South Melbourne, Victoria

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South Melbourne
Melbourne,  Victoria
South Melbourne Townhall.jpg
South Melbourne Town Hall
Australia Victoria metropolitan Melbourne location map.svg
Red pog.svg
South Melbourne
Coordinates 37°50′06″S144°57′36″E / 37.835°S 144.960°E / -37.835; 144.960 Coordinates: 37°50′06″S144°57′36″E / 37.835°S 144.960°E / -37.835; 144.960
Population10,920 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density4,370/km2 (11,310/sq mi)
Established1840s
Postcode(s) 3205
Area2.5 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Location3 km (2 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Port Phillip
State electorate(s) Albert Park
Federal Division(s) Macnamara
Suburbs around South Melbourne:
Docklands Southbank Southbank
Port Melbourne South Melbourne Melbourne
Albert Park Albert Park Melbourne
South Melbourne (2017) South Melbourne 201708.jpg
South Melbourne (2017)

South Melbourne is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 2 km south of Melbourne's Central Business District (CBD). It is in the local government area of the City of Port Phillip. At the 2011 Census, South Melbourne had a population of 9,317.

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2 (3,858.1 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of approximately 5 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Melbourne City Centre Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Melbourne City Centre is an area of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It is the area in which Melbourne was established in 1835, by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, and its boundaries are defined by the Government of Victoria's Melbourne Planning Scheme. Today it comprises the two oldest areas of Melbourne; the Hoddle Grid and Queen Victoria Market, as well as sections of the redeveloped areas of Docklands and Southbank/South Wharf. It is not to be confused with the larger local government area of the City of Melbourne.

Local government areas of Victoria Wikimedia list article

This is a list of local government areas (LGAs) in Victoria, sorted by region. Also referred to as municipalities, the 79 Victorian LGAs are classified as cities (34), shires (38), rural cities (6) and boroughs (1). In general, an urban or suburban LGA is called a city and is governed by a City Council, while a rural LGA covering a larger rural area is usually called a shire and is governed by a Shire Council. Local councils have the same administrative functions and similar political structures, regardless of their classification. The sorting of LGAs into regions is for presentation purposes only, and has no legal or administrative significance.

Contents

Historically known as Emerald Hill, it was one of the first of Melbourne's suburbs to adopt full municipal status and is one of Melbourne's oldest suburban areas, notable for its well preserved Victorian era streetscapes.

History

"Canvas Town", South Melbourne in the 1850s. Temporary accommodation for the thousands who poured into Melbourne each week during the gold rush Canvas town south melbourne victoria 1850s.jpg
"Canvas Town", South Melbourne in the 1850s. Temporary accommodation for the thousands who poured into Melbourne each week during the gold rush
St Vincent Gardens in 1878. Rochester Terrace is in the background St vincent place emerald hill 1878.jpg
St Vincent Gardens in 1878. Rochester Terrace is in the background

Before European settlement, the area now called South Melbourne featured a single hill (where the Town Hall now stands) surrounded by swamps. The Hill was a traditional social and ceremonial meeting place for Aboriginal tribes.

The area was first settled by Europeans in the 1840s and became known as Emerald Hill.

During the Victorian Gold Rush of 1851 a tent city, known as Canvas Town was established. The area soon became a massive slum, home to tens of thousands of migrants from around the world.

Land sales at Emerald Hill began in 1852 and independence from Melbourne was granted, when Emerald Hill was proclaimed a borough on 26 May 1855. [2] Many of the residents of Canvas Town moved to prefabricated cottages in suburbs like Collingwood and South Melbourne and some of these early homes remain in South Melbourne's Coventry Street.

Borough An administrative division in some English-speaking countries

A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries. In principle, the term borough designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, official use of the term varies widely.

Collingwood, Victoria Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Collingwood is an inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km north-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Yarra. At the 2016 Australian Census, Collingwood had a population of 8,513.

The new municipality developed rapidly and by 1872 Emerald Hill was proclaimed a town. During the late 1870s, South Melbourne became a favoured place of residents for Melbourne's middle class, with fashionable terraced housing becoming the norm, including some English style squares, the best example of which was St Vincent Gardens. The South Melbourne Town Hall was built between 1879 and 1880 and designed in suitable grandeur to evoke the city's booming status, establishing a civic heart at Bank Street, bordered by Clarendon, Park, Cecil and Dorcas Streets. In 1883 Emerald Hill became a city, changing its official name to South Melbourne.

St Vincent Gardens

St Vincent Gardens in the Melbourne suburb of Albert Park, is an Australian park of national significance.

South Melbourne Town Hall civic building in Melbourne, Australia

South Melbourne Town Hall is a civic building located on Bank Street in South Melbourne, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It is of state heritage significance to Victoria being listed on the Victorian Heritage Register (H0217).

South Melbourne experienced a decline in the 1950s as Melbourne sprawled outwards. Like many other Melbourne inner city suburbs, during the 1960s, the Housing Commission of Victoria stepped in and erected several high-rise public housing towers, the tallest and largest of which, Park Towers (c.1969) is in South Melbourne. 'Emerald Hill Court' is the other housing commission building located in South Melbourne (c.1962). The result was an injection of migrants adding to the multicultural flavour of the area.

Housing Commission of Victoria

The Housing Commission of Victoria was a Victorian State Government body responsible for public housing in Victoria, Australia. It was established in 1938, and was abolished in 1984.

In the 1980s, South Melbourne experienced one of Melbourne's biggest waves of gentrification.[ citation needed ] Many of the terrace homes were restored and renovated and a new middle class moved in. As a result of the development of Southbank in the 1990s, Clarendon Street has become one of the highest rental yielding commercial streets[ citation needed ] in the entire city of Melbourne, attracting many of the residents from the apartment buildings to shop.

Recently, there has been some new developments within South Melbourne and at the Southbank end of Clarendon Street, including Australia's largest hotel. [3]

Transport

South Melbourne is served by tram routes 1, 12, 58, and 96. Route 96 runs along the former St Kilda railway line, which was converted to light rail in 1987.

In 2006 there were strong calls by a joint council project and the Inner Melbourne Action Group to provide an inner south tram link between the City of Port Phillip and the City of Stonnington, by connecting route 112 with route 8 via Park Street. This would have required less than 100 metres of track to be laid along the Park Street gap to create the new route. [4]

Geography

Commercial areas

The main commercial district is centred on Clarendon Street and side streets, including an area around the South Melbourne Market, with many retailers, cafes, eateries, art galleries and more.

Like the Melbourne CBD, there are many small laneways in South Melbourne, most of them cobbled in bluestone.

Housing

Victorian terrace houses in Finley Street Terrace houses in fishley street south melbourne.jpg
Victorian terrace houses in Finley Street

South Melbourne's predominant housing is terraced or semi-detached Victorian.

Park Towers is a notable example of Housing Commission of Victoria hi-rise public housing. There are a number of such towers in parts of South Melbourne, built since the 1960s.

In recent years, South Melbourne has seen an increase in population density, due to apartment development in nearby Southbank, where development has spilled over from the Melbourne CBD. To the east, towards the St Kilda Road complex, are many high rise office buildings.

Heritage

See Yup Temple off Raglan Street See Yup Temple - Melbourne 10 Dec 2005.jpg
See Yup Temple off Raglan Street

The town hall precinct is home to some of Melbourne's best examples of Victorian architecture.

See Yup Temple is a Chinese temple, built by the See Yup Society in 1856, dating back to the gold rush era. [5]

Television industry

South Melbourne features television production studios owned by the Seven Network and Global Television in the south of the suburb. This was formerly the Melbourne studios of the Seven Network prior to them moving to the Melbourne Docklands's Digital Broadcast Centre. Several Channel Seven shows like Deal or No Deal , Dancing with the Stars and It Takes Two were filmed at the South Melbourne location while News and Today Tonight are filmed at Docklands.

Sport

Old Lake Oval grandstand, adjacent to today's Lakeside Stadium Old lake oval grandstand.jpg
Old Lake Oval grandstand, adjacent to today's Lakeside Stadium

South Melbourne FC is regarded as one of Australia's most successful soccer clubs, with four national titles to their name. They currently play in the Victorian Premier League at Lakeside Stadium, a rectangular stadium built on Lake Oval, the former home ground of the South Melbourne Swans. Historically, they have been known as South Melbourne Hellas, a tribute to the migrant Greek founders of the club and traditionally played at Middle Park.

It was once home to the South Melbourne Swans team, which played in the Victorian Football League (VFL), which played out of the Lake Oval (now Lakeside Stadium) in nearby Albert Park, before relocating to Sydney in 1982 in a radical move, which eventually spawned the national Australian Football League. More recently a new athletics track and field facility replaced the earlier updated soccer ground however soccer is still present in the centre of the track.

Notable people

Notable people from or who lived in South Melbourne include:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Terraced houses in Australia

Terraced houses in Australia refers almost exclusively to Victorian and Edwardian era terraced houses or replicas almost always found in the older, inner city areas of the major cities, mainly Sydney and Melbourne. Terraced housing was introduced to Australia in the 19th century. Their architectural work was based on those in London and Paris, which had the style a century earlier.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "South Melbourne (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 April 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. Monash University (1999) A Gazetteer of Australian Cities, Towns and Suburbs
  3. http://www.theage.com.au/news/travel/hotel-to-crown-casino/2007/10/01/1191091002260.html?s_cid=rss_news
  4. http://www.stonnington.vic.gov.au/resources/documents/06-02-09_IMAP_Agenda_Attachments2.pdf
  5. http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/places/heritage/1063
  6. "Mockridge, Edward Russell (1928–1958)" Australian Dictionary of Biography, Australian National University
  7. "Wills, William John (1834–1861)" Australian Dictionary of Biography, Australian National University