Southern Province, Sri Lanka

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Southern Province

දකුණු පළාත
தென் மாகாணம்
Sri Lanka Southern Province locator map.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 6°10′N80°45′E / 6.167°N 80.750°E / 6.167; 80.750 Coordinates: 6°10′N80°45′E / 6.167°N 80.750°E / 6.167; 80.750
CountrySri Lanka
Created1833
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Galle
Largest City Galle
Government
   Governor Willy Gamage
   Chief Minister none
Area
  Total5,544 km2 (2,141 sq mi)
Area rank7th (8.46% of total area)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total2,464,732 [1]
  Rank3rd (12.18% of total pop.)
Gross Regional Product
 (2010) [2]
  Total Rs 492 billion
  Rank3rd (10.2% of total)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 code LK-3
Vehicle registration SP
Official Languages Sinhala, Tamil
Website www.sp.gov.lk

The Southern Province (Sinhala : දකුණු පළාතDakuṇu Paḷāta, Tamil : தென் மாகாணம்Theṉ Mākāṇam) of Sri Lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. [3] [4] It is the 7th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people, the 3rd most populated province. The province is bordered by Sabaragamuwa Province and Uva Province to the North, Eastern Province to the Northeast, Western Province to the Northwest and the Indian Ocean to the South, West and East. The Province's capital is Galle.

Contents

The Southern Province is a geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, Matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the main source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region. Government School education is primarily handled by the Southern Provincial Education Department.

Administrative divisions

Southern Province is divided into 3 districts and 47 divisional secretariats.

Districts

Districts of Southern province Southern Sri Lanka districts.png
Districts of Southern province
Administrative Divisions of Southern Province
District CapitalAreaPopulation
Galle District Galle 1,652 km2 (638 sq mi)1,075,000
Hambantota District Hambantota 2,609 km2 (1,007 sq mi)596,617
Matara District Matara 1,283 km2 (495 sq mi)831,000

Divisional Secretariats

The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.

There are 47 divisional secretariats in the Southern Province, with 19 in Galle District, 12 in Hambantota District and 16 in Matara District.

Major Cities and Towns

Galle, a major city in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka Galle 2.jpg
Galle, a major city in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka
Aerial view of the Hambantota District Sri lanka southern province aerial view.jpg
Aerial view of the Hambantota District
City/townLocal authority District Population
(2012)
[5]
Ambalangoda Ambalangoda Urban Council Galle 56,783
Galle Galle Municipal Council Galle 101,159
Hambantota Hambantota Municipal Council Hambantota 57,053
Hikkaduwa Hikkaduwa Urban Council Galle 101,382
Matara Matara Municipal Council Matara 114,970
Tangalle Tangalle Urban Council Hambantota 71,920
Weligama Weligama Urban Council Matara 72,511

Landmarks

Important landmarks of the Southern Province include the wildlife sanctuaries of the Yala and Udawalawe National Parks. Ussangoda in Ambalantota is a panoramic view of the beach and the sea, and the holy city of Kataragama, and the ancient cities of Tissamaharama, Kirinda and Galle. (Although Galle is an ancient city, almost nothing survives from before the Portuguese invasion.) During the Portuguese period there were two famous Sinhalese poets called Andare who was from Dickwella and Gajaman Nona who was from Denipitiya in Matara District, composing poems on common man.

The Southern Province was seriously affected by the tsunami in 2004. The province is going through a rebuilding process.

See also

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References

  1. "Population by Province, 2012" (PDF). Department of Census & Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  2. :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate Archived 20 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
  4. "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
  5. "Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division" (pdf). Department of Census & Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2014.