South Hylton

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South Hylton
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South Hylton
Location within Tyne and Wear
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUNDERLAND
Postcode district SR4
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°54′15″N1°26′52″W / 54.904113°N 1.447837°W / 54.904113; -1.447837 Coordinates: 54°54′15″N1°26′52″W / 54.904113°N 1.447837°W / 54.904113; -1.447837

South Hylton ( /ˈhɪltən/ ) is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. Lying west of Sunderland city centre on the south bank of the River Wear, South Hylton has a population of 10,317 (2001 Census). Once a small industrial village, South Hylton (with only one access road) is now a dormitory village and is a single track terminus for the Tyne and Wear Metro.

Contents

South Hylton was originally known as Hylton Ferry or Low Ford, its current name not coming into regular use until the late 18th to early 19th century. [1] It originally formed part of the Manor of Ford owned by the Barons Hylton, until the estates of Hylton Castle were sold off in 1750 after the death of the last baron. [1] Originally a collection of farmsteads, it became a diversified industrial village as a result of the Industrial Revolution. [1]

History

See also History of Sunderland

Archaeological excavations around North Hylton and South Hylton indicate the area has been occupied since at least the Mesolithic era. [2] The remains of either a Bronze Age or Iron Age log boat and bronze swords were recovered from the nearby River Wear in the 19th and early 20th centuries. [2]

Masonry from a possible Roman bridge or dam across the Wear have been found, the local historian Robert Surtees recorded the discovery in the Wear of a Roman milestone, and Roman coins were found in the village in 1962 and 1994. [2] An Anglo-Saxon brooch has also been discovered near Wood House Farm in North Hylton. [2]

Geography

Topography

South Hylton Pasture is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and one of the few remaining examples of lowland hay meadow in Britain, and the only example in Sunderland. [3] The shallow, north-facing slopes of the pasture support unimproved neutral grassland, with associated wet flushes. Traditional management for hay production followed by winter grazing has maintained a herb-rich sward and supports the common blue and meadow brown butterflies. [4]

Listed buildings

There are six Grade II listed buildings in the area. They are:

St Mary's Church

The first Anglican chapel in South Hylton was donated by Captain (later Admiral) Thomas James Maling (whose first wife, Harriot Darwin, was the half-aunt of Charles Darwin) in 1817 as a chapel of ease, due to the distance between the village and the mother church of St Michael's in Bishopwearmouth. It was consecrated on 15 February 1821 by Thomas Burgess, the Bishop of St Davids, and the chapelry district was formed in 1844 as a perpetual curacy. [5] [6] [7] Originally a house chapel known as Hylton Lodge, it burnt down in 1878 and was rebuilt in 1880 by Charles Hodgson Fowler. The tower was added in 1930 by George Edward Charlewood and the porch in 1970 by Ronald Sims. [8]

41 and 42 High Street

41 High Street dates from the late 18th century. Adjacent to 41 is 42 High Street, known as Hylton House. It is the oldest house in the village and also dates from the late 18th century. [9] Both houses and the retaining walls outside constitute separate listed buildings. [10] [11] [12]

The Golden Lion

One of the four public houses (including a working men's club) in the area is The Golden Lion, situated near the river bank. The pub has existed since at least the mid-19th century, but the current building dates to around 1910. One of its main external features is the front door stone surround commemorating the marriage of John Hylton and his wife, Dorothy Musgrave, which was recovered from the north wing of Hylton Castle. [13] The Golden Lion was extensively damaged in a blaze in 2019.

War Memorial

On 16 August 1924 the village war memorial was unveiled by Major John Rodham Wigham of Ford Villa, who donated the site. [14] The memorial is of granite with wrought-iron railings and commemorates the villagers who died in the First World War on the west face, and those of the Second World War on the north face. [15] [16]

Transport

Road access to South Hylton is via one road, Hylton Bank. The road starts at nearby Pennywell, becoming High Street at the heart of the village, and ends at the riverbank.

A railway line once ran from Sunderland to Durham from the 1850s until 1964, when the track from nearby Penshaw to Sunderland was removed following the Beeching Axe. The line was restored to the village in 2002 when South Hylton Metro station was constructed as a terminus for the Tyne and Wear Metro.

South Hylton formerly had a resident bus company, W. H. Jolly, which ran frequent services from the village into Sunderland town centre. The dominance of Stagecoach which also ran a similar route, coupled with the announcement of the upcoming Tyne & Wear Metro extension to South Hylton, caused the company to close in 1995. In August 2008, Stagecoach stopped its direct route to the village after 7pm and all day Sunday. The route was restored in part, via another company, by the Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive (Nexus) in December 2008. [17]

Education

South Hylton has its own school, South Hylton Primary Academy and St Anne's Roman Catholic Voluntary Aided Primary School is situated at the top of the village. The nearest secondary school is Academy 360 (formerly Pennywell Comprehensive School) in nearby Pennywell.

See also

Related Research Articles

Tyne and Wear County of England

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders with Northumberland to the north and County Durham to the south.

Sunderland Human settlement in England

Sunderland is a port city and the main settlement of the City of Sunderland, in Tyne and Wear, England. It is situated 12 miles north-east of Durham and 10 miles south-east of Newcastle upon Tyne, at the mouth of the River Wear.

Tyne and Wear Metro Rapid-transit rail network in north-east England

The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail network serving as the rapid transit system linking South Tyneside and Sunderland with Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside and Newcastle Airport. The network opened in stages from August 1980, and now serves a total of 60 stations, with two lines covering 48.2 miles (77.6 km) of track.

Millfield Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Millfield is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Millfield and Sunderland Royal Hospital in Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

Haymarket Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Haymarket is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the city centre in Newcastle upon Tyne. The station joined the network in August 1980, following the opening of the line between Haymarket and Tynemouth – the first stage of the network to open.

West Jesmond Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

West Jesmond is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Jesmond in Newcastle upon Tyne. The station joined the network in August 1980, following the opening of the line between Haymarket and Tynemouth – the first stage of the network to open.

Heworth Interchange is a transport interchange located in Heworth, Gateshead, consisting of a National Rail station, Tyne and Wear Metro station, and a bus and coach station. It was opened in November 1979 for British Rail services, as a replacement for former stations at Felling and Pelaw, with Tyne and Wear Metro services commencing around two years later, in November 1981.

Park Lane Interchange Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Park Lane is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the city centre in Sunderland. The station joined the network in April 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

Fellgate Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Fellgate is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Fellgate, Hedworth and Jarrow in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

Castletown, Sunderland Human settlement in England

Castletown is a suburb of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, England. A former mining community, the Hylton Colliery was located at the east end of the village; it lies north of the River Wear, and is near to Hylton Castle and Washington. At Hylton Riverside, on the eastern fringe of Castletown, there is a large retail park.

Brockley Whins Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Brockley Whins is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Brockley Whins in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. The station originally opened in June 1839, under the Brandling Junction Railway, and was named Boldon Colliery between March 1925 and July 1991.

East Boldon Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

East Boldon is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving The Boldons in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. The station originally opened in June 1839 as Cleadon Lane, under the Brandling Junction Railway, being renamed East Boldon in October 1898.

Sunderland station Tyne and Wear Metro and railway station

Sunderland is a station on both the National Rail and Tyne and Wear Metro network, serving Sunderland City Centre. The Tyne and Wear Metro has served Sunderland station since March 2002, following Metro's extension from Pelaw to Sunderland & South Hylton, with the original rail station opening in August 1879.

University Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

University is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the University of Sunderland, and the west of Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

South Hylton Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

South Hylton is a terminus station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Pennywell and South Hylton in Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

Seaburn Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Seaburn is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Fulwell, Roker and Seaburn in Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. The station originally opened in May 1937, under the London and North Eastern Railway.

Gateshead Interchange Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro and bus station

Gateshead Interchange is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Gateshead. The station joined the network in November 1981, following the opening of the line between Haymarket and Heworth, and the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge over the River Tyne.

Stadium of Light Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Stadium of Light is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Monkwearmouth and Roker, and the Stadium of Light in Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton.

St Peters Metro station Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

St. Peter's is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Monkwearmouth and St. Peter's, and the Stadium of Light in Sunderland. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. To allow for the re-building of the station at Sunderland, St. Peter's served as a temporary terminus for rail services operated by Northern Spirit between 25 February 2001 and 16 April 2001.

Transport in Tyne and Wear

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan area covering the cities of Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, as well as North and South Tyneside, Gateshead and Washington.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "A Brief History of our Village". South Hylton Local History Society. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Newcastle City Council. "Hylton". Sitelines. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  3. Sunderland City Council. "Sunderland's Wildlife". Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  4. Natural England. "South Hylton Pasture" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  5. Whellan
  6. "A Topographical Dictionary of England". Samuel Lewis, 1848, p.248250. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  7. Mackenzie and Ross
  8. "Listed Buildings - Number:490860". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  9. "Listed Buildings". South Hylton Local History Society. Archived from the original on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  10. "Listed Buildings - Number:920-1/4/278". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  11. "Listed Buildings - Number:920-1/4/279". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  12. "Listed Buildings - Number:920-1/4/280". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  13. "Listed Buildings - Number:920-1/3/281". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  14. "War Memorial". South Hylton Local History Society. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  15. "South Hylton - Monument 1914-18 1939-45 Railway Terrace (S128.02)". North East War Memorials Project. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  16. "Listed Buildings - Number:920-1/4/282". Sunderland City Council. Retrieved 27 December 2008.[ dead link ]
  17. "New Nexus bus for South Hylton and Pennywell". Nexus. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008.

Bibliography