Issoufou that Ousmane had taken overly broad presidential powers. [6] Issoufou's party, the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism, also quit the AFC coalition, leaving it without a parliamentary majority. [3] Abdoulaye's government was named on 5 October, [3] [4] but, lacking a parliamentary majority, on 16 October it was defeated in a no-confidence vote, [3] [7] with 46 deputies (out of 82 present) against it, and resigned. [7] Abdoulaye was promptly reappointed as Prime Minister by Ousmane on 17 October, [7] but as a result of the no-confidence vote, Ousmane had to call a new parliamentary election, [1] which was held in January 1995. [3]

Under Maïnassara

Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara seized power in a military coup in January 1996, ousting Ousmane. On August 23, 1996, Abdoulaye was named Minister of Transport in a government headed by Prime Minister Boukary Adji and appointed by President Maïnassara. [8] [9] In joining the government under Maïnassara, Abdoulaye split from the CDS. After over a year as Minister of Transport, he was moved to the post of Minister of the Interior in the government of Prime Minister Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki on 1 December 1997. [9] [10] [11]

As Interior Minister, Abdoulaye was the public face of the security forces. He was widely criticized when, on 20 August 1998, he had Bory Seyni, the editor of Le Democrate independent paper, arrested, following the paper's accusation that the Interior Minister had benefited from the sale of government wheat supplies. According to Seyni and observers in the government offices, the journalist was brought handcuffed to Abdoulaye, where the minister beat him severely with a leather crop. According to Seyni, it was only the physical intervention of several Ministry employees which stopped the beating. [12] [13] [14] At the same time, Abdoulaye ordered increasingly severe measures against opposition parties, culminating in the arrest of four senior party leaders in April 1998, including former Prime Minister Hama Amadou, following a series of protests in Zinder. [10] [14] He had also previously garnered international attention by accusing the governments of the United States, Denmark and Canada of plotting with opposition parties. [15]

After Maïnassara

When Maïnassara was assassinated by the army on 9 April 1999, Souley Abdoulaye lost his position in the government and found himself in the political wilderness. All of Maïnassara's ministers, Abdoulaye included, were banned from leaving Niamey and were to be investigated for crimes under the previous regime. Abdoulaye was briefly arrested in May 1999, but released without charge. [16] A member of the Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP-Jama'a), which had been established as the ruling party under Maïnassara, Abdoulaye was arrested again in August 1999 and questioned by the government about purported vote rigging in the February 1999 local elections in the town of Tahoua. [17] He was again released without charge, but did not return to the National Assembly in the 1999 or 2004 elections. [18] [19]

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References

  1. 1 2 Nancy Ellen Lawler, Niger: Year in Review 1994, Britannica.com.
  2. Nancy Ellen Lawler, Niger: Year in Review 1995, Britannica.com.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jibrin Ibrahim and Abdoulaye Niandou Souley, "The rise to power of an opposition party: the MNSD in Niger Republic", Unisa Press, Politeia, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1996.
  4. 1 2 "Gouvernmenets du Président Mahamane Ousmane" Archived 2007-10-21 at the Wayback Machine , official Nigerien presidency web site (in French).
  5. "Dramatic rescue freed hostages on seized jet", Wilmington Morning Star, 29 October 1993, page 6A.
  6. Decalo, Samuel (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Niger (3rd ed.). Boston & Folkestone: Scarecrow Press. ISBN   0-8108-3136-8.:p.17
  7. 1 2 3 "Oct 1994 - Political crisis", Keesing's Record of World Events, Volume 40, October, 1994 Niger, Page 40219.
  8. "Le gouvernement du Niger, formé le 23 août 1996", Afrique-express.com (in French).
  9. 1 2 "Gouvernmenets du Président Ibrahim Mainassara Barré" Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine , official Nigerien presidency web site (in French).
  10. 1 2 Opposition leaders arrested in Niger. BBC 20 April 1998.
  11. "Le gouvernement du Niger, formé le 1er décembre 1997", Afrique-express.com (in French).
  12. Newspaper Publisher Bory Seyni Assaulted by Niger Interior Minister. Committee to Protect Journalists. 7 October 1998.
  13. Clipping Niger's wings Archived 2009-07-26 at the Wayback Machine . Gamal Nkrumah, Al-Ahram Weekly. No. 425. 15–21 April 1999.
  14. 1 2 Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 1999 - Niger, 1 January 1999. Online. UNHCR Refworld. accessed 31 March 2009.
  15. [Africa Contemporary Record: Annual Survey and Documents. Africa Research, Ltd, Africana Publishing Co., Volume 27, 2004. ISBN   0-8419-1223-8 p. 155
  16. Former Niger minister questioned by police. BBC. 8 May 1999
  17. Ex-minister in Niger arrested. BBC. 5 August 1999.
  18. "Niger: Democratic Rally of the People-Jama'a-RDP (Rassemblement démocratique du peuple-Jama'a), including its leadership, its youth clubs, the role that the party holds following the assassination of President Ibrahim Mainassara on 19 April 1999; whether its members are involved in strikes or demonstrations demanding an inquiry into the President's assassination. If so, the date and location of these strikes, and response of the current government to participants on strike; whether arrests were made following these strikes (April 1999-September 2002)", Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada (UNHCR.org), September 19, 2002.
  19. GROUPES PARLEMENTAIRES: 2004 elections. Assembly National of Niger. Accessed 2009-03-30
Political offices
Preceded by
Mahamadou Issoufou
Prime Minister of Niger
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Amadou Cissé