South China AA

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Coordinates: 22°16′32″N114°11′15″E / 22.275644°N 114.187539°E / 22.275644; 114.187539

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South China
Scaa badge.png
Full name南華體育會
South China Athletic Association
Nickname(s)少林寺 (Shaolin Temple)
The Caroliners
Founded1910;111 years ago (1910), as South China Football Team
Ground Happy Valley Recreation Ground
PresidentAlbert Hung
League Hong Kong First Division
2019–20 4th

South China Athletic Association (also known as South China, SCAA, Chinese :南華體育會) is a football club which currently competes in the Hong Kong First Division, the second-tier league in Hong Kong football league system. The club is historically one of the most successful football clubs in Hong Kong, having won a record 41 First Division titles, a record 31 Senior Shields, a record 10 FA Cups and 3 League Cups. The club has a very long history in playing in the top-tier league, but decided to self-relegate after the end of the 2016–17 season.

Nicknamed "Shaolin Temple" and "Caroliners", South China has produced many great Hong Kong footballers over the years. In November 2007, the club entered into a charity partnership with Hong Kong Red Cross. The partnership is a pioneer between a sports association and a humanitarian organisation in Hong Kong.

The club plays most of its home matches at Happy Valley Recreation Ground.

History

Early history

The club house building on Caroline Hill. HK SouthChinaAthleticAssociation.jpg
The club house building on Caroline Hill.
The club's entrance on Caroline Hill. HK Caroline Hill Road SCAA 05.jpg
The club's entrance on Caroline Hill.

The Chinese Football Team was founded in 1904 by a group of Chinese students in Hong Kong, [1] [2] including Mok Hing (Chinese :莫慶) [3] and Tong Fuk Cheung (Chinese :唐福祥, the captain of China national football team in the 1910s). [4] In 1910, the team was renamed as South China Football Club. [1] [2] [3]

In the 1917 Far Eastern Games and 1919 Far Eastern Games (also known as the Far East Olympics Tournament), the club represented the Republic of China and won the football championship. [5] It is the only team in Hong Kong sports history to have accomplished this feat. [5] China lost in the final to the Philippines in the first to be held, in 1913, [6] but in the next nine it won every time, right through until the last FECG to be held in 1934. On that occasion China was a joint winner with Japan. Throughout these tournaments, the majority of the China team was composed of SCAA players.

In 1920, South China which began as a club called the South China Athletic Association founded by Mok Hing. [5]

Around 1920–1922, the club formally adopted the present name of South China Athletic Association and diversified into other sports such as basketball. [5] [7]

1980s

Since its foundation, South China had a Chinese only policy whereby the club would only field players of Chinese ethnicity. In keeping with this policy, the club would only sign foreign players who had Chinese ancestry such as Edmund Wee, Chow Chee Keong and Chan Kwok Leung. Up until the 1980s, the policy did not have a negative effect on results.

However, when professional football took off in Hong Kong, the club could not cope with the influx of foreign players and performed poorly at the beginning of the 1981–1982 season. Therefore, on 2 November 1981 the club voted to end its six decade old Chinese only policy. Although the club was able to avoid relegation that season, it was not incident-free. On 6 June 1982, after the club drew an all-important match with Caroline Hill, the fans rioted outside the stadium that spread onto Causeway Bay. The riot was the largest civil disorder in Hong Kong since the leftist riot in 1967.

2000s

As they failed to beat Citizen in the last game of the 2005–06 season, South China was to be relegated for the first time since 1983. [8] However, on 14 June 2006, the Hong Kong Football Association approved a request from South China to remain in the Hong Kong First Division with the promise of strengthening their squad. Staying true to their word, South China heavily strengthened their squad and coaching staff. As a result, South China successfully regained the First Division League title in the 2006–07 season, and also winning the Hong Kong FA Cup and the Hong Kong Senior Shield, achieving the famous treble.

The team has gone from strength to strength, while the team has had continued success on the domestic front, winning three consecutive league titles in the process, it has also had success in other international club competitions. The team has reached the semi-finals of the 2009–10 AFC Cup. South China's success has seen the team climb in world club rankings to their new high of 145th, even surpassing other Mainland Chinese clubs which are widely considered to be of a better standard than clubs in Hong Kong. In recent years the South China has taken part in several pre-season exhibition matches with European clubs, with the most notable being a 2–0 win against the English Premier League side Tottenham Hotspur.

Much of the recent success has been attributed to the former chairman, Steven Lo, and with his shrewd business sense he rebuilt the team as a brand, and played a major role in reigniting interest in the Hong Kong Football League. South China has reinvented their image and have partnered with several organisations and brands. In 2007, South China has enter into a partnership with Hong Kong Red Cross. The partnership is a pioneer between a sports association and a humanitarian organisation in Hong Kong, and South China is the first football team to ever bear the Red Cross emblem on the official kit. The appointment of the fashion brand Giorgio Armani as the official tailor, has allowed South China to join some of the world's elite, with the brand being associated with Chelsea Football Club and the English national team. In celebration of the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of South China Football Team, world-renowned designer Philippe Starck produced a special edition of the "Peninsula Chair", with the faces of the team and the chairman printed on.

Nicky Butt and Mateja Kežman played for South China during the 2010–11 season.

2010s

Ahead of the 2014–15 season, AET chairman Wallace Cheung became the conveynor of the club, promising to spend $18–20 million per season. [9] The domestic season was not initially a successful one as the club finished fourth in the league and did not win any silverware. The saving grace was a Season Playoff victory which allowed the club to directly qualify for the 2016 AFC Cup group stage.

In 2016–17 South China reached their first cup final in six years, facing Kitchee in the 2016–17 Hong Kong FA Cup Final. However, they were defeated 2–1 and were unable to capture the trophy.

On 5 June 2017, South China made the shocking announcement that they would voluntarily self-relegate into the First Division. [10] The club and Cheung had recently parted ways, leaving the club with no financial benefactor to support their large salary budget.

Current squad

First team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
1 GK Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Chow Long Hei
2 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Law Man Chung
4 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Ng Cheuk Hin
5 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Law Wing Lun
6 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Au Man Lok
7 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Ho Min-Tong
8 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Ye Jia
9 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Kwok Ting Him
10 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Yung Cheuk Leung
11 FW Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Yau Ping Kai
12 GK Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Lit Hoi Yat
No.Pos.NationPlayer
14 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Ip Chung Long
15 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Lee Chun Lok
17 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG So Yau Tin
18 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Ma Kin Chung
20 DF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Poon Yiu Cheuk (captain)
21 GK Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Man Wai Sum
22 MF Flag of Japan.svg  JPN Takuya Tasaka
25 MF Flag of Japan.svg  JPN Kohei Ito
25 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Yung Cheuk Leung
27 MF Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Mak Yin Kan
30 GK Flag of Hong Kong.svg  HKG Wong Ka Kin

Honours

Historically the most popular club in the city, SCAA is also the most successful football club in Hong Kong, winning the Hong Kong First Division 41 times (all-time ranking 1st), the Senior Shield 31 times (all-time ranking 1st), the now-defunct Hong Kong Viceroy Cup 8 times, the Hong Kong FA Cup 10 times (all-time ranking 1st) and the Hong Kong League Cup 3 times. The team had captured all 4 trophies in seasons 1987–88 and 1990–91. In November 2001, the team was awarded the AFC Team of the Month by the Asian Football Confederation.

Domestic

League

Champions (41): 1923–24, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1996–97, 1999–2000, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2012–13
Runners-up (16): 1928–29, 1946–47, 1953–54, 1955–56, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1972–73, 1980–81, 1984–85, 1988–89, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2010–11
Champions (5): 1917–18, 1925–26, 1933–34, 1951–52, 1952–53

Cup competitions

Champions (31): 1928–29, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1940–41, 1948–49, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1964–65, 1971–72, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2013–14
Runners-up (16): 1918–19, 1933–34, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1946–47, 1950–51, 1952–53, 1962–63, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1989–90, 1992–93, 2010–11, 2011–12
Champions (10): 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2001–02, 2006–07, 2010–11
Runners-up (5): 1975–76, 1985–86, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2016–17
Champions (3): 2001–02, 2007–08, 2010–11
Runners-up (2): 2014–15, 2015–16
Champions (8): 1971–72, 1979–80, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1990–91, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98
Runners-up (7): 1973–74, 1974–75, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1995–96
Champions (9): 1947–48, 1950–51, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1966–67
Champions (2): 2014, 2015
Runners-up (1): 2009
Runners-up (1): 2015–16

Continental record

SeasonCompetitionRoundClubHomeAwayAggregate
1986 Asian Club Championship Group C Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Liaoning FC 0–13rd
Flag of Indonesia.svg Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian 1–1
1987 Asian Club Championship Group 6 Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Yomiuri FC 0–12–02nd
1988–89 Asian Club Championship Group 6 Flag of North Korea.svg April 25 3–04th
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Guangdong Wanbao 1–0
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Yamaha Motors 1–1
Flag of Portugal.svg Wa Seng 3–0
1991 Asian Club Championship First round Flag of Portugal.svg Sporting de Macau 9–10–514–1
Second round Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Yomiuri FC 1–03–12–4
1993–94 Asian Cup Winners' Cup First round Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Dalian Haichang 2–01–02–1
Second round Flag of India.svg East Bengal 0–14–15–1
Quarter-final bye
Semi-final Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Nissan (w/o)
Final Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Al-Qadsiah 2–42–02–6
1997–98 Asian Club Championship First round Flag of Malaysia.svg Selangor FA 0–02–02–0
Second round Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Dalian Wanda 0–42–12–5
2000–01 Asian Club Championship Second round Flag of Japan.svg Júbilo Iwata 1–33–12–6
2002–03 2002–03 AFC Champions League
Qualification Round 1
Second round Flag of Singapore.svg Home United 2–11–13–1
Third round Flag of Japan.svg Shimizu S-Pulse 0–53–12–5
2008 AFC Cup Group D Flag of Singapore.svg Home United 2–34–13rd
Flag of Maldives.svg Victory SC 3–00–0
Flag of Malaysia.svg Kedah FA 1–33–0
2009 AFC Cup Group F Flag of Indonesia.svg PSMS Medan 3–02–21st
Flag of Maldives.svg VB 2–11–2
Flag of Malaysia.svg Johor FC 2–01–4
Round of 16 Flag of Singapore.svg Home United 4–0
Quarter-final Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Neftchi Farg'ona 1–05–45–5 (a)
Semi-final Flag of Kuwait.svg Al-Kuwait 0–12–11–3
2010 AFC Cup Group G Flag of Thailand.svg Muangthong United 0–00–11st
Flag of Maldives.svg VB 3–11–0
Flag of Indonesia.svg Persiwa Wamena 6–30–2
Round of 16 Flag of Bahrain.svg Al-Riffa 1–3
2011 AFC Cup Group H Flag of Thailand.svg Muangthong United 1–14–23rd
Flag of Thailand.svg Chonburi FC 0–33–0
Flag of India.svg Kingfisher East Bengal 1–03–3
2014 AFC Cup Group G Flag of Vietnam.svg Vissai Ninh Bình 1–31–13rd
Flag of Malaysia.svg Kelantan FA 4–02–0
Flag of Myanmar.svg Yangon United 5–32–0
2015 AFC Cup Group G Flag of the Philippines.svg Global FC 3–01–61st
Flag of Malaysia.svg Pahang FA 3–10–1
Flag of Myanmar.svg Yadanarbon 3–10–3
Round of 16 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru FC 2–0
Quarter-final Flag of Malaysia.svg Johor Darul Ta'zim 1–13–12–4
2016 AFC Cup Group G Flag of Myanmar.svg Yangon United 2–12–12nd
Flag of India.svg Mohun Bagan 0–40–3
Flag of Maldives.svg Maziya 2–02–1
Round of 16 Flag of the Philippines.svg Ceres 0–1(aet)
Quarter-final Flag of Malaysia.svg Johor Darul Ta'zim 1–12–12–3

Recent seasons

Hong Kong First Division LeagueHong Kong First Division LeagueWorld War IISouth China AA
Hong Kong First Division LeagueSouth China AA
Hong Kong First Division LeagueSouth China AA
Hong Kong First Division LeagueHong Kong Premier LeagueHong Kong First Division LeagueSouth China AA

Coaches

As of 30 May 2014. Only competitive matches are counted. Wins, losses and draws are results at the final whistle; the results of penalty shoot-outs are not counted.

NameNatFromToRecordHonours
EnglishChinesePWDLFA%W
Chu Kwok Lun 朱國倫19541970?
Kwok Shek 郭石19701977?
Ng Wai Man 吳偉文19771981?
Halla漢拿19811982?
Kwok Kam Hung 郭錦洪19821982?
Peter Wong 黃興桂19821983?
Alex Miller 米勒19831983?
Ng Wai Man 吳偉文19831984?
Casemiro Mior 米路19982002?
Wong Man Wai 黃文偉20022006?
Chan Kwok Hung 陳國雄
Ku Kam Fai 顧錦輝
Jorge Amaral 阿曼龍200624 Nov 200610622201360
Ku Kam Fai* & Chan Kwok Hung*顧錦輝 & 陳國雄25 Nov 200627 Nov 2006110052100
Casemiro Mior 米路28 Nov 200620072015324915751 First Division title, 1 Senior Shield, 1 FA Cup title
José Luís路爾斯200720083419411794155.91 First Division title, 1 League Cup title
Tsang Wai Chung 曾偉忠1 July 2008Sept 17, 20081010110
Liu Chun Fai*廖俊輝Sept 17, 20087 Dec 20081191130781.8
Kim Pan-Gon 金判坤8 Dec 200811 Dec 2010271944721670.42 First Division titles, 1 Senior Shield title
Chan Ho Yin*陳浩然11 Dec 201028 June 2011281738593460.71 League Cup title, 1 FA Cup title
Ján Kocian 高世安28 June 20119 July 2012261394613050.0
Liu Chun Fai 廖俊輝9 July 201230 June 2013281666632857.11 First Division title
Cheung Po Chun 張寶春1 July 201317 February 20141 Senior Shield title
Yeung Ching Kwong 楊正光17 February 201415 December 20141 Community Cup title
Mario Gómez 馬里奧15 December 201430 April 2015181044331855.6
Ricardo Rambo*列卡度1 May 201514 May 201532016166.7
Casemiro Mior 米路14 May 201532105166.7
Amir Alagić 20162017
Key
* Served as caretaker coach.

Partnerships

On 3 November 2009, South China and Tottenham Hotspur jointly announced a club partnership in Hong Kong. South China became the first club partner of Spurs in Asia. The partnership is for 2 years with an option to extend further. Besides planning in sharing of best practice in any areas of the technical and business sides of football, Tottenham Hotspur has the first option on South China players at all age levels. Tottenham Hotspur will support South China's coaching development through the exchange of scientific data, coaching materials and visits of coaching staffs to and from both teams. The two clubs will explore the possibility of a joint youth Academy and training centre in Hong Kong or in mainland China. [11]

Songs

A new official cheering song for SCAA. It was introduced in the first home match in the 2006–07 season against HKFC. The demo version of the song can be accessed on www.bma.com.hk.

This is not the official song of South China, and neither was the original official fans' song. It was sung by Albert Cheung 張武孝(also known as: 大Al/Big Al), and became very well known after being released in 1977, especially during late 1970s and the 1980s; during that period South China was a perennial challenger for the top spots in the league, and the song describes how strong and famous the team was.

Notable players

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References

  1. 1 2 原名為華人足球隊 (GIF). 南華八十年回憶錄 (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 April 2008.[ dead link ]
  2. 1 2 第一個華人足球會和「足球王國」 (in Chinese). Wenweipao. Archived from the original on 3 September 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  3. 1 2 莫家後人「點將錄」 (in Chinese). Sina. 26 January 2008. Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  4. 1919中国足球队 (in Chinese). China Archives Information. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Lam, S. F. Chang W, Julian (2006). The Quest for Gold: Fifty Years of Amateur Sports in Hong Kong, 1947–1997. Hong Kong University Publishing. ISBN   962-209-766-9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Bojan, Jovanovic (15 October 1999). "First Far Eastern Games 1913 (Manila)". RSSSF. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  7. "History of the sport club". South China Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007.
  8. 傳媒報導 – 1 August 2006 羅傑承主政班費千萬增兵 南華搵摩連奴師兄執教 Archived 17 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine , SCAA Fans Club official site, Accessed on 20 October 2007.
  9. "張廣勇出任新足主 南華換血南美化". on.cc. Retrieved 2 June 2014.(in Chinese)
  10. "Darkest day for Hong Kong football as 'Shaolin Temple' South China withdraw from Premier League". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  11. Club Partnership – Tottenham Hotspur & South China Archived 23 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  12. 南 華 會 會 歌 – Song of South China