Southfield, Michigan

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Southfield, Michigan
City of Southfield
Southfield Town Center.jpg
Motto(s): 
The Center of it All
Southfield, MI location.png
Location within Oakland County
USA Michigan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Southfield
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°28′47″N83°14′42″W / 42.47972°N 83.24500°W / 42.47972; -83.24500
CountryUnited States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Organized1830 (as Southfield Township
Incorporated1958
Government
  Type Mayor–council
   Mayor Kenson J. Siver
   City manager Frederick E. Zorn
Area
[1]
   City 26.26 sq mi (68.02 km2)
  Land26.26 sq mi (68.00 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
682 ft (208 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
   City 71,758
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
73,158
  Density2,788.24/sq mi (1,076.54/km2)
   Metro
4,296,250 (Metro Detroit)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48033, 48034, 48037, 48075, 48076, 48086
Area code(s) 248 and 947
FIPS code 26-74900 [4]
GNIS feature ID0638439 [5]
Website Official website

Southfield is a city in Oakland County, Michigan, United States. It is a northern suburb of Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 71,739. [6] A part of Metro Detroit's upscale office market, the city's marque is a cluster of five golden skyscrapers – known as the "Golden Triangle" – that form the contemporary 2,200,000 square feet (204,400 m2) Southfield Town Center office complex with a Westin Hotel and a conference center. In addition, a 33-story luxury residential high-rise is separate from the complex. To the west, near the confluence of I-696/Reuther Freeway and M-10/Lodge Freeway, is the American Center.

Contents

History

Southfield was surveyed in 1817 according to the plan by Michigan territorial governor Lewis Cass. [7] The first settlers came from nearby Birmingham and Royal Oak, Michigan, as well as the states of New York and Vermont. The area that would become Southfield was settled by John Daniels in 1823. Among the founders were the Heth, Stephens, Harmon, McClelland and Thompson families.

Town 1 north, 10 east was first organized as Ossewa Township on July 12, 1830, but the name was changed seventeen days later to Southfield Township. [7] The township took its name from its location in the "south fields" of Bloomfield Township. A US post office was established in 1833 and the first town hall built in 1873.

Southfield Town Center Southfield Town Center2.jpg
Southfield Town Center

The Southfield Fire Department was formed on April 6, 1942, and the Southfield Police Department in 1953.[ citation needed ] In the 1950s, cities and villages began to incorporate within the township, including Lathrup Village in 1950, and Beverly Hills in 1957. Most of what was left of the township was formally incorporated as a city on April 28, 1958 to protect it from annexation attempts by the city of Detroit. Whites who had migrated to the suburbs did not want to be dominated by the expanding black community of the city. [8]

The current city hall was built in 1964 as part of the new Civic Center complex, which also became home to Southfield's police headquarters. The Civic Center was expanded in 1971 to include a sports arena with swimming pool. Evergreen Hills Golf Course was added in 1972, and in 1978, a new public safety building, the Southfield Pavilion, and a new court building were added. In 2003, an expanded and redesigned Southfield Public Library opened to the public on the Civic Center grounds, featuring state-of-the-art facilities. Outside the Civic Center complex, Southfield has municipal parks and recreation facilities, which were largely developed in the 1970s, including Beech Woods Recreation Center and John Grace Community Center.

Duns Scotus College is now the home of Word of Faith Christian Center.

Economy

Southfield Town Center across from Lawrence Technological University Southfield Town Center3.jpg
Southfield Town Center across from Lawrence Technological University

Southfield is a commercial and business center for the metropolitan Detroit area, with Southfield's 27,000,000 square feet (2,508,400 m2) of office space, second in the Detroit metro area to Detroit's central business district of 33,251,00 square feet (3,089,000 square metres). Several internationally recognized corporations have major offices and headquarters in Southfield, including the North American headquarters of Veoneer, Huf Hülsbeck and Fürst, Denso, Peterson Spring, Federal-Mogul, Lear, R.L. Polk & Co., International Automotive Components, Stefanini, Inc. and Guardian Alarm. Today, more than 100 Fortune 500 companies have offices in Southfield.

Sumitomo Corporation operates the Detroit Office in Suite 1450 at 27777 Franklin Road. Industries supported by the office include automotive, rolled steel, and tubular products. [9]

October 28, 2014, Fifth Third Bank announced plans to move its Michigan regional headquarters from Southfield to downtown Detroit in what will be named the Fifth Third Bank Building at One Woodward . [10] The office had 150 employees. [11]

Northland Center, one of the first shopping malls in the nation, opened in Southfield in 1954 and closed in 2015. Southfield is home to over 780 acres (3.2 km2) of parkland and a nationally recognized public school district.[ who? ]

Southfield City Centre

Prominent with the City of Southfield is the Southfield City Centre, a mixed-use area consisting of a major business center, private university, and residential neighborhoods, located near the intersection of Interstate 696 (I-696, Walter P. Reuther Freeway) and the M-10 (Lodge Freeway).

The Southfield City Centre was created in 1992 as a special assessment district, and was originally planned to improve pedestrian amenities and facilitate economic development.

Diplomatic missions

The Consulate of Macedonia in Detroit is in the Southfield Town Center, [12] and the Consulate of Iraq in Detroit is in Southfield. [13]

Conventions

Penguicon has been held in Southfield regularly since 2014.

Geography

St. John Armenian Church in Southfield, founded by Alex Manoogian StJohnArmenianChurchRear.jpg
St. John Armenian Church in Southfield, founded by Alex Manoogian

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.28 square miles (68.06 km2), of which, 26.27 square miles (68.04 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. [14] The main branch of the River Rouge runs through Southfield. The city is bounded to the south by Eight Mile Road, its western border is Inkster Road, and to the east it is bounded by Greenfield Road. Southfield's northern border does not follow a single road, but lies approximately around Thirteen Mile Road. The city is bordered by Detroit and Redford Township to the south, Farmington Hills to the west, Franklin, Bingham Farms, and Beverly Hills to the north and Royal Oak, Berkley and Oak Park to the east. The separate city of Lathrup Village sits as an enclave in the eastern part of the city, completely surrounded by Southfield.

Demographics

Word of Faith International Christian Center in Southfield, formerly Duns Scotus College SouthfieldMiWordofFaithChapelSouth.jpg
Word of Faith International Christian Center in Southfield, formerly Duns Scotus College SouthfieldMiWordofFaithChapelEntrance.jpg
Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 31,531
1970 69,298119.8%
1980 75,6089.1%
1990 75,7450.2%
2000 78,3223.4%
2010 71,758−8.4%
Est. 201873,158 [3] 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 71,739 people, 31,778 households, and 18,178 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,730.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,054.4/km2). There were 35,986 housing units at an average density of 1,369.9 per square mile (528.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.3% African American, 24.9% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 31,778 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.5% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.8% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 42 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.7% male and 55.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 78,296 people, 33,987 households, and 19,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,984.6 per square mile (1,152.5/km²). There were 35,698 housing units at an average density of 1,360.8 per square mile (525.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.22% African American, 38.83% White, 3.09% Asian, 0.20% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 2.99% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the city's 33,987 households, 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution in the city's population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. In terms of gender distribution, for every 100 females there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,802, and the median income for a family was $64,543. Males had a median income of $48,341 versus $37,949 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,096. About 5.8% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Socioeconomic status

The most prevalent occupations for people in Southfield are a mix of both white- and blue-collar jobs. Overall, Southfield is a city of sales and office workers, professionals and managers. A relatively large number of people living in Southfield work in office and administrative support (16.00%), sales jobs (10.93%), and management occupations (9.72%). The population of Southfield is very well-educated relative to most cities and towns in the nation. Whereas the average community has 21.84% of its adult population holding a 4-year degree or higher: 38.73% of adults in Southfield have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree. The per capita income in Southfield in 2010 was $28,995. " [16]

Ethnic groups

African Americans

In 2002 Southfield had 42,259 black people, giving it the second-largest black population in Metro Detroit and third-largest in the state of Michigan. [17]

As of 2011 many African Americans from Detroit are moving into Southfield and other suburbs of Oakland and Macomb counties. Tensions have occurred between existing middle-class blacks in Southfield and newcomers from Wayne County. [18]

Chaldeans

As of 2001 many Chaldeans live in Southfield; they are mostly Assyrian Christians. The Chaldean Federation of America, an umbrella organization for most regional Chaldean groups, is located in Southfield. As of that year, the largest Chaldean church, in terms of the number of congregants, was based here. The city also had the area's sole Chaldean retirement home. [19]

Government

Tower entrance to Southfield Public Library Tower 004.jpg
Tower entrance to Southfield Public Library

Southfield utilizes the Council-Manager form of government, and thus is governed by a City Council consisting of seven council members. The city council appoints a City Administrator, who manages the day-to-day operations of the city. The popularly elected mayor, who does not vote on council actions, does have the right to veto council actions and holds the power to appoint the city's planner, assessor, attorney, and members of various commissions. The city's Clerk and Treasurer are also popularly elected officials. All of these officials hold non-partisan positions.

Education

Lawrence Technological University A.Alfred Taubman Student Services Center.JPG
Lawrence Technological University

Southfield Public Schools operates area public schools. Southfield Senior High School for the Arts and Technology (commonly abbreviated to Southfield A&T) is the sole high school in the district. There were originally two high schools in the district, Southfield and Southfield-Lathrup, but the two schools were consolidated after the 2015-2016 school year. [20] Students living in parts of Northern Southfield attend schools in the Birmingham City School District, while students living in the Southeast corner of Southfield attend schools in the Oak Park School District. [21] Southfield A&T also competes in the Oakland Activities Association in the Red Division for high school sports, and also has membership in the MHSAA. [22]

AGBU Alex and Marie Manoogian School is an Armenian charter in Southfield.

Farber Hebrew Day School – Yeshivat Akiva is a private Jewish school in Southfield.

Southfield Christian School is a private school in Southfield.

Southfield Public Library operates public libraries in the city. Providence Medical Center offers residency training in various fields of medicine.

Colleges and universities

Southfield is home to eight colleges including Lawrence Technological University, Abcott Institute, Everest Institute and Oakland Community College. The Specs Howard School of Media Arts is in Southfield.

Media

Southfield is the broadcast media center for the Detroit area, boasting studios and broadcast facilities for several television stations including WXYZ-TV, WJBK, WKBD-TV, WMYD-TV, WWJ-TV, and City Cable 15. Metro Detroit's regional sports network Fox Sports Detroit is located in Southfield on 11 Mile and Evergreen roads. A transmitter for WDIV-TV is in the city; however, they are the only television station based in downtown Detroit.

The city serves as the location of CBS Radio's Detroit studios. Southfield is also served by WSHJ 88.3 FM, which is a student-run radio station sponsored by Southfield Public Schools.

In 1970, radio pioneer and entertainer Specs Howard founded the Specs Howard School of Media Arts in Southfield. [23] [24]

In addition to The Detroit News and Free Press, Detroit's two metropolitan daily newspapers, Southfield is served by the Southfield Eccentric , a suburban paper that reports on local and community events, which is published twice a week, on Sunday and Thursday.[ citation needed ] The headquarters of The Detroit Jewish News are located in Southfield. [25] The Chaldean News is also headquartered in Southfield. [26]

Transportation

One Towne Square One Towne Square Southfield.jpg
One Towne Square

Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) operates local and regional bus transit.

The major thoroughfares in the city include the John C. Lodge Freeway (M-10), which is among the first urban to suburban highways constructed in the United States. The city also contains I-696, Southfield Freeway (M-39), and US 24 (Telegraph Road). The city contains several freeway interchanges connecting local roads to the freeways. Most prominently, "The Lodge" freeway connects downtown Detroit to "The Mixing Bowl," the sprawling interchange of I-696, US 24, M-10, Lahser Road, and Franklin Road, all of which are located in Southfield.

Most major streets adhere to a north-south/east-west orientation, forming a grid of major streets spaced one mile (1.6 km) apart from each other. The major east-west streets are 8 Mile Road (which forms the southern boundary of the city), 9 Mile Road (which is split by the Southfield Freeway), 10 Mile Road, 11 Mile Road (which is split by the Lodge), and 12 Mile Road. Major north-south streets are Telegraph Road, Lahser Road, Evergreen Road, Southfield Road (the northern extension of the Southfield Freeway) and Greenfield Road (which forms the eastern boundary of the city).

Parks and recreation

The Southfield Parks and Recreation Department is responsible for 775 acres of parks, nature preserves and open space and historic properties at 33 sites within the City. There are numerous ball fields, tennis and handball courts, picnic areas and shelters. Soccer fields, play lots and sand volleyball courts are located throughout the City for residents’ enjoyment. [27] [28]

Notable people

See also

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Coordinates: 42°28′24″N83°13′19″W / 42.47333°N 83.22194°W / 42.47333; -83.22194