|Organising body||Football Federation of the USSR|
|Region||Soviet Union (UEFA)|
|Number of teams||32|
|Last champions||Spartak Moscow (10th title)|
|Most successful club(s)||Spartak Moscow (10 titles)|
The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup (Russian : Кубок СССР), was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition was awarded a qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, unless it already qualified for the European Cup, in turn passed the qualification to the finalist. In case if a team would win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and not win its national league cup titles next year, it qualified to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup along with the new cup holder.
The first participation in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup took place in 1965-66 when Dynamo Kyiv qualified for the European competition for winning the 1964 Soviet Cup.
Format of competitions was constantly changing. Until 1984 the Soviet Cup corresponded to the Soviet Top League calendar "spring"-"fall", however after that it changed to "fall"-"spring" calendar which is now the most popular in the Europe. In 1959-1960 the competition was conducted for two years. From 1965 to 1968 seasons were overlapping each other. The 1992 Soviet Cup Final took place after the fall of the Soviet Union in the independent Russia.
All tournaments final were played in a single game in Moscow, but until introduction of penalty kicks as a tie-breaker some finals that ended in tie were replayed. Until 1955 the tournament finals were played at Central Stadium "Dynamo", after being transferred to Central Stadium of Lenin (today Luzhniki Stadium).
|1936||Lokomotiv Moscow||2–0||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1937||Dynamo Moscow||5–2||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1938||Spartak Moscow||3–2||Elektrik Leningrad|
|1939||Spartak Moscow||3–1||Stalinets Leningrad|
|1940||not finished, see Soviet Amateur Cup|
|no tournament in 1941–1943|
|1944||Zenit Leningrad||2–1||CDKA Moscow|
|1945||CDKA Moscow||2–1||Dynamo Moscow|
|1946||Spartak Moscow||3–2||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1947||Spartak Moscow||2–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1948||CDKA Moscow||3–0||Spartak Moscow|
|1949||Torpedo Moscow||2–1||Dynamo Moscow|
|1950||Spartak Moscow||3–0||Dynamo Moscow|
|1951||CDSA Moscow||2–1||Kalinin FC|
|1952||Torpedo Moscow||1–0||Spartak Moscow|
|1953||Dynamo Moscow||1–0||Zenit Kuybyshev|
|1954||Dynamo Kyiv||2–1||Spartak Yerevan|
|1955||CDSA Moscow||2–1||Dynamo Moscow|
|no tournament in 1956|
|1957||Lokomotiv Moscow||1–0||Spartak Moscow|
|1958||Spartak Moscow||1–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|change of format and no final in 1959|
|1959–60||Torpedo Moscow||4–3||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1961||Shakhtyor Stalino||3–1||Torpedo Moscow|
|1962||Shakhtyor Stalino||2–0||Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo|
|1963||Spartak Moscow||2–0||Shakhtar Donetsk|
|1964||Dynamo Kyiv||1–0||Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev|
|1965||Spartak Moscow|| 0–0|
|1965–66||Dynamo Kyiv||2–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1966–67||Dynamo Moscow||3–0||CSKA Moscow|
|1967–68||Torpedo Moscow||1–0||Pakhtakor Tashkent|
|1969||Karpaty Lviv||2–1||SKA Rostov-on-Don|
|1970||Dynamo Moscow||2–1||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1971||Spartak Moscow|| 2–2|
|1972||Torpedo Moscow|| 0–0|
1–1 (5–1 pen) (replay)
|1973||Ararat Yerevan||2–1||Dynamo Kyiv|
|1974||Dynamo Kyiv||3–0||Zorya Voroshilovgrad|
|1975||Ararat Yerevan||2–1||Zorya Voroshilovgrad|
|1976||Dinamo Tbilisi||3–0||Ararat Yerevan|
|1977||Dynamo Moscow||1–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1978||Dynamo Kyiv||2–1||Shakhtar Donetsk|
|1979||Dinamo Tbilisi||0–0 (aet) (5–4 pen)||Dynamo Moscow|
|1980||Shakhtar Donetsk||2–1||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|1981||SKA Rostov-on-Don||1–0||Spartak Moscow|
|1982||Dynamo Kyiv||1–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1983||Shakhtar Donetsk||1–0||Metalist Kharkiv|
|1984||Dynamo Moscow||2–0||Zenit Leningrad|
|1984–85||Dynamo Kyiv||2–1||Shakhtar Donetsk|
|1985–86||Torpedo Moscow||1–0||Shakhtar Donetsk|
|1986–87||Dynamo Kyiv||3–3 (aet) (4–2 pen)||Dynamo Minsk|
|1987–88||Metalist Kharkiv||2–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1988–89||Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk||1–0||Torpedo Moscow|
|1989–90||Dynamo Kyiv||6–1||Lokomotiv Moscow|
|1990–91||CSKA Moscow||3–2||Torpedo Moscow|
|1991–92||Spartak Moscow||2–0||CSKA Moscow|
|due to dissolution of the Soviet Union, the last season was renamed to Soviet–CIS Cup|
|Spartak Moscow||10||5||7||1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992|
|Dinamo Kiev||9||1||4||1954, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990|
|Torpedo Moscow||6||9||5||1949, 1952, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1986|
|Dinamo Moscow||6||5||10||1937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984|
|CSKA Moscow||5||3||11||1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991|
|Shakhter Donetsk||4||4||6||1961, 1962, 1980, 1983|
|Dinamo Tbilisi||2||6||7||1976, 1979|
|Ararat Yerevan||2||2||2||1973, 1975|
|Lokomotiv Moscow||2||1||7||1936, 1957|
|Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev||0||2||2|
|Kalinin city team||0||1||0|
|Znamia Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo||0||1||0|
|Russian SFSR||31||32||59||Spartak Moscow (10), Dinamo Moscow (6), Torpedo Moscow (6), CSKA Moscow (5), Lokomotiv Moscow (2), Zenit Leningrad (1), SKA Rostov-na-Donu (1)|
|Ukrainian SSR||16||8||24||Dinamo Kiev (9), Shakhter Donetsk (4), Metallist Kharkov (1), Karpaty Lvov (1), Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk (1)|
|Georgian SSR||2||6||7||Dinamo Tbilisi (2)|
|Armenian SSR||2||2||2||Ararat Yerevan (2)|
|1||Viktor Maslov||6||3||Torpedo Moscow (3), Dynamo Kyiv (2), Ararat Yerevan (1)|
|2||Valeriy Lobanovsky||6||-||Dynamo Kyiv|
|3||Boris Arkadiev||4||1||CDKA Moscow (3), Lokomotiv Moscow (1)|
|Nikita Simonyan||4||1||Spartak Moscow (3), Ararat Yerevan (1)|
|5||Oleg Oshenkov||3||1||Shakhtar Donetsk (2), Dynamo Kyiv (1)|
|6||Valentin Ivanov||2||5||Torpedo Moscow|
|7||Aleksandr Sevidov||2||2||Dynamo Moscow|
|8-11||Nodar Akhalkatsi||2||1||Dinamo Tbilisi|
|Konstantin Beskov||2||1||Dynamo Moscow|
|Konstantin Kvashnin||2||1||Spartak Moscow, Torpedo Moscow|
|Viktor Nosov||2||1||Shakhtar Donetsk|
Another coach Albert Vollrat won two cups in 1946 and 1947.
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