Sousa Caldas

Last updated

Sousa Caldas
Sousa Caldas.gif
BornAntônio Pereira de Sousa Caldas
(1762-11-24)November 24, 1762
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Portuguese Colony of Brazil
DiedMarch 2, 1814(1814-03-02) (aged 51)
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Portuguese Colony of Brazil
OccupationOrator, poet, priest
NationalityPortuguese Empire
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Literary movement Neoclassicism
Notable worksOde ao Homem Natural, Poesias Sacras e Profanas

Antônio Pereira de Sousa Caldas (November 24, 1762 – March 2, 1814) was a Colonial Brazilian poet, priest and orator, patron of the 34th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Contents

Life

Sousa Caldas was born in 1762, to Portuguese merchant Luís Pereira de Sousa and Ana Maria de Sousa. Since he was a small boy, he had a vocation for Letters, and, with only 8 years old, he was sent to Lisbon, to live under the care of an uncle. With 16 years old, he ingressed in the University of Coimbra, where he learnt Mathematics and Canon law.

In 1781, he was arrested by the Inquisition because of his ideals, influenced by the Enlightenment. Transferred to the convent of Rilhafoles, he was catechized for six months. After the catechism, he became a fully different person, discovering his sacerdotal vocation. However, he did not abandoned his philosophical and satirical poetry, writing the poem Ode ao Homem Natural in 1784. It is attributed to him the satire O Reino da Estupidez.

After graduating in the Canon law course in 1789, he travelled to France and Genoa. In Genoa, he wrote the ode A Criação and abandoned the satirical poetry.

In 1801, he returns to Rio de Janeiro to visit his mother, settling permanently in the town. During his final years in Rio, he wrote many letters for his friends, but only five of them exist today.

He died in 1814.

Works

Preceded by
New creation
Lorbeerkranz.png
Brazilian Academy of LettersPatron of the 34th chair
Succeeded by
João Manuel Pereira da Silva (founder)

Related Research Articles

Olavo Bilac

Olavo Brás Martins dos Guimarães Bilac, often known as Olavo Bilac, was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, journalist and translator. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira and Raimundo Correia, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad". He was elected the "Prince of Brazilian Poets" in 1907 by the magazine Fon-Fon. He wrote the lyrics of the Brazilian Flag Anthem.

Vinicius de Moraes Brazilian poet, lyricist

Marcus Vinícius da Cruz e Mello Moraes, also known as Vinícius de Moraes and nicknamed O Poetinha, was a Brazilian poet, lyricist, essayist, and playwright. Along with frequent collaborator Antônio Carlos Jobim, his lyrics and compositions were part of the birth of bossa nova music. He recorded several albums and also served as a diplomat.

José de Alencar Brazilian writer

José Martiniano de Alencar was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is considered to be one of the most famous and influential Brazilian Romantic novelists of the 19th century, and a major exponent of the literary tradition known as "Indianism". Sometimes he signed his works with the pen name Erasmo.

Portuguese literature

Portuguese literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the Portuguese language, particularly by citizens of Portugal; it may also refer to literature written by people living in Portugal, Brazil, Angola and Mozambique, as well as other Portuguese-speaking countries. An early example of Portuguese literature is the tradition of a medieval Galician-Portuguese poetry, originally developed in Galicia and northern Portugal. The literature of Portugal is distinguished by a wealth and variety of lyric poetry, which has characterized it from the beginning of its language, after the Roman occupation; by its wealth of historical writing documenting Portugal's rulers, conquests, and expansion; by the then considered Golden Age of the Renaissance period of which it forms part the moral and allegorical Renaissance drama of Gil Vicente, Bernardim Ribeiro, Sá de Miranda and especially the great 16th-century national epic of Luís de Camões, author of national and epic poem Os Lusíadas.

José Bonifácio de Andrada Brazilian politician (1763–1838)

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, mineralist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro I. He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals.

João Cabral de Melo Neto Brazilian poet and diplomat

João Cabral de Melo Neto was a Brazilian poet and diplomat, and one of the most influential writers in late Brazilian modernism. He was awarded the 1990 Camões Prize and the 1992 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the only Brazilian poet to receive such award to date. He was considered until his death a perennial competitor for the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Tomás António Gonzaga

Tomás António Gonzaga was a Portuguese-born Brazilian poet. One of the most famous Neoclassic colonial Brazilian writers, he was also the ouvidor and the ombudsman of the city of Ouro Preto, as well as the desembargador of the appeal court in Bahia. He wrote under the pen name Dirceu.

Academia Brasileira de Letras

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.

Casimiro de Abreu Brazilian poet, novelist and playwright

Casimiro José Marques de Abreu was a Brazilian poet, novelist and playwright, adept of the "Ultra-Romanticism" movement. He is famous for the poem "Meus oito anos".

Tobias Barreto

Tobias Barreto de Meneses was a Brazilian poet, philosopher, jurist and literary critic. He is famous for creating the "Condorism" and revolutionizing Brazilian Romanticism and poetry. He is patron of the 38th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo

Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo, was a Brazilian Romantic writer, painter, architect, diplomat and professor, considered to be one of the first Brazilian editorial cartoonists ever. He is the patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Francisco de Borja Garção Stockler Azorean noble and politician (1759-1929)

Francisco de Borja Garção Stockler, 1st Baron of Vila da Praia, was a lieutenant general and the 8th Captain General of the Azores, politician, and mathematician.

Pedro Luís Pereira de Sousa Brazilian poet, politician, orator and lawyer

Pedro Luís Pereira de Sousa was a Brazilian poet, politician, orator and lawyer, adept of the "Condorist" movement. He is the patron of the 31st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Adelino Fontoura

Adelino Fontoura Chaves was a Brazilian poet, actor and journalist. He is the patron of the 1st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Mário de Alencar Brazilian writer

Mário Cochrane de Alencar was a Brazilian poet, short story writer, journalist, lawyer and novelist. He was one of the children of famous novelist José de Alencar.

Lêdo Ivo

Lêdo Ivo was a Brazilian poet, novelist, essayist and journalist. He was member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, elected in 1986.

Alexandre da Sagrada Família

Alexandre da Sagrada Família, born Alexandre José da Silva, was the 25th Bishop of Angra, governing between 1816 until his death in 1818. The first Bishop born in the Azores, known as a poet, he was the paternal uncle of Almeida Garrett, and stayed with his parents when he visited Terceira.

Sérgio Paulo Rouanet is a Brazilian diplomat, philosopher, essayist and scholar. He was the national Secretary of Culture between 1991 and 1992, and in his tenure he created the Lei de Incentivo à Cultura, a tax credit law for companies and citizens that sponsor cultural activities, which became known as Rouanet Law.

Francisco Floriano Brazilian politician

Francisco Floriano de Sousa Silva more commonly known as Fábio Sousa is a Brazilian politician. He has spent his political career representing Rio de Janeiro, having served as state representative from 2011 to 2019.

Evanildo Cavalcante Bechara is a Brazilian scholar. He was born in Recife on February 26, 1928. He was orphaned at an early age, and moved to Rio de Janeiro in order to complete his education, staying at the home of a great uncle.

References