Soviet Cup

Last updated

Soviet Cup
Organising body Football Federation of the USSR
Founded1936
Abolished1992
RegionFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union (UEFA)
Number of teams32
Last champions Spartak Moscow (10th title)
Most successful club(s) Spartak Moscow (10 titles)

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup (Russian : Кубок СССР), [lower-alpha 1] was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition was awarded a qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, unless it already qualified for the European Cup, in turn passed the qualification to the finalist. In case if a team would win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and not win its national league cup titles next year, it qualified to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup along with the new cup holder.

Contents

The first participation in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup took place in 1965-66 when Dynamo Kyiv qualified for the European competition for winning the 1964 Soviet Cup.

Format

Format of competitions was constantly changing. Until 1984 the Soviet Cup corresponded to the Soviet Top League calendar "spring"-"fall", however after that it changed to "fall"-"spring" calendar which is now the most popular in the Europe. In 1959-1960 the competition was conducted for two years. From 1965 to 1968 seasons were overlapping each other. The 1992 Soviet Cup Final took place after the fall of the Soviet Union in the independent Russia.

All tournaments final were played in a single game in Moscow, but until introduction of penalty kicks as a tie-breaker some finals that ended in tie were replayed. Until 1955 the tournament finals were played at Central Stadium "Dynamo", after being transferred to Central Stadium of Lenin (today Luzhniki Stadium).

Finals

YearWinnerScoreRunner-up
1936 Lokomotiv Moscow 2–0 Dinamo Tbilisi
1937 Dynamo Moscow 5–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1938 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Elektrik Leningrad
1939 Spartak Moscow 3–1 Stalinets Leningrad
1940 [1] not finished, see Soviet Amateur Cup
no tournament in 1941–1943
1944 Zenit Leningrad 2–1 CDKA Moscow
1945 CDKA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1946 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1947 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1948 CDKA Moscow 3–0 Spartak Moscow
1949 Torpedo Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1950 Spartak Moscow 3–0 Dynamo Moscow
1951 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Kalinin FC
1952 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1953 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Zenit Kuybyshev
1954 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Spartak Yerevan
1955 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
no tournament in 1956
1957 Lokomotiv Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1958 Spartak Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
change of format and no final in 1959
1959–60 Torpedo Moscow 4–3 Dinamo Tbilisi
1961 Shakhtyor Stalino 3–1 Torpedo Moscow
1962 Shakhtyor Stalino 2–0 Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo
1963 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1964 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
1965 Spartak Moscow 0–0
2–1 (replay)
Dynamo Minsk
1965–66 Dynamo Kyiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1966–67 Dynamo Moscow 3–0 CSKA Moscow
1967–68 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Pakhtakor Tashkent
1969 Karpaty Lviv 2–1 SKA Rostov-on-Don
1970 Dynamo Moscow 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1971 Spartak Moscow 2–2
1–0 (replay)
SKA Rostov-on-Don
1972 Torpedo Moscow 0–0
1–1 (5–1 pen) (replay)
Spartak Moscow
1973 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Dynamo Kyiv
1974 Dynamo Kyiv 3–0 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1975 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1976 Dinamo Tbilisi 3–0 Ararat Yerevan
1977 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1978 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1979 Dinamo Tbilisi 0–0 (aet) (5–4 pen) Dynamo Moscow
1980 Shakhtar Donetsk 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1981 SKA Rostov-on-Don 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1982 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1983 Shakhtar Donetsk 1–0 Metalist Kharkiv
1984 Dynamo Moscow 2–0 Zenit Leningrad
1984–85 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1985–86 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1986–87 Dynamo Kyiv 3–3 (aet) (4–2 pen) Dynamo Minsk
1987–88 Metalist Kharkiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1988–89 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1989–90 Dynamo Kyiv 6–1 Lokomotiv Moscow
1990–91 CSKA Moscow 3–2 Torpedo Moscow
1991–92 Spartak Moscow 2–0 CSKA Moscow
due to dissolution of the Soviet Union, the last season was renamed to Soviet–CIS Cup

Overall statistics

Performance by club

ClubWinnersRunners-UpSemi-finalistsYears Won
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Spartak Moscow 10571938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Dinamo Kiev 9141954, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Torpedo Moscow 6951949, 1952, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1986
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Dinamo Moscow 65101937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg CSKA Moscow 53111945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Shakhter Donetsk 4461961, 1962, 1980, 1983
Flag of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Dinamo Tbilisi 2671976, 1979
Flag of Armenian SSR.svg Ararat Yerevan 2221973, 1975
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Lokomotiv Moscow 2171936, 1957
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Zenit Leningrad 1271944
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg SKA Rostov-na-Donu 1201981
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Metallist Kharkov 1111988
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Karpaty Lvov 1021969
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 1051989
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev 022
Flag of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1951-1991).svg Dinamo Minsk 022
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Zaria Voroshilovgrad 021
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Elektrik Leningrad 011
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Kalinin city team 010
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Znamia Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo 010
Flag of the Uzbek SSR.svg Pakhtakor Tashkent 011
Flag of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1956-1991).svg Neftianik Baku 004
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Dinamo Leningrad 003
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Rotor Volgograd 001
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg VSS Moscow 001
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg SKA Kiev 001
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg SKA Odessa 001
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Admiralteyets Leningrad 001
Flag of the Kazakh SSR.svg Qairat Almaty 001
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Chernomorets Odessa 001
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Sokol Saratov 001
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Sudostroitel Nikolayev 001
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Iskra Smolensk 001
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg Tavriya Simferopol 001
Flag of Lithuanian SSR.svg Žalgiris Vilnius 001
Flag of Tajik SSR.svg Pamir Dushanbe 001
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg Fakel Voronezh 001
Total5151102

Performance by republic

RepublicWinnersRunners-UpSemi-finalsWinning Clubs
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg  Russian SFSR 313259 Spartak Moscow (10), Dinamo Moscow (6), Torpedo Moscow (6), CSKA Moscow (5), Lokomotiv Moscow (2), Zenit Leningrad (1), SKA Rostov-na-Donu (1)
Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg  Ukrainian SSR 16824 Dinamo Kiev (9), Shakhter Donetsk (4), Metallist Kharkov (1), Karpaty Lvov (1), Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk (1)
Flag of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg  Georgian SSR 267 Dinamo Tbilisi (2)
Flag of Armenian SSR.svg  Armenian SSR 222 Ararat Yerevan (2)
Flag of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1951-1991).svg  Byelorussian SSR 022
Flag of the Uzbek SSR.svg  Uzbek SSR 011
Flag of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1956-1991).svg  Azerbaijan SSR 004
Flag of the Kazakh SSR.svg  Kazakh SSR 001
Flag of Lithuanian SSR.svg  Lithuanian SSR 001
Flag of Tajik SSR.svg  Tajik SSR 001
Total5151102

Best coaches

Valeri Lobanovsky.jpg
Valeriy Lobanovsky (1939-2002).
Arkadyev.jpg
Boris Arkadiev (1899-1986).
Valentin Kozmich Ivanov.jpg
Valentin Ivanov (1934-2011).
PlaceNameMedalsChampion clubs
goldsilver
1 Viktor Maslov 63 Torpedo Moscow (3), Dynamo Kyiv (2), Ararat Yerevan (1)
2 Valeriy Lobanovsky 6- Dynamo Kyiv
3 Boris Arkadiev 41 CDKA Moscow (3), Lokomotiv Moscow (1)
Nikita Simonyan 41 Spartak Moscow (3), Ararat Yerevan (1)
5 Oleg Oshenkov 31 Shakhtar Donetsk (2), Dynamo Kyiv (1)
6 Valentin Ivanov 25 Torpedo Moscow
7 Aleksandr Sevidov 22 Dynamo Moscow
8-11 Nodar Akhalkatsi 21 Dinamo Tbilisi
Konstantin Beskov 21 Dynamo Moscow
Konstantin Kvashnin 21 Spartak Moscow, Torpedo Moscow
Viktor Nosov 21 Shakhtar Donetsk

Another coach Albert Vollrat won two cups in 1946 and 1947.

Notes

  1. Ukrainian: Кубок СРСР, Belarusian: Кубак СССР, Uzbek: СССР Кубоги, Kazakh: КСРО Кубогы, Georgian :სსრკ თასი, Azerbaijani: ССРИ кубоку, Lithuanian: TSRS taurė, Romanian: Cupa URSS (Moldovan Cyrillic: Купа УРСС), Latvian: PSRS kauss, Armenian: ԽՍՀՄ Գավաթ, Estonian: NSVL Karikas.

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References

  1. ХПЗ, "Дзержинец", "Авангард" и "Металлист" – Вехи истории клуба!.