|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by|| Bermondsey |
|Created from||Surrey (part of)|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by|| Bermondsey (abolished 1983)|
Peckham (abolished 1997)
Dulwich (absorbed small parts) (abolished 1997)
|Created from||Southwark Central, Southwark North and Southwark South East|
Southwark ( /ˈsʌðərk/ ( listen ) SUDH-ərk)  was a constituency centred on the Southwark district of South London. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the English Parliament from 1295 to 1707, to the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and to the UK Parliament until its first abolition for the 1885 general election. A seat of the same name, covering a smaller area than the last form of the earlier seat in the west of the original and beyond its boundaries to the southwest, was created in 1950 and abolished in 1974.
In its last creation the seat's broad electorate heavily supported the three successive Labour candidates, who won Southwark with a majority of greater than 36% of the votes cast at its eight elections – an extremely safe seat.
The constituency was created in 1295 as a parliamentary borough (also known as burgh) when its electorate was restricted to the owners of certain properties in its main streets of its burgage, returning two 'burgesses' as they were sometimes called. Its electorate was expanded to a more standard franchise in 1832. In 1833 the electorate was 4,775 adult males and this had risen to 23,472 by 1880. 
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 replaced the two-member constituency with the seats West Southwark, Rotherhithe and Bermondsey. 
A seat taking the old constituency name was established for the 1950 general election. Its boundaries were unaltered in the 1955 corrective review and it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1386 ||Henry Thymelby||William Beeche|
|1388 (Feb) ||John Northampton||William Porter|
|1388 (Sep) ||Roger Chandler||Richard atte Vine|
|1390 (Jan) ||William Wintringham||John Mucking|
|1391 ||William Spalding||Walter Segrave|
|1393 ||John Solas||Thomas Solas|
|1395 ||John Solas||John Mucking|
|1397 (Jan) ||Thomas atte Gill||John Mucking|
|1397 (Sep) ||William Derby||John Mucking|
|1399 ||Ralph Spalding||John Parker|
|1402 ||John Gofaire||John Mucking|
|1406 ||John Baker||Thomas Spencer|
|1407 ||Thomas Colman||John Deken|
|1413 (May) ||William Horton||Thomas Spencer|
|1414 (Apr) ||John William||John Welles|
|1414 (Nov) ||John Solas||William Kirton|
|1415 ||William Redstone||Thomas Spencer|
|1416 (Mar) ||John Solas||John Mucking|
|1417 ||William Kirton||John Deken|
|1419 ||Robert William||John Welles|
|1420 ||William Kirton||John Deken|
|1421 (May) ||William Redstone||John Deken|
|1421 (Dec) ||Thomas Dewy||Thomas Lucas|
|1510–1523 ||No names known|
|1529 ||Sir John Shilston, died 1530||Robert Acton|
|1536 ||Thomas Bulla||?|
|1539 ||Sir Richard Long||Robert Acton|
|1542 ||Robert Acton||Thomas Bulla|
|1545 ||?||William Gyllam|
|1547 || Sir John Gates, |
repl. by Jan 1552 by John Sayer
|1553 (Mar) ||John Eston||John Sayer|
|1553 (Oct) ||Humphrey Colet||John Sayer|
|1554 (Apr) ||John Eston||John Sayer|
|1554 (Nov) ||John Eston||John Sayer|
|1555 ||John Eston||Humphrey Colet|
|1558 ||John Eston||Robert Freeman|
|1559 ||John Eston||Robert Freeman|
|1562–3 ||Thomas Cure||Oliffe Burr|
|1571 ||Thomas Cure||William Wilson|
|1572 ||Oliffe Burr||Thomas Way|
|1584 ||Thomas Way||Richard Hutton|
|1586 ||Thomas Cure||Richard Hutton|
|1588–9 ||Richard Hutton||William Pratt|
|1593 ||Hugh Browker||Richard Hutton|
|1597 ||Edmund Bowyer||Richard Hutton|
|1601 ||Mathew Dale||Zachariah Locke|
|1604–1611||Sir George Rivers||William Counden|
|1614||Edward Coxe||Richard Yarward|
|1621||Richard Yarward||Robert Bromfield|
|1624||Richard Yarward||Robert Bromfield|
|1625||Richard Yarward||William Coxe|
|1626||Richard Yarward||William Coxe|
|1628||Richard Yarward||William Coxe|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2008)
|Election||First Member||First Party||Second Member||Second Party|
|April 1640||Robert Holborne||Richard Tuffnell|
|November 1640||Edward Bagshawe||Royalist||John White ||Parliamentarian|
|January 1644||Bagshawe disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|1645||George Thomson||George Snelling|
|1653||Southwark was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Samuel Highland||Robert Warcup|
|1656||Peter De La Noy|
|January 1659||George Thomson||Andrew Brewer|
|April 1660||John Langham||Sir Thomas Bludworth|
|1666||Sir Thomas Clarges|
|1679||Sir Richard How||Peter Rich|
|1685||Sir Peter Daniel||Anthony Bowyer|
|1689||John Arnold||Sir Peter Rich|
|1695||Sir Charles Cox||Whig|
|January 1712||Edmund Halsey |
|February 1712||Sir George Matthews|
|1713||John Lade||Tory||Fisher Tench ||Whig|
|1722||George Meggott||Edmund Halsey||Whig|
|1724 by-election ||John Lade||Tory|
|1727||Sir Joseph Eyles||Whig|
|1730 by-election ||Thomas Inwen|
|1743 by-election ||Alexander Hume|
|1761||Joseph Mawbey ||Alexander Hume|
|1765 by-election ||Henry Thrale||Pro-Government Chathamite/Northite|
|1780||Sir Richard Hotham|
|1782 by-election ||Henry Thornton||Tory |
|April 1784||Sir Barnard Turner||Independent |
|June 1784 by-election ||Paul Le Mesurier||Tory |
|May 1796||George Woodford Thellusson ||Tory |
|December 1796 by-election ||George Tierney||Whig |
|1806||Sir Thomas Turton, Bt||Tory |
|1812||Charles Calvert||Whig |
|1815 by-election ||Charles Barclay||Tory |
|1818||Sir Robert Wilson||Radical |
|Aug 1830||John Rawlinson Harris||Whig |
|Nov 1830 by-election ||Charles Calvert||Whig |
|1831||William Brougham||Whig  |
|1832||John Humphery||Whig  |
|1835||Daniel Whittle Harvey||Radical  |
|1840 by-election ||Benjamin Wood||Whig   |
|1845 by-election ||Sir William Molesworth||Radical  |
|1852||Apsley Pellatt||Radical  |
|1855 by-election||Sir Charles Napier||Radical  |
|1857||John Locke||Radical |
|1860 by-election ||Austen Henry Layard||Liberal|
|1870 by-election ||Marcus Beresford||Conservative|
|1880 by-election ||Edward Clarke||Conservative|
|1880||Arthur Cohen||Liberal||Thorold Rogers||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: creating all of Bermondsey, Rotherhithe and Southwark West|
|1972 by-election||Harry Lamborn||Labour|
|Feb 1974||constituency abolished|
|Whig||John Rawlinson Harris||1,664||40.7|
Harris' death caused a by-election.
|Whig gain from Radical|
|Whig||Lancelot Baugh Allen ||1,040||20.8||N/A|
|Radical||Thomas Lamie Murray ||0||0.0||New|
|Radical||Daniel Whittle Harvey||Unopposed|
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Radical||Daniel Whittle Harvey||1,927||40.9||N/A|
Harvey was appointed a registrar of Metropolitan Public Carriages, causing a by-election.
|Radical||Daniel Whittle Harvey||Unopposed|
Harvey resigned after being appointed a Commissioner of Police for the City of London, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||John Walter ||1,535||42.7||+24.7|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||−4.3|
Wood's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Jeremiah Pilcher ||1,182||34.0||New|
|Radical||Edward Miall ||352||10.1||New|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Radical||George Scovell ||2,909||27.1||N/A|
|Turnout||5,369 (est)||56.8 (est)||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig|
Molesworth was appointed First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.
Molesworth was appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies, requiring a by-election.
Molesworth's death caused a by-election.
|Turnout||5,069 (est)||49.8 (est)||−7.0|
|Turnout||5,716 (est)||53.9 (est)||+4.1|
Napier's death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||Austen Henry Layard||4,572||57.5||N/A|
|Liberal||George Scovell ||3,377||42.5||N/A|
Locke was appointed Recorder of Brighton, requiring a by-election.
|Liberal||Austen Henry Layard||Unopposed|
|Liberal||Austen Henry Layard||5,908||40.9||N/A|
|Turnout||8,463 (est)||47.8 (est)||N/A|
Layard was appointed First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.
|Liberal||Austen Henry Layard||Unopposed|
Layard resigned after being appointed British ambassador to Spain.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+39.9|
|Liberal||Andrew Dunn ||3,121||17.1||−23.8|
|Turnout||11,975 (est)||58.6 (est)||+10.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+15.3|
Locke's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.9|
|Conservative||Mark Cattley ||7,674||21.9||+6.2|
|Turnout||17,526 (est)||74.7 (est)||+16.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.3|
|Conservative||James Greenwood (MP)||12,671||24.68|
|Communist||Spencer John Bent||668||1.30|
|Labour win (new seat)|
|Conservative||James Greenwood (MP)||14,032||27.72|
|Communist||Spencer John Bent||959||2.39||New|
|Conservative||James Greenwood (MP)||12,696||32.45|
|Communist||Spencer John Bent||1,395||3.57|
|Conservative||Anthony Paul R Noble||8,563||26.28|
|Communist||Spencer John Bent||1,599||4.91|
|Conservative||Anthony Paul Noble||6,454||21.72|
|Communist||Spencer John Bent||1,404||4.73|
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