South Bohemian Region

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South Bohemia Region
Jihočeský kraj
Jindrichuv hradec 2.jpg
Jindřichův Hradec castle
Flag of South Bohemian Region.svg
Coat of arms of South Bohemian Region.png
Jihocesky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Country Czech Republic
Capital České Budějovice
Districts Český Krumlov District, Jindřichův Hradec District, Písek District, Prachatice District, Strakonice District, Tábor District
Government
  Governor Martin Kuba (ODS)
Area
  Total10,056.79 km2 (3,882.95 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,378 m (4,521 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total642,133
  Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-JC
Vehicle registration C
Website www.kraj-jihocesky.cz

The South Bohemian Region (Czech : Jihočeský kraj, German : Südböhmische Region) is an administrative unit ( kraj ) of the Czech Republic, located mostly in the southern part of its historical land of Bohemia, with a small part in southwestern Moravia. The western part of the South Bohemian Region is former Prachens (Prácheňsko), a huge archaic region with distinctive features with its capital, Písek. In 2011, there were 624 municipalities in the region, whereof 54 had a status of a town.

Contents

The region borders (from the west clockwise) the regions Plzeň, Central Bohemia, Vysočina and South Moravia. To the south it borders Austria (Lower Austria and Upper Austria) and Germany (Bavaria). Until 30 May 2001, the region was named as Budějovický kraj or Českobudějovický kraj, after its capital, České Budějovice.

Due to its geographical location and natural surroundings the region belongs to the first settlements that appeared in the distant past. Over the past centuries, the South Bohemian region has been known for fishpond cultivation and forestry. The region has been industrialized since the beginning of the twentieth century. Nowadays, it is a tourist destination due to its natural and historical richness and the fastest growing industry has been the travel industry. [2]

Administrative divisions

The South Bohemian Region was established with constitutional lax No. 347/97 of Collections concerning the formation of higher territorial administrative units. The region and its authorities are specified by Act No. 129-2000 of Collections concerning regions, which came into effect on the day of the regional authorities elections, 1 January 2001. [3] The region is divided into 7 districts:

South Bohemia districts.png
Districts of South Bohemia Region
   České Budějovice
   Český Krumlov
   Jindřichův Hradec
   Písek
   Prachatice
   Strakonice
   Tábor

Population and area

The total area of the region is 10,056 km2 which is 12.8% of the total area of the Czech Republic. As of 2019, South Bohemia's population is 642,133 and with only 64 people per 1 km2 the region has the lowest population density in the whole country.

64.2% of the region's population lives in towns or cities. One-third of the inhabitants live in the five largest municipalities. Only 4% of region's population lives in municipalities with less than 200 inhabitants.

In 2011, the average age in the region is 41.2 years. Approximately 11% of inhabitants who were 15 years or older had a university degree (in 2001 this was 8%). According to the 2011 census, 20.6% of inhabitants in the region believe in God (however, almost half of the people did not answer this question). The table below gives an overview of towns and cities in the region that have at least 8,000 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2019). [4]

NamePopulationArea (km2) District
Flag of Ceske Budejovice.svg České Budějovice 94,01456 České Budějovice District
Vlajka mesta Tabor.gif Tábor 34,45662 Tábor District
Flag of Pisek.svg Písek 30,35163 Písek District
Flag of Strakonice.svg Strakonice 22,75435 Strakonice District
Flag of Jindrichuv Hradec.svg Jindřichův Hradec 21,44574 Jindřichův Hradec District
Flag of Cesky Krumlov.svg Český Krumlov 13,08522 Český Krumlov District
Flag of Prachatice.svg Prachatice 10,87439 Prachatice District
Flag of Milevsko.svg Milevsko 8,27742 Písek District
Flag of Trebon.svg Třeboň 8,25398 Jindřichův Hradec District
Tyn nad Vltavou vlajka 2011.png Týn nad Vltavou 8,00043 České Budějovice District

Other significant towns are: Vimperk, Dačice, Kaplice, Soběslav, Sezimovo Ústí, Vodňany, Blatná, Veselí nad Lužnicí, Bechyně and Protivín. The following table provides more details on the districts of the South Bohemia:

DistrictPopulationAreaPop. Dens.No.of Settlements
České Budějovice (CB)194,5851,638.30119109
Český Krumlov (CK)61,3811,615.033847
Jindřichův Hradec (JH)90,6531,943.6947106
Písek (PI)71,3081,126.846375
Prachatice (PT)50,8711,375.033765
Strakonice (ST)70,7381,032.1069112
Tábor (TA)102,4971,326.0177110

Geography

Plesne jezero (Plesne Lake) Plesne jezero.jpg
Plešné jezero (Plešné Lake)

South Bohemia consists of the South Bohemian Basin, České Budějovice Basin, and Třeboň Basin. The Bohemian Forest (Czech: Šumava) is a low range of mountains situated in the southwest. Other highlands that can be found in the region are the Brdy Highlands (in the very northern part of the region), the Central-Bohemian Highlands (Czech: Středočeská vrchovina, in the northern part of the region), the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands (Czech: Českomoravská vrchovina, the eastern part of the region) and the Novohradské Mountains (in the south of the region). The highest elevation in the region is the 1,378-metre (4,521 ft) high Plechý in the Bohemian Forest, the lowest elevation with 350 metres above sea level is at the Orlík Dam.

The region is located in the drainage basin of Vltava river. Other significant rivers are Malše, Lužnice, Otava, Nežárka and Lomnice. South Bohemia is known for its many ponds. In the past, more than seven thousand ponds were established across the region. With its 489 ha Rožmberk is the largest one, followed by Bezdrev (450 ha) and Horusice pond (415 ha). In the 20th century, a series of dams were constructed on the Vltava river. Lipno Dam is the largest dam in the Czech Republic and has an area of 4,870ha. Other dams in the region are Orlík Dam, Římov Dam and Hněvkovice Dam. [5]

A big part of the Šumava National Park is situated in South Bohemia. The Bohemian Forest is a holiday destination, in particular, with hikers.[ citation needed ] Many natural and cultural sights are connected with more than 500 km of summer marked trails and bike trails.[ citation needed ]

Climate

The climate in South Bohemia is of a transitional Central European type. It is affected alternatively by an oceanic influence from the west, and a continental influence from the east. Therefore, the weather can be variable. Most of the South Bohemian region belongs to the mild, warm and wet zone and at altitudes above 750 m, this passes to mild and cool. The warmest month is usually July, with temperatures averaging between 17 and 18 °C in valley areas. In higher localities (over 900 m) the temperatures can drop below 14 °C. Days with temperatures above 25 °C are most frequently in valley-basins, and the area around the confluence of the rivers Lužnice and Vltava (Moldau): on average there are 40-50 such days a year. [6]

Economy

500ml bottle of Budweiser Budvar, as marketed in the UK Budvar UK retouched.jpg
500ml bottle of Budweiser Budvar, as marketed in the UK

In 2010, the region produced 5% of the national GDP. The GDP per capita is 84% of the national average, which is the 8th highest among all regions. In 2011, the business sector in the South Bohemian Region comprises 159,000 entities, 114,000 of which were sole traders. There are more than 300 thousand people employed in the region, whereof 31% in industry, 13% in trade and 10% in construction sector. The average salary in the region in September 2013 was CZK 21,768 (approximately EUR 850). The unemployment rate in September 2013 was 6.05%.

The Region does not rank among key industrial areas of the Czech Republic. The industrial production is concentrated particularly in the area of České Budějovice and in Tábor District and Strakonice District. The food and drink processing industries play a significant role in the region. Other important sectors are the automotive industry, production of machinery and appliances, and also the textile and clothing industries. Recently, the travel industry has become an important sector in the region.

The Czech Academy of Sciences, whose institutes operate all over the region, provides a good base for the development of science. These institutes focus mostly on biology and ecology. Scientific work is also part of the activities of the University of South Bohemia (Czech: Jihočeská univerzita) with its headquarters in České Budějovice and Jindřichův Hradec.

Approximately 11% of the national agricultural production is produced in the South Bohemian Region. The agricultural sector focuses on plant production, mostly on growing cereals, oil plants, and potatoes. In animal husbandry, the breeding of cattle and pigs prevails. Fishpond cultivation has a long tradition in South Bohemia. Fish husbandry in the total area of 25 000 ha makes up about 50% of the total national production. [7]

Architecture

Rustic baroque in Holasovice Holasovice1.jpg
Rustic baroque in Holašovice

The region is famous for its small villages with a pond in the middle. These are generally built in the style of the Rustic Baroque, also known as South Bohemian Baroque:

"Rustic Baroque is a term for the unique architecture of South Bohemia. The local folk bricklayer masters Martin Paták and František Šoch created a new type of South Bohemian farmhouse with an ornate frontispiece in the middle of the 19th century. A typical building of this style is a massive rustic farmhouse with two richly decorated frontispieces, which are joined by an arched gate with small doors. The marshland frontispieces are beautifully decorated, they have lavish contours, the surface is usually divided by allusive decorative columns, completed by arches, stylised hearts, four-leafed clovers, meadow flowers."

Related Research Articles

Vltava Longest river in the Czech Republic

The Vltava is the longest river within the Czech Republic, running southeast along the Bohemian Forest and then north across Bohemia, through Český Krumlov, České Budějovice and Prague, and finally merging with the Elbe at Mělník. It is commonly referred to as the "Czech national river".

České Budějovice City in Czech Republic

České Budějovice is a city in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 94,000 inhabitants. It is located in the valley of the Vltava River, at its confluence with the Malše.

Plzeň Region Region of the Czech Republic

Plzeň Region is an administrative unit (kraj) in the western part of Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is named after its capital Plzeň. In terms of area, Plzeň Region is 7,561 km2, the third largest region in the Czech Republic. However, the population of about 585,000 inhabitants it is the ninth most populous region. After the South Bohemian Region it is the second least densely populated region. The region can be roughly divided into two parts: a highly industrialized north-eastern part with a strong engineering tradition around Pilsen and a more hilly and rural south-western part with smaller-sized manufacturing companies processing natural resources.

South Moravian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. The region's capital is Brno, the nation's 2nd largest city. South Moravia is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Central Bohemian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Central Bohemian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague, which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Pardubice Region Region of the Czech Republic

Pardubice Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. It is named after its capital Pardubice. As an administrative unit, Pardubice Region has existed three times in the course of history. It was established for the first time in 1850, and extended from Český Brod to the Bohemian-Moravian border. In its second existence, it was one of 19 regions as they were set between 1949 and 1960. After 1960, Pardubice became the capital of Pardubice district, which was part of the Eastern Bohemian Region. The Pardubice Region, as it is now, was reestablished in 2000.

Ústí nad Labem Region Region of the Czech Republic

Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region, is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem. It covers the majority of the former North Bohemia province and is part of the broader area of North Bohemia.

Bohemian Forest

The Bohemian Forest, known in Czech as Šumava and in German as Böhmerwald, is a low mountain range in Central Europe. Geographically, the mountains extend from Plzeň Region and South Bohemia in the Czech Republic to Austria and Bavaria in Germany, and form the highest truncated uplands of the Bohemian Massif, up to 50 km wide. They create a natural border between the Czech Republic on one side and Germany and Austria on the other.

Třeboň Town in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Třeboň is a spa town in Jindřichův Hradec District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 8,200 inhabitants. The town centre with the castle complex is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation.

Veselí nad Lužnicí Town in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Veselí nad Lužnicí is a town in Tábor Districtin the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,300 inhabitants. It lies on the confluence of the Lužnice and Nežárka rivers.

Hluboká nad Vltavou Town in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Hluboká nad Vltavou is a town in České Budějovice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,500 inhabitants. The town is known for the Hluboká Castle.

Rožmberk Pond

Rožmberk is a fish pond in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, next to the town Třeboň. It is the largest fish pond in the world.

Planá (České Budějovice District) Municipality in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Planá is a municipality and village in České Budějovice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 300 inhabitants.

Jindřichův Hradec District District in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Jindřichův Hradec District is a district (okres) within South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is Jindřichův Hradec. To the east, about a fifth of the region, including the historical towns of Dačice and Slavonice, historically belongs to Moravia.

Vltavou refers to the river Vltava, in the Czech Republic. It may also refer to:

Prácheňsko

Prácheňsko is a historical and cultural region in the Czech Republic, covering roughly the Otava River basin, mostly in the northwest part of South Bohemia. It was an administrative region (kraj) in southwestern Bohemia, created in the late 13th century and abolished by the Austrian Empire's regional reform of 1848.

Římov (České Budějovice District) Municipality in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Římov is a municipality and village in České Budějovice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants. It is located on left bank of the Malše River about 14 km south of České Budějovice.

Stádlec Market town in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Stádlec is a market town in Tábor District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 600 inhabitants.

Boršov nad Vltavou Municipality in South Bohemian, Czech Republic

Boršov nad Vltavou is a municipality and village in České Budějovice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,000 inhabitants.

References

  1. "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. Characteristics of the South Bohemian Region; Available at: http://www.kraj-jihocesky.cz/foreign/eng/region.php
  3. Welcome to South Bohemian Region's websites Archived 14 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine (English)
  4. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  5. Characteristics of the South Bohemian Region; Available at: http://www.kraj-jihocesky.cz/foreign/eng/region.php Archived 17 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Climate; Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Population, Economy; Available at: http://www.kraj-jihocesky.cz/foreign/eng/more2.php Archived 1 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 49°05′N14°40′E / 49.083°N 14.667°E / 49.083; 14.667