South Jeolla Province
|• Hangul||전 라 남 도|
|• Hanja||全 羅 南 道|
|• Revised Romanization||Jeollanam-do|
|Subdivisions||5 cities; 17 counties|
|• Governor||Kim Yung-rok (Democratic)|
|• Total||12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)|
|• Density||142/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Camellia japonica|
|• Bird||Oriental turtle dove|
|ISO 3166 code||KR-46|
|Website||jeonnam.go.kr (in English)|
South Jeolla Province (Korean : 전라남도; Hanja : 全羅南道; Jeollanam-do; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌl.la.nam.do] ), also known as Jeonnam, is a province of South Korea. South Jeolla has a population of 1,902,324 (2014) and has a geographic area of 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi) located in the Honam region at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.
Muan County is the capital and Yeosu is the largest city of South Jeolla, with other major cities including Suncheon, Mokpo, and Gwangyang. Gwangju was the largest city of South Jeolla until becoming a Metropolitan City in 1986, and was the historic capital until the provincial government was relocated to the Muan County town of Namak in 2005.
South Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands.
The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.
There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.
The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin are suitable for large-scale grain agriculture. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.
A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area.
Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.
|1||Yeosu||여수시||麗水市||290,774||1 eup, 6 myeon, 20 haengjeong-dong|
|3||Suncheon||순천시||順天市||279,435||1 eup, 10 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong|
|4||Gwangyang||광양시||光陽市||152,131||1 eup, 6 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|5||Naju||나주시||羅州市||100,312||1 eup, 12 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|6||Muan County||무안군||務安郡||71,294||3 eup, 6 myeon|
|7||Haenam County||해남군||海南郡||81,321||1 eup, 13 myeon|
|8||Goheung County||고흥군||高興郡||76,118||2 eup, 14 myeon|
|9||Hwasun County||화순군||和順郡||70,757||1 eup, 12 myeon|
|10||Yeongam County||영암군||靈巖郡||64,596||2 eup, 9 myeon|
|11||Yeonggwang County||영광군||靈光郡||58,026||3 eup, 8 myeon|
|12||Wando County||완도군||莞島郡||54 867||3 eup, 9 myeon|
|13||Damyang County||담양군||潭陽郡||48,329||1 eup, 11 myeon|
|14||Boseong County||보성군||寶城郡||49,940||2 eup, 10 myeon|
|15||Jangseong County||장성군||長城郡||47,231||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|16||Jangheung County||장흥군||長興郡||42,643||3 eup, 7 myeon|
|17||Gangjin County||강진군||康津郡||41,160||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|18||Sinan County||신안군||新安郡||46,007||2 eup, 12 myeon|
|19||Hampyeong County||함평군||咸平郡||37,528||1 eup, 8 myeon|
|20||Jindo County||진도군||珍島郡||34,486||1 eup, 6 myeon|
|21||Gokseong County||곡성군||谷城郡||32,896||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|22||Gurye County||구례군||求禮郡||27,765||1 eup, 7 myeon|
According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism.53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.
North Jeolla Province, also known as Jeonbuk, is a province of South Korea. North Jeolla has a population of 1,869,711 (2015) and has a geographic area of 8,067 km2 located in the Honam region in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. North Jeolla borders the provinces of South Jeolla to the south, North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang to the east, North Chungcheong to the northeast, and South Chungcheong to the north.
Mokpo is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea, located at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula, close to Yudal mountain. Mokpo has frequent high-speed train services to Seoul, and is the terminus for a number of ferry routes serving islands in the adjacent Yellow Sea and Dadohae National Maritime Park.
Jeolla Province was one of the historical Eight Provinces of Korea during the Kingdom of Joseon in today Southwestern Korea. It consisted of the modern South Korean provinces of North Jeolla, South Jeolla and Gwangju Metropolitan City as well as the Jeju Province. The provincial capital was Jeonju, the current capital of Northern Jeolla. The entire inland region was called Honam, which is still commonly used today.
Gwangyang is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea. Gwangyang city is the home of POSCO's Gwangyang Steel Works, the largest facility of its kind in the world. The city is also home to K League Classic football side Jeonnam Dragons.
Suncheon (Suncheon-si) is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is a scenic agricultural and industrial city of around 250,000 people near Suncheon Bay. It is located in the southeastern corner of Jeollanam-do, just over an hour south-east of Gwangju. Forty minutes south of Suncheon is the port city of Yeosu, and twenty minutes to the east of Suncheon is Gwangyang. It is currently experiencing strong development due to being included as part of the Gwangyang Bay Free Economic Zone, one of three newly created Free Economic Zones (FEZs) in South Korea due to open within the next decade. As of October 14, 2007 plans are being set up and a referendum is being planned for a merging of the cities of Yeosu, Suncheon and Gwangyang into a new metropolitan city, taking advantage of the Gwangyang Bay Free Economic Zone, Yeosu's Expo 2012 bid and port facilities, Suncheon's educational institutes and Gwangyang's POSCO plant.
Gokseong County (Gokseong-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.
Muan County (Muan-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province (Jeollanam-do), South Korea. In 2005, Muan County became the capital of Jeollanam-do following the transfer of the provincial office from its previous location, Gwangju to the village of Namak in Muan. Muan International Airport was opened here, and will eventually replace the airports in Gwangju and Mokpo.
The Gyeongjeon Line (Gyeongjeonseon) is a railway line serving South Gyeongsang and South Jeolla Provinces in South Korea. It covers a total of 300.6 km, from Samnangjin Station in Miryang, South Gyeongsang, to Gwangju·Songjeong Station in Gwangju, South Jeolla.
Korea Cement Co, Ltd. is a South Korean cement and chemical company, headquartered in Sinan-dong Buk-gu Gwangju, Korea. established in 1962. It is a manufacturer of cement products, and is under the Gangdong Group family. The CEO of Korea Cement is Lee Kuk No (이국노).
Yeosu-Suncheon Rebellion, also known as the Yeo-Sun Incident, was a rebellion that began in October 1948 and mostly ended by November of the same year. However, pockets of resistance lasted through to 1957, almost 10 years later.
The 2015 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVIII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Gwangju, South Korea. It took place from July 3 to July 14, 2015.
National Route 2 is a national highway in South Korea that connects Sinan with Busan. It was first established on 31 August 1971. The original road connected Mokpo to Busan, but in 2004, a road that connects Sinan to Mokpo opened to traffic.
The women's tournament of football at the 2015 Summer Universiade will be held from July 2 to 12 in Gwangju, South Korea.
The Intercity Train eXpress-Saemaeul is a class of train operated by Korail, the national railroad of South Korea, it was introduced on May 12, 2014, to replace the Saemaeul-ho. The new ITX-Saemaeul trains have a faster average speed of 150 kilometers per hour. The name was taken from the Saemaul Undong after a public competition to determine the new train's name.
Yulchon-myeon, also called Yulchon Township, or shortly Yulchon, is a myeon (township) in Yeosu city of South Jeolla Province, South Korea. The myeon is located in the north-western part of the city. The total area of Yulchon-myeon is 46.5 square kilometers, and, as of the last day of 2010, the population was 7404 people. It has Yeosu Airport in Sinpung-ri. Township hall is located in Johwa-ri. Sora-myeon is to the south and Haeryong-myeon, Suncheon to the north, Gwangyang-eup, Gwangyang is to the north-east, Suncheon Bay and Yeoja Bay to the west, and Gwangyang Bay is to the east.
Local Route 15 Oenaro-do–Yeonggwang Line is a local route of South Korea that connecting Bongnae-myeon, Goheung County, South Jeolla Province to Hongnong-eup in Yeonggwang County, South Jeolla Province.
National Route 77 is a national highway in South Korea connects Jung District, Busan to Paju. It was established on 25 August 2001.
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