Southern Highlands (New South Wales)

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Southern Highlands
New South Wales
MortonNationalParkFitzroyFalls.jpg
Population47,882 (2016 census) [1]
Location
LGA(s) Wingecarribee Shire [2]
Region Capital Country
State electorate(s)   Goulburn   Kiama
Federal Division(s)   Hume

  Gilmore

  Whitlam
Localities around Southern Highlands:
Southern Tablelands Macarthur Illawarra
Southern Tablelands Southern Highlands Illawarra
Southern Tablelands Southern Tablelands South Coast

The Southern Highlands, also locally referred to as the Highlands, is a geographical region and district in New South Wales, Australia and is 110 km south-west of Sydney. The entire region is under the local government area of the Wingecarribee Shire. The region is also considered a wine region.

New South Wales state of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Wingecarribee Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Wingecarribee Shire is the local government area of the Southern Highlands in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Wingecarribee Shire is around 110 kilometres (70 mi) southwest of the Sydney central business district and is part of regional Capital Country and to some extent can be considered part of the Southern Tablelands.

New South Wales wine

New South Wales wine is Australian wine produced in New South Wales, Australia. New South Wales is Australia's most populous state and its wine consumption far outpaces the region's wine production. The Hunter Valley, located 130 km (81 mi) north of Sydney, is the most well-known wine region but the majority of the state's production takes place in the Big Rivers zone-Perricoota, Riverina and along the Darling and Murray Rivers. The wines produced from the Big Rivers zone are largely used in box wine and mass-produced wine brands such as Yellow Tail. A large variety of grapes are grown in New South Wales, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Shiraz and Sémillon.

Contents

The region specifically is the area centred on the commercial towns of Mittagong, Bowral, Moss Vale, Bundanoon and Robertson as well as the historic town of Berrima. Smaller villages like Burradoo, Sutton Forest, Colo Vale, Avoca, Yerrinbool, Exeter, Welby and many more that make up the Wingecarribee Shire are spread in between and around these main centres and serve mostly as residential areas.

Moss Vale, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Moss Vale is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in the Wingecarribee Shire. At the 2016 census, it has a population of 8,579 and is sited on the Illawarra Highway, which connects to Wollongong and the Illawarra coast via Macquarie Pass.

Bundanoon, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bundanoon is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. At the 2016 census, Bundanoon had a population of 2,729. It is an Aboriginal name meaning "place of deep gullies" and was formerly known as Jordan's Crossing. Bundanoon is colloquially known as Bundy/Bundi.

Robertson, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Robertson is a large village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The town is located on the edge of an elevated plateau about 35 km from the coast. At the 2016 census, Robertson and its surrounding area had a population of 1,865.

The Highlands geographically sits between 500m and 900m above sea level on the Great Dividing Range. [3] Like other regions along this plateau such as the Blue Mountains to the north and the Australian Alps to the south, the Southern Highlands is known for its cool temperate climate.

Great Dividing Range mountain range in the Australian states of Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria

The Great Dividing Range, or the Eastern Highlands, is Australia's most substantial mountain range and the third longest land-based range in the world. It stretches more than 3,500 kilometres (2,175 mi) from Dauan Island off the northeastern tip of Queensland, running the entire length of the eastern coastline through New South Wales, then into Victoria and turning west, before finally fading into the central plain at the Grampians in western Victoria. The width of the range varies from about 160 km (100 mi) to over 300 km (190 mi). The Greater Blue Mountains Area, Gondwana Rainforests, and Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Areas are located in the range.

Australian Alps Region in Australia

The Australian Alps, an interim Australian bioregion, is the highest mountain range in Australia. This range is located in southeastern Australia, and it straddles eastern Victoria, southeastern New South Wales, and the Australian Capital Territory. The Australian Alps contain Australia's only peaks exceeding 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) in elevation above sea level. The Alps are the only bioregion on the Australian mainland in which deep snow falls annually. The Alps comprise an area of 1,232,981 hectares.

The Southern Highlands as a region is part of the larger Capital Country Region with the Highlands forming the northern part of the region and the Southern Tablelands forming the southern part of the region.

Capital Country Region in New South Wales, Australia

Capital Country was the name of one of the sixteen tourism regions of New South Wales, Australia. This geographical division is made for improving commerce, specifically tourism, in the state.

Southern Tablelands Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Southern Tablelands is a geographic area of New South Wales, Australia, located south-west of Sydney and west of the Great Dividing Range.

Demographics

The Southern Highland's council, Wingecarribee Shire, is home to about 44,379 (2006) residents and is growing at a rate of 2.1% per annum. The majority of the residents (84.5%) are Australian-born with the minority of the population being (15%) born overseas, primarily Europe. The population density of the Highlands is 42.069 persons/km2.

Local attractions

Berrima

Berrima's Surveyor General Inn that was established in 1834. Berrima pub.jpg
Berrima's Surveyor General Inn that was established in 1834.

Berrima is a village located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of Bowral and 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) south west of Mittagong that once served as the main town of the Highlands. Notably, the region of Bowral, Mittagong and Berrima and various villages including the Northern Villages used to be known as the Berrima District. Berrima contains many historic buildings including the historical Berrima Gaol and Courthouse which is in use today and many other historical buildings. [5]

Berrima, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Berrima is a historic village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The village, once a major town, is located on the Old Hume Highway between Canberra and Sydney. It was previously known officially as the Town of Berrima. It is close to the three major towns of the Southern Highlands; Mittagong, Bowral and Moss Vale.

Bowral CBD

Bowral is considered the commercial centre of the Highlands and may be the most well-known towns of the Highlands. Bowral is well known for its boutiques, gourmet restaurants, Corbett Gardens and renowned Springetts Arcade. The town is also home to the Sir Donald Bradman or Bradman Museum.

Bradman Museum, Bowral

The statue of Sir Donald Bradman outside the Bradman Museum. Bradman Museum 2.JPG
The statue of Sir Donald Bradman outside the Bradman Museum.

The Bradman Museum is a tribute museum to Australian cricketer Sir Donald Bradman who grew up in and spent his early life in Bowral until his fame. The museum contains artifacts of Bradman's life and also serves as a museum of cricket and contains historical cricket memorabilia. The museum is located adjacent to Bradman Oval where the Australian Cricket Team play a friendly game annually.

Fitzroy Falls

Fitzroy Falls is a waterfall found in the Morton National Park near the Highlands' village of the same name, Fitzroy Falls, and located near Kangaroo Valley. The Fitroy Falls reserve offers lookouts of the waterfall and of panoramic views of the Morton National Park. The waterfall and village is located near the lake Fitzroy Reservoir. [6] The waterfall's and lake's reserve includes lookouts, bushwalking trails and picnic areas.

Illawarra Fly Tree Top Walk, Robertson

The Illawarra Fly Tree Top Walk, also known as Illawarra Fly is a canopy walkway located south-east of Robertson in the area known as Knights Hill. The facility is a 500m long and 25m high walk facility that opened in mid-2008. The project is similar to the Otway Fly Tree Top Walk in Victoria, Australia. The project consists of a 1500m walk. Moreover, 500m of the 1500m walk is 25m high among the Blackwoods and many other trees of the temperate rainforest of the Budderoo National Park and Illawarra Escarpment. In addition, the project has a 45m high lookout along with the walk that offers panoramic views far south to Bass Point and as far as north to Bundeena which is part of south of the Sutherland Shire. Other views include Wollongong, Lake Illawarra, Tasman Sea, Shellharbour, Kiama and other localities of the South Coast, as well as various localities of the Southern Highlands, the Illawarra Escarpment and Budderoo National Park. [7]

Joadja

Joadja is a historic abandoned ghost town about 32 km west of Mittagong. The town was established in the 1870s by the Australian Kerosene Oil and Mineral Company as Joadja valley's walls contained a vast reserve of shale. Notably, the town back in its time was one of the most populous towns in the Highlands. However, at the turn of the century when the shale ran out, the town's population began to dwindle and the town would be eventually abandoned by the early 1900s. [8]

Joadja at its height had a post office, theatre, general store, bakery, school of arts, refinery, railway line, miner's cottages and many other buildings. Notably, it was one of the first rural towns in New South Wales to be connected to the telephone.

Joadja's legacy still remains with many of the historical buildings remaining in ruin such as some of the miner's cottages, a school house, church, cemetery and refinery devices such as shale ovens. These ovens are protected and are on a World Heritage listing. [8]


Today, a new Distillery produces Single Malt Whisky in honour of the Scottish mining families who worked the rich coal and shale seams in the late 1800s. The Joadja Distillery opnes most weekends for tours and tastings. Guided tours of the historic site are conducted monthly. Check www.joadjatown.com.au for details or call (02) 48785129.

Manor houses

The Southern Highlands has a reputation of being an upscale area due to its upscale-style accommodation which include reputable resorts such as Craigieburn, Briars, Berida Manor House and Peppers Manor House. Each of these places are historical and have a historic significance to the local area.

Morton National Park

Robertson

Home of the Big Potato and Fountaindale Grand Manor 'AKA' Ranelagh House. Fountaindale Grand Manor, originally built in 1924 and opened as Hotel Robertson, has had an interesting history. The Hotel boasted a nine-hole golf course, two tennis courts, croquet, lawn bowls, billiards, fishing, hunting, horseback riding, and an onsite mechanic who looked after guest's cars during their stay. The hotel won the 'Most luxurious hotel in the Commonwealth' award in 1925, and was the first hotel in Australia to have phone lines to every room.

Wineries

The Highlands in the last decade has become a small yet significantly growing wine and cellar door region in New South Wales. It is believed that temperate climate, high annual rainfall as well as quality basalt soil makes it a perfect[ citation needed ] place for viticulture. There are many reputable wineries and vineyards that are located in the Highlands such as Joadja Estate, Bendooley Estate, Centennial Winery, St Maur Wines, Southern Highland Wines, Eling Forest Winery. Some of these wineries have won awards nationally as well as internationally for the optimum quality of their wines.

Varieties primarily cultivated in the region are; chardonnay, riesling, sauvignon blanc, pinot noir and cabernet sauvignon. [3]

Wombeyan Caves

Events

Brigadoon

Brigadoon is a cultural Scottish Festival that occurs one day annually in April at Bundanoon every year. The festival celebrates Highland Scottish culture where Bundanoon becomes the fictional Scottish town of Brigadoon. Festivities of the day include; massive band parades playing various Scottish instruments such as bagpipes; Scottish dancing such as Highland dancing and scottish country dance; and highland games such as caber toss and stone put. In addition, Scottish cuisine is available during the festival such as Scots pies and haggis. [9]

Tulip Time in Bowral

Tulip Time is a historical flower festival in Bowral where nearly 100,000 tulips that are planted in Bowral's Corbett Gardens bloom into flowers in late September and early October. The first festival was started in 1961 by the Rotary Club of Bowral-Mittagong. The festival usually lasts 14 days and includes various activities such as band parades, house and garden fairs, food and wine fairs and many other activities. [10]

The festival donates proceeds to various charities and this year[ when? ] will be sponsoring Westmead Children's Hospital. In the past, the festival has supported local churches, hospitals, youth centres, elderly centres and disadvantaged people of the community. [11]

Walk Through Bethlehem in Mittagong

Walk Through Bethlehem is an interactive Christmas experience for all ages. Visitors are invited to step back in time, into a reenactment of Bethlehem at the time of Jesus' birth. There they meet shepherds minding their flocks, potters, carpenters, stonemasons and copper-smiths at work, the wise men searching for the saviour, villagers selling their wares in the marketplace, before finally seeing Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus in the stable. Run by Mittagong Anglican Church (St. Stephen's), the event is held every second year in December, usually the week before Christmas. Held in the grounds of Mittagong Anglican Church on Main Street, the event has been run in 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2015. [12]

Small events

Bundanoon hosts Community Garden's Grow Cook Eat Festival in March, Winterfest each June and Garden Ramble each October.[ citation needed ]

Wingello hosts Sled Dog Trials in June.[ citation needed ]

Local media

Newspapers

Radio

Notable persons

See also

Highlands Guide Highlands Phone App - Tourist & Local Guide

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wingecarribee (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 March 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. (www.wsc.nsw.gov.au), Customer and Information Services, Wingecarribee Shire Council. "Wingecarribee Shire Council Online Customer Service Centre". www.wsc.nsw.gov.au. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Page Not Found". wineaustralia.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  6. "Fitzroy Falls - National Park". www.highlandsnsw.com.au. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
  8. 1 2 "Joadja, New South Wales". The Age . 17 February 2005. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 September 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 August 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 August 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
  12. "Home - Mittagong Region Anglican Church". www.mittang.com.au. Archived from the original on 22 March 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.

Coordinates: 34°28′S150°25′E / 34.467°S 150.417°E / -34.467; 150.417