South Jeolla Province

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Coordinates: 34°45′N127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000

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South Jeolla Province

전라남도
Korean transcription(s)
   Hangul
   Hanja
  McCune‑ReischauerChŏllanam-do
  Revised RomanizationJeollanam-do
Flag of South Jeolla Province.svg
Flag
Seal of South Jeolla.svg
South Korea-South Jeolla.svg
Country South Korea
Region Honam
Capital Muan County
Subdivisions5 cities; 17 counties
Government
   Governor Kim Yung-rok (Democratic)
Area
  Total12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Population
 (October, 2014)
  Total1,902,324
  Rank6th
  Density142/km2 (370/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
  Flower Camellia japonica
  Tree Ginkgo
  Bird Oriental turtle dove
ISO 3166 code KR-46
Dialect Jeolla
Website jeonnam.go.kr (in English)

South Jeolla Province (Korean : 전라남도; Hanja : 全羅南道; Jeollanam-do; Korean pronunciation:  [tɕʌl.la.nam.do] ), also known as Jeonnam, is a province of South Korea. South Jeolla has a population of 1,902,324 (2014) and has a geographic area of 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi) located in the Honam region at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.

Muan County is the capital and Yeosu is the largest city of South Jeolla, with other major cities including Suncheon, Mokpo, and Gwangyang. Gwangju was the largest city of South Jeolla until becoming a Metropolitan City in 1986, and was the historic capital until the provincial government was relocated to the Muan County town of Namak in 2005.

South Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands.

Geography

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin are suitable for large-scale grain agriculture. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.

A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area.

Administrative divisions

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

Yeosu Yeosu.jpg
Yeosu
Mokpo Korea Mopko.jpg
Mokpo
Map#Name Hangul Hanja Population (2012) [1] Subdivisions
South Jeolla Municipal.svg
City
1 Yeosu 여수시麗水市290,7741 eup, 6 myeon, 20 haengjeong-dong
2 Mokpo 목포시木浦市238,36823 haengjeong-dong
3 Suncheon 순천시順天市279,4351 eup, 10 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong
4 Gwangyang 광양시光陽市152,1311 eup, 6 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
5 Naju 나주시羅州市100,3121 eup, 12 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
County
6 Muan County 무안군務安郡71,2943 eup, 6 myeon
7 Haenam County 해남군海南郡81,3211 eup, 13 myeon
8 Goheung County 고흥군高興郡76,1182 eup, 14 myeon
9 Hwasun County 화순군和順郡70,7571 eup, 12 myeon
10 Yeongam County 영암군靈巖郡64,5962 eup, 9 myeon
11 Yeonggwang County 영광군靈光郡58,0263 eup, 8 myeon
12 Wando County 완도군莞島郡54 8673 eup, 9 myeon
13 Damyang County 담양군潭陽郡48,3291 eup, 11 myeon
14 Boseong County 보성군寶城郡49,9402 eup, 10 myeon
15 Jangseong County 장성군長城郡47,2311 eup, 10 myeon
16 Jangheung County 장흥군長興郡42,6433 eup, 7 myeon
17 Gangjin County 강진군康津郡41,1601 eup, 10 myeon
18 Sinan County 신안군新安郡46,0072 eup, 12 myeon
19 Hampyeong County 함평군咸平郡37,5281 eup, 8 myeon
20 Jindo County 진도군珍島郡34,4861 eup, 6 myeon
21 Gokseong County 곡성군谷城郡32,8961 eup, 10 myeon
22 Gurye County 구례군求禮郡27,7651 eup, 7 myeon

Sister cities and provinces

Religion

Religion in South Jeolla (2005) [4]

  Not religious (53.4%)
   Protestantism (21.8%)
   Buddhism (16.1%)
   Catholicism (8.7%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism. [4] 53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Education

National Universities with Graduate Schools

Private Universities with Graduate Schools

Public Institutes of Higher Education

Private Institutes of Higher Education

List of Governors of South Jeolla Province

Tourism

Nagan Eupseong Folk Village in Suncheon Nagan castle.jpg
Nagan Eupseong Folk Village in Suncheon

See also

Related Research Articles

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Mokpo Municipal city in South Jeolla, South Korea

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References

  1. "Statistics". South Jeolla Province. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
  2. "Background Brief on International Trade" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  3. https://www.anmp.pt/anmp/pro/mun1/gem101l0.php?cod_ent=M2890
  4. 1 2 "2005 Census - Religion Results". Archived from the original on 2015-09-04.