South Tipperary

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South Tipperary
Tiobraid Árann Theas
Tipperary (South Riding)
Former County
1899–2014
South-tipperary-county-council-logo.jpeg
Motto(s): 
Latin: Vallis Aurea Siurensis
"The Golden Vale of the Suir"
South Tipperary in Ireland.svg
Country Ireland
Province Munster
Created 1 April 1899
Abolished 1 June 2014
County town Clonmel
Government
  Type South Tipperary County Council
Area
  Total2,257 km2 (871 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
88,433
Car plates TS (1987–2013)

South Tipperary (Irish : Tiobraid Árann Theas) was a county in Ireland in the province of Munster. It was named after the town of Tipperary and consisted of 52% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. South Tipperary County Council was the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 88,433 according to the 2011 census. It was abolished on 1 June 2014, and amalgamated with North Tipperary to form County Tipperary under a new Tipperary County Council. [1] [2]

Contents

Geography and subdivisions

The Galtee Mountains seen from the Glen of Aherlow. Galtee range aherlow.JPG
The Galtee Mountains seen from the Glen of Aherlow.

The county was part of the central plain of Ireland, but the diversified terrain contained several mountain ranges, notably the Knockmealdowns and the Galtees. The county was landlocked and drained by the River Suir. The centre of the county included much of the Golden Vale, a rich pastoral stretch of land in the Suir basin which extends into counties Limerick and Cork.

The county town was Clonmel; other important urban centres included Carrick-on-Suir, Cashel, Cahir and Tipperary. The county's motto was Vallis Aurea Siurensis (Latin : The Golden Vale of the Suir ).

Baronies

There were six historic baronies in South Tipperary: Clanwilliam, Iffa and Offa East, Iffa and Offa West, Kilnamanagh Lower, Middle Third and Slievardagh.

Civil parishes and townlands

Civil parishes in Ireland were delineated after the Down Survey as an intermediate subdivision, with multiple townlands per parish and multiple parishes per barony. The civil parishes had some use in local taxation and were included on the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. [3] For poor law purposes, district electoral divisions replaced civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century. There were 123 civil parishes in the county. [4]

Local government

The South Riding of Tipperary had been a judicial county following the establishment of assize courts in 1838.

The administrative county of Tipperary, South Riding was created under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 as the area of the existing judicial county of the South Riding of the county of Tipperary, with the addition of the district electoral divisions previously in the North Riding of Cappagh, Curraheen and Glengar, and the portions of the town of Carrick-on-Suir and the borough of Clonmel previously in County Waterford. It took effect on 1 April 1899. [5] [6]

In 2002, under the Local Government Act 2001, the county's name was changed to South Tipperary, and the council's name to South Tipperary County Council. [7] The council oversaw the county as a local government area. The council was composed of 26 representatives, directly elected through the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote (PR-STV). [8]

Ardfinnan Castle, Ardfinnan. Castles of Munster, Ardfinnan, Tipperary - geograph.org.uk - 1393364.jpg
Ardfinnan Castle, Ardfinnan.

South Tipperary was part of the South-East Region, a NUTS III region of the European Union, whereas North Tipperary was part of the Mid-West Region. [9] At a NUTS II level, both counties were in the Southern and Eastern region. [10] A revision to the NUTS regions, after the amalgamation of the counties, brought both under the Mid-West Region. [11]

Irish language

There were native speakers of Irish in South Tipperary until the middle of the 20th century. Recordings of their dialect, made before the last native speakers died, have been made available through a project of the Royal Irish Academy Library. [12]

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Iffa and Offa East is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Clonmel. The barony lies between Iffa and Offa West to the west, Middle Third to the north-west and Slievardagh to the north-east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council. The entire barony lies within the geographic remit of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore with the exception of the parish of Clerihan which is in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.

Slievardagh is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Mullinahone. The barony lies between Eliogarty to the north, Iffa and Offa East to the south and Middle Third to the west. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

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References

  1. "Tipperary County Council". 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Tipperary County Council will become an official unified authority on Tuesday, 3rd June 2014. The new authority combines the existing administration of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council.
  2. "Local Government Reform Act 2014". Irish Statute Book . Archived from the original on 5 January 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  3. "Interactive map (civil parish boundaries viewable in Historic layer)". Mapviewer. Ordnance Survey of Ireland. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
  4. "Placenames Database of Ireland – Tipperary civil parishes". Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 , s. 68: Boundaries of counties, unions, rural districts, and district electoral divisions ( 61 & 62 Vict.,c. 37 of 1898, s. 68 ). Enacted on 12 August 1898. Act of the UK Parliament .Retrieved from Irish Statute Book .
  6. "Orders declaring the boundaries of administrative counties and defining county electoral divisions: County of Tipperary, South Riding". 27th Report of the Local Government Board for Ireland (Cmd. 9480). Dublin: Local Government Board for Ireland. 1900. p. 315.
  7. Local Government Act 2001 , s. 10: Local government areas ( No. 37 of 2001, s. 10 ). Enacted on 21 July 2001. Act of the Oireachtas .Retrieved from Irish Statute Book .
  8. Local Government Act 2001, 7th Sch.: Number of Members of Local Authorities ( No. 37 of 2001, 7th Sch. ). Enacted on 21 July 2001. Act of the Oireachtas .Retrieved from Irish Statute Book .
  9. Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order 1993 ( S.I. No. 394 of 1993 ). Signed on 20 December 1993. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland .Retrieved from Irish Statute Book .
  10. Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order 1999 ( S.I. No. 226 of 1999 ). Signed on 19 July 1999. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland .Retrieved from Irish Statute Book .
  11. "Information Note for Data Users: Revision to the Irish NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions". Central Statistics Office . Retrieved 23 April 2023.
  12. The Doegen Records Web Project (2009). "Recordings of Séamas Ó Liatháin" (in Irish). Royal Irish Academy. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2010.