|Southern Railway (Austria)|
|Native name||Südbahn (Österreich)|
|Owner||Austrian Federal Railways|
|Line number||105 01|
|Locale|| Vienna |
|Termini|| Wien Hauptbahnhof |
Border of Austria–Slovenia
|Type|| Heavy rail, Passenger/Freight rail|
Intercity rail, Regional rail, Commuter rail
|Route number||500 (Wien Hbf – Mürzzuschlag)|
501 (Wien Hbf – Graz)
|Operator(s)||Austrian Federal Railways|
|Opened||Stages between 1841–1848|
|Line length||259.7 km (161.4 mi)|
|Number of tracks|| Double track |
• Wien Hbf – Werndorf, Lebring – Leibnitz
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Minimum radius||171 m|
|Electrification||15 kV 16.7 Hz AC|
|Operating speed||160 km/h (99 mph)|
|Maximum incline||2.81 %|
The Southern Railway (German : Südbahn) is a railway in Austria that runs from Vienna to Graz and the border with Slovenia at Spielfeld via Semmering and Bruck an der Mur. Along with the Spielfeld-Straß–Trieste railway (lying largely in Slovenia), it forms part of the Austrian Southern Railway that connected Vienna with Trieste, the main seaport of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, via Ljubljana. A main obstacle in its construction was getting over the Semmering Pass over the Northern Limestone Alps. The twin-track, electrified section that runs through the current territory of Austria is owned and operated by Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) and is one of the major lines in the country.
While the connection between Vienna and Graz, partly provided by ÖBB Railjet high-speed trains, is busy, international passenger traffic to Trieste has decreased in past decades. Nevertheless, the railway is to be developed by the Semmering Base Tunnel and the Koralm Railway branch-off to Klagenfurt, Carinthia. The section from Graz to the Slovenian border, which had been downgraded to a single track railway in the 1950s, is currently again enlarged to double track.
Within the Vienna metropolitan region, the sections between new Vienna Central Station, Wien Meidling, Mödling, Leobersdorf and Wiener Neustadt Hauptbahnhof are also part of the suburban Vienna S-Bahn railway network.
The Semmering railway in Austria, which starts at Gloggnitz and leads over the Semmering to Mürzzuschlag, was the first mountain railway in Europe built with a standard gauge track. It is commonly referred to as the world's first true mountain railway, given the very difficult terrain and the considerable altitude difference that was mastered during its construction. It is still fully functional as a part of the Southern Railway which is operated by the Austrian Federal Railways.
Karl Ritter von Ghega or Karl von Ghega was an Austrian nobleman and the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects.
Slovenian Railways is the state railway company of Slovenia, created in 1991.
Semmering is a mountain pass in the Eastern Northern Limestone Alps connecting Lower Austria and Styria, between which it forms a natural border.
The Bohinj Railway is a railway in Slovenia and Italy. It connects Jesenice in Slovenia with Trieste in Italy. It was built by Austria-Hungary from 1900 to 1906 as a part of a new strategic railway, the Neue Alpenbahnen, that would connect Western Austria and Southern Germany with the then Austro-Hungarian port of Trieste. The line starts in Jesenice, at the Southern end of the Karawanks Tunnel; it then crosses the Julian Alps through the Bohinj Tunnel, and passes the border town of Nova Gorica before crossing the Italian border and reaching Trieste.
The Imperial-Royal State Railways abbr. kkStB) or Imperial-Royal Austrian State Railways was the state railway organisation in the Cisleithanian (Austrian) part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
Wien Südbahnhof was Vienna's largest railway terminus. It closed in December 2009 and was demolished in 2010 to be replaced with a new station, Wien Hauptbahnhof. It was located in Favoriten, in the south-east of the city. The East-bound rail services of Südbahnhof remain in operation throughout the reconstruction via provisional train station "Südbahnhof (Ostbahn)".
The Ulm–Augsburg line is a German railway line. It was constructed as part of the Bavarian Maximilian's Railway. It was built for the Royal Bavarian State Railways as part of the east-west connection between Neu-Ulm in the west via Augsburg, Munich and Rosenheim to the Austrian border at Kufstein and Salzburg in the east.
The Engerth locomotive was a type of early articulated steam locomotive designed by Wilhelm Freiherr von Engerth for use on the Semmering Railway in Austria. The distinctive feature of the Engerth design was an articulated tender as part of the main locomotive frame. Some of the weight of the tender therefore rested on the driving wheels, improving adhesion, while articulation allowed the locomotive to navigate the narrow curves of mountain railways.
Railjet is a high-speed rail service in Europe operated by Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) and Czech Railways (ČD). It was introduced with the timetable change of 2008–2009 and operates at speeds of up to 230 km/h (143 mph). Railjet is ÖBB's premier service and operates both domestically within Austria and on international services to adjacent major cities in the Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Hungary and Slovakia.
The steam locomotives of Südbahn Class 23 (old) were goods train engines worked by the Austrian Southern Railway.
In 1839 the Lokomotivfabrik der StEG became the first Austro-Hungarian locomotive works to be founded and it produced many influential locomotive designs.
The Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik was the largest locomotive and engineering factory in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. During World War II the company produced armaments as part of Rax-Werk Ges.mbH which was associated with the Mauthausen concentration camp.
Trieste Centrale railway station (Italian: Stazione di Trieste Centrale; German: Triest Südbahnhof is the main station serving the city and municipality of Trieste, in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northeastern Italy.
The Tauern Railway is an Austrian railway line between Schwarzach-Sankt Veit in the state of Salzburg and Spittal an der Drau in Carinthia. It is part of one of the most important north-south trunk routes (Magistrale) in Europe and also carries tourist traffic for the Gastein Valley. The standard gauge railway line is 79 km (49 mi) long and climbs the High Tauern range of the Central Eastern Alps with a maximum incline of 2.5%, crossing the Alpine crest through the 8,371 m (27,464 ft) long Tauern Tunnel. It is one of the highest standard gauge railways in Europe and the third highest in Austria.
Wien Hetzendorf is a Vienna S-Bahn station, served by S1 and S2. The station is 1.63 km (1.01 mi) west of Wien Meidling. The station is situated between Altmannsdorfer Straße and Hetzendorfer Straße. Connections are available to Lines 16A, 62A, 64A of Wiener Linien Bus service and Line 62 of Wiener Linien Tram service.
The Semmering Base Tunnel is a railway tunnel under construction between Gloggnitz and Mürzzuschlag in Austria underneath the Semmering Pass. The existing route is 41 km in length and the Semmering Base Tunnel will be 27.3 km in length. The new route will offer time savings of up to 30 minutes, partly on account of the shorter route and partly on account of the higher speed limit.
The Austrian Southern Railway is a 577.2 km long double track railway, which linked the capital Vienna with Trieste, former main seaport of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, by railway for the first time. It now forms the Southern Railway in Austria and the Spielfeld-Straß–Trieste railway in Slovenia and Italy.
The Spielfeld–Trieste railway is a double-track, electrified main line in Austria, Slovenia and Italy, which was built as part of the Austrian Southern Railway of the k.k. Südlichen Staatsbahn and operated for decades by the Austrian Southern Railway Company (Südbahngesellschaft), a large private railway company in the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. It runs from Spielfeld-Straß over the Austrian-Slovenian border at Šentilj, continuing via Maribor, Ljubljana and the Slovenian karst to the Adriatic port of Trieste, in Italy. It continues as the Southern Railway from Spielfeld-Straß to Vienna.
Spielfeld-Straß station is a border station on the Southern Railway and the line to Trieste in Straß in Steiermark, in southern Steiermark, Austria, near the border between Austria and Sloviania. Next to the station building of the ÖBB, there is also an office staffed by Slovenian Railways, which calls the station Špilje.